Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Kiribati 7.4 8.8 8.4 5.8 6.9
Comoros 14.1 12.9 10.6 9.4 8.3
Myanmar 13.1 12.2 10.3 9.7 11.0
Uganda 9.9 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.7
Ethiopia 9.7 10.3 11.6 10.9 10.9
Sierra Leone 13.7 16.0 19.0 12.0 11.0
Tonga 14.9 14.6 12.9 13.0 15.0
Madagascar 13.3 12.9 13.7 13.2 14.8
Vanuatu 9.4 10.2 13.3 13.2 12.9
Benin 16.7 12.1 12.4 13.4 12.8
Chad 13.1 15.0 14.6 13.5 16.7
Sudan 16.5 16.3 16.3 13.7 14.4
Guinea-Bissau 15.6 19.8 13.2 14.5 16.9
Mali 15.5 16.0 15.9 15.9 14.2
Nepal 15.1 15.9 15.8 16.2 16.5
Seychelles 18.4 17.9 15.7 16.5 15.8
Ghana 18.0 17.2 16.4 16.6 16.9
Panama 20.0 16.1 18.9 16.7 16.1
Burundi 13.0 13.5 17.1 16.7 19.7
Dominica 16.6 14.5 14.8 16.8 18.5
Central African Republic 15.9 13.6 15.5 17.0 19.4
Rwanda 22.7 23.1 17.8 17.1 17.4
Niger 20.9 21.8 18.7 17.4 17.5
Cuba 19.2 19.1 17.5 18.0 18.3
St. Lucia 18.2 17.2 17.6 18.8 20.5
Barbados 20.6 19.6 18.7 19.2 18.5
Cabo Verde 18.0 17.8 18.7 19.3 20.8
Grenada 17.5 17.7 18.9 19.4 18.0
Kenya 19.1 18.6 18.5 19.6 19.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 26.7 20.4 20.5 20.4 22.0
Antigua and Barbuda 16.6 19.1 20.3 20.9 22.0
Bangladesh 21.4 21.5 20.8 21.2 21.1
Syrian Arab Republic 23.3 23.7 20.7 21.4 25.2
Togo 21.7 19.9 20.0 21.5 24.3
Fiji 19.5 20.1 21.2 21.7 24.1
Senegal 20.5 20.2 20.4 21.7 20.9
Burkina Faso 20.0 21.8 23.4 22.6 23.1
Cote d'Ivoire 19.7 21.3 22.4 22.7 21.8
Bhutan 19.8 20.1 26.2 23.1 23.8
Liberia 27.7 27.8 23.3 23.9 23.7
Jordan 24.6 26.6 26.2 23.9 25.2
Vietnam 27.4 28.9 28.4 24.0 22.9
Malawi 21.9 21.5 24.9 24.0 27.9
Honduras 24.0 23.5 23.0 24.0 24.7
Pakistan 22.5 23.4 24.0 24.4 23.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.4 24.3 24.7 24.7 24.7
Mozambique 13.2 15.0 21.4 25.4 24.3
India 25.7 25.9 25.9 25.8 26.5
Sri Lanka 26.2 26.6 27.4 26.7 26.8
Mauritania 32.9 31.1 26.8 27.2 29.7
Dominican Republic 19.9 26.0 22.3 27.4 34.4
Cyprus 28.5 27.6 27.5 27.5 26.6
France 28.4 28.1 27.7 27.6 26.9
Suriname 30.1 28.3 25.1 28.1 27.4
Belize 25.0 24.5 27.6 28.5 26.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 21.7 24.7 24.8 28.6 27.8
Mongolia 27.2 28.3 28.4 28.8 38.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28.6 26.8 27.1 28.8 28.0
Netherlands 32.9 30.5 28.9 29.1 29.0
Cameroon 36.0 33.6 30.1 29.2 29.7
New Zealand 34.1 32.7 31.0 29.6 29.8
Guyana 24.6 27.1 30.1 29.6 29.4
Ecuador 28.8 27.2 27.0 29.6 28.9
Congo, Rep. 53.9 32.6 35.8 29.9 38.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31.0 26.4 28.3 30.2 31.6
Morocco 32.4 29.4 30.5 30.6 30.1
Lesotho 29.4 27.2 31.9 30.7 32.4
Norway 40.7 33.8 33.0 31.5 33.1
Costa Rica 33.1 31.9 31.3 31.5 31.6
Nigeria 29.9 27.2 35.3 31.8 43.6
Mexico 35.3 34.9 38.0 32.1 29.4
Australia 37.3 37.0 34.6 33.1 31.4
Sweden 33.8 33.4 33.2 33.1 32.8
Mauritius 29.8 32.2 33.0 33.1 32.9
Zimbabwe 28.0 31.3 32.5 33.2 35.1
Austria 34.6 34.3 33.7 33.5 33.2
Guinea 34.6 32.3 33.7 33.9
