Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 12.3 9.5 6.5 11.2
Vanuatu 6.6 6.5 6.7 8.8 7.9
Somalia 8.0 7.7 8.1 7.4 7.3
Kiribati 9.0 9.4 8.3 8.4 5.7
Ethiopia 9.3 9.3 9.0 10.8
Uganda 4.5 6.7 11.4 9.4 10.9
Chad 8.9 11.7 12.4 13.3 16.0
Tonga 14.5 12.9 12.4 15.7 16.3
Myanmar 12.7 12.4 12.6 12.8 13.1
Nepal 11.9 12.4 12.9 12.8 12.6
Central African Republic 20.1 18.9 13.1 14.7 15.0
Madagascar 16.1 14.1 13.4 13.5 13.0
Mali 13.2 14.0 13.7 14.8 14.5
Comoros 13.2 12.6 14.1 14.2 15.3
Guinea-Bissau 19.7 17.2 14.4 11.5 14.4
Antigua and Barbuda 18.1 18.5 14.6 14.2 15.4
Sudan 14.6 15.3 16.0
Benin 12.3 12.9 15.1 15.4 17.1
Burundi 12.6 13.4 15.4 15.5 13.8
Seychelles 15.6 17.7 15.6 15.8 16.5
Cabo Verde 17.0 17.4 15.8 17.3 17.6
Sierra Leone 21.9 19.7 17.0 14.8 13.6
Niger 22.9 19.2 17.3 20.2 21.6
Grenada 13.1 14.6 17.8 16.8 16.7
Cuba 18.7 18.7 18.5 18.5 18.4
Panama 19.5 19.0 19.0 17.8 18.2
Bhutan 11.7 17.4 19.4 21.4 21.8
Burkina Faso 20.5 19.3 19.5 20.8 20.4
Kenya 20.8 20.3 19.9 19.4 18.9
Dominica 20.9 20.3 20.5 18.4 18.3
Bangladesh 20.6 20.3 20.5 21.4 21.9
Senegal 20.1 19.3 20.6 21.4 21.5
St. Lucia 23.6 22.9 20.8 18.3 18.2
Malawi 22.5 21.7 21.1 21.4 20.1
Cote d'Ivoire 19.7 18.6 21.3 21.5 19.5
Fiji 22.0 21.2 21.3 19.7 19.5
Rwanda 21.5 20.8 21.7 24.1 23.2
Barbados 22.5 22.8 21.8 23.2 23.8
Pakistan 24.9 22.6 22.3 22.1 22.7
Togo 24.8 22.5 23.4 21.4 20.2
Mauritania 26.0 26.2 23.4 21.2 25.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.6 24.4 24.1 24.8 23.0
Belize 30.9 27.5 24.3 24.2 27.0
Honduras 24.3 22.9 24.4 25.4 25.8
Zimbabwe 29.0 26.9 24.7 29.0 32.6
Mauritius 26.2 25.1 24.9 24.8 26.9
Papua New Guinea 28.7 24.9 25.2 30.0 25.6
India 24.3 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 26.5 25.7 25.3 24.8 23.1
Mongolia 25.0 25.7 26.3 27.0
Sri Lanka 29.6 28.0 26.3 26.3 26.3
Ecuador 26.3 26.6 27.4 26.9 29.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 35.0 33.7 27.9 27.0 29.4
Jordan 24.1 27.3 27.9 26.9 27.6
Turkey 23.8 27.1 28.2 27.2 26.2
Guyana 35.8 30.5 29.0 22.8 24.4
France 30.7 29.9 29.2 29.0 28.5
Thailand 28.7 30.1 29.5 30.6 32.0
Swaziland 30.2 30.2 29.7 27.9 27.4
Dominican Republic 30.6 29.9 30.4 31.1 30.7
Cyprus 33.6 32.4 30.9 30.1 29.0
Colombia 32.5 31.5 31.8 32.3 34.0
Sweden 33.3 32.1 31.8 32.1 33.5
Netherlands 32.7 33.1 32.0 31.4 32.8
Cameroon 25.6 29.9 32.1 34.7 37.5
Morocco 30.5 33.8 32.2 32.9 33.0
Lesotho 26.5 24.6 32.3 24.2 26.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.8 37.7 32.4 30.0 29.3
Mozambique 34.4 33.8 32.6 27.5 20.0
Mexico 33.6 33.2 33.4 35.2 34.9
Suriname 38.9 38.1 34.0 31.4 32.0
Korea, Rep. 34.2 33.8 34.3 35.6 36.8
Singapore 36.2 35.7 34.5 35.8 36.5
Bolivia 32.4 32.7 34.7 35.7 33.3
