Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan
Albania 55.8 33.0 33.6 32.6 29.5
Algeria 10.5 11.8 9.5 12.5 12.2
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 7.3 7.0 9.0 13.0 6.3
Antigua and Barbuda 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.9
Argentina 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.7 4.8
Armenia 42.3 36.8 32.0 34.0 29.5
Aruba 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Australia 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.3
Austria 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Azerbaijan 27.3 27.5 21.7 18.9 19.2
Bahamas, The 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.0 2.7
Bahrain 0.9
Bangladesh 26.4 25.7 25.8 25.4 26.2
Barbados 3.5 3.7 3.0 2.2 2.7
Belarus 17.5 17.0 15.4 13.9 14.6
Belgium 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
Belize 17.8 17.8 17.4 16.7 17.3
Benin 33.1 35.7 35.8 36.6 35.8
Bermuda 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
Bhutan 32.0 31.2 31.2 29.5 27.3
Bolivia 16.9 16.4 17.2 14.7 15.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.7 25.2 21.3 19.4 16.2
Botswana 4.9 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.3
Brazil 5.8 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.5
Brunei Darussalam 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.2
Bulgaria 14.7 12.9 22.6 15.4 14.5
Burkina Faso 35.8 39.4 36.8 39.6 32.9
Burundi 48.1 57.2 47.7 48.0 47.9
Cabo Verde 13.7 12.4 11.7 10.9 13.6
Cambodia 49.6 46.6 46.3 46.3 43.3
Cameroon 23.6 23.6 24.7 25.3 24.4
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 46.5 51.7 54.8 55.7 51.7
Chad 35.8 39.0 39.9 40.8 39.7
Chile 9.2 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.2
China 20.0 19.7 18.3 17.6 16.5
Colombia 15.3 13.8 13.7 14.3 14.0
Comoros 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 57.0 33.6 48.1 47.5 52.7
Congo, Rep. 10.5 9.0 9.1 11.0 8.4
Costa Rica 13.7 12.8 13.0 12.8 10.5
Cote d'Ivoire 24.7 24.6 23.3 24.1 22.0
Croatia 7.2 7.0 6.5 6.8 6.9
Cuba 8.8 9.7 9.6 8.6 8.0
Curacao
Cyprus 5.1 4.6 4.0 4.2 4.0
Czech Republic 4.4 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.4
Denmark 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.5 2.3
Djibouti 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5
Dominica 18.9 19.9 19.4 18.8 18.7
Dominican Republic 10.0 9.3 9.1 8.7 8.0
Ecuador 22.6 21.4 20.9 18.3 18.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.8 17.3 17.0 17.1 17.3
El Salvador 14.5 14.0 14.4 12.9 11.2
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 20.9 18.0 16.9 25.5 24.9
Estonia 5.8 5.5 5.2 6.1 4.4
Ethiopia 55.0 54.3 57.7 52.5 48.6
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 20.1 20.1 17.3 16.8 19.1
Finland 4.3 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.3
France 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
French Polynesia 2.7 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.5
Gabon 8.0 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.3
Gambia, The
Georgia 52.2 34.1 29.2 27.6 26.2
Germany 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Ghana 42.7 43.9 40.1 40.2 39.9
Greece 8.1 7.2 6.9 6.6 6.4
Greenland
Grenada 10.1 8.6 8.4 7.9 8.0
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 19.2 18.0 21.0 22.1 22.5
Guinea-Bissau 55.1 57.6 54.6 62.4 58.7
Guyana 41.2 38.9 35.4 34.6 34.6
Haiti
Honduras 21.5 22.3 23.0 19.1 15.9
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 8.4 8.5 7.3 6.9 6.1
Iceland 9.7 9.7 9.2
India 26.3 27.1 25.9 25.8 24.5
Indonesia 17.1 16.7 16.1 18.1 19.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.4 15.6 14.8 17.3 15.1
Iraq
Ireland 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.8 3.0
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0
Jamaica 9.0 8.4 7.9 8.1 7.5
Japan 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.7
Jordan 4.3 3.8 3.3 3.1 2.4
Kazakhstan 12.9 12.8 12.0 9.1 10.5
Kenya 31.1 30.7 30.9 31.2 32.4
Kiribati 29.5 27.4 25.6 25.5 25.6
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 5.8 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.8
