Country name 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Sierra Leone 56.0 57.1 56.7 59.3 61.6
Central African Republic 54.2 54.5 53.9 58.2 58.2
Chad 53.4 53.1 55.1 51.9 52.6
Guinea-Bissau 46.8 46.4 48.3 43.7 43.9
Ethiopia 44.7 44.7 48.0 45.0 42.3
Burundi 40.4 40.3 40.6 39.8 39.3
Mali 40.6 39.3 42.3
Comoros 39.6 38.8 36.9 35.9 34.5
Nepal 36.5 38.3 36.5 35.1 34.3
Niger 40.9 38.3 38.1 35.7 36.7
Benin 36.1 36.9 36.0 36.5 35.9
Cambodia 36.0 36.7 35.6 33.6 29.8
Rwanda 32.6 32.3 33.4 33.4 33.1
Tanzania 32.0 31.3 33.2 33.3 31.5
Malawi 29.6 31.1 30.5 33.2 33.3
Togo 31.0 30.8 42.1 37.4 41.7
Mozambique 30.2 29.8 28.5 28.7 28.6
Lao PDR 32.7 29.5 28.1 26.5 27.5
Kenya 27.8 29.3 29.1 29.4 30.3
Madagascar 28.1 28.4 28.2 26.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 26.5 28.2
Tuvalu 28.7 27.6 25.4 22.2
Tajikistan 22.1 27.2 26.6 27.4
Cote d'Ivoire 24.5 26.7 22.5 22.1 22.4
Kiribati 25.3 26.2 26.2 25.6
Pakistan 24.3 26.0 24.5 25.1 25.1
Ghana 30.8 26.0 23.6 22.4 20.7
Vanuatu 23.1 25.6 28.0 28.0
Sudan 24.6 25.4 28.8 29.2 29.2
Afghanistan 27.1 24.5 24.6 24.0 24.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 23.3 24.0 23.1 22.2 21.2
Cameroon 23.4 23.6 23.2 22.9 22.7
Armenia 19.2 22.8 21.6 21.9 21.9
Nigeria 23.9 22.3 22.1 21.0 20.2
Paraguay 22.5 22.3 18.1 21.6 20.9
Guinea 22.0 22.1 20.5 20.2 20.1
Burkina Faso 23.3 21.7 22.9 22.6 22.4
Albania 20.7 21.0 21.8 22.6 22.7
Nicaragua 18.8 20.9 19.9 19.1 20.5
Mauritania 21.3 20.3 20.7 20.5 22.8
Vietnam 18.9 20.1 19.7 18.4 18.1
Sao Tome and Principe 18.6 19.8
Tonga 18.8 19.7 19.5 20.7 20.5
Uzbekistan 19.1 19.1 19.0 19.2 18.8
Guyana 18.3 18.6 18.7 18.9 18.3
Kyrgyz Republic 19.4 18.6 19.2 17.0 17.3
India 18.2 18.4 18.0 18.0 17.0
Bangladesh 17.8 17.7 17.1 16.3 15.9
Timor-Leste 20.3 17.1 18.4
Bhutan 17.5 17.1 17.0 17.1 17.1
Senegal 17.7 15.7 16.7 17.5 17.2
Morocco 15.3 15.5 14.4 16.6 16.0
Honduras 12.5 15.3 14.6 13.1 13.8
Moldova 14.4 14.8 13.4 14.8 15.2
Dominica 13.9 14.7 16.9 17.2 17.5
Turkmenistan 14.5 14.5 14.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 14.0 14.5 14.5 14.5 14.5
Indonesia 14.3 13.8 13.7 13.7 13.7
Thailand 12.4 13.3 12.3 12.0 11.6
Zimbabwe 14.5 13.2 13.2 12.0 13.6
Belize 13.2 13.1 15.0 15.3
Philippines 12.3 12.7 11.8 11.2 11.3
Bolivia 12.9 12.5 13.0 13.3
El Salvador 12.6 12.5 11.9 10.8
Sri Lanka 12.8 12.1 11.0 10.8 9.9
Guatemala 11.8 11.8 11.2 11.3 11.5
Mongolia 13.1 11.8 12.7 15.4 15.8
Fiji 11.2 11.8 12.0 12.2
Malaysia 10.4 11.8 10.0 9.3 9.1
Macedonia, FYR 11.7 10.9 10.5 11.0 10.2
Serbia 10.2 10.7 9.0 9.4 9.7
Uruguay 8.8 10.6 9.8 9.6 8.6
Zambia 10.5 10.2 10.3 9.6
Ecuador 10.2 9.9 9.1 9.4 9.4
China 9.6 9.5 9.5 9.4 9.2
Ukraine 8.3 9.5 9.1 10.2 11.8
Montenegro 9.3 9.5 8.8 9.8 10.2
Belarus 10.6 9.4 9.8 8.1 8.9
Angola 9.8 9.3 7.2 10.1 9.4
Georgia 8.4 9.3 8.6 9.4 9.2
Turkey 9.5 9.0 8.8 8.3 8.0
Tunisia 8.1 8.9 9.2 8.6
Namibia 9.3 8.9 8.7 6.3 6.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.4 8.4 7.7 8.5 7.6
Algeria 8.6 8.3 9.3 10.5 10.0
Cabo Verde 8.0 7.8 8.4 8.5 7.6
Suriname 8.0 7.6 7.1 7.0
Iceland 7.4 7.5 7.5 6.8
Peru 7.2 7.5 7.4
Argentina 8.2 7.5 6.7 7.4 8.2
Swaziland 7.9 7.5
Romania 6.4 7.5 6.0 6.4 5.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.2 7.5 7.2 7.5 7.7
New Zealand 7.2 6.9
West Bank and Gaza 6.6 6.9 5.3 4.8
Colombia 7.1 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.7
Jamaica 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.9
Costa Rica 7.2 6.4 6.1 5.6
Lesotho 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.6
Dominican Republic 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.2
Kazakhstan 4.8 5.5 4.7 4.9 4.6
Bulgaria 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.3
Venezuela, RB 5.8 5.4 5.5
Azerbaijan 5.9 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.7
Grenada 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.6 6.6
Brazil 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.6
Cuba 5.0 5.0
Palau 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.4 4.1
Croatia 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.1
Hungary 3.6 4.7 4.5 4.4
