Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Afghanistan
Albania 35.9 39.3 51.6 54.6 53.6
Algeria 11.4 10.2 12.1 12.1 10.1
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 17.9 24.0 10.1 11.6 6.6
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.7
Argentina 8.1 6.7 6.0 5.5 4.7
Armenia 17.4 25.0 31.0 51.4 44.9
Aruba 0.5
Australia 4.6 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.6
Austria 3.5 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7
Azerbaijan 29.0 32.3 28.5 28.5 33.0
Bahamas, The 2.6 3.3 3.1 2.8 3.2
Bahrain 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Bangladesh 30.3 30.4 29.4 26.3 25.6
Barbados 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6 2.8
Belarus 23.5 21.0 23.6 18.3 15.0
Belgium
Belize 20.0 18.3 17.6 16.7 16.9
Benin 34.7 35.0 33.9 34.1 32.3
Bermuda
Bhutan 35.3 33.8 34.4 32.2 34.9
Bolivia 16.7 17.1 16.0 16.3 17.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.9
Botswana 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.1
Brazil 8.1 7.8 7.7 7.6 9.9
Brunei Darussalam 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
Bulgaria 17.0 16.9 12.9 11.3 13.3
Burkina Faso 29.1 31.2 30.2 31.4 35.5
Burundi 55.9 54.3 53.5 52.6 46.8
Cabo Verde 14.4 13.4 11.8 10.1 12.9
Cambodia 46.5 47.7
Cameroon 24.6 24.8 27.3 20.6 23.8
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 49.3 46.0 46.9 46.4 45.0
Chad 29.3 36.5 35.3 32.5 37.8
Chile 8.7 9.9 9.9 9.2 9.4
China 27.1 24.5 21.8 19.7 19.9
Colombia 16.7 17.4 15.8 13.9 16.1
Comoros 41.4 39.7 39.5 39.1 37.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31.0 41.7 49.4 51.7 57.0
Congo, Rep. 12.9 11.3 11.5 11.2 10.3
Costa Rica 12.3 13.4 13.3 13.0 13.4
Cote d'Ivoire 32.5 33.3 34.0 28.2 25.3
Croatia
Cuba 14.0 13.3 13.1 10.3 9.6
Curacao
Cyprus 6.9 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.1
Czech Republic 4.7 4.7
Denmark 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.0
Djibouti 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Dominica 25.0 23.8 22.4 21.5 21.7
Dominican Republic 14.5 13.3 12.5 11.2 10.3
Ecuador 21.4 21.7 19.7 24.3 23.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.4 17.6 16.5 16.7 16.9
El Salvador 17.4 17.5 14.6 14.9 15.0
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 30.6 22.4 24.4
Estonia
Ethiopia 52.0 61.4 66.0 62.4 55.7
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 20.4 20.7 20.1 19.8 20.9
Finland 6.2 5.5 4.9 5.0 4.8
France 3.5 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.7
French Polynesia 1.2 1.3 1.2 2.2 3.3
Gabon 7.3 7.6 8.3 8.5 9.1
Gambia, The
Georgia 31.7 28.7 52.9 58.6 65.9
Germany 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1
Ghana 45.1 45.6 45.0 41.4 42.0
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 13.4 13.1 11.2 10.6 10.1
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 23.8 18.8 17.1 18.0 20.9
Guinea-Bissau 60.8 54.1 49.4 55.2 55.6
Guyana 38.1 38.4 40.8 36.2 37.0
Haiti
Honduras 22.4 22.7 20.4 20.6 24.3
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 29.0 29.4 28.7 28.7 28.3
Indonesia 19.4 18.3 18.7 17.9 17.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.1 18.5 18.7 15.3 15.5
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Jamaica 8.0 8.8
Japan 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 2.0
Jordan 7.7 8.1 7.9 6.0 5.2
Kazakhstan 26.7 17.5 15.5
Kenya 29.5 28.1 28.7 31.5 33.3
Kiribati 18.6 28.3 30.8 30.3 30.2
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 8.2 7.3 7.1 6.4 6.2
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic 33.5 37.0 39.0 41.0 40.9
