Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.7 4.4 3.5 4.0 7.5
Tuvalu 8.6 6.2 8.6 14.1 12.4
Solomon Islands 8.1 6.8
Timor-Leste 9.8 6.9 9.3 15.1 18.2
Cayman Islands 7.2 6.8 6.9 5.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.7 8.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Kiribati 7.8 8.3 8.7 8.6 8.5
Vanuatu 8.9 9.2 9.0 10.2 12.4
Bermuda 10.4 9.4 8.7 9.5 8.8
Chad 9.4 10.2 9.9 10.7 13.6
Sierra Leone 12.0 11.1 10.1 8.2 6.9
Niger 15.4 11.3 13.2 14.2 15.1
Rwanda 11.8 11.5 12.4 12.6 12.3
Comoros 11.8 11.7 10.9 12.5 11.8
Ethiopia 12.8 12.5 12.5 10.9 10.3
Maldives 15.3 13.5 13.2 18.0 15.1
Palau 16.8 13.8 12.3 9.3 9.7
Guinea-Bissau 14.5 14.0 13.3 13.8 13.3
Central African Republic 14.3 14.3 14.4 13.4 13.7
Benin 14.8 14.4 14.4 14.0 14.5
Latvia 16.5 15.3 14.6 14.6 16.1
Luxembourg 16.5 15.3 16.5 15.2 13.0
Dominica 15.1 15.4 16.0 15.0 13.5
Moldova 16.3 15.6 17.1 16.9 15.8
Barbados 17.1 15.8 15.9 16.5 15.6
Lebanon 16.1 15.9 16.5 16.9 17.0
Madagascar 15.8 16.1 16.3 16.2 15.9
Seychelles 16.4 16.2 16.1 15.6 14.0
Djibouti 16.6 16.4 16.9
Andorra 16.2 16.5 15.9 15.9 14.7
Panama 16.6 16.6 20.2 22.1 21.3
Sao Tome and Principe 15.8 16.6 17.8 19.7 17.9
Burundi 18.5 16.7 18.0 16.0 16.6
Bahamas, The 15.4 17.0 13.4 15.0 14.3
Malawi 17.3 17.2 17.8 18.6 18.0
Nepal 17.7 17.2 17.1 17.3 16.4
Togo 17.2 18.4 18.7 18.2 16.0
Tonga 19.9 18.5 19.2 18.6 19.4
Fiji 19.2 18.9 18.1 19.1 19.6
Cabo Verde 19.2 19.1 16.9 18.8 19.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.8 19.2 20.9 19.1 19.3
Eritrea 21.9 19.3 20.1 26.9 22.4
Macao SAR, China 15.2 19.8 19.1 17.2 10.9
Kyrgyz Republic 22.4 20.1 19.3 23.5 26.6
Cyprus 20.2 20.2 20.8 20.5 18.0
Cuba 19.4 20.2 20.5 20.7 20.4
Albania 21.5 20.3 19.0 18.5 11.6
Belize 17.3 20.4 21.1 22.2 21.5
Montenegro 20.7 20.4 20.9 21.1 20.1
Burkina Faso 21.2 20.8 22.6 19.4 23.2
Ghana 27.5 20.8 20.7 20.4 19.7
Pakistan 27.1 20.9 21.1 22.3 20.2
France 21.5 21.3 21.1 20.7 20.0
St. Lucia 19.0 21.4 17.5 18.0 17.7
Antigua and Barbuda 17.1 21.8 21.4 22.7 22.7
Kenya 19.1 21.9 21.8 20.9 21.0
Tanzania 25.9 22.1 21.7 21.9 19.9
Aruba 20.6 22.1 22.7 21.2 16.8
Greece 19.3 22.2 19.9 18.5 16.9
United States 22.0 22.4 22.2 21.6 20.2
Grenada 26.5 22.6 21.8 20.2 16.8
United Kingdom 23.0 23.0 22.3 22.1 20.9
Nicaragua 22.9 23.2 23.2 24.4 23.9
Cote d'Ivoire 22.8 23.5 23.3 24.4 25.0
Netherlands 23.6 23.7 23.6 23.8 22.4
Lithuania 24.9 23.8 21.8 21.3 21.2
Senegal 23.6 23.9 24.1 22.9 23.3
Mali 24.2 24.0 24.2 20.1 21.0
West Bank and Gaza 26.8 24.2 23.2 22.7 23.3
Uganda 25.0 24.2 26.6 27.4 19.9
Jamaica 25.0 24.4 24.6 22.6 20.7
