Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania 34.0 33.2 31.5 32.3 35.9
Algeria 10.2 12.9 12.2 13.0 11.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 0.0 0.0 0.0 33.3 33.3
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.0 4.2
Argentina 7.8 8.1 9.0 9.6 8.1
Armenia 17.4
Aruba
Australia 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.4 4.6
Austria 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.5
Azerbaijan 29.0
Bahamas, The 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.6
Bahrain 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9
Bangladesh 34.1 34.8 33.5 32.9 32.8
Barbados
Belarus 23.5
Belgium
Belize 21.0 22.7 22.3 20.4 20.0
Benin 33.7 33.3 34.4 37.9 34.7
Bermuda
Bhutan 42.1 36.6 38.3 35.8 35.3
Bolivia 18.3 17.7 17.2 16.7 16.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 5.7 6.7 6.0 5.0 4.9
Brazil 11.2 10.0 10.1 8.5 8.1
Brunei Darussalam 1.9 1.9 2.2 1.0 1.0
Bulgaria 13.1 11.4 10.9 10.6 17.0
Burkina Faso 30.9 28.9 29.9 28.9 29.1
Burundi 58.5 55.1 54.2 53.7 55.9
Cabo Verde 13.6 17.6 17.7 16.2 14.4
Cambodia
Cameroon 22.4 24.8 24.7 26.1 24.6
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 50.2 47.3 48.9 47.7 49.3
Chad 32.6 33.1 36.8 31.7 29.3
Chile 9.0 9.2 8.9 8.7 8.7
China 26.8 26.5 25.4 24.7 26.7
Colombia 18.0 18.7 17.4 16.6 16.7
Comoros 37.4 38.0 39.5 40.9 41.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.6 29.7 29.8 28.6 31.0
Congo, Rep. 12.1 11.9 13.9 12.9 12.9
Costa Rica 13.2 13.5 13.0 12.4 12.3
Cote d'Ivoire 28.5 29.2 32.0 32.7 32.5
Croatia
Cuba 13.6 13.7 13.9 13.7 14.0
Curacao
Cyprus 7.3 7.4 7.2 6.9 6.9
Czech Republic
Denmark 3.8
Djibouti 3.3 3.1
Dominica 30.2 29.8 28.5 24.0 25.0
Dominican Republic 19.1 12.8 17.0 14.9 14.5
Ecuador 21.9 22.4 23.0 23.4 21.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.8 20.5 19.0 19.7 19.4
El Salvador 17.4
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 53.9 52.0 51.6 51.2 52.0
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 20.9 23.0 19.5 22.2 20.4
Finland 7.5 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.2
France 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.5
French Polynesia 1.2
Gabon
Gambia, The
Georgia 26.6 24.2 24.3 23.3 31.7
Germany
Ghana 48.0 50.7 49.7 49.4 45.1
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 16.8 18.7 17.9 15.4 13.4
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 23.9 24.7 23.5 24.1 23.8
Guinea-Bissau 45.3 57.6 58.1 50.2 60.8
Guyana 26.7 29.9 26.0 39.9 38.1
Haiti
Honduras 20.6 20.9 21.2 21.1 22.4
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 29.7 29.2 30.2 29.0 29.0
Indonesia 24.2 23.3 22.5 21.7 19.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 15.8 16.8 15.7 16.0 12.8
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy 3.5
Jamaica
Japan 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.1
Jordan 5.9 6.7 6.7 6.0 7.7
Kazakhstan
Kenya 33.0 31.5 29.9 30.2 29.5
Kiribati 26.8 27.9 33.7 28.1 18.6
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 11.1 9.9 9.9 9.1 8.2
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic 31.8 33.6 33.5
Lao PDR 60.6 61.2
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 23.6 25.4 27.0 24.9 24.7
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 8.5
Madagascar 36.8 36.2 33.5 32.9 28.6
Malawi 43.1 49.0 50.0 47.7 45.0
Malaysia 20.2 20.0 20.1 18.1 15.2
Maldives
Mali 37.9 38.9 41.6 40.3 39.5
Malta 4.4 4.3 3.9 3.8 3.5
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 26.6 32.3 32.7 31.9 29.6
Mauritius 16.2 15.4 13.9 13.1 12.9
Mexico 10.3 9.7 7.9 7.8 7.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 36.5 36.1
Monaco
Mongolia 18.7 16.4 16.6 15.5 12.9
Montenegro
Morocco 19.7 15.2 18.3 18.4 19.3
Mozambique 41.1 44.1 42.9 47.4 37.1
Myanmar 50.2 55.3 57.4 57.0 57.3
Namibia 8.2 9.7 9.8 9.1 9.8
Nepal 51.5 50.7 50.9 50.4 51.6
Netherlands 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.3
New Caledonia 3.6
New Zealand 6.2 6.5 6.9 7.3 6.4
Nicaragua
Niger 34.7 35.2 35.4 34.1 35.3
Nigeria 40.3 37.3 41.6 32.2 31.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.4
Oman 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.2 2.6
Pakistan 27.6 26.2 26.0 26.9 26.0
Palau
Panama 8.9 9.0 9.5 10.2 9.8
Papua New Guinea 35.3 32.9 32.0 30.1 30.9
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines 23.9 24.0 23.0 22.7 21.9
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.0
Qatar
Romania 23.7
Russian Federation 16.8 16.6
Rwanda 37.5 37.7 39.2 40.3 32.5
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 4.9 5.7 6.3 6.3 5.7
Senegal 24.1 24.9 21.2 22.6 19.9
Serbia
Seychelles 6.0 5.3 4.7 4.3 4.8
Sierra Leone 38.0 45.0 46.0 46.0 46.9
Singapore 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 28.9
Somalia 62.4 64.2 69.3 63.6 65.5
South Africa 5.0 5.6 5.8 5.4 4.6
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 27.1 27.0 26.3 25.6 26.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.9 7.1 6.4 5.1 4.2
St. Lucia 18.1 13.2 16.2 13.3 14.5
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.6 13.3 16.2 15.2 16.4
Sudan 36.3 32.8 41.5 39.2 40.6
Suriname 10.1 11.2 10.9 9.8 8.7
Swaziland 22.2 16.5 16.1 15.3 10.4
Sweden 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.6
Switzerland 2.3
Syrian Arab Republic 24.9 26.6 31.8 24.8 29.8
Tajikistan 33.0 30.7 31.7 32.1 33.3
Tanzania 46.0
Thailand 15.7 15.7 16.2 15.1 12.5
Timor-Leste
Togo 34.8 33.5 33.6 32.2 33.8
Tonga 39.0 38.9 38.0 36.0 35.6
Trinidad and Tobago 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.6
Tunisia 14.9 18.8 13.5 14.6 17.7
Turkey 20.1 18.5 17.8 17.1 18.1
Turkmenistan 27.6 26.9 28.9 32.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 56.6 56.8 56.7 56.8 56.6
Ukraine 21.7 20.9 22.9 25.6
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 1.5
United States
Uruguay 12.7 13.7 12.0 10.9 9.2
Uzbekistan 27.6 29.3 31.1 32.8
Vanuatu 23.9 20.4 20.0 20.3 20.9
Venezuela, RB 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.3 5.5
Vietnam 38.1 40.6 46.3 42.1 38.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 24.4
Zambia 13.6 12.0 17.4 21.2 20.6
Zimbabwe 17.8 14.4 16.4 14.9 16.5

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