Russian Federation 3.9 4.4 3.9 3.9
Lebanon 4.3 4.1 6.1 7.2 5.5
Maldives 4.3 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.6
Estonia 3.2 3.9 4.1 3.6 3.7
Latvia 4.5 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.4
Lithuania 3.3 3.8 4.4 3.8 3.5
Mauritius 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.0
Chile 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.3
Greece 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8
Gabon 4.0 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.6
Slovak Republic 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.0 3.7
Congo, Rep. 3.8 3.4 3.9 4.4 4.8
Panama 3.8 3.4 3.5
Mexico 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5
Jordan 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.8
Poland 3.0 3.3 3.2 3.3
Finland 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.8
Botswana 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.4
St. Lucia 2.9 2.5 2.9 3.1 2.9
South Africa 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.5
Korea, Rep. 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3
Spain 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.8 2.5
Australia 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5
Cyprus 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.4
Czech Republic 1.7 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.3 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.8
Slovenia 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda 1.9 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2
Seychelles 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.5 2.6
Italy 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2
Portugal 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3
Saudi Arabia 2.4 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9
France 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.6
Netherlands 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.0
Sweden 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Austria 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Barbados 1.7 1.6 1.8
Ireland 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.6
Denmark 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.4 1.3
Norway 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.7
United States 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.4
Oman 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Japan 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Bermuda 0.8 0.8 0.8
Germany 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
Puerto Rico 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
United Arab Emirates 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7
Switzerland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Belgium 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7
United Kingdom 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6
Brunei Darussalam 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7
Trinidad and Tobago 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Aruba 0.5 0.5
Andorra 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Kuwait 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Cayman Islands 0.3 0.3 0.3
Luxembourg 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Singapore 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0
Samoa
Somalia
Bahrain
New Caledonia
South Sudan
Gambia, The
Libya
Papua New Guinea
Eritrea
Canada 1.5
Iraq
Solomon Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Haiti
Guam
Greenland
Equatorial Guinea
Monaco
Djibouti
Faeroe Islands
French Polynesia
San Marino
Middle East (developing only)
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Israel
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liberia
Uganda
Northern Mariana Islands
Qatar
Syrian Arab Republic
Malta 1.9
Myanmar
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liechtenstein
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Yemen, Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa

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