Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Kiribati 7.4 8.8 8.4 5.8 6.9
Somalia 7.7 10.1
Vanuatu 9.4 10.2 13.3 13.2 12.9
Ethiopia 9.7 10.3 11.6 10.9 10.9
Uganda 9.9 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.7
Burundi 13.0 13.5 17.1 16.7 19.7
Chad 13.1 15.0 14.6 13.5 16.7
Myanmar 13.1 12.2 10.3 9.7 11.0
Mozambique 13.2 15.0 21.4 25.4 24.3
Madagascar 13.3 12.9 13.7 13.2 14.8
Sierra Leone 13.7 16.0 19.0 12.0 11.0
Comoros 14.1 12.9 10.6 9.4 8.3
Tonga 14.9 14.6 12.9 13.0 15.0
Nepal 15.1 15.9 15.8 16.2 16.5
Mali 15.5 16.0 15.9 15.9 14.2
Guinea-Bissau 15.6 19.8 13.2 14.5 16.9
Central African Republic 15.9 13.6 15.5 17.0 19.4
Sudan 16.5 16.3 16.3 13.7 14.4
Antigua and Barbuda 16.6 19.1 20.3 20.9 22.0
Dominica 16.6 14.5 14.8 16.8 18.5
Benin 16.7 12.1 12.4 13.4 12.8
Grenada 17.5 17.7 18.9 19.4 18.0
Cabo Verde 18.0 17.8 18.7 19.3 20.8
Ghana 18.0 17.2 16.4 16.6 16.9
St. Lucia 18.2 17.2 17.6 18.8 20.5
Seychelles 18.4 17.9 15.7 16.5 15.8
Kenya 19.1 18.6 18.5 19.6 19.0
Cuba 19.2 19.1 17.5 18.0 18.3
Fiji 19.5 20.1 21.2 21.7 24.1
Cote d'Ivoire 19.7 21.3 22.4 22.7 21.8
Bhutan 19.8 20.1 26.2 23.1 23.8
Dominican Republic 19.9 26.0 22.3 27.4 34.4
Burkina Faso 20.0 21.8 23.4 22.6 23.1
Panama 20.0 16.1 18.9 16.7 16.1
Senegal 20.5 20.2 20.4 21.7 20.9
Barbados 20.6 19.6 18.7 19.2 18.5
Bangladesh 20.8 20.8 20.1 20.4 20.3
Niger 20.9 21.8 18.7 17.4 17.5
Togo 21.7 19.9 20.0 21.5 24.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 21.7 24.7 24.8 28.6 27.8
Malawi 21.9 21.5 24.9 24.0 27.9
Pakistan 22.5 23.4 24.0 24.4 23.9
Rwanda 22.7 23.1 17.8 17.1 17.4
Syrian Arab Republic 23.3 23.7 20.7 21.4 25.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.4 24.3 24.7 24.7 24.7
Honduras 24.0 23.5 23.0 24.0 24.7
Jordan 24.6 26.6 26.2 23.9 25.2
Guyana 24.6 27.1 30.1 29.6 29.4
Belize 25.0 24.5 27.6 28.5 26.5
India 25.7 25.9 25.9 25.8 26.5
Swaziland 26.0 29.5 37.1 41.1 43.8
Sri Lanka 26.2 26.6 27.4 26.7 26.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 26.7 20.4 20.5 20.4 22.0
Turkey 27.1 31.9 32.5 33.9 34.0
Mongolia 27.2 28.3 28.4 28.8 38.8
Vietnam 27.4 28.9 28.4 24.0 22.9
Zimbabwe 28.0 31.3 32.5 33.2 35.1
France 28.4 28.1 27.7 27.6 26.9
Papua New Guinea 28.5 31.2 34.9 37.5 31.7
Cyprus 28.5 27.6 27.5 27.5 26.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28.6 26.8 27.1 28.8 28.0
Ecuador 28.8 27.2 27.0 29.6 28.9
Lesotho 29.4 27.2 31.9 30.7 32.4
Mauritius 29.8 32.2 33.0 33.1 32.9
Nigeria 29.9 27.2 35.3 31.8 43.6
Suriname 30.1 28.3 25.1 28.1 27.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31.0 26.4 28.3 30.2 31.6
Thailand 31.8 33.1 33.3 34.6 36.3
Morocco 32.4 29.4 30.5 30.6 30.1
Mauritania 32.9 31.1 26.8 27.2 29.7
Netherlands 32.9 30.5 28.9 29.1 29.0
Costa Rica 33.1 31.9 31.3 31.5 31.6
Singapore 33.4 34.4 34.0 35.2 33.9
Sweden 33.8 33.4 33.2 33.1 32.8
New Zealand 34.1 32.7 30.9 29.5 29.8
