Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Kiribati 6 7 9 8 6
Uganda 11 10 10 10 10
Myanmar 13 13 12 10 10
Comoros 15 14 13 11 9
Gambia, The 17 14 11 11 9
Ethiopia 11 10 10 12 11
Benin 17 17 12 12 13
Tonga 16 15 15 13 13
Guinea-Bissau 14 16 20 13 15
Madagascar 13 13 13 14 13
Chad 16 13 15 15 14
Dominica 18 17 15 15 17
Central African Republic 15 16 14 16 17
Seychelles 17 18 18 16 16
Nepal 13 15 16 16 16
Mali 15 16 16 16 16
Sudan 16 17 16 16 14
Ghana 11 18 17 16 17
Burundi 14 13 14 17 17
Cuba 18 19 19 18 18
St. Lucia 18 18 17 18 19
Rwanda 23 23 23 18 17
Kenya 19 19 19 18 20
Barbados 24 21 20 19 19
Niger 22 21 22 19 17
Cabo Verde 18 18 18 19 19
Grenada 17 17 18 19 19
Panama 18 20 16 19 17
Sierra Leone 14 14 16 19 12
Togo 20 22 20 20 22
Antigua and Barbuda 15 17 19 20 21
Senegal 21 21 20 20 22
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30 27 20 21 20
Syrian Arab Republic 23 24 21 21
Dominican Republic 28 18 24 21 25
Bangladesh 21 21 22 21 21
Fiji 20 19 20 21 22
Mozambique 20 13 15 21 25
Cote d'Ivoire 20 20 21 22 23
Honduras 26 24 24 23 24
Liberia 28 28 28 23 24
Burkina Faso 20 20 22 23 23
Pakistan 23 22 23 24 24
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23 23 24 25 25
St. Kitts and Nevis 23 22 25 25 29
Malawi 20 22 22 25 24
Suriname 32 30 28 25 28
India 26 26 26 26 26
Bhutan 22 20 20 26 23
Jordan 28 25 27 26 24
Denmark 26 27 27 27 26
Mauritania 25 33 31 27 27
Ecuador 29 29 27 27 30
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29 29 27 27 29
Portugal 30 29 28 27 29
Sri Lanka 26 26 27 27 27
Cyprus 29 28 28 27 28
Luxembourg 30 30 30 28 28
Belize 27 25 25 28 28
France 29 29 29 28 28
Congo, Dem. Rep. 29 31 26 28 30
Vietnam 27 29 28 24
Mongolia 27 27 28 28 29
Netherlands 33 33 31 29 29
United States 32 31 29 29 30
Cameroon 37 36 34 30 29
Guyana 24 25 27 30 30
Belgium 32 33 32 31 32
New Zealand 36 34 33 31 30
Costa Rica 34 33 32 31 32
Lesotho 27 29 27 32 31
Sweden 32 33 32 32 32
Guinea 35 32 34
Namibia 34 39 38 32 36
Switzerland 32 32 32 32 32
Zimbabwe 33 28 31 32 33
Turkey 26 27 32 33 34
Norway 41 41 34 33 31
Bolivia 33 35 35 33 34
Mauritius 27 30 32 33 33
Italy 35 34 33 33 33
Canada 35 35 33 33 33
Austria 34 34 34 33 33
Thailand 32 32 33 33 35
Peru 27 33 33
Tunisia 38 37 35 34 35
Morocco 33 33 33 34 35
Singapore 37 33 34 34 35
Ireland 34 36 35 34 34
Spain 34 34 35 34 34
Finland 36 35 34 34 35
Philippines 38 35 35 34 35
Australia 37 37 37 35 33
Papua New Guinea 26 28 31 35 38
Nigeria 28 30 27 35 32
Iceland 37 35 36 35 34
Congo, Rep. 57 54 33 36 30
Uruguay 34 36 36 36 34
Colombia 34 36 37 36 38
Indonesia 39 36 34 36 37
United Kingdom 39 38 38 37 36
Swaziland 27 26 29 37 41
Japan 38 38 37 37 37
Argentina 40 39 37 38 38
Georgia 36 40 37 38 37
Chile 40 38 37 38 43
Mexico 35 35 35 38 32
Korea, Rep. 37 36 37 38 38
Uzbekistan 38 36
Germany 39 39 39 38 38
Malaysia 39 39 39 39 38
Turkmenistan 39 39
Saudi Arabia 46 41 38 40 39
Trinidad and Tobago 45 44 39 41 40
Angola 43 34 41 39
South Africa 43 44 44 42 42
Puerto Rico 41 41 41 42 43
Tajikistan 42 40 43 39
China 43 43 44 44 44
Bahrain 49 48 44 44 42
Zambia 44 47 49 46 47
Hungary 47 47 45 46 43
Albania 44 43 44 46 46
Brazil 46 45 45 46 44
Latvia 41 43 44 46 43
Algeria 56 54 48 46 45
Ukraine 47 48
Gabon 60 67 48 49 36
Venezuela, RB 52 51 49 50 51
Kuwait 59 57 46 52 45
United Arab Emirates 63 61 52 55 53
Oman 59 59 51 57 46
Malta 60 59 60 58 57
Bulgaria 60 63 65 59 58
Brunei Darussalam 73 72 59 60 52
Slovak Republic 62 61 61 60
Botswana 57 61 62 62 66
Macao SAR, China
New Caledonia
Czech Republic
Central Europe and the Baltics
French Polynesia
Nicaragua
Lebanon
Lao PDR
Solomon Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Cambodia
Macedonia, FYR
Azerbaijan
Montenegro
Liechtenstein
Kosovo
Moldova
Palau
Estonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
El Salvador
Kazakhstan
Croatia
Paraguay
Lithuania
Jamaica
Turks and Caicos Islands
Israel
Maldives
Poland
Marshall Islands
Isle of Man
Slovenia
Iraq
Somalia 7 8 10
Qatar
South Sudan
Romania
Faeroe Islands
Russian Federation
Eritrea
Hong Kong SAR, China
Equatorial Guinea
Samoa
Djibouti
San Marino
Curacao
Libya
Cayman Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tanzania
Belarus
Timor-Leste
Sao Tome and Principe
Haiti
Guatemala
Bermuda
Serbia
Bahamas, The
Armenia
Tuvalu
American Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Monaco
Aruba
West Bank and Gaza
Andorra
Afghanistan
Vanuatu
Guam
Greenland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Greece
Yemen, Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Fragile and conflict affected situations

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