Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 12.3 9.5 6.5 11.2
Vanuatu 6.6 6.5 6.7 8.8 7.9
Somalia 8.0 7.7 8.1 7.4 7.3
Kiribati 9.0 9.4 8.3 8.4 5.7
Ethiopia 9.3 9.3 9.0 10.8
Uganda 4.5 6.7 11.4 9.4 10.9
Chad 8.9 11.7 12.4 13.3 16.0
Tonga 14.5 12.9 12.4 15.7 16.3
Myanmar 12.7 12.4 12.6 12.8 13.1
Nepal 11.9 12.4 12.9 12.8 12.6
Central African Republic 20.1 18.9 13.1 14.7 15.0
Madagascar 16.1 14.1 13.4 13.5 13.0
Mali 13.2 14.0 13.7 14.8 14.5
Comoros 13.2 12.6 14.1 14.2 15.3
Guinea-Bissau 19.7 17.2 14.4 11.5 14.4
Antigua and Barbuda 18.1 18.5 14.6 14.2 15.4
Sudan 14.6 15.3 16.0
Benin 12.3 12.9 15.1 15.4 17.1
Burundi 12.6 13.4 15.4 15.5 13.8
Seychelles 15.6 17.7 15.6 15.8 16.5
Cabo Verde 17.0 17.4 15.8 17.3 17.6
Sierra Leone 21.9 19.7 17.0 14.8 13.6
Niger 22.9 19.2 17.3 20.2 21.6
Grenada 13.1 14.6 17.8 16.8 16.7
Cuba 18.7 18.7 18.5 18.5 18.4
Panama 19.5 19.0 19.0 17.8 18.2
Bhutan 11.7 17.4 19.4 21.4 21.8
Burkina Faso 20.5 19.3 19.5 20.8 20.4
Kenya 20.8 20.3 19.9 19.4 18.9
Dominica 20.9 20.3 20.5 18.4 18.3
Senegal 20.1 19.3 20.6 21.4 21.5
St. Lucia 23.6 22.9 20.8 18.3 18.2
Malawi 22.5 21.7 21.1 21.4 20.1
Bangladesh 20.6 20.9 21.1 21.9 21.2
Cote d'Ivoire 19.7 18.6 21.3 21.5 19.5
Fiji 22.0 21.2 21.3 19.7 19.5
Rwanda 21.5 20.8 21.7 24.1 23.2
Barbados 22.5 22.8 21.8 23.2 23.8
Pakistan 24.9 22.6 22.3 22.1 22.7
Togo 24.8 22.5 23.4 21.4 20.2
Mauritania 26.0 26.2 23.4 21.2 25.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.6 24.4 24.1 24.8 23.0
Belize 30.9 27.5 24.3 24.2 27.0
Honduras 24.3 22.9 24.4 25.4 25.8
Zimbabwe 29.0 26.9 24.7 29.0 32.6
Mauritius 26.2 25.1 24.9 24.8 26.9
Papua New Guinea 28.7 24.9 25.2 30.0 25.6
India 24.3 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 26.5 25.7 25.3 24.8 23.1
Mongolia 25.0 25.7 26.3 27.0
Sri Lanka 29.6 28.0 26.3 26.3 26.3
Ecuador 26.3 26.6 27.4 26.9 29.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 35.0 33.7 27.9 27.0 29.4
Jordan 24.1 27.3 27.9 26.9 27.6
Turkey 23.8 27.1 28.2 27.2 26.2
Guyana 35.8 30.5 29.0 22.8 24.4
France 30.7 29.9 29.2 29.0 28.5
Thailand 28.7 30.1 29.5 30.6 32.0
Swaziland 30.2 30.2 29.7 27.9 27.4
Dominican Republic 30.6 29.9 30.4 31.1 30.7
Cyprus 33.6 32.4 30.9 30.1 29.0
Liberia 28.1 33.0 31.6 30.4 28.5
Colombia 32.5 31.5 31.8 32.3 34.0
Sweden 33.3 32.1 31.8 32.1 33.5
Netherlands 32.7 33.1 32.0 31.4 32.8
Cameroon 25.6 29.9 32.1 34.7 37.5
Morocco 30.5 33.8 32.2 32.9 33.0
Lesotho 26.5 24.6 32.3 24.2 26.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.8 37.7 32.4 30.0 29.3
Mozambique 34.4 33.8 32.6 27.5 20.0
Mexico 33.6 33.2 33.4 35.2 34.9
Suriname 38.9 38.1 34.0 31.4 32.0
Korea, Rep. 34.2 33.8 34.3 35.6 36.8
Singapore 36.2 35.7 34.5 35.8 36.5
