Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Vanuatu 6.6 6.5 6.7 8.8 7.9
Uganda 4.5 6.7 11.4 9.4 10.9
Somalia 8.0 7.7 8.1 7.4 7.3
Ethiopia 9.3 9.3 9.0 10.8
Kiribati 9.0 9.4 8.3 8.4 5.7
Ghana 12.3 9.5 6.5 11.2
Chad 8.9 11.7 12.4 13.3 16.0
Myanmar 12.7 12.4 12.6 12.8 13.1
Nepal 11.9 12.4 12.9 12.8 12.6
Comoros 13.2 12.6 14.1 14.2 15.3
Benin 12.3 12.9 15.1 15.4 17.1
Tonga 14.5 12.9 12.4 15.7 16.3
Burundi 12.6 13.4 15.4 15.5 13.8
Mali 13.2 14.0 13.7 14.8 14.5
Madagascar 16.1 14.1 13.4 13.5 13.0
Grenada 13.1 14.6 17.8 16.8 16.7
Guinea-Bissau 19.7 17.2 14.4 11.5 14.4
Cabo Verde 17.0 17.4 15.8 17.3 17.6
Bhutan 11.7 17.4 19.4 21.4 21.8
Seychelles 15.6 17.7 15.6 15.8 16.5
Antigua and Barbuda 18.1 18.5 14.6 14.2 15.4
Cote d'Ivoire 19.7 18.6 21.3 21.5 19.5
Cuba 18.7 18.7 18.5 18.5 18.4
Central African Republic 20.1 18.9 13.1 14.7 15.0
Panama 19.5 19.0 19.0 17.8 18.2
Niger 22.9 19.2 17.3 20.2 21.6
Burkina Faso 20.5 19.3 19.5 20.8 20.4
Senegal 20.1 19.3 20.6 21.4 21.5
Sierra Leone 21.9 19.7 17.0 14.8 13.6
Dominica 20.9 20.3 20.5 18.4 18.3
Kenya 20.8 20.3 19.9 19.4 18.9
Rwanda 21.5 20.8 21.7 24.1 23.2
Bangladesh 20.6 20.9 21.1 21.9 21.2
Fiji 22.0 21.2 21.3 19.7 19.5
Malawi 22.5 21.7 21.1 21.4 20.1
Togo 24.8 22.5 23.4 21.4 20.2
Pakistan 24.9 22.6 22.3 22.1 22.7
Barbados 22.5 22.8 21.8 23.2 23.8
St. Lucia 23.6 22.9 20.8 18.3 18.2
Honduras 24.3 22.9 24.4 25.4 25.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.6 24.4 24.1 24.8 23.0
Lesotho 26.5 24.6 32.3 24.2 26.8
Papua New Guinea 28.7 24.9 25.2 30.0 25.6
Mongolia 25.0 25.7 26.3 27.0
Mauritius 26.2 25.1 24.9 24.8 26.9
India 24.3 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 26.5 25.7 25.3 24.8 23.1
Mauritania 26.0 26.2 23.4 21.2 25.4
Ecuador 26.3 26.6 27.4 26.9 29.1
Zimbabwe 29.0 26.9 24.7 29.0 32.6
Turkey 23.8 27.1 28.2 27.2 26.2
Jordan 24.1 27.3 27.9 26.9 27.6
Belize 30.9 27.5 24.3 24.2 27.0
Sri Lanka 29.6 28.0 26.3 26.3 26.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30.8 29.8 36.1 34.1 30.3
Dominican Republic 30.6 29.9 30.4 31.1 30.7
Cameroon 25.6 29.9 32.1 34.7 37.5
France 30.7 29.9 29.2 29.0 28.5
Thailand 28.7 30.1 29.5 30.6 32.0
Swaziland 30.2 30.2 29.7 27.9 27.4
Guyana 35.8 30.5 29.0 22.8 24.4
Colombia 32.5 31.5 31.8 32.3 34.0
Sweden 33.3 32.1 31.8 32.1 33.5
Cyprus 33.6 32.4 30.9 30.1 29.0
Bolivia 32.4 32.7 34.7 35.7 33.3
Liberia 28.1 33.0 31.6 30.4 28.5
Netherlands 32.7 33.1 32.0 31.4 32.8
Mexico 33.6 33.2 33.4 35.2 34.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 35.0 33.7 27.9 27.0 29.4
Mozambique 34.4 33.8 32.6 27.5 20.0
Korea, Rep. 34.2 33.8 34.3 35.6 36.8
Morocco 30.5 33.8 32.2 32.9 33.0
Georgia 35.2 35.7 38.0 36.6 35.9
Singapore 36.2 35.7 34.5 35.8 36.5
