Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 12.3 9.5 6.5 11.2
Vanuatu 6.6 6.5 6.7 8.8 7.9
Somalia 8.0 7.7 8.1 7.4 7.3
Kiribati 9.0 9.4 8.3 8.4 5.7
Ethiopia 9.3 9.3 9.0 10.8
Uganda 4.5 6.7 11.4 9.4 10.9
Chad 8.9 11.7 12.4 13.3 16.0
Tonga 14.5 12.9 12.4 15.7 16.3
Myanmar 12.7 12.4 12.6 12.8 13.1
Nepal 11.9 12.4 12.9 12.8 12.6
Central African Republic 20.1 18.9 13.1 14.7 15.0
Madagascar 16.1 14.1 13.4 13.5 13.0
Mali 13.2 14.0 13.7 14.8 14.5
Comoros 13.2 12.6 14.1 14.2 15.3
Guinea-Bissau 19.7 17.2 14.4 11.5 14.4
Antigua and Barbuda 18.1 18.5 14.6 14.2 15.4
Sudan 14.6 15.3 16.0
Benin 12.3 12.9 15.1 15.4 17.1
Burundi 12.6 13.4 15.4 15.5 13.8
Seychelles 15.6 17.7 15.6 15.8 16.5
Cabo Verde 17.0 17.4 15.8 17.3 17.6
Sierra Leone 21.9 19.7 17.0 14.8 13.6
Niger 22.9 19.2 17.3 20.2 21.6
Grenada 13.1 14.6 17.8 16.8 16.7
Cuba 18.7 18.7 18.5 18.5 18.4
Panama 19.5 19.0 19.0 17.8 18.2
Bhutan 11.7 17.4 19.4 21.4 21.8
Burkina Faso 20.5 19.3 19.5 20.8 20.4
Kenya 20.8 20.3 19.9 19.4 18.9
Dominica 20.9 20.3 20.5 18.4 18.3
Bangladesh 20.6 20.3 20.5 21.4 21.9
Senegal 20.1 19.3 20.6 21.4 21.5
St. Lucia 23.6 22.9 20.8 18.3 18.2
Malawi 22.5 21.7 21.1 21.4 20.1
Cote d'Ivoire 19.7 18.6 21.3 21.5 19.5
Fiji 22.0 21.2 21.3 19.7 19.5
Rwanda 21.5 20.8 21.7 24.1 23.2
Barbados 22.5 22.8 21.8 23.2 23.8
Pakistan 24.9 22.6 22.3 22.1 22.7
Togo 24.8 22.5 23.4 21.4 20.2
Mauritania 26.0 26.2 23.4 21.2 25.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.6 24.4 24.1 24.8 23.0
Belize 30.9 27.5 24.3 24.2 27.0
Honduras 24.3 22.9 24.4 25.4 25.8
Zimbabwe 29.0 26.9 24.7 29.0 32.6
Mauritius 26.2 25.1 24.9 24.8 26.9
Papua New Guinea 28.7 24.9 25.2 30.0 25.6
India 24.3 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 26.5 25.7 25.3 24.8 23.1
Mongolia 25.0 25.7 26.3 27.0
Sri Lanka 29.6 28.0 26.3 26.3 26.3
Ecuador 26.3 26.6 27.4 26.9 29.1
Jordan 24.1 27.3 27.9 26.9 27.6
Turkey 23.8 27.1 28.2 27.2 26.2
Guyana 35.8 30.5 29.0 22.8 24.4
France 30.7 29.9 29.2 29.0 28.5
Thailand 28.7 30.1 29.5 30.6 32.0
Swaziland 30.2 30.2 29.7 27.9 27.4
Dominican Republic 30.6 29.9 30.4 31.1 30.7
Cyprus 33.6 32.4 30.9 30.1 29.0
Colombia 32.5 31.5 31.8 32.3 34.0
Sweden 33.3 32.1 31.8 32.1 33.5
Netherlands 32.7 33.1 32.0 31.4 32.8
Cameroon 25.6 29.9 32.1 34.7 37.5
Morocco 30.5 33.8 32.2 32.9 33.0
Lesotho 26.5 24.6 32.3 24.2 26.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.8 37.7 32.4 30.0 29.3
Mozambique 34.4 33.8 32.6 27.5 20.0
Mexico 33.6 33.2 33.4 35.2 34.9
Suriname 38.9 38.1 34.0 31.4 32.0
Korea, Rep. 34.2 33.8 34.3 35.6 36.8
Singapore 36.2 35.7 34.5 35.8 36.5
Bolivia 32.4 32.7 34.7 35.7 33.3
Chile 37.4 36.6 34.7 39.9 40.5
Tunisia 35.9 36.6 35.3 38.1 38.4