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic 43.9 49.7 44.6 39.5 37.7
Lao PDR 55.7 53.3 52.8 53.3 53.7
Latvia 9.1 7.4 5.1 4.0 3.9
Lebanon 7.6 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.2
Lesotho 18.0 18.6 17.5 17.6 18.0
Liberia 81.8 94.0 77.0 78.6 76.2
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 10.9 12.0 10.7 8.7 7.2
Luxembourg 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonia, FYR 13.2 13.2 12.8 13.2 12.9
Madagascar 26.7 27.2 31.5 30.6 30.0
Malawi 30.4 34.7 32.6 35.6 37.8
Malaysia 12.9 11.7 11.1 13.3 10.8
Maldives 11.5 10.7 9.9 9.5 9.2
Mali 49.5 51.8 44.5 46.5 46.5
Malta 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.7
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 37.4 36.2 33.4 31.2 30.2
Mauritius 10.4 10.2 9.4 9.3 6.1
Mexico 4.4 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 25.3 24.6 24.4 27.0 25.4
Moldova 33.0 31.4 30.2 31.8 27.9
Monaco
Mongolia 34.4 41.0 34.7 35.1 34.8
Montenegro
Morocco 17.3 22.2 18.6 20.2 17.5
Mozambique 34.8 35.2 34.9 30.8 28.6
Myanmar 60.0 60.1 58.9 59.1 59.9
Namibia 10.6 10.4 9.5 9.6 9.9
Nepal 41.8 41.5 41.4 39.9 41.3
Netherlands 3.4 3.2 3.3 2.8 2.6
New Caledonia 3.5 3.5 3.7
New Zealand 7.0 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.8
Nicaragua 22.0 23.5 22.1 21.3 18.8
Niger 40.2 38.9 38.9 42.6 40.7
Nigeria 32.1 31.1 34.0 39.0 35.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 3.1 2.6 2.4 2.7 2.4
Oman 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.6
Pakistan 26.1 25.5 26.7 27.3 27.0
Palau 5.9 3.9 3.0 3.0 4.1
Panama 7.9 7.5 7.3 7.4 7.0
Papua New Guinea 35.5 33.3 37.0 35.5 36.1
Paraguay 20.1 19.9 17.8 16.7 16.4
Peru
Philippines 21.6 20.6 18.9 14.8 15.2
Poland 5.3 5.0 4.3 3.9 3.4
Portugal 5.4 5.2 4.3 4.0 3.8
Puerto Rico 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.1 0.8
Qatar 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6
Romania 21.4 20.6 19.6 16.2 15.2
Russian Federation 7.2 7.2 6.4 5.6 7.3
Rwanda 44.0 47.2 46.0 45.5 37.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 5.9 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.7
Senegal 21.0 19.9 19.8 19.4 19.0
Serbia 20.9 21.3 20.5 18.4 21.0
Seychelles 4.2 3.9 3.5 2.6 3.1
Sierra Leone 42.9 47.5 58.6 61.8 62.0
Singapore 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.5
Slovenia 4.3 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.3
Solomon Islands 44.7 41.1 41.6 37.5 35.9
Somalia
South Africa 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.5
South Sudan
Spain 4.2 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.2
Sri Lanka 23.0 22.4 21.9 21.1 20.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.3 5.2 5.5 4.2 3.3
St. Lucia 10.2 8.9 6.8 8.2 7.3
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.1 12.5 10.1 10.8 10.5
Sudan 38.7 43.8 46.8 46.3 45.2
Suriname 14.9 16.4 12.6 9.6 9.8
Swaziland 12.0 14.2 13.0 13.2 13.4
Sweden 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1
Switzerland 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Syrian Arab Republic 31.6 29.9 27.9 30.6 25.2
Tajikistan 38.4 39.0 35.4 27.2 27.4
Tanzania 47.1 48.0 46.8 33.8 34.1
Thailand 9.5 9.5 9.4 10.8 9.4
Timor-Leste
Togo 37.8 40.8 42.2 35.0 36.9
Tonga 22.7 23.9 23.9 24.9 25.8
Trinidad and Tobago 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.0
Tunisia 13.0 15.7 12.6 12.0 12.0
Turkey 16.3 17.4 15.0 13.6 11.5
Turkmenistan 17.2 13.3 21.6 26.2 26.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 49.4 45.1 42.0 42.1 38.5
Ukraine 15.4 13.8 14.4 14.2 14.3
United Arab Emirates 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.3
United Kingdom 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.0
United States 1.4 1.2 1.2
Uruguay 8.6 8.0 7.7 8.0 6.8
Uzbekistan 32.3 26.1 32.2 31.3 33.5
Vanuatu 16.4 17.6 16.7 29.3 28.5
Venezuela, RB 5.5 4.5 4.9 5.4 4.7
Vietnam 27.2 27.8 25.8 25.8 25.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 12.8 14.6 13.1 13.5 12.4
Yemen, Rep. 20.5 16.7 16.2 19.6 16.4
Zambia 16.0 15.1 15.9 18.0 20.6
Zimbabwe 15.2 21.8 18.9 21.8 19.2

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