New Zealand 34.8 36.4 37.4 36.4 36.3
Chile 37.4 36.6 34.7 39.9 40.5
Tunisia 35.9 36.6 35.3 38.1 38.4
Austria 37.2 36.8 35.8 35.4 34.3
Finland 38.1 37.7 36.8 36.6 36.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.8 37.7 32.4 30.0 29.3
Suriname 38.9 38.1 34.0 31.4 32.0
Norway 38.4 38.5 38.6 39.6 41.2
Australia 37.8 39.1 37.8 36.7 36.8
Philippines 38.8 39.2 38.8 39.2 37.9
Japan 39.1 39.2 38.6 37.7 38.2
Nigeria 40.0 35.5 30.9 28.3
Malaysia 41.0 40.3 37.9 38.5 38.5
Argentina 41.2 40.3 41.1 41.6 39.7
Zambia 42.1 41.1 39.0 47.2 44.1
Indonesia 41.7 41.2 37.9 39.8 39.1
Namibia 50.9 41.8 38.3 36.3 34.2
Albania 45.0 43.0 43.8 43.3 44.0
Brazil 43.8 43.7 45.6 44.0 45.7
Venezuela, RB 46.4 44.4 41.6 38.7 52.5
South Africa 48.4 45.7 44.2 44.7 43.2
China 48.2 46.1 44.8 44.4 43.1
Botswana 50.7 47.3 49.2 54.0 57.3
Latvia 50.9 50.0 47.0 42.4 40.7
Congo, Rep. 46.6 50.9 52.6 54.3 56.6
Bulgaria 54.5 53.2 57.9 60.4 60.0
Romania 56.6 55.2
Algeria 57.7 57.1 56.1 55.8 55.8
Bahrain 59.1 57.8 52.9 48.2 49.0
Gabon 60.4 58.4 60.6 56.8 59.7
Malta 64.3 62.0 61.1 58.7 59.6
Oman 69.4 67.1 63.3 60.7 59.1
United Arab Emirates 72.7 68.4 63.2 61.4 62.8
Saudi Arabia 71.6 70.9 59.9 49.5 46.2
Puerto Rico 77.9 76.7 77.9 78.8 81.3
Brunei Darussalam 84.8 81.8 79.7 77.3 73.5
Liechtenstein
Kyrgyz Republic
Lithuania
Ukraine
Belarus
Slovenia
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Azerbaijan
Macedonia, FYR
Vietnam
Ireland
Costa Rica 32.5 34.0
Iraq
South Sudan
Iceland
Maldives
Tanzania
Hungary
Turkmenistan
Isle of Man
Uruguay 33.1 34.4
Marshall Islands
San Marino
Hong Kong SAR, China
Serbia
Haiti
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guinea
Cayman Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cambodia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Bermuda
Monaco
Syrian Arab Republic
Guatemala
Timor-Leste
Montenegro
Aruba
Guam
Tuvalu
Greenland
United Kingdom
Greece
Andorra
Germany
Libya
Gambia, The
Sao Tome and Principe
Israel
Curacao
New Caledonia
Croatia
French Polynesia
Kuwait
Nicaragua
Slovak Republic
Faeroe Islands
Solomon Islands
Estonia
Canada
Northern Mariana Islands
Spain
Eritrea
Kosovo
Afghanistan
St. Martin (French part)
Equatorial Guinea
Sudan 14.6 15.3 16.0
Palau
Belgium
El Salvador
Switzerland
Djibouti
Tajikistan
Paraguay
Jamaica
Peru
Bahamas, The
Denmark
Trinidad and Tobago 45.3
Poland
Armenia
Portugal
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Angola
Italy
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Lao PDR
United States
Russian Federation
Uzbekistan
Czech Republic
American Samoa
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kazakhstan
Yemen, Rep.
Qatar
Lebanon

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