Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 37.5 32.7 30.5 27.1 26.5
Algeria 11.8 9.5 12.5 12.2 8.9
American Samoa
Andorra 0.5
Angola 7.0 9.0 13.0 6.3 5.7
Antigua and Barbuda 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.9 1.9
Argentina 6.1 5.7 5.7 4.8 5.1
Armenia 36.8 32.0 34.0 29.5 25.5
Aruba 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Australia 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.4
Austria 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Azerbaijan 27.5 21.7 18.9 19.2 17.1
Bahamas, The 3.1 3.4 3.0 2.7 2.9
Bahrain
Bangladesh 24.5 24.5 23.8 23.8 23.8
Barbados
Belarus 17.0 15.4 13.9 14.6 14.2
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.3
Belize 18.3 18.0 17.3 17.8 17.4
Benin 35.7 35.8 36.6 26.5 25.8
Bermuda 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Bhutan 31.2 31.2 29.5 27.3 27.4
Bolivia 16.4 17.2 14.7 15.1 15.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.2 21.3 19.4 16.2 10.6
Botswana 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.3 3.0
Brazil 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.5
Brunei Darussalam 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.0
Bulgaria 12.9 22.6 15.4 14.7 12.6
Burkina Faso 39.4 36.8 39.6 32.6 32.8
Burundi 57.2 47.7 48.0 47.9 48.1
Cabo Verde 12.4 11.7 10.9 13.6 12.9
Cambodia 46.6 46.3 46.3 43.3 37.8
Cameroon 23.6 24.7 25.3 24.4 22.1
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 51.7 54.8 55.7 51.7 52.1
Chad 39.0 39.9 40.8 39.7 42.3
Chile 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.2 5.9
China 19.4 18.0 17.2 16.1 14.7
Colombia 13.8 13.7 14.3 14.0 8.9
Comoros 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9 38.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.6 48.1 47.5 52.7 32.3
Congo, Rep. 9.0 9.1 11.0 8.4 5.3
Costa Rica 12.8 13.0 12.8 10.5 9.5
Cote d'Ivoire 24.6 23.3 24.2 23.2 25.0
Croatia 7.0 6.5 6.8 6.9 6.4
Cuba 9.7 9.6 8.6 8.0 8.4
Curacao
Cyprus 4.4 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.6
Czech Republic 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.4
Denmark 3.2 3.1 2.5 2.3 2.5
Djibouti 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Dominica 19.9 19.4 18.8 18.7 13.3
Dominican Republic 9.3 9.1 8.7 8.0 7.2
Ecuador 21.4 20.9 18.3 18.3 16.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 17.3 17.0 17.1 17.3 16.7
El Salvador 14.0 14.4 12.9 11.2 10.5
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 18.0 16.9 25.5 24.9 13.4
Estonia 5.4 5.2 6.0 4.4 4.8
Ethiopia 54.3 57.7 52.5 48.6 47.8
Faroe Islands
Fiji 20.1 17.3 16.8 19.1 17.1
Finland 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.3 3.4
France 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.3
French Polynesia 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.5 4.7
Gabon
Gambia, The
Georgia 34.1 29.2 27.6 26.2 21.9
Germany 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1
Ghana 43.9 40.1 40.2 39.9 39.4
Greece 7.3 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.1
Greenland
Grenada 8.6 8.4 7.9 8.0 6.0
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 18.0 21.0 22.1 22.5 22.4
Guinea-Bissau 57.6 54.6 62.4 58.7 42.7
Guyana 38.9 35.4 34.6 34.6 31.1
Haiti
Honduras 22.3 23.0 19.1 15.9 15.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.1
Hungary 8.4 7.3 6.9 6.1 5.7
Iceland 9.7 9.7 9.3 8.4
India 27.1 25.9 25.8 24.5 23.0
Indonesia 16.7 16.1 18.1 19.6 15.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.3 9.8 11.6 10.0 9.1
Iraq
Ireland 5.5 4.4 3.9 2.9 2.8
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.8
Jamaica 8.4 7.9 8.1 7.5 7.0
Japan 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Jordan 3.8 3.3 3.1 2.4 2.3
Kazakhstan 12.8 12.0 9.1 10.5 8.7
Kenya 30.7 30.9 31.2 32.4 32.4
Kiribati 27.4 25.6 25.5 25.6 22.5
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.4
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic 49.7 44.6 39.5 37.7 36.7