Bolivia 32.4 32.7 34.7 35.7 33.3
Chile 37.4 36.6 34.7 39.9 40.5
Tunisia 35.9 36.6 35.3 38.1 38.4
Nigeria 40.0 35.5 30.9 28.3
Austria 37.2 36.8 35.8 35.4 34.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30.8 29.8 36.1 34.1 30.3
Finland 38.1 37.7 36.8 36.6 36.2
New Zealand 34.8 36.4 37.4 36.4 36.3
Australia 37.8 39.1 37.8 36.7 36.8
Malaysia 41.0 40.3 37.9 38.5 38.5
Indonesia 41.7 41.2 37.9 39.8 39.1
Georgia 35.2 35.7 38.0 36.6 35.9
Namibia 50.9 41.8 38.3 36.3 34.2
Japan 39.1 39.2 38.6 37.7 38.2
Norway 38.4 38.5 38.6 39.6 41.2
Philippines 38.8 39.2 38.8 39.2 37.9
Zambia 42.1 41.1 39.0 47.2 44.1
Argentina 41.2 40.3 41.1 41.6 39.7
Venezuela, RB 46.4 44.4 41.6 38.7 52.5
Albania 45.0 43.0 43.8 43.3 44.0
South Africa 48.4 45.7 44.2 44.7 43.2
China 48.2 46.1 44.8 44.4 43.1
Brazil 43.8 43.7 45.6 44.0 45.7
Latvia 50.9 50.0 47.0 42.4 40.7
Botswana 50.7 47.3 49.2 54.0 57.3
Congo, Rep. 46.6 50.9 52.6 54.3 56.6
Bahrain 59.1 57.8 52.9 48.2 49.0
Romania 56.6 55.2
Algeria 57.7 57.1 56.1 55.8 55.8
Bulgaria 54.5 53.2 57.9 60.4 60.0
Saudi Arabia 71.6 70.9 59.9 49.5 46.2
Gabon 60.4 58.4 60.6 56.8 59.7
Malta 64.3 62.0 61.1 58.7 59.6
United Arab Emirates 72.7 68.4 63.2 61.4 62.8
Oman 69.4 67.1 63.3 60.7 59.1
Puerto Rico 77.9 76.7 77.9 78.8 81.3
Brunei Darussalam 84.8 81.8 79.7 77.3 73.5
Lithuania
Lao PDR
Luxembourg
Tuvalu
Bermuda
Slovenia
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Timor-Leste
Ireland
Andorra
Iraq
Costa Rica 32.5 34.0
Iceland
South Sudan
Maldives
Hungary
Syrian Arab Republic
Libya
Aruba
Marshall Islands
United Kingdom
Hong Kong SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Haiti
Serbia
Guinea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cayman Islands
Moldova
Cambodia
Monaco
Kosovo
Guatemala
Belarus
Montenegro
Tanzania
Guam
Azerbaijan
Greenland
Turkmenistan
Greece
Ukraine
Germany
Uruguay 33.1 34.4
Gambia, The
Vietnam
Isle of Man
Sao Tome and Principe
New Caledonia
Curacao
French Polynesia
Croatia
Nicaragua
Kyrgyz Republic
Faeroe Islands
Slovak Republic
Estonia
Solomon Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Canada
Eritrea
Spain
Israel
Kuwait
Equatorial Guinea
St. Martin (French part)
Palau
Bosnia and Herzegovina
El Salvador
Belgium
Djibouti
Switzerland
Paraguay
Tajikistan
Peru
Jamaica
Denmark
Bahamas, The
Poland
Trinidad and Tobago 45.3
Portugal
Armenia
West Bank and Gaza
Turks and Caicos Islands
Afghanistan
Angola
Italy
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Russian Federation
United States
Czech Republic
Uzbekistan
Samoa
American Samoa
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kazakhstan
Yemen, Rep.
Qatar
Lebanon

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