Country name 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Sierra Leone 56.0 57.1 56.7 59.3 61.6
Chad 53.4 53.1 55.1 51.9 52.6
Central African Republic 54.2 54.5 53.9 58.2 58.2
Guinea-Bissau 46.8 46.4 48.3 43.7 43.9
Ethiopia 44.7 44.7 48.0 45.0 42.3
Mali 40.6 39.3 42.3
Togo 31.0 30.8 42.1 37.4 41.7
Burundi 40.4 40.3 40.6 39.8 39.3
Niger 40.9 38.3 38.1 35.7 36.7
Comoros 39.6 38.8 36.9 35.9 34.5
Nepal 36.5 38.3 36.5 35.1 34.3
Benin 36.1 36.9 36.0 36.5 35.9
Cambodia 36.0 36.7 35.6 33.6 29.8
Rwanda 32.6 32.3 33.4 33.4 33.1
Tanzania 32.0 31.3 33.2 33.3 31.5
Malawi 29.6 31.1 30.5 33.2 33.3
Kenya 27.8 29.3 29.1 29.4 30.3
Sudan 24.6 25.4 28.8 29.2 29.2
Mozambique 30.2 29.8 28.5 28.7 28.6
Madagascar 28.1 28.4 28.2 26.4
Lao PDR 32.7 29.5 28.1 26.5 27.5
Vanuatu 23.1 25.6 28.0 28.0
Tajikistan 22.1 27.2 26.6 27.4
Kiribati 25.3 26.2 26.2 25.6
Tuvalu 28.7 27.6 25.4 22.2
Afghanistan 27.1 24.5 24.6 24.0 24.0
Pakistan 24.3 26.0 24.5 25.1 25.1
Ghana 30.8 26.0 23.6 22.4 20.7
Cameroon 23.4 23.6 23.2 22.9 22.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 23.3 24.0 23.1 22.2 21.2
Burkina Faso 23.3 21.7 22.9 22.6 22.4
Cote d'Ivoire 24.5 26.7 22.5 22.1 22.4
Nigeria 23.9 22.3 22.1 21.0 20.2
Albania 20.7 21.0 21.8 22.6 22.7
Armenia 19.2 22.8 21.6 21.9 21.9
Mauritania 21.3 20.3 20.7 20.5 22.8
Guinea 22.0 22.1 20.5 20.2 20.1
Nicaragua 18.8 20.9 19.9 19.1 20.5
Vietnam 18.9 20.1 19.7 18.4 18.1
Tonga 18.8 19.7 19.5 20.7 20.5
Kyrgyz Republic 19.4 18.6 19.2 17.0 17.3
Uzbekistan 19.1 19.1 19.0 19.2 18.8
Guyana 18.3 18.6 18.7 18.9 18.3
Timor-Leste 20.3 17.1 18.4
Paraguay 22.5 22.3 18.1 21.6 20.9
India 18.2 18.4 18.0 18.0 17.0
Bangladesh 17.8 17.7 17.1 16.3 15.9
Bhutan 17.5 17.1 17.0 17.1 17.1
Dominica 13.9 14.7 16.9 17.2 17.5
Senegal 17.7 15.7 16.7 17.5 17.2
Belize 13.2 13.1 15.0 15.3
Honduras 12.5 15.3 14.6 13.1 13.8
Turkmenistan 14.5 14.5 14.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 14.0 14.5 14.5 14.5 14.5
Morocco 15.3 15.5 14.4 16.6 16.0
Indonesia 14.3 13.8 13.7 13.7 13.7
Moldova 14.4 14.8 13.4 14.8 15.2
Zimbabwe 14.5 13.2 13.2 12.0 13.6
Bolivia 12.9 12.5 13.0 13.3
Mongolia 13.1 11.8 12.7 15.4 15.8
Thailand 12.4 13.3 12.3 12.0 11.6
Fiji 11.2 11.8 12.0 12.2
El Salvador 12.6 12.5 11.9 10.8
Philippines 12.3 12.7 11.8 11.2 11.3
Guatemala 11.8 11.8 11.2 11.3 11.5
Sri Lanka 12.8 12.1 11.0 10.8 9.9
Macedonia, FYR 11.7 10.9 10.5 11.0 10.2
Zambia 10.5 10.2 10.3 9.6
Malaysia 10.4 11.8 10.0 9.3 9.1
Belarus 10.6 9.4 9.8 8.1 8.9
Uruguay 8.8 10.6 9.8 9.6 8.6
China 9.6 9.5 9.5 9.4 9.2
Algeria 8.6 8.3 9.3 10.5 10.0
Tunisia 8.1 8.9 9.2 8.6
Ecuador 10.2 9.9 9.1 9.4 9.4
Ukraine 8.3 9.5 9.1 10.2 11.8
Serbia 10.2 10.7 9.0 9.4 9.7
Turkey 9.5 9.0 8.8 8.3 8.0
Montenegro 9.3 9.5 8.8 9.8 10.2
Namibia 9.3 8.9 8.7 6.3 6.1
Georgia 8.4 9.3 8.6 9.4 9.2
Cabo Verde 8.0 7.8 8.4 8.5 7.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.4 8.4 7.7 8.5 7.6
Iceland 7.4 7.5 7.5 6.8
Peru 7.2 7.5 7.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.2 7.5 7.2 7.5 7.7
Angola 9.8 9.3 7.2 10.1 9.4
Suriname 8.0 7.6 7.1 7.0
Colombia 7.1 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.7
Jamaica 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.9
Argentina 8.2 7.5 6.7 7.4 8.2
Dominican Republic 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.2
Lebanon 4.3 4.1 6.1 7.2 5.5
Costa Rica 7.2 6.4 6.1 5.6
Romania 6.4 7.5 6.0 6.4 5.4
Lesotho 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.6
Grenada 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.6 6.6
Azerbaijan 5.9 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.7
Venezuela, RB 5.8 5.4 5.5
Bulgaria 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.3
West Bank and Gaza 6.6 6.9 5.3 4.8
Brazil 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.6
Palau 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.4 4.1
Kazakhstan 4.8 5.5 4.7 4.9 4.6
Hungary 3.6 4.7 4.5 4.4
Croatia 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.1
Lithuania 3.3 3.8 4.4 3.8 3.5
Estonia 3.2 3.9 4.1 3.6 3.7
Russian Federation 3.9 4.4 3.9 3.9
Congo, Rep. 3.8 3.4 3.9 4.4 4.8
Maldives 4.3 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.6