Lao PDR 61.2 58.2 61.8 57.5 57.6
Latvia 21.9 23.1 17.6 11.8 9.5
Lebanon 7.1
Lesotho 24.7 17.7 18.6 17.5 18.3
Liberia 54.4 55.6 51.3 50.6 52.4
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 27.1 16.7 14.3 15.0 11.1
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 13.6 17.1 11.8 13.3
Madagascar 28.6 29.7 29.1 28.7 23.8
Malawi 45.0 43.7 38.8 48.9 25.1
Malaysia 15.2 14.4 14.6 13.8 13.7
Maldives
Mali 45.5 45.1 46.1 44.5 46.4
Malta 3.5 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.8
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 29.6 37.5 37.5 38.0 36.9
Mauritius 12.9 11.7 11.6 10.6 9.9
Mexico 7.8 7.5 6.7 4.5 4.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 36.1 42.7 50.9 32.5 29.2
Monaco
Mongolia 12.9 13.1 27.2 27.9 29.3
Montenegro
Morocco 19.3 22.2 17.6 17.0 22.0
Mozambique 37.1 39.1 34.5 38.3 33.3
Myanmar 57.3 58.8 60.5 63.0 63.0
Namibia 9.8 10.7 7.7 8.3 11.3
Nepal 51.6 47.2 44.9 42.2 43.1
Netherlands 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.5
New Caledonia 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.9
New Zealand 6.5 7.5 7.3 8.0 7.1
Nicaragua 21.0
Niger 35.3 39.2 38.8 38.5 40.8
Nigeria 31.5 31.2 27.3 33.9 38.8
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.1
Oman 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.5
Pakistan 26.0 25.8 26.3 25.0 25.6
Palau 18.5 10.6 8.3
Panama 9.8 9.3 8.4 8.1 7.9
Papua New Guinea 30.9 27.5 25.7 28.7 33.9
Paraguay 17.0 15.8 17.8 19.6
Peru
Philippines 21.9 21.0 21.8 21.6 22.0
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.3
Qatar 1.1
Romania 23.7 20.1 19.4 22.6 21.5
Russian Federation 16.6 14.3 7.4 8.3 6.6
Rwanda 32.5 32.1 33.2 33.7 49.8
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 5.7 5.5 5.6 6.1 6.2
Senegal 19.9 20.3 18.6 20.6 19.0
Serbia
Seychelles 4.8 4.8 3.8 4.2 4.1
Sierra Leone 46.9 38.8 37.9 43.1 39.4
Singapore 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 28.9 47.0 49.0 48.2 47.7
Somalia 65.5
South Africa 4.6 4.6 3.8 4.2 4.6
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 26.3 26.8 25.9 24.6 23.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.5 6.7 7.0 6.8 5.8
St. Lucia 14.5 13.1 13.4 10.9 9.8
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 21.2 18.6 19.4 14.9 11.1
Sudan 40.6 41.8 40.3 41.4 35.7
Suriname 8.7 8.9 11.3 19.2 17.0
Swaziland 10.4 11.4 9.0 10.2 13.4
Sweden 3.6 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.8
Switzerland 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.6
Syrian Arab Republic 29.8 32.8 34.4 32.2 31.1
Tajikistan 33.3 36.6 27.4 23.3 24.0
Tanzania 46.0 48.1 48.0 48.1 45.0
Thailand 12.5 12.6 12.3 8.7 9.1
Timor-Leste
Togo 33.8 32.8 35.3 44.1 34.9
Tonga 35.6 36.8 38.2 40.8 25.3
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.3
Tunisia 17.7 19.1 18.6 17.0 14.4
Turkey 18.1 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.0
Turkmenistan 32.2 32.3 10.6 19.4 34.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 56.6 52.8 51.1 51.5 49.9
Ukraine 25.6 22.8 20.4 21.7 16.2
United Arab Emirates 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.8
United Kingdom 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
United States
Uruguay 9.2 8.5 8.8 7.4 7.9
Uzbekistan 32.8 37.0 34.8 30.4 37.4
Vanuatu 20.9 16.6 16.2 18.1 16.3
Venezuela, RB 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.3
Vietnam 38.7 40.5 33.9 29.9 27.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 13.4
Yemen, Rep. 24.4 23.1 24.2 22.6 25.0
Zambia 20.6 17.4 23.8 34.1 13.6
Zimbabwe 16.5 15.3 7.4 15.0 19.0

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