Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Somalia 8.0 7.7 8.1 7.4 7.3
Kiribati 9.0 9.4 8.3 8.4 5.7
Vanuatu 6.6 6.5 6.7 8.8 7.9
Ethiopia 9.3 9.3 9.0 10.8
Uganda 4.5 6.7 11.4 9.4 10.9
Guinea-Bissau 19.7 17.2 14.4 11.5 14.4
Nepal 11.9 12.4 12.9 12.8 12.6
Myanmar 12.7 12.4 12.6 12.8 13.1
Chad 8.9 11.7 12.4 13.3 16.0
Madagascar 16.1 14.1 13.4 13.5 13.0
Comoros 13.2 12.6 14.1 14.2 15.3
Antigua and Barbuda 18.1 18.5 14.6 14.2 15.4
Central African Republic 20.1 18.9 13.1 14.7 15.0
Sierra Leone 21.9 19.7 17.0 14.8 13.6
Mali 13.2 14.0 13.7 14.8 14.5
Sudan 14.6 15.3 16.0
Benin 12.3 12.9 15.1 15.4 17.1
Burundi 12.6 13.4 15.4 15.5 13.8
Tonga 14.5 12.9 12.4 15.7 16.3
Seychelles 15.6 17.7 15.6 15.8 16.5
Grenada 13.1 14.6 17.8 16.8 16.7
Cabo Verde 17.0 17.4 15.8 17.3 17.6
Panama 19.5 19.0 19.0 17.8 18.2
St. Lucia 23.6 22.9 20.8 18.3 18.2
Dominica 20.9 20.3 20.5 18.4 18.3
Cuba 18.7 18.7 18.5 18.5 18.4
Kenya 20.8 20.3 19.9 19.4 18.9
Fiji 22.0 21.2 21.3 19.7 19.5
Niger 22.9 19.2 17.3 20.2 21.6
Burkina Faso 20.5 19.3 19.5 20.8 20.4
Mauritania 26.0 26.2 23.4 21.2 25.4
Bhutan 11.7 17.4 19.4 21.4 21.8
Togo 24.8 22.5 23.4 21.4 20.2
Senegal 20.1 19.3 20.6 21.4 21.5
Malawi 22.5 21.7 21.1 21.4 20.1
Cote d'Ivoire 19.7 18.6 21.3 21.5 19.5
Bangladesh 20.6 20.9 21.1 21.9 21.2
Pakistan 24.9 22.6 22.3 22.1 22.7
Guyana 35.8 30.5 29.0 22.8 24.4
Barbados 22.5 22.8 21.8 23.2 23.8
Rwanda 21.5 20.8 21.7 24.1 23.2
Lesotho 26.5 24.6 32.3 24.2 26.8
Belize 30.9 27.5 24.3 24.2 27.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.6 24.4 24.1 24.8 23.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 26.5 25.7 25.3 24.8 23.1
Mauritius 26.2 25.1 24.9 24.8 26.9
India 24.3 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.6
Honduras 24.3 22.9 24.4 25.4 25.8
Mongolia 25.0 25.7 26.3 27.0
Sri Lanka 29.6 28.0 26.3 26.3 26.3
Jordan 24.1 27.3 27.9 26.9 27.6
Ecuador 26.3 26.6 27.4 26.9 29.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 35.0 33.7 27.9 27.0 29.4
Turkey 23.8 27.1 28.2 27.2 26.2
Mozambique 34.4 33.8 32.6 27.5 20.0
Swaziland 30.2 30.2 29.7 27.9 27.4
France 30.7 29.9 29.2 29.0 28.5
Zimbabwe 29.0 26.9 24.7 29.0 32.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.8 37.7 32.4 30.0 29.3
Papua New Guinea 28.7 24.9 25.2 30.0 25.6
Cyprus 33.6 32.4 30.9 30.1 29.0
Liberia 28.1 33.0 31.6 30.4 28.5
Thailand 28.7 30.1 29.5 30.6 32.0
Nigeria 40.0 35.5 30.9 28.3
Dominican Republic 30.6 29.9 30.4 31.1 30.7
Suriname 38.9 38.1 34.0 31.4 32.0
Netherlands 32.7 33.1 32.0 31.4 32.8
Sweden 33.3 32.1 31.8 32.1 33.5
Colombia 32.5 31.5 31.8 32.3 34.0
Costa Rica 32.5 34.0
Morocco 30.5 33.8 32.2 32.9 33.0
Uruguay 33.1 34.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30.8 29.8 36.1 34.1 30.3
