Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania 34.6 34.0 33.2 31.5 32.3
Algeria 9.0 10.2 12.9 12.2 13.0
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 33.3
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.0
Argentina 7.6 7.8 8.1 9.0 9.6
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 5.7 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.4
Austria 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.3
Bahrain 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1
Bangladesh 34.8 34.1 34.8 33.5 32.9
Barbados 6.2 6.4 6.9 6.5 5.2
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 20.4 21.0 22.7 22.3 20.4
Benin 31.5 33.7 33.3 34.4 37.9
Bermuda
Bhutan 43.5 42.1 36.6 38.3 35.8
Bolivia 20.6 18.3 17.7 17.2 16.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 6.4 5.7 6.7 6.0 5.0
Brazil 10.0 10.2 8.5
Brunei Darussalam 1.2 1.9 1.9 2.2 1.0
Bulgaria 11.9 13.1 11.4 10.9 10.6
Burkina Faso 35.2 30.9 28.9 29.9 28.9
Burundi 61.5 58.5 55.1 54.2 53.7
Cabo Verde 13.0 13.6 17.6 17.7 16.2
Cambodia
Cameroon 21.6 22.4 24.8 24.7 26.1
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 47.6 50.2 47.3 48.9 47.7
Chad 38.1 32.6 33.1 36.8 31.7
Chile 7.6 9.0 9.2 8.9 8.7
China 28.1 26.8 26.5 25.4 24.7
Colombia 17.5 18.0 18.7 17.4 16.6
Comoros 36.1 37.4 38.0 39.5 40.9
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 7.4 12.1 11.9 13.9 12.9
Costa Rica 11.9 13.2 13.5 13.0 12.4
Cote d'Ivoire 26.5 28.5 29.2 32.0 32.7
Croatia
Cuba 12.5 13.6 13.7 13.9 13.7
Curacao
Cyprus 7.5 7.3 7.4 7.2 6.9
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti 3.3
Dominica 27.9 30.2 29.8 28.5 24.0
Dominican Republic 14.5 19.1 12.8 17.0 14.9
Ecuador 19.6 21.9 22.4 23.0 23.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.0 20.8 20.5 19.0 19.7
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 55.4 53.9 52.0 51.6 51.2
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 18.3 20.9 23.0 19.5 22.2
Finland 7.8 7.5 6.0 6.0 6.1
France 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.5
French Polynesia
Gabon 6.8 9.2 11.0 10.1 8.7
Gambia, The
Georgia 26.0 26.6 24.2 24.3 23.3
Germany
Ghana 48.4 48.0 50.7 49.7 49.4
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 17.1 16.8 18.7 17.9 15.4
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 23.9 24.7 23.5 24.1
Guinea-Bissau 46.5 45.3 57.6 58.1 50.2
Guyana 26.8 26.7 29.9 26.0 39.9
Haiti
Honduras 21.9 20.6 20.9 21.2 21.1
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 30.9 29.7 29.2 30.2 29.0
Indonesia 23.2 24.2 23.3 22.5 21.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 23.1 24.5 23.2 23.5
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.2
Jordan 5.5 5.9 6.7 6.7 6.0
Kazakhstan
Kenya 32.6 33.0 31.5 29.9 30.2
Kiribati 35.4 26.8 27.9 33.7 28.1
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 12.5 11.1 9.9 9.9 9.1
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic 31.8 33.6
Lao PDR 60.6
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 24.6 23.6 25.4 27.0 24.9
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 35.1 36.8 36.2 33.5 32.9
Malawi 42.9 43.1 49.0 50.0 47.7
Malaysia 19.9 19.8 20.0 20.1 18.1
Maldives
Mali 40.3 42.4 45.2 45.0 47.8
Malta 4.4 4.4 4.3 3.9 3.8
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 22.5 26.6 32.3 32.7 31.9
Mauritius 16.2 16.2 15.4 13.9 13.1
Mexico 10.1 10.3 9.7 7.9 7.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova 36.5
Monaco
Mongolia 16.4 18.7 16.4 16.6 15.5
Montenegro
Morocco 16.5 19.7 15.2 18.3 18.4
Mozambique 47.5 41.1 44.1 42.9 47.4
Myanmar 48.2 50.2 55.3 57.4 57.0
Namibia 7.8 8.2 9.7 9.8 9.1
Nepal 51.7 51.5 50.7 50.9 50.4
Netherlands 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.4
New Caledonia
New Zealand 7.4 6.2 6.5 6.9 7.3
Nicaragua
Niger 36.7 34.7 35.2 35.4 34.1
Nigeria 39.2 40.3 37.3 41.6 32.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 3.2 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.3
Oman 2.8 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.2
Pakistan 28.5 27.6 26.2 26.0 26.9
Palau
Panama 8.3 8.9 9.0 9.5 10.2
Papua New Guinea 36.6 35.3 32.9 32.0 30.1
Paraguay
Peru 11.2 10.3 10.3 6.0
Philippines 24.6 23.9 24.0 23.0 22.7
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.2
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation 16.8
Rwanda 41.8 37.5 37.7 39.2 40.3
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 3.7 4.9 5.7 6.3 6.3
Senegal 23.2 24.1 24.9 21.2 22.6
Serbia
Seychelles 5.8 6.0 5.3 4.7 4.3
Sierra Leone 45.1 38.0 45.0 46.0 46.0
Singapore 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 66.8 62.4 64.2 69.3 63.6
South Africa 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.8 5.4
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 27.7 27.1 27.0 26.3 25.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 9.1 10.8 10.6 9.7 7.7
St. Lucia 15.2 18.1 13.2 16.2 13.3
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.6 19.1 17.0 17.8 17.0
Sudan 33.5 36.3 32.8 41.5 39.2
Suriname 9.1 10.1 11.2 10.9 9.8
Swaziland 20.7 22.2 16.5 16.1 15.3
Sweden 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.9
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic 21.9 24.9 26.6 31.8 24.8
Tajikistan 32.7 33.0 30.7 31.7 32.1
Tanzania
Thailand 15.8 15.7 15.7 16.2 15.1
Timor-Leste
Togo 33.7 34.8 33.5 33.6 32.2
Tonga 37.8 39.0 38.9 38.0 36.0
Trinidad and Tobago 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6
Tunisia 18.1 14.9 18.8 13.5 14.6
Turkey 20.3 20.1 18.5 17.8 17.1
Turkmenistan 27.6 26.9 28.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 52.7 56.6 56.8 56.7 56.8
Ukraine 21.7 20.9 22.9
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay 13.6 12.7 13.7 12.0 10.9
Uzbekistan 27.6 29.3 31.1
Vanuatu 27.8 23.9 20.4 20.0 20.3
Venezuela, RB 6.3 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.3
Vietnam 40.2 38.1 40.6 46.3 42.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 14.6 13.6 12.0 17.4 21.2
Zimbabwe 22.7 17.8 14.4 16.4 14.9

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