Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Uganda 4.5 6.7 11.4 9.4 10.9
Vanuatu 6.6 6.5 6.7 8.8 7.9
Somalia 8.0 7.7 8.1 7.4 7.3
Chad 8.9 11.7 12.4 13.3 16.0
Kiribati 9.0 9.4 8.3 8.4 5.7
Bhutan 11.7 17.4 19.4 21.4 21.8
Nepal 11.9 12.4 12.9 12.8 12.6
Benin 12.3 12.9 15.1 15.4 17.1
Ghana 12.3 9.5 6.5 11.2
Burundi 12.6 13.4 15.4 15.5 13.8
Myanmar 12.7 12.4 12.6 12.8 13.1
Grenada 13.1 14.6 17.8 16.8 16.7
Comoros 13.2 12.6 14.1 14.2 15.3
Mali 13.2 14.0 13.7 14.8 14.5
Tonga 14.5 12.9 12.4 15.7 16.3
Seychelles 15.6 17.7 15.6 15.8 16.5
Madagascar 16.1 14.1 13.4 13.5 13.0
Cabo Verde 17.0 17.4 15.8 17.3 17.6
Antigua and Barbuda 18.1 18.5 14.6 14.2 15.4
Cuba 18.7 18.7 18.5 18.5 18.4
Panama 19.5 19.0 19.0 17.8 18.2
Guinea-Bissau 19.7 17.2 14.4 11.5 14.4
Cote d'Ivoire 19.7 18.6 21.3 21.5 19.5
Central African Republic 20.1 18.9 13.1 14.7 15.0
Senegal 20.1 19.3 20.6 21.4 21.5
Burkina Faso 20.5 19.3 19.5 20.8 20.4
Bangladesh 20.6 20.3 20.5 21.4 21.9
Kenya 20.8 20.3 19.9 19.4 18.9
Dominica 20.9 20.3 20.5 18.4 18.3
Rwanda 21.5 20.8 21.7 24.1 23.2
Sierra Leone 21.9 19.7 17.0 14.8 13.6
Fiji 22.0 21.2 21.3 19.7 19.5
Malawi 22.5 21.7 21.1 21.4 20.1
Barbados 22.5 22.8 21.8 23.2 23.8
Niger 22.9 19.2 17.3 20.2 21.6
St. Lucia 23.6 22.9 20.8 18.3 18.2
Turkey 23.8 27.1 28.2 27.2 26.2
Jordan 24.1 27.3 27.9 26.9 27.6
India 24.3 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.6
Honduras 24.3 22.9 24.4 25.4 25.8
Togo 24.8 22.5 23.4 21.4 20.2
Pakistan 24.9 22.6 22.3 22.1 22.7
Cameroon 25.6 29.9 32.1 34.7 37.5
Mauritania 26.0 26.2 23.4 21.2 25.4
Mauritius 26.2 25.1 24.9 24.8 26.9
Ecuador 26.3 26.6 27.4 26.9 29.1
Lesotho 26.5 24.6 32.3 24.2 26.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 26.5 25.7 25.3 24.8 23.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.6 24.4 24.1 24.8 23.0
Thailand 28.7 30.1 29.5 30.6 32.0
Papua New Guinea 28.7 24.9 25.2 30.0 25.6
Zimbabwe 29.0 26.9 24.7 29.0 32.6
Sri Lanka 29.6 28.0 26.3 26.3 26.3
Swaziland 30.2 30.2 29.7 27.9 27.4
Morocco 30.5 33.8 32.2 32.9 33.0
Dominican Republic 30.6 29.9 30.4 31.1 30.7
France 30.7 29.9 29.2 29.0 28.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30.8 29.8 36.1 34.1 30.3
Belize 30.9 27.5 24.3 24.2 27.0
Bolivia 32.4 32.7 34.7 35.7 33.3
Colombia 32.5 31.5 31.8 32.3 34.0
Netherlands 32.7 33.1 32.0 31.4 32.8
Sweden 33.3 32.1 31.8 32.1 33.5
Cyprus 33.6 32.4 30.9 30.1 29.0
Mexico 33.6 33.2 33.4 35.2 34.9
Korea, Rep. 34.2 33.8 34.3 35.6 36.8
Mozambique 34.4 33.8 32.6 27.5 20.0
New Zealand 35.0 36.5 37.4 36.5 36.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 35.0 33.7 27.9 27.0 29.4
Georgia 35.2 35.7 38.0 36.6 35.9
Guyana 35.8 30.5 29.0 22.8 24.4
Tunisia 35.9 36.6 35.3 38.1 38.4