Latvia 4.5 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.4
Greece 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8
Slovak Republic 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.0 3.7
Mexico 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5
Panama 3.8 3.4 3.5
Mauritius 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.0
Poland 3.0 3.3 3.2 3.3
Chile 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.3
Gabon 4.0 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.6
Jordan 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.8
St. Lucia 2.9 2.5 2.9 3.1 2.9
Botswana 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.4
Finland 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.8
Czech Republic 1.7 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.6
Korea, Rep. 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3
Spain 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.8 2.5
Australia 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5
South Africa 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.5
Cyprus 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.4
Bahamas, The 2.3 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.8
Antigua and Barbuda 1.9 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2
Slovenia 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2
Italy 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2
Portugal 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3
Seychelles 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.5 2.6
France 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7
Saudi Arabia 2.4 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9
Denmark 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.4 1.3
Netherlands 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.0
Barbados 1.7 1.6 1.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.6
Austria 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Ireland 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.6
Sweden 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
United States 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.4
Norway 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.7
Oman 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Japan 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Germany 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
Puerto Rico 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Belgium 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7
Bermuda 0.8 0.8 0.8
Brunei Darussalam 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7
United Arab Emirates 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7
United Kingdom 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6
Switzerland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Trinidad and Tobago 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Andorra 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Luxembourg 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Cayman Islands 0.3 0.3 0.3
Kuwait 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Singapore 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0
Myanmar
Malta 1.9
Curacao
Aruba 0.5 0.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Papua New Guinea
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Haiti
Israel
Solomon Islands
Gambia, The
Somalia
Bahrain
Sao Tome and Principe 18.6 19.8
Korea, Dem. Rep.
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Middle East (developing only)
New Caledonia
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Cuba 5.0 5.0
Samoa
Monaco
Marshall Islands
Iraq
Liechtenstein
Djibouti
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Libya
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liberia
Uganda
Greenland
Equatorial Guinea
Swaziland 7.9 7.5
Eritrea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 26.5 28.2
New Zealand 7.2 6.9
Qatar
Isle of Man
Syrian Arab Republic
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Canada 1.5
Yemen, Rep.
South Sudan
American Samoa

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