Turkey 27.1 31.9 32.5 33.9 34.0
Bolivia 34.8 35.1 33.0 34.0 34.4
Uruguay 35.9 36.2 35.8 34.2 33.7
Thailand 31.8 33.1 33.3 34.6 36.3
Tunisia 37.5 35.0 33.6 35.0 35.1
Finland 35.1 34.3 34.8 35.0 35.3
Philippines 35.1 34.6 34.4 35.2 34.9
Singapore 33.4 34.4 34.0 35.2 33.9
Namibia 39.5 38.0 32.4 35.7 36.5
Uzbekistan 38.3 35.8 32.6
Gabon 66.5 47.5 48.8 35.9 41.7
Indonesia 35.8 33.7 36.3 37.3 38.3
Georgia 39.7 36.7 37.9 37.5 39.1
Papua New Guinea 28.5 31.2 34.9 37.5 31.7
Colombia 35.5 37.3 36.0 37.6 38.2
Japan 38.2 37.8 37.3 37.6 37.8
Malaysia 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.4 39.8
Korea, Rep. 36.1 37.2 38.1 38.4 37.7
Argentina 39.3 37.4 37.8 38.5 42.3
Saudi Arabia 41.4 37.8 40.1 38.6 42.4
Turkmenistan 38.6 38.8 33.8
Tajikistan 42.3 40.2 42.7 39.2 36.2
Angola 43.3 34.1 41.3 39.4 39.0
Trinidad and Tobago 43.9 39.1 41.3 40.4 43.6
Swaziland 26.0 29.5 37.1 41.1 43.8
South Africa 43.6 43.9 41.7 41.5 40.7
Bahrain 48.5 43.5 44.0 42.0 42.5
Chile 37.6 37.0 38.0 43.1 41.8
Latvia 43.2 44.4 46.0 43.3 43.9
Brazil 45.3 45.2 45.9 43.6 42.7
China 42.9 43.7 43.6 43.8 42.8
Algeria 53.6 48.1 46.4 45.3 45.5
Albania 43.3 44.2 45.8 46.3 44.8
Oman 59.3 51.3 56.8 46.4 49.1
Zambia 46.8 49.4 45.5 46.8 52.5
Ukraine 47.1 47.7 48.4
Venezuela, RB 50.8 49.3 50.3 51.3 57.1
Brunei Darussalam 71.8 58.8 59.5 52.3 59.8
United Arab Emirates 61.3 52.2 54.7 53.0 55.1
Malta 59.2 59.8 57.8 57.1 57.4
Bulgaria 62.8 65.1 59.5 58.1 57.6
Botswana 61.2 62.3 62.2 65.5 64.9
Puerto Rico 82.1 82.0 83.7 84.4 82.7
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Denmark
Marshall Islands
Andorra
Jamaica
Spain
Italy
Bermuda
Israel
Equatorial Guinea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Solomon Islands
Moldova 39.2
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Kuwait
Isle of Man
Kazakhstan
Montenegro
Sao Tome and Principe
Ireland
El Salvador
Iraq
Slovak Republic
Iceland
Czech Republic
Hungary
Croatia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Canada
Haiti
Switzerland
New Caledonia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guatemala
Belarus
Nicaragua
United Kingdom
Guam
Macedonia, FYR
Greenland
Eritrea
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia
Greece
Djibouti 20.6
Macao SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Germany
Slovenia
Palau
Somalia 7.7 10.1
Gambia, The
South Sudan
French Polynesia
Curacao
Paraguay
Libya
Peru
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
Cambodia
Poland
Kosovo
Portugal
Kyrgyz Republic
Azerbaijan
Tanzania
Turks and Caicos Islands
Timor-Leste
Armenia
Belgium
Maldives
Bahamas, The 17.9
Qatar
Aruba
Luxembourg
Tuvalu
Lithuania
Lao PDR 13.4
West Bank and Gaza
Liechtenstein
United States
San Marino
American Samoa
Romania
Russian Federation 50.2
Estonia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Afghanistan
Yemen, Rep.
Samoa
Lebanon

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