Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.9 7.3 7.2 6.7 5.7
Vanuatu 10.4 10.1 9.2 8.6 8.9
Kiribati 11.6 10.4 9.8 8.9 7.8
Bermuda 10.9 10.1 10.0 10.1 10.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 11.6 10.8 10.1 9.4 8.7
Solomon Islands 12.3 12.2 10.8 9.5 8.1
Sierra Leone 8.5 9.5 11.1 12.6 12.0
Tuvalu 9.1 9.1 11.5 10.6 8.6
Timor-Leste 14.4 13.0 11.6 9.6 9.8
Comoros 11.9 11.8 11.8 11.8 11.8
Macao SAR, China 12.9 12.1 12.8 12.0 15.2
Rwanda 14.2 13.9 12.8 13.9 11.8
Central African Republic 14.3 14.0 13.7 14.1 14.3
Maldives 13.3 13.7 13.8 13.3 15.3
Ethiopia 12.9 13.7 13.9 13.9 12.8
Myanmar 10.6 13.0 14.3 16.2
Dominica 17.2 17.2 15.3 15.1 15.1
Antigua and Barbuda 15.1 15.1 15.3 15.5 17.1
Madagascar 14.6 14.4 15.4 15.9 15.8
Andorra 14.5 14.9 15.5 15.8 16.2
Bahamas, The 13.6 15.1 15.5 14.9 15.4
Sao Tome and Principe 19.8 16.5 15.7 15.6 15.0
Djibouti 15.7 16.0 16.2 16.6 16.6
St. Lucia 16.4 16.1 16.2 17.6 18.9
Panama 16.8 15.8 16.9 18.2 16.6
Burundi 16.5 16.7 17.0 17.7 18.5
Niger 17.0 17.0 17.1 17.8 15.4
Belize 19.9 19.2 17.5 17.6 17.3
Kenya 17.2 17.4 17.6 18.2 19.1
Guinea-Bissau 14.6 16.7 17.8 16.1 14.5
Nepal 17.8 18.1 18.1 17.9 17.7
Aruba 17.2 16.5 18.3 19.5 20.6
Luxembourg 18.3 18.0 18.3 17.9 16.6
Togo 17.2 18.4 18.4 17.1 17.2
Cabo Verde 19.2 19.1 18.5 18.2 19.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.4 18.0 18.8 19.4 18.8
Malawi 16.7 15.9 19.1 17.6 17.3
Grenada 19.0 19.1 19.7 19.2 26.5
Cyprus 19.2 19.9 20.1 20.3 20.2
Tonga 21.4 20.9 20.3 19.7 19.9
Palau 20.9 25.0 20.9 18.1 16.8
Cote d'Ivoire 21.3 21.1 21.1 22.0 22.8
Burkina Faso 19.5 17.5 21.2 21.2 18.0
Mozambique 24.4 18.9 21.3 22.3 20.9
Lao PDR 17.1 19.5 21.3 20.5 24.6
United States 22.2 21.3 21.4 21.7 22.0
Eritrea 19.9 21.2 21.4 21.3 21.9
Lebanon 23.3 22.5 22.0 16.3 16.1
Fiji 23.5 22.9 22.0 23.2 19.2
France 22.9 22.6 22.1 21.8 21.5
Cuba 26.0 24.6 22.1 20.7 19.4
Mali 23.4 28.1 22.2 24.0 24.1
Kyrgyz Republic 28.9 23.3 22.3 24.1 22.4
Sudan 18.7 20.5 22.4 25.8 27.7
Tanzania 19.3 21.1 22.5 22.3 21.0
Montenegro 24.7 24.1 22.6 22.3 20.7
Greece 21.7 21.8 22.9 22.5 19.8
Afghanistan 23.7 22.9 26.7 27.4
Albania 18.3 19.6 23.2 24.6 25.2
Nicaragua 24.3 24.3 23.3 24.4 24.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.1 21.7 23.4 24.9 26.0
Uzbekistan 22.6 22.0 23.5 26.0 23.2
Netherlands 24.9 23.9 23.5 23.6 24.0
Mauritania 27.7 25.6 23.7 27.3 32.4
