Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Kiribati 6 7 9 8 6
Somalia 7 8 10
Uganda 11 10 10 10 10
Ethiopia 11 10 10 12 11
Ghana 11 18 17 16 17
Nepal 13 15 16 16 16
Madagascar 13 13 13 14 13
Myanmar 13 13 12 10 10
Sierra Leone 14 14 16 19 12
Burundi 14 13 14 17 17
Guinea-Bissau 14 16 20 13 15
Mali 15 16 16 16 16
Central African Republic 15 16 14 16 17
Comoros 15 14 13 11 9
Antigua and Barbuda 15 17 19 20 21
Sudan 16 17 16 16 14
Chad 16 13 15 15 14
Tonga 16 15 15 13 13
Seychelles 17 18 18 16 16
Gambia, The 17 14 11 11 9
Grenada 17 17 18 19 19
Benin 17 17 12 12 13
Cabo Verde 18 18 18 19 19
Panama 18 20 16 19 17
St. Lucia 18 18 17 18 19
Dominica 18 17 15 15 17
Cuba 18 19 19 18 18
Kenya 19 19 19 18 20
Fiji 20 19 20 21 22
Cote d'Ivoire 20 20 21 22 23
Mozambique 20 13 15 21 25
Malawi 20 22 22 25 24
Togo 20 22 20 20 22
Burkina Faso 20 20 22 23 23
Bangladesh 21 21 22 21 21
Senegal 21 21 20 20 22
Niger 22 21 22 19 17
Bhutan 22 20 20 26 23
Pakistan 23 22 23 24 24
St. Kitts and Nevis 23 22 25 25 29
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23 23 24 25 25
Rwanda 23 23 23 18 17
Barbados 24 21 20 19 19
Guyana 24 25 27 30 30
Mauritania 25 33 31 27 27
Papua New Guinea 26 28 31 35 38
India 26 26 26 26 26
Honduras 26 24 24 23 24
Turkey 26 27 32 33 34
Sri Lanka 26 26 27 27 27
Denmark 26 27 27 27 26
Lesotho 27 29 27 32 31
Mauritius 27 30 32 33 33
Mongolia 27 27 28 28 29
Belize 27 25 25 28 28
Swaziland 27 26 29 37 41
Jordan 28 25 27 26 24
Nigeria 28 30 27 35 32
Dominican Republic 28 18 24 21 25
Liberia 28 28 28 23 24
Cyprus 29 28 28 27 28
Ecuador 29 29 27 27 30
France 29 29 29 28 28
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29 29 27 27 29
Congo, Dem. Rep. 29 31 26 28 30
Portugal 30 29 28 27 29
Luxembourg 30 30 30 28 28
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30 27 20 21 20
Switzerland 32 32 32 32 32
United States 32 31 29 29 30
Thailand 32 32 33 33 35
Suriname 32 30 28 25 28
Belgium 32 33 32 31 32
Sweden 32 33 32 32 32
Zimbabwe 33 28 31 32 33
Netherlands 33 33 31 29 29
Morocco 33 33 33 34 35
Bolivia 33 35 35 33 34
Austria 34 34 34 33 33
Costa Rica 34 33 32 31 32
Colombia 34 36 37 36 38
Spain 34 34 35 34 34
Namibia 34 39 38 32 36
Ireland 34 36 35 34 34
Uruguay 34 36 36 36 34
Italy 35 34 33 33 33
Mexico 35 35 35 38 32
Canada 35 35 33 33 33
Finland 36 35 34 34 35
Georgia 36 40 37 38 37
New Zealand 36 34 33 31 30
Singapore 37 33 34 34 35
Korea, Rep. 37 36 37 38 38
Australia 37 37 37 35 33
Iceland 37 35 36 35 34
Cameroon 37 36 34 30 29
Philippines 38 35 35 34 35
Japan 38 38 37 37 37
Tunisia 38 37 35 34 35
Malaysia 39 39 39 39 38
United Kingdom 39 38 38 37 36
Germany 39 39 39 38 38
Indonesia 39 36 34 36 37
Argentina 40 39 37 38 38
Chile 40 38 37 38 43
Latvia 41 43 44 46 43
Puerto Rico 41 41 41 42 43
Norway 41 41 34 33 31
China 43 43 44 44 44
South Africa 43 44 44 42 42
Albania 44 43 44 46 46
Zambia 44 47 49 46 47
Trinidad and Tobago 45 44 39 41 40
Brazil 46 45 45 46 44
Saudi Arabia 46 41 38 40 39
Hungary 47 47 45 46 43
Bahrain 49 48 44 44 42
Venezuela, RB 52 51 49 50 51
Algeria 56 54 48 46 45
Congo, Rep. 57 54 33 36 30
Botswana 57 61 62 62 66
Oman 59 59 51 57 46
Kuwait 59 57 46 52 45
Malta 60 59 60 58 57
Gabon 60 67 48 49 36
Bulgaria 60 63 65 59 58
United Arab Emirates 63 61 52 55 53
Brunei Darussalam 73 72 59 60 52
Kosovo
Kazakhstan
Montenegro
Slovenia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Bahamas, The
Haiti
Croatia
Marshall Islands
South Sudan
Guinea 35 32 34
Guatemala
Macao SAR, China
Guam
Jamaica
Greenland
Serbia
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greece
Libya
Nicaragua
Cambodia
Moldova
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Tajikistan 42 40 43 39
Liechtenstein
Azerbaijan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Monaco
Faeroe Islands
Czech Republic
Palau
Curacao
Estonia
Isle of Man
Eritrea
Slovak Republic 62 61 61 60
Paraguay
Solomon Islands
Peru 27 33 33
Kyrgyz Republic
Equatorial Guinea
Cayman Islands
Poland
Israel
El Salvador
Iraq
Macedonia, FYR
Lao PDR
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Angola 43 34 41 39
Belarus
Turks and Caicos Islands
Syrian Arab Republic 23 24 21 21
Andorra
Tanzania
Maldives
Timor-Leste
San Marino
Aruba
Sao Tome and Principe
Armenia
Lithuania
Turkmenistan 39 39
West Bank and Gaza
Tuvalu
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Ukraine 47 48
Vietnam 27 29 28 24
American Samoa
Uzbekistan 38 36
Qatar
Romania
Vanuatu
Russian Federation
Djibouti
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Afghanistan
Yemen, Rep.
Samoa
Lebanon

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