Austria 34.6 34.3 33.7 33.5 33.2
Bolivia 34.8 35.1 33.0 34.0 34.4
Philippines 35.1 34.6 34.4 35.2 34.9
Finland 35.1 34.3 34.8 35.0 35.3
Mexico 35.3 34.9 38.0 32.1 29.4
Colombia 35.5 37.3 36.0 37.6 38.2
Indonesia 35.8 33.7 36.3 37.3 38.3
Uruguay 35.9 36.2 35.8 34.2 33.7
Cameroon 36.0 33.6 30.1 29.2 29.7
Korea, Rep. 36.1 37.2 38.1 38.4 37.7
Australia 37.3 37.0 34.6 33.1 31.4
Tunisia 37.5 35.0 33.6 35.0 35.1
Chile 37.6 37.0 38.0 43.1 41.8
Japan 38.2 37.8 37.3 37.6 37.8
Malaysia 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.4 39.8
Argentina 39.3 37.4 37.8 38.5 42.3
Namibia 39.5 38.0 32.4 35.7 36.5
Georgia 39.7 36.7 37.9 37.5 39.1
Norway 40.6 33.8 32.9 31.4 33.0
Saudi Arabia 41.4 37.8 40.1 38.6 42.4
Tajikistan 42.3 40.2 42.7 39.2 36.2
China 42.6 43.4 43.2 43.4 42.4
Albania 43.3 44.2 45.8 46.3 44.8
South Africa 43.6 43.9 41.7 41.5 40.7
Trinidad and Tobago 43.9 39.1 41.3 40.4 43.6
Brazil 45.3 45.2 45.9 43.6 42.7
Zambia 46.8 49.4 45.5 46.8 52.5
Bahrain 48.5 43.5 44.0 42.0 42.5
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3
Venezuela, RB 50.8 49.3 50.3 51.3 57.1
Algeria 53.6 48.1 46.4 45.3 45.5
Congo, Rep. 53.9 32.6 35.8 29.9 38.0
Malta 59.2 59.8 57.8 57.1 57.4
Oman 59.3 51.3 56.8 46.4 49.1
Botswana 61.2 62.3 62.2 65.5 64.9
Bulgaria 62.8 65.1 59.5 58.1 57.6
Gabon 66.5 47.5 48.8 35.9 41.7
Brunei Darussalam 71.8 58.8 59.5 52.3 59.8
Puerto Rico 82.1 82.0 83.7 84.4 82.7
St. Martin (French part)
Libya
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Liberia
Haiti
Maldives
Solomon Islands
Afghanistan
Taiwan, China
Lebanon
Lithuania
Marshall Islands
Luxembourg
Greece
Spain
Eritrea
Czech Republic
Latvia
Timor-Leste
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
United Kingdom
Moldova 39.2
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Isle of Man
Lao PDR 13.4
Slovak Republic
Montenegro
Ireland
Germany
Iraq
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Canada
Switzerland
Kyrgyz Republic
Tanzania
Kuwait
Hong Kong SAR, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Greenland
New Caledonia
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
West Bank and Gaza
Kazakhstan
Israel
Cambodia
Serbia
Gambia, The
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Croatia
Slovenia
Guam
Belgium
Macedonia, FYR
South Sudan
Palau
Belarus
Macao SAR, China
Bahamas, The 17.9
Jamaica
Azerbaijan
Paraguay
French Polynesia
Peru
Estonia
Italy
Aruba
Poland
Iceland
Portugal
Hungary
Turkmenistan 38.6 38.8 33.8
Armenia
Tuvalu
Denmark
Ukraine 47.1 47.7 48.4
Djibouti 20.6
Qatar
Turks and Caicos Islands
Romania
Andorra
Russian Federation 50.2
United Arab Emirates
American Samoa
United States
Guatemala
Uzbekistan 38.3 35.8 32.6
Samoa
Guinea 34.6 32.3 33.7 33.9
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sao Tome and Principe
Yemen, Rep.
Faeroe Islands
Nicaragua

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