Lao PDR 53.3 52.8 53.3 53.7 45.2
Latvia 7.7 5.7 4.5 4.3 5.1
Lebanon 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.2 7.1
Lesotho 18.6 17.5 17.6 18.0 12.0
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 12.2 10.7 8.7 7.3 6.3
Luxembourg 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonia, FYR 13.2 12.8 13.2 12.9 12.0
Madagascar 27.2 31.5 30.6 30.0 29.2
Malawi 34.7 32.6 35.6 37.8 39.5
Malaysia 11.7 11.1 13.3 10.8 8.6
Maldives 10.7 9.9 9.5 9.2 8.8
Mali 40.2 39.4 37.8 37.6 36.5
Malta 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.3
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 36.2 33.4 33.1 35.5 35.9
Mauritius 10.2 9.4 9.3 6.1 7.0
Mexico 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 24.6 24.4 27.0 25.4 25.9
Moldova 31.4 30.2 31.8 27.9 29.0
Monaco
Mongolia 41.0 34.7 35.1 34.8 30.9
Montenegro 12.5
Morocco 22.2 18.6 20.2 17.5 14.9
Mozambique 35.0 34.2 30.0 27.4 23.0
Myanmar 60.1 58.9 59.1 59.9 57.2
Namibia 10.4 9.5 9.6 9.9 11.8
Nepal 41.5 41.4 39.9 41.3 40.8
Netherlands 3.1 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.5
New Caledonia 3.5 3.7
New Zealand 7.0 6.6 6.4 6.7 8.3
Nicaragua 24.1 22.7 22.0 19.4 20.3
Niger 38.9 38.9 42.6 40.7 37.8
Nigeria 31.1 34.0 39.0 35.3 26.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.1
Oman 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.2
Pakistan 25.5 26.7 27.3 27.0 25.9
Palau 3.9 3.0 3.0 4.1 4.8
Panama 7.5 7.3 7.4 7.0 7.2
Papua New Guinea 33.3 37.0 35.5 36.1 35.8
Paraguay 19.9 17.8 16.7 16.4 15.8
Peru 9.7 9.2 9.5 9.3 9.0
Philippines 20.6 18.9 14.8 15.2 14.0
Poland 5.0 4.3 3.9 3.4 3.3
Portugal 5.2 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.5
Puerto Rico 1.1 1.3 1.1 0.8 1.2
Qatar 0.4
Romania 20.6 19.6 15.9 14.1 12.0
Russian Federation 7.2 6.4 5.6 7.3 6.4
Rwanda 47.2 46.0 45.5 37.4 37.2
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.7 4.9
Senegal 19.9 19.8 19.4 19.0 19.1
Serbia 21.3 20.5 18.4 21.0 19.9
Seychelles 3.9 3.5 2.6 3.1 2.8
Sierra Leone 47.5 58.6 61.8 62.0 58.4
Singapore 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.5 4.4
Slovenia 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.3 3.3
Solomon Islands 41.1 41.6 37.5 35.9 34.7
Somalia
South Africa 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.3
South Sudan
Spain 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.2 4.1
Sri Lanka 22.4 21.9 21.1 20.7 19.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.3 3.6 2.7 2.1 1.7
St. Lucia 8.9 6.8 8.2 7.3 5.9
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 9.4 7.4 8.1 8.0 8.6
Sudan 43.8 46.8 46.3 45.2 42.2
Suriname 16.4 12.6 9.6 9.8 11.2
Swaziland 14.2 13.0 13.2 13.4 12.2
Sweden 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1 1.9
Switzerland 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Syrian Arab Republic 29.9 27.9 30.6 25.2 23.8
Tajikistan 39.0 35.4 27.2 27.4 27.4
Tanzania 48.0 46.8 33.8 34.1 33.5
Thailand 9.1 9.1 10.3 8.9 8.5
Timor-Leste 28.1
Togo 40.8 42.2 35.0 36.9 35.1
Tonga 23.8 23.8 24.8 25.8 22.8
Trinidad and Tobago 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.4
Tunisia 15.7 12.6 12.0 12.0 11.3
Turkey 17.4 15.0 13.6 11.5 11.3
Turkmenistan 13.3 21.6 26.2 26.2 24.4
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu 20.4
Uganda 45.1 42.0 42.1 38.5 29.4
Ukraine 13.8 14.4 14.2 14.3 17.1
United Arab Emirates 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.3
United Kingdom 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9
United States 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2
Uruguay 8.0 7.7 8.0 6.8 7.0
Uzbekistan 26.1 32.2 31.3 33.5 34.4
Vanuatu 17.6 16.7 29.3 28.5 26.2
Venezuela, RB 4.5 4.9 5.4 4.7 4.2
Vietnam 27.8 25.8 25.8 25.4 22.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 14.6 13.1 13.5 12.4 11.2
Yemen, Rep. 16.7 16.2 19.6 16.4 13.8
Zambia 15.1 15.9 18.0 20.6 18.3
Zimbabwe 21.8 18.9 21.8 19.2 18.3

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