Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Ghana 9.5 6.5 11.2 18.0
Vanuatu 6.5 6.7 8.8 7.9 9.4
Somalia 7.7 8.1 7.4 7.3 7.7
Kiribati 9.4 8.3 8.4 5.7 7.4
Ethiopia 9.3 9.3 9.0 10.8 9.7
Uganda 6.7 11.4 9.4 10.9 9.9
Chad 11.7 12.4 13.3 16.0 13.1
Tonga 12.9 12.4 15.7 16.3 14.9
Myanmar 12.4 12.6 12.8 13.1 13.1
Nepal 12.4 12.9 12.8 12.6 15.1
Central African Republic 18.9 13.1 14.7 15.0 15.9
Madagascar 14.1 13.4 13.5 13.0 13.3
Comoros 12.6 14.1 14.2 15.3 14.1
Mali 14.4 14.2 16.2 18.0 16.2
Guinea-Bissau 17.2 14.4 11.5 14.4 15.6
Antigua and Barbuda 18.5 14.6 14.2 15.4 16.6
Sudan 14.6 15.3 16.0 16.5
Benin 12.9 15.1 15.4 17.1 16.7
Burundi 13.4 15.4 15.5 13.8 13.0
Seychelles 17.7 15.6 15.8 16.5 18.4
Cabo Verde 17.4 15.8 17.3 17.6 18.0
Sierra Leone 19.7 17.0 14.8 13.6 13.7
Niger 19.2 17.3 20.2 21.6 20.9
Grenada 14.6 17.8 16.8 16.7 17.5
Cuba 18.7 18.5 18.5 18.4 19.2
Panama 19.0 19.0 17.8 18.2 20.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.9 19.1 18.8 18.4 18.7
Bhutan 17.4 19.4 21.4 21.8 19.8
Burkina Faso 19.3 19.5 20.8 20.4 20.0
Kenya 20.3 19.9 19.4 18.9 19.1
Dominica 20.3 20.5 18.4 18.3 16.6
Bangladesh 20.3 20.5 21.4 21.9 20.8
Senegal 19.3 20.6 21.4 21.5 20.5
St. Lucia 22.9 20.8 18.3 18.2 18.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.5 21.0 21.6 19.9 19.4
Malawi 21.7 21.1 21.4 20.1 21.9
Cote d'Ivoire 18.6 21.3 21.5 19.5 19.7
Fiji 21.2 21.3 19.7 19.5 19.5
Rwanda 20.8 21.7 24.1 23.2 22.7
Pakistan 22.6 22.3 22.1 22.7 22.5
Togo 22.5 23.4 21.4 20.2 21.7
Mauritania 26.2 23.4 21.2 25.4 32.9
Belize 27.5 24.3 24.2 27.0 25.0
Honduras 22.9 24.4 25.4 25.8 24.0
Zimbabwe 26.9 24.7 29.0 32.6 28.0
Mauritius 25.1 24.9 24.8 26.9 29.8
Papua New Guinea 24.9 25.2 30.0 25.6 28.5
India 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.6 25.7
Mongolia 25.0 25.7 26.3 27.0 27.2
Sri Lanka 28.0 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.2
Ecuador 26.6 27.4 26.9 29.1 28.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.7 27.9 27.0 29.4 31.0
Jordan 27.3 27.9 26.9 27.6 24.6
Turkey 27.1 28.2 27.2 26.2 27.1
Guyana 30.5 29.0 22.8 24.4 24.6
France 29.9 29.2 29.0 28.5 28.4
Thailand 30.1 29.5 30.6 32.0 31.8
Swaziland 30.2 29.7 27.9 27.4 26.0
Dominican Republic 29.9 30.4 31.1 30.7 19.9
Cyprus 32.4 30.9 30.1 29.0 28.5
Colombia 31.5 31.8 32.3 34.0 35.5
Sweden 32.1 31.8 32.1 33.5 33.8
Netherlands 33.1 32.1 31.5 32.8 33.0
Cameroon 29.9 32.1 34.7 37.5 36.0
Morocco 33.8 32.2 32.9 33.0 32.4
Lesotho 24.6 32.3 24.2 26.8 29.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 37.7 32.4 30.0 29.3 28.6
Mozambique 33.8 32.6 27.5 20.0 13.2
Mexico 33.2 33.4 35.2 34.9 35.3
Suriname 38.1 34.0 31.4 32.0 30.1
Korea, Rep. 33.8 34.3 35.6 36.8 36.1
Singapore 35.7 34.5 35.8 36.5 33.4
Bolivia 32.7 34.7 35.7 33.3 34.8