Bangladesh 23.8 24.0 23.7 24.0 24.6
Latvia 25.4 25.2 23.9 24.0 22.9
Pakistan 24.0 23.9 23.9 27.0 27.1
United Kingdom 25.6 25.1 24.0 23.1 23.3
Uganda 22.6 24.4 24.2 22.1 25.0
Chad 13.6 14.8 24.4 47.1 9.4
Senegal 24.5 25.5 24.4 24.8 23.6
Jamaica 25.4 24.1 24.5 25.5 25.1
Moldova 24.1 23.2 24.5 17.3 16.3
Iceland 28.2 25.6 24.6 25.4 25.3
New Zealand 24.8 25.6 25.0 25.4 25.8
Georgia 22.0 24.4 25.6 26.4 26.8
West Bank and Gaza 26.9 21.9 25.7 25.1 26.8
Belgium 27.0 26.5 25.7 25.5 25.1
Denmark 26.6 26.4 25.8 25.8 26.2
Portugal 27.5 26.8 25.9 25.4 24.6
Italy 26.8 26.6 26.0 26.0 25.8
India 25.1 26.2 26.0 27.9 28.1
Macedonia, FYR 24.3 23.5 26.0 24.2 23.7
Uruguay 24.5 24.3 26.1 25.6 27.1
Cambodia 23.5 25.6 26.3 27.2 26.4
Australia 26.0 25.8 26.4 26.2 26.8
Switzerland 27.1 27.3 26.9 26.7 26.8
Brazil 26.6 26.4 27.0 28.6 28.5
Zambia 26.5 26.8 27.0 28.5 29.7
Jordan 25.8 27.1 27.0 28.6 28.6
Guyana 28.9 28.6 27.2 27.0 20.0
Seychelles 28.1 30.3 27.4 14.8 16.4
Bulgaria 26.9 26.7 27.5 26.7 28.2
Ghana 28.1 28.2 27.8 27.1 27.5
Romania 29.4 30.1 27.9 28.0 28.2
Morocco 27.6 27.3 27.9 28.5 28.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 33.9 32.1 28.2 26.4 25.9
Tunisia 30.0 29.8 28.2 28.3 29.3
Namibia 30.9 32.3 28.3 29.4 29.2
Mongolia 25.2 25.6 28.4 32.0 36.2
Sri Lanka 26.8 28.0 28.4 28.6 30.2
Turkey 30.2 28.6 28.6 28.4 28.5
Japan 29.5 28.7 28.6 28.6 28.1
Costa Rica 29.7 29.1 28.6 29.5 29.1
Croatia 28.9 28.3 28.9 29.9 29.0
Sweden 29.9 29.5 29.2 29.7 29.7
Germany 30.1 29.4 29.3 29.4 29.4
Estonia 28.4 28.7 29.3 28.8 29.8
Guatemala 29.1 29.1 29.3 29.8 29.3
Syrian Arab Republic 33.2 32.2 29.3 35.2 36.2
Bolivia 29.2 29.3 29.4 31.0 32.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 30.8 33.5 29.8 33.2 33.0
Honduras 30.7 30.1 30.1 29.1 28.7
Ecuador 31.5 31.3 30.1 31.8 33.4
Mauritius 31.2 30.6 30.3 29.1 27.6
Spain 30.6 30.5 30.3 30.1 30.4
Hungary 31.5 30.8 30.6 31.2 31.4
Cameroon 32.6 32.0 30.7 30.6 32.0
Austria 31.5 30.6 30.7 30.6 30.4
South Africa 32.4 32.5 30.7 30.3 30.3
Dominican Republic 31.4 32.3 30.8 30.3 29.6
Suriname 22.8 31.0 30.8 35.3 37.3
Lithuania 30.4 29.5 31.1 32.7 32.7
Poland 31.1 30.3 31.2 32.4 32.1
Colombia 29.4 29.8 31.4 32.4 32.8
Singapore 32.3 32.3 31.8 33.3 32.4
Serbia 32.9 32.3 31.8 30.2 29.3
El Salvador 32.1 32.4 32.0 30.6 29.9
Benin 32.8 32.7 32.5 30.5 30.8
Russian Federation 35.7 32.8 32.6 36.3 38.1