Nigeria 40.0 35.5 30.9 28.3
Austria 37.2 36.8 35.8 35.4 34.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30.8 29.8 36.1 34.1 30.3
Finland 38.1 37.7 36.8 36.6 36.2
New Zealand 35.0 36.5 37.4 36.5 36.4
Australia 37.8 39.1 37.8 36.7 36.8
Malaysia 41.0 40.3 37.9 38.5 38.5
Indonesia 41.7 41.2 37.9 39.8 39.1
Georgia 35.2 35.7 38.0 36.6 35.9
Namibia 50.9 41.8 38.3 36.3 34.2
Norway 38.2 38.3 38.4 39.4 41.0
Japan 39.1 39.2 38.6 37.7 38.2
Philippines 38.8 39.2 38.8 39.2 37.9
Zambia 42.1 41.1 39.0 47.2 44.1
Argentina 42.1 40.0 41.1 41.6 39.7
Venezuela, RB 46.4 44.4 41.6 38.7 52.5
Albania 45.0 43.0 43.8 43.3 44.0
South Africa 48.4 45.7 44.2 44.7 43.2
China 47.9 45.8 44.5 44.1 42.8
Botswana 50.7 47.3 49.2 54.0 57.3
Congo, Rep. 46.6 50.9 52.6 54.3 56.6
Bahrain 59.1 57.8 52.9 48.2 49.0
Romania 56.6 55.2
Algeria 57.7 57.1 56.1 55.8 55.8
Bulgaria 54.5 53.2 57.9 60.4 60.0
Saudi Arabia 71.5 70.8 59.8 49.4 46.1
Gabon 60.4 58.4 60.6 56.8 59.7
Malta 64.3 62.0 61.1 58.7 59.6
Oman 69.4 67.1 63.3 60.7 59.1
Puerto Rico 77.9 76.7 77.9 78.8 81.3
Brunei Darussalam 84.8 81.8 79.7 77.3 73.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Ireland
Middle East (developing only)
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Denmark
Liberia
Peru
Libya
Liechtenstein
Serbia
Lithuania
Armenia
Luxembourg
Lao PDR
Macao SAR, China
Kyrgyz Republic
Jamaica
Poland
Macedonia, FYR
Brazil 44.0
Azerbaijan
Kuwait
Korea, Dem. Rep.
French Polynesia
Aruba
Maldives
Slovenia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
South Sudan
Czech Republic
Angola
Iceland
Cayman Islands
Palau
Djibouti
Cambodia
Marshall Islands
Isle of Man
Guinea
Bahamas, The
Kazakhstan
Paraguay
Uzbekistan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Iraq
Portugal
West Bank and Gaza
Qatar
Costa Rica 32.5 34.0
Russian Federation
Estonia
Samoa
Montenegro
Sao Tome and Principe
Eritrea
Canada
Equatorial Guinea
Greenland
Bermuda
Greece
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Slovak Republic
Syrian Arab Republic
Solomon Islands
Tanzania
Italy
Timor-Leste
Spain
Israel
Hungary
Trinidad and Tobago 45.3
St. Martin (French part)
Haiti
Andorra
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
United Arab Emirates
Switzerland
United States
Tajikistan
Gambia, The
Croatia
Guatemala
American Samoa
Nicaragua
Belarus
Germany
Guam
Turkmenistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
Belgium
Ukraine
El Salvador
United Kingdom
New Caledonia
Uruguay 33.1 34.4
Vietnam
Afghanistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Monaco
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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