Chile 36.6 34.7 39.9 40.5 37.6
Tunisia 36.6 35.3 38.1 38.4 37.5
Nigeria 40.0 35.5 30.9 28.3 29.9
Austria 36.8 35.8 35.4 34.3 34.6
Finland 37.7 36.8 36.6 36.2 35.1
New Zealand 36.5 37.4 36.5 36.4 34.1
Australia 39.1 37.8 36.7 36.8 37.3
Indonesia 41.2 37.9 39.8 39.1 35.8
Georgia 35.7 38.0 36.6 35.9 39.7
Namibia 41.8 38.3 36.3 34.2 39.5
Norway 38.3 38.4 39.4 41.0 40.6
Malaysia 41.1 38.6 39.0 39.2 39.2
Japan 39.2 38.6 37.7 38.2 38.2
Philippines 39.2 38.8 39.2 37.9 35.1
Zambia 41.1 39.0 47.2 44.1 46.8
Argentina 40.3 41.1 41.6 39.7 39.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 35.2 41.3 39.2 35.7 31.7
Venezuela, RB 44.4 41.6 38.7 52.5 50.8
Albania 43.0 43.8 43.3 44.0 43.3
South Africa 45.7 44.2 44.7 43.2 43.6
China 45.8 44.5 44.1 42.8 42.6
Brazil 43.7 45.6 44.0 45.7 45.3
Botswana 47.3 49.2 54.0 57.3 61.2
Congo, Rep. 50.9 52.6 54.3 56.6 53.9
Bahrain 57.8 52.9 48.2 49.0 48.5
Romania 56.6 55.2
Algeria 57.1 56.1 55.8 55.8 53.6
Bulgaria 53.2 57.9 60.4 60.0 62.8
Saudi Arabia 70.8 59.8 49.4 46.1 41.4
Malta 62.0 61.1 58.7 59.6 59.2
United Arab Emirates 68.4 63.2 61.4 62.8 61.3
Oman 67.1 63.3 60.7 59.1 59.3
Puerto Rico 76.7 77.9 78.8 81.3 82.1
Brunei Darussalam 81.8 79.7 77.3 73.5 71.8
Solomon Islands
Qatar
Libya
Tajikistan 42.3
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
Lithuania
St. Martin (French part)
Luxembourg
French Polynesia
Macao SAR, China
Samoa
Macedonia, FYR
Iraq
Denmark
Spain
Czech Republic
Armenia
Djibouti
Andorra
Maldives
Haiti
Curacao
Russian Federation
El Salvador
Sao Tome and Principe
Marshall Islands
Belgium
Croatia
Slovak Republic
Costa Rica 32.5 34.0 33.1
Gambia, The
West Bank and Gaza
Bahamas, The
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Hungary
Moldova
Switzerland
Monaco
Angola
Equatorial Guinea
Trinidad and Tobago 45.3 43.9
Montenegro
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guinea
Liberia
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Canada
Guam
Uruguay 33.1 34.4 35.9
San Marino
Cambodia
Ireland
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Serbia
New Caledonia
Belarus
Germany
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Nicaragua
Slovenia
Eritrea
Barbados
United Kingdom
South Sudan
Gabon
Iceland
Estonia
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Greenland
Faroe Islands
Aruba
Palau
Hong Kong SAR, China
Jamaica
Syrian Arab Republic 23.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tanzania
Paraguay
Timor-Leste
Peru
American Samoa
Italy
Greece
Poland
Turkmenistan
Portugal
Tuvalu
Israel
Ukraine
Guatemala
Northern Mariana Islands
United States
Kuwait
Uzbekistan
Vietnam 27.4
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep.
Afghanistan
Lebanon

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