Chile 32.8 33.1 32.7 35.3 36.9
Peru 31.2 32.3 33.0 35.2 37.0
Lesotho 32.8 34.0 33.0 32.5 33.1
Mexico 33.0 32.9 33.7 35.4 35.2
Finland 35.2 34.4 33.9 33.6 33.5
Guinea 34.0 33.9 34.1 32.8 34.8
Philippines 34.5 34.6 34.6 33.8 33.8
Ukraine 34.7 34.5 34.6 35.9 32.3
Slovenia 34.9 34.5 34.7 34.6 34.1
Argentina 27.0 32.4 34.9 34.7 34.7
Slovak Republic 34.8 34.1 35.2 36.2 36.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 33.3 34.8 35.7 36.9 36.3
Czech Republic 37.6 36.4 35.7 37.6 37.7
Ireland 38.4 39.7 36.4 35.0 34.5
Korea, Rep. 36.8 36.4 36.6 38.0 37.5
Vietnam 35.5 35.7 36.7 37.4 38.1
Nigeria 40.9 30.5 36.8 42.1 43.5
Papua New Guinea 40.6 36.7 36.8 38.9
Paraguay 38.0 40.5 37.3 34.6 34.8
Tajikistan 40.1 39.4 37.4 35.4 31.3
Kazakhstan 38.8 38.6 37.6 37.6 40.1
Norway 39.9 37.7 37.7 39.4 42.6
Thailand 36.5 37.0 38.1 38.0 38.6
Belarus 37.2 37.0 38.7 40.9 44.0
Bhutan 37.9 38.6 39.4 37.7 37.3
Turkmenistan 44.3 42.4 41.3 40.1 37.6
Liechtenstein 39.4 39.9 41.7 39.9 38.6
Armenia 36.4 39.0 42.0 41.1 45.3
Yemen, Rep. 42.4 42.1 43.0 45.2 49.0
Botswana 48.5 47.0 43.3 43.6 47.6
Indonesia 46.5 44.5 43.7 44.6 46.5
Malta 43.2 43.9 43.8 38.6 37.8
China 44.7 44.3 45.5 45.8 46.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 40.3 45.9 45.6 45.4 46.9
Malaysia 46.2 45.1 46.6 48.5 45.9
Swaziland 45.4 44.7 46.8 46.4 44.7
United Arab Emirates 49.8 47.8 49.5 52.1 56.1
Gabon 52.0 51.5 51.2 55.2 61.5
Venezuela, RB 46.1 49.8 51.6 55.5 57.8
Azerbaijan 47.2 50.2 52.6 54.7 63.6
Trinidad and Tobago 47.1 44.8 53.0 55.2 60.3
Algeria 52.4 52.1 53.5 54.9 59.7
Saudi Arabia 51.2 51.5 54.4 57.2 62.1
Oman 56.4 55.5 55.6 56.3 63.5
Congo, Rep. 65.5 63.3 61.2 65.9 71.9
Brunei Darussalam 60.0 60.7 64.1 67.9 71.6
Qatar 69.1 70.6 73.5 71.7 74.5
Libya 66.1 75.1 68.6 75.5
Puerto Rico 86.6 89.4 88.7 88.0 87.1
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
Bahrain
Monaco
Faroe Islands
Kuwait
French Polynesia
American Samoa
San Marino
Somalia
Samoa
Israel
Equatorial Guinea
Cayman Islands
Barbados
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Curacao
South Sudan
Haiti
Gambia, The 15.0 15.4
Iraq
Angola 64.9
Liberia
Greenland
Canada
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guam
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
New Caledonia
Zimbabwe 26.4 28.7

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