Cameroon 25.6 29.9 32.1 34.7 37.5
Mexico 33.6 33.2 33.4 35.2 34.9
Austria 37.2 36.8 35.8 35.4 34.3
Korea, Rep. 34.2 33.8 34.3 35.6 36.8
Bolivia 32.4 32.7 34.7 35.7 33.3
Singapore 36.2 35.7 34.5 35.8 36.5
Namibia 50.9 41.8 38.3 36.3 34.2
New Zealand 34.8 36.4 37.4 36.4 36.3
Finland 38.1 37.7 36.8 36.6 36.2
Georgia 35.2 35.7 38.0 36.6 35.9
Australia 37.8 39.1 37.8 36.7 36.8
Japan 39.1 39.2 38.6 37.7 38.2
Tunisia 35.9 36.6 35.3 38.1 38.4
Malaysia 41.0 40.3 37.9 38.5 38.5
Venezuela, RB 46.4 44.4 41.6 38.7 52.5
Philippines 38.8 39.2 38.8 39.2 37.9
Norway 38.4 38.5 38.6 39.6 41.2
Indonesia 41.7 41.2 37.9 39.8 39.1
Chile 37.4 36.6 34.7 39.9 40.5
Argentina 41.2 40.3 41.1 41.6 39.7
Latvia 50.9 50.0 47.0 42.4 40.7
Albania 45.0 43.0 43.8 43.3 44.0
Brazil 43.8 43.7 45.6 44.0 45.7
China 48.2 46.1 44.8 44.4 43.1
South Africa 48.4 45.7 44.2 44.7 43.2
Zambia 42.1 41.1 39.0 47.2 44.1
Bahrain 59.1 57.8 52.9 48.2 49.0
Saudi Arabia 71.6 70.9 59.9 49.5 46.2
Botswana 50.7 47.3 49.2 54.0 57.3
Congo, Rep. 46.6 50.9 52.6 54.3 56.6
Algeria 57.7 57.1 56.1 55.8 55.8
Gabon 60.4 58.4 60.6 56.8 59.7
Malta 64.3 62.0 61.1 58.7 59.6
Bulgaria 54.5 53.2 57.9 60.4 60.0
Oman 69.4 67.1 63.3 60.7 59.1
United Arab Emirates 72.7 68.4 63.2 61.4 62.8
Brunei Darussalam 84.8 81.8 79.7 77.3 73.5
Puerto Rico 77.9 76.7 77.9 78.8 81.3
South Sudan
Kuwait
Luxembourg
Timor-Leste
Macao SAR, China
Canada
Macedonia, FYR
Belgium
Hong Kong SAR, China
Tuvalu
Haiti
Kosovo
Guinea
Slovenia
Maldives
Israel
Guatemala
Syrian Arab Republic
Liechtenstein
Armenia
Marshall Islands
United Kingdom
Guam
San Marino
Greenland
Serbia
Greece
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Iceland
Moldova
Afghanistan
Monaco
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ghana 12.3 9.5 6.5 11.2
Kazakhstan
Montenegro
Tanzania
Germany
Aruba
Gambia, The
Turkmenistan
Libya
Ukraine
French Polynesia
Lithuania
Faeroe Islands
Samoa
Estonia
Sao Tome and Principe
New Caledonia
Ireland
Eritrea
Cayman Islands
Nicaragua
Cambodia
Equatorial Guinea
Slovak Republic
El Salvador
Solomon Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Djibouti
Spain
Hungary
Isle of Man
Denmark
St. Martin (French part)
Palau
Bermuda
Czech Republic
Belarus
Curacao
Switzerland
Paraguay
Tajikistan
Italy
Bahamas, The
Vietnam
Azerbaijan
West Bank and Gaza
Trinidad and Tobago 45.3
Kyrgyz Republic
Angola
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Lao PDR
Andorra
Romania 56.6 55.2
Iraq
Russian Federation
United States
Qatar
Uzbekistan
Peru
Croatia
Poland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Jamaica
Yemen, Rep.
Portugal
Lebanon

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