Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Ghana 9.5 6.5 11.2 18.0
Vanuatu 6.5 6.7 8.8 7.9 9.4
Somalia 7.7 8.1 7.4 7.3 7.7
Kiribati 9.4 8.3 8.4 5.7 7.4
Ethiopia 9.3 9.3 9.0 10.8 9.7
Uganda 6.7 11.4 9.4 10.9 9.9
Chad 11.7 12.4 13.3 16.0 13.1
Tonga 12.9 12.4 15.7 16.3 14.9
Myanmar 12.4 12.6 12.8 13.1 13.1
Nepal 12.4 12.9 12.8 12.6 15.1
Central African Republic 18.9 13.1 14.7 15.0 15.9
Madagascar 14.1 13.4 13.5 13.0 13.3
Comoros 12.6 14.1 14.2 15.3 14.1
Mali 14.4 14.2 16.2 18.0 16.2
Guinea-Bissau 17.2 14.4 11.5 14.4 15.6
Antigua and Barbuda 18.5 14.6 14.2 15.4 16.6
Sudan 14.6 15.3 16.0 16.5
Benin 12.9 15.1 15.4 17.1 16.7
Burundi 13.4 15.4 15.5 13.8 13.0
Seychelles 17.7 15.6 15.8 16.5 18.4
Cabo Verde 17.4 15.8 17.3 17.6 18.0
Sierra Leone 19.7 17.0 14.8 13.6 13.7
Niger 19.2 17.3 20.2 21.6 20.9
Grenada 14.6 17.8 16.8 16.7 17.5
Cuba 18.7 18.5 18.5 18.4 19.2
Panama 19.0 19.0 17.8 18.2 20.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.9 19.1 18.8 18.4 18.7
Bhutan 17.4 19.4 21.4 21.8 19.8
Burkina Faso 19.3 19.5 20.8 20.4 20.0
Kenya 20.3 19.9 19.4 18.9 19.1
Dominica 20.3 20.5 18.4 18.3 16.6
Bangladesh 20.3 20.5 21.4 21.9 20.8
Senegal 19.3 20.6 21.4 21.5 20.5
St. Lucia 22.9 20.8 18.3 18.2 18.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.5 21.0 21.6 19.9 19.4
Malawi 21.7 21.1 21.4 20.1 21.9
Cote d'Ivoire 18.6 21.3 21.5 19.5 19.7
Fiji 21.2 21.3 19.7 19.5 19.5
Rwanda 20.8 21.7 24.1 23.2 22.7
Pakistan 22.6 22.3 22.1 22.7 22.5
Togo 22.5 23.4 21.4 20.2 21.7
Mauritania 26.2 23.4 21.2 25.4 32.9
Belize 27.5 24.3 24.2 27.0 25.0
Honduras 22.9 24.4 25.4 25.8 24.0
Zimbabwe 26.9 24.7 29.0 32.6 28.0
Mauritius 25.1 24.9 24.8 26.9 29.8
Papua New Guinea 24.9 25.2 30.0 25.6 28.5
India 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.6 25.7
Mongolia 25.0 25.7 26.3 27.0 27.2
Sri Lanka 28.0 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.2
Ecuador 26.6 27.4 26.9 29.1 28.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.7 27.9 27.0 29.4 31.0
Jordan 27.3 27.9 26.9 27.6 24.6
Turkey 27.1 28.2 27.2 26.2 27.1
Guyana 30.5 29.0 22.8 24.4 24.6
France 29.9 29.2 29.0 28.5 28.4
Thailand 30.1 29.5 30.6 32.0 31.8
Swaziland 30.2 29.7 27.9 27.4 26.0
Dominican Republic 29.9 30.4 31.1 30.7 19.9
Cyprus 32.4 30.9 30.1 29.0 28.5
Colombia 31.5 31.8 32.3 34.0 35.5
Sweden 32.1 31.8 32.1 33.5 33.8
Netherlands 33.1 32.1 31.5 32.8 33.0
Cameroon 29.9 32.1 34.7 37.5 36.0
Morocco 33.8 32.2 32.9 33.0 32.4
Lesotho 24.6 32.3 24.2 26.8 29.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 37.7 32.4 30.0 29.3 28.6
Mozambique 33.8 32.6 27.5 20.0 13.2
Mexico 33.2 33.4 35.2 34.9 35.3
Suriname 38.1 34.0 31.4 32.0 30.1
Korea, Rep. 33.8 34.3 35.6 36.8 36.1