Chile 37.4 36.6 34.7 39.9 40.5
Tunisia 35.9 36.6 35.3 38.1 38.4
Nigeria 40.0 35.5 30.9 28.3
Austria 37.2 36.8 35.8 35.4 34.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30.8 29.8 36.1 34.1 30.3
Finland 38.1 37.7 36.8 36.6 36.2
New Zealand 35.0 36.5 37.4 36.5 36.4
Australia 37.8 39.1 37.8 36.7 36.8
Malaysia 41.0 40.3 37.9 38.5 38.5
Indonesia 41.7 41.2 37.9 39.8 39.1
Georgia 35.2 35.7 38.0 36.6 35.9
Namibia 50.9 41.8 38.3 36.3 34.2
Norway 38.2 38.3 38.4 39.4 41.0
Japan 39.1 39.2 38.6 37.7 38.2
Philippines 38.8 39.2 38.8 39.2 37.9
Zambia 42.1 41.1 39.0 47.2 44.1
Argentina 41.2 40.3 41.1 41.6 39.7
Venezuela, RB 46.4 44.4 41.6 38.7 52.5
Albania 45.0 43.0 43.8 43.3 44.0
South Africa 48.4 45.7 44.2 44.7 43.2
China 47.9 45.8 44.5 44.1 42.8
Brazil 43.8 43.7 45.6 44.0 45.7
Botswana 50.7 47.3 49.2 54.0 57.3
Congo, Rep. 46.6 50.9 52.6 54.3 56.6
Bahrain 59.1 57.8 52.9 48.2 49.0
Romania 56.6 55.2
Algeria 57.7 57.1 56.1 55.8 55.8
Bulgaria 54.5 53.2 57.9 60.4 60.0
Saudi Arabia 71.5 70.8 59.8 49.4 46.1
Gabon 60.4 58.4 60.6 56.8 59.7
Malta 64.3 62.0 61.1 58.7 59.6
Oman 69.4 67.1 63.3 60.7 59.1
Puerto Rico 77.9 76.7 77.9 78.8 81.3
Brunei Darussalam 84.8 81.8 79.7 77.3 73.5
Equatorial Guinea
Liechtenstein
West Bank and Gaza
Lithuania
Timor-Leste
Luxembourg
French Polynesia
Macao SAR, China
Hungary
Macedonia, FYR
Tuvalu
Denmark
Sao Tome and Principe
Czech Republic
Slovak Republic
Kuwait
Iceland
Maldives
Switzerland
Curacao
Gambia, The
Afghanistan
United Kingdom
Marshall Islands
Samoa
Croatia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Costa Rica 32.5 34.0
Germany
Guam
Solomon Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Spain
Moldova
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Eritrea
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Libya
Montenegro
Angola
Djibouti
Turkmenistan
Greenland
Ukraine
Greece
Liberia
Guatemala
Kyrgyz Republic
Cayman Islands
San Marino
Canada
Lao PDR
New Caledonia
Serbia
Kazakhstan
Bermuda
Nicaragua
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cambodia
Slovenia
Lebanon
Belgium
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
El Salvador
Belarus
Latvia
Bahamas, The
Jamaica
Azerbaijan
Italy
Hong Kong SAR, China
Taiwan, China
Aruba
Tanzania
Syrian Arab Republic
Israel
Tajikistan
Paraguay
Armenia
Peru
Haiti
Isle of Man
Trinidad and Tobago 45.3
Poland
Andorra
Portugal
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uruguay 33.1 34.4
American Samoa
Estonia
United Arab Emirates
Vietnam
United States
Qatar
Uzbekistan
Ireland
Faeroe Islands
Russian Federation
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Iraq
Yemen, Rep.
Guinea
Palau

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