Singapore 36.2 35.7 34.5 35.8 36.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.8 37.7 32.4 30.0 29.3
Austria 37.2 36.8 35.8 35.4 34.3
Chile 37.4 36.6 34.7 39.9 40.5
Australia 37.8 39.1 37.8 36.7 36.8
Finland 38.1 37.7 36.8 36.6 36.2
Norway 38.2 38.3 38.4 39.4 41.0
Philippines 38.8 39.2 38.8 39.2 37.9
Suriname 38.9 38.1 34.0 31.4 32.0
Japan 39.1 39.2 38.6 37.7 38.2
Malaysia 41.0 40.3 37.9 38.5 38.5
Argentina 41.2 40.3 41.1 41.6 39.7
Indonesia 41.7 41.2 37.9 39.8 39.1
Zambia 42.1 41.1 39.0 47.2 44.1
Brazil 43.8 43.7 45.6 44.0 45.7
Albania 45.0 43.0 43.8 43.3 44.0
Venezuela, RB 46.4 44.4 41.6 38.7 52.5
Congo, Rep. 46.6 50.9 52.6 54.3 56.6
China 47.9 45.8 44.5 44.1 42.8
South Africa 48.4 45.7 44.2 44.7 43.2
Botswana 50.7 47.3 49.2 54.0 57.3
Namibia 50.9 41.8 38.3 36.3 34.2
Bulgaria 54.5 53.2 57.9 60.4 60.0
Algeria 57.7 57.1 56.1 55.8 55.8
Bahrain 59.1 57.8 52.9 48.2 49.0
Gabon 60.4 58.4 60.6 56.8 59.7
Malta 64.3 62.0 61.1 58.7 59.6
Oman 69.4 67.1 63.3 60.7 59.1
Saudi Arabia 71.5 70.8 59.8 49.4 46.1
Puerto Rico 77.9 76.7 77.9 78.8 81.3
Brunei Darussalam 84.8 81.8 79.7 77.3 73.5
Tanzania
Lao PDR
Kazakhstan
Latvia
Uruguay 33.1 34.4
Lebanon
Afghanistan
Sudan 14.6 15.3 16.0
Liberia
Turkmenistan
Germany
Kyrgyz Republic
Libya
Liechtenstein
Slovak Republic
Lithuania
Djibouti
Luxembourg
Switzerland
Macao SAR, China
Andorra
Macedonia, FYR
Ukraine
Israel
Vietnam
Isle of Man
San Marino
Ireland
Greece
Maldives
Gambia, The
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Solomon Islands
Kuwait
Spain
Marshall Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Iraq
Czech Republic
Bermuda
Taiwan, China
Canada
Timor-Leste
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Eritrea
Moldova
Tuvalu
Monaco
United Kingdom
Mongolia 25.0 25.7 26.3 27.0
Equatorial Guinea
Montenegro
West Bank and Gaza
Croatia
Samoa
Iceland
Sao Tome and Principe
Hungary
Hong Kong SAR, China
Serbia
Cayman Islands
Aruba
Haiti
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
New Caledonia
Slovenia
Guinea
Armenia
Nicaragua
South Sudan
Belarus
Costa Rica 32.5 34.0
Nigeria 40.0 35.5 30.9 28.3
French Polynesia
Northern Mariana Islands
Denmark
Guatemala
Faeroe Islands
Italy
Ethiopia 9.3 9.3 9.0 10.8
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Syrian Arab Republic
Palau
Tajikistan
Bahamas, The
Estonia
Guam
Angola
Paraguay
Trinidad and Tobago 45.3
Peru
American Samoa
Greenland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Poland
Cambodia
Portugal
United Arab Emirates
Jamaica
United States
Qatar
Uzbekistan
Romania 56.6 55.2
El Salvador
Russian Federation
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Azerbaijan
Yemen, Rep.
Belgium
Curacao

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