Singapore 35.7 34.5 35.8 36.5 33.4
Bolivia 32.7 34.7 35.7 33.3 34.8
Chile 36.6 34.7 39.9 40.5 37.6
Tunisia 36.6 35.3 38.1 38.4 37.5
Nigeria 40.0 35.5 30.9 28.3 29.9
Austria 36.8 35.8 35.4 34.3 34.6
Finland 37.7 36.8 36.6 36.2 35.1
New Zealand 36.5 37.4 36.5 36.4 34.1
Australia 39.1 37.8 36.7 36.8 37.3
Indonesia 41.2 37.9 39.8 39.1 35.8
Georgia 35.7 38.0 36.6 35.9 39.7
Namibia 41.8 38.3 36.3 34.2 39.5
Norway 38.3 38.4 39.4 41.0 40.6
Malaysia 41.1 38.6 39.0 39.2 39.2
Japan 39.2 38.6 37.7 38.2 38.2
Philippines 39.2 38.8 39.2 37.9 35.1
Zambia 41.1 39.0 47.2 44.1 46.8
Argentina 40.3 41.1 41.6 39.7 39.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 35.2 41.3 39.2 35.7 31.7
Venezuela, RB 44.4 41.6 38.7 52.5 50.8
Albania 43.0 43.8 43.3 44.0 43.3
South Africa 45.7 44.2 44.7 43.2 43.6
China 45.8 44.5 44.1 42.8 42.6
Brazil 43.7 45.6 44.0 45.7 45.3
Botswana 47.3 49.2 54.0 57.3 61.2
Congo, Rep. 50.9 52.6 54.3 56.6 53.9
Bahrain 57.8 52.9 48.2 49.0 48.5
Romania 56.6 55.2
Algeria 57.1 56.1 55.8 55.8 53.6
Bulgaria 53.2 57.9 60.4 60.0 62.8
Saudi Arabia 70.8 59.8 49.4 46.1 41.4
Malta 62.0 61.1 58.7 59.6 59.2
Oman 67.1 63.3 60.7 59.1 59.3
Puerto Rico 76.7 77.9 78.8 81.3 82.1
Brunei Darussalam 81.8 79.7 77.3 73.5 71.8
Slovenia
Israel
Liberia
Syrian Arab Republic 23.3
Libya
Ireland
Liechtenstein
Azerbaijan
Lithuania
Greece
Luxembourg
Guam
Macao SAR, China
Belarus
Macedonia, FYR
South Sudan
Denmark
Aruba
Czech Republic
Timor-Leste
El Salvador
Tuvalu
Maldives
Isle of Man
Curacao
San Marino
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Croatia
Barbados
Costa Rica 32.5 34.0 33.1
Iceland
Equatorial Guinea
Greenland
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Hong Kong SAR, China
Moldova
Tanzania
Monaco
American Samoa
Uruguay 33.1 34.4 35.9
Turkmenistan
Montenegro
Djibouti
Guinea
Qatar
Cayman Islands
Russian Federation
Canada
Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sao Tome and Principe
Cambodia
Bermuda
Eritrea
Belgium
New Caledonia
Iraq
Germany
Slovak Republic
Nicaragua
Solomon Islands
Ukraine
Gambia, The
United Kingdom
Spain
Gabon
Bahamas, The
Estonia
St. Martin (French part)
Kazakhstan
Hungary
Faeroe Islands
Armenia
Palau
Switzerland
Jamaica
Tajikistan 42.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Angola 50.0
Paraguay
Andorra
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago 45.3 43.9
Italy
French Polynesia
Poland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Portugal
Haiti
Guatemala
United Arab Emirates
Northern Mariana Islands
United States
Kuwait
Uzbekistan
Vietnam 27.4
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep.
Afghanistan
Lebanon

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