Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Kiribati 6 7 9 8 6
Somalia 7 8 10
Uganda 11 10 10 10 10
Ethiopia 11 10 10 12 11
Gambia, The 17 14 11 11 9
Benin 17 17 12 12 13
Myanmar 13 13 12 10 10
Madagascar 13 13 13 14 13
Comoros 15 14 13 11 9
Burundi 14 13 14 17 17
Central African Republic 15 16 14 16 17
Dominica 18 17 15 15 17
Tonga 16 15 15 13 13
Mozambique 20 13 15 21 25
Chad 16 13 15 15 14
Nepal 13 15 16 16 16
Mali 15 16 16 16 16
Sierra Leone 14 14 16 19 12
Panama 18 20 16 19 17
Sudan 16 17 16 16 14
St. Lucia 18 18 17 18 19
Ghana 11 18 17 16 17
Grenada 17 17 18 19 19
Cabo Verde 18 18 18 19 19
Seychelles 17 18 18 16 16
Kenya 19 19 19 18 20
Cuba 18 19 19 18 18
Antigua and Barbuda 15 17 19 20 21
Barbados 24 21 20 19 19
Guinea-Bissau 14 16 20 13 15
Togo 20 22 20 20 22
Fiji 20 19 20 21 22
Bhutan 22 20 20 26 23
Senegal 21 21 20 20 22
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30 27 20 21 20
Cote d'Ivoire 20 20 21 22 23
Malawi 20 22 22 25 24
Bangladesh 21 21 22 21 21
Burkina Faso 20 20 22 23 23
Niger 22 21 22 19 17
Rwanda 23 23 23 18 17
Pakistan 23 22 23 24 24
Honduras 26 24 24 23 24
Dominican Republic 28 18 24 21 25
Syrian Arab Republic 23 24 21 21
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23 23 24 25 25
Belize 27 25 25 28 28
St. Kitts and Nevis 23 22 25 25 29
India 26 26 26 26 26
Congo, Dem. Rep. 29 31 26 28 30
Jordan 28 25 27 26 24
Sri Lanka 26 26 27 27 27
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29 29 27 27 29
Denmark 26 27 27 27 26
Guyana 24 25 27 30 30
Nigeria 28 30 27 35 32
Lesotho 27 29 27 32 31
Ecuador 29 29 27 27 30
Peru 27 33 33
Cyprus 29 28 28 27 28
Portugal 30 29 28 27 29
Liberia 28 28 28 23 24
Mongolia 27 27 28 28 29
Suriname 32 30 28 25 28
France 29 29 29 28 28
Vietnam 27 29 28 24
Swaziland 27 26 29 37 41
United States 32 31 29 29 30
Luxembourg 30 30 30 28 28
Netherlands 33 33 31 29 29
Mauritania 25 33 31 27 27
Papua New Guinea 26 28 31 35 38
Zimbabwe 33 28 31 32 33
Belgium 32 33 32 31 32
Turkey 26 27 32 33 34
Costa Rica 34 33 32 31 32
Sweden 32 33 32 32 32
Mauritius 27 30 32 33 33
Switzerland 32 32 32 32 32
Morocco 33 33 33 34 35
Congo, Rep. 57 54 33 36 30
New Zealand 36 34 33 31 30
Canada 35 35 33 33 33
Thailand 32 32 33 33 35
Italy 35 34 33 33 33
Cameroon 37 36 34 30 29
Indonesia 39 36 34 36 37
Austria 34 34 34 33 33
Norway 41 41 34 33 31
Finland 36 35 34 34 35
Angola 43 34 41 39
Singapore 37 33 34 34 35
Philippines 38 35 35 34 35
Guinea 35 32 34
Spain 34 34 35 34 34
Ireland 34 36 35 34 34
Mexico 35 35 35 38 32
Tunisia 38 37 35 34 35
Bolivia 33 35 35 33 34
Iceland 37 35 36 35 34
Uruguay 34 36 36 36 34
Chile 40 38 37 38 43
Georgia 36 40 37 38 37
Australia 37 37 37 35 33
Japan 38 38 37 37 37
Korea, Rep. 37 36 37 38 38
Colombia 34 36 37 36 38
Argentina 40 39 37 38 38
United Kingdom 39 38 38 37 36
Saudi Arabia 46 41 38 40 39
Namibia 34 39 38 32 36
Malaysia 39 39 39 39 38
Trinidad and Tobago 45 44 39 41 40
Germany 39 39 39 38 38
Tajikistan 42 40 43 39
Puerto Rico 41 41 41 42 43
Bahrain 49 48 44 44 42
China 43 43 44 44 44
South Africa 43 44 44 42 42
Albania 44 43 44 46 46
Latvia 41 43 44 46 43
Brazil 46 45 45 46 44
Hungary 47 47 45 46 43
Kuwait 59 57 46 52 45
Gabon 60 67 48 49 36
Algeria 56 54 48 46 45
Venezuela, RB 52 51 49 50 51
Zambia 44 47 49 46 47
Oman 59 59 51 57 46
United Arab Emirates 63 61 52 55 53
Brunei Darussalam 73 72 59 60 52
Malta 60 59 60 58 57
Slovak Republic 62 61 61 60
Botswana 57 61 62 62 66
Bulgaria 60 63 65 59 58
Vanuatu
New Caledonia
Kyrgyz Republic
Macedonia, FYR
Eritrea
Nicaragua
Aruba
Kosovo
Solomon Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Armenia
Liechtenstein
Afghanistan
Jamaica
Estonia
Palau
El Salvador
Israel
Curacao
Isle of Man
Belarus
Paraguay
Turks and Caicos Islands
Iraq
Montenegro
Maldives
American Samoa
Poland
Macao SAR, China
Hong Kong SAR, China
Slovenia
Haiti
Faeroe Islands
Qatar
South Sudan
Romania
Equatorial Guinea
Lithuania
Djibouti
Cayman Islands
Czech Republic
Lao PDR
Croatia
Libya
Cambodia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Russian Federation
Guatemala
Tanzania
Samoa
Timor-Leste
San Marino
Bermuda
Sao Tome and Principe
Bahamas, The
Guam
Turkmenistan 39 39
Greenland
Tuvalu
Serbia
Ukraine 47 48
Greece
Monaco
Andorra
West Bank and Gaza
Uzbekistan 38 36
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Marshall Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Yemen, Rep.
French Polynesia
Lebanon

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