Portugal 24.6 24.5 24.4 23.4 22.4
Georgia 26.8 24.9 24.3 21.9 21.9
Macedonia, FYR 23.7 24.9 23.9 22.7 22.0
Belgium 25.2 25.2 25.1 24.7 23.5
New Zealand 25.8 25.2 25.2 25.6 24.4
Bangladesh 24.6 25.4 25.7 26.0 26.4
Mozambique 24.8 25.7 23.8 21.3 20.7
Mauritius 27.6 25.9 26.2 27.3 27.1
Italy 25.8 26.1 26.5 26.1 24.3
Uruguay 27.1 26.4 27.2 25.8 26.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.4 26.8 27.9 28.9 27.9
Switzerland 26.8 27.0 26.9 27.2 26.2
Denmark 26.2 27.0 26.4 26.4 23.2
Iceland 25.1 27.1 24.9 26.2 22.3
Morocco 28.2 27.2 27.3 30.3 28.6
Uzbekistan 23.2 27.4 32.0 30.8 33.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 25.9 27.5 28.6 27.1 27.1
Cambodia 26.4 27.6 26.8 23.8 23.1
Lao PDR 24.6 27.7 26.9 28.6 26.7
Brazil 28.6 27.8 27.1 27.4 25.7
Sudan 27.7 27.8 30.6 33.4 24.6
Australia 26.8 27.9 27.9 27.7 28.9
Japan 28.1 28.1 28.2 27.5 26.0
Turkey 28.5 28.2 27.7 27.2 25.3
Croatia 29.0 28.7 28.1 27.9 27.7
Afghanistan 27.4 28.8 27.3 27.5 22.6
India 28.1 28.8 29.0 28.3 27.8
Jordan 28.6 29.0 31.6 33.8 32.1
El Salvador 29.7 29.1 28.2 27.7 27.0
Costa Rica 29.1 29.2 29.3 28.7 27.4
Tunisia 29.3 29.3 31.2 33.9 30.3
Serbia 29.3 29.3 28.3 28.7 28.7
Honduras 28.7 29.3 28.6 28.0 28.1
South Africa 30.3 29.4 29.7 31.4 30.4
Dominican Republic 29.6 29.6 31.1 29.9 28.1
Germany 29.3 30.0 30.4 29.9 27.7
Guyana 20.0 30.0 33.0 34.6 34.3
Guatemala 29.3 30.1 29.7 29.7 28.9
Sweden 29.7 30.2 30.3 29.3 26.9
Spain 30.4 30.3 29.4 29.0 27.2
Bulgaria 28.8 30.4 31.2 30.2 30.9
Austria 30.4 30.5 30.8 30.1 28.9
Sri Lanka 30.2 30.6 29.9 29.4 29.7
Estonia 29.8 30.6 30.8 29.5 26.9
Tajikistan 31.3 31.1 30.5 28.3 27.7
Hungary 31.4 31.3 31.2 30.2 29.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.0 31.3 31.9 35.5 35.1
Singapore 32.4 31.7 29.3 27.3 27.9
Zimbabwe 28.7 32.3 33.1 31.1 29.6
Poland 32.1 32.8 32.8 32.9 33.1
Ireland 33.0 33.0 31.6 28.8 28.1
Cameroon 32.0 33.2 29.8 29.0 29.9
Paraguay 34.8 33.3 31.7 29.7 32.0
Zambia 29.7 33.4 34.9 33.9 32.4
Philippines 33.8 33.5 33.1 32.9 31.7
Colombia 32.8 33.8 33.7 35.5 34.5
Slovenia 34.1 34.5 35.2 34.1 31.4
Namibia 29.2 34.6 34.8 37.5 31.6
Finland 33.5 34.7 35.1 33.7 29.4
Bolivia 32.0 35.1 36.4 38.4 36.2
Argentina 34.7 35.1 33.6 33.1 31.7
Syrian Arab Republic 36.2 35.3 33.0
Lesotho 33.1 35.3 35.9 37.3 32.4
Ecuador 33.4 35.6 36.2 39.3 34.3
Ukraine 32.3 36.1 36.7 33.6 29.6
Turkmenistan 37.6 36.3 38.1 53.7 53.5
Mexico 35.2 36.4 36.1 36.6 34.3
Romania 35.9 36.7 38.2 38.0 38.5
Korea, Rep. 37.5 36.9 37.0 36.3 36.7
Russian Federation 38.1 37.2 36.4 36.1 33.6
Malta 37.8 37.8 37.5 36.9 32.9
Czech Republic 37.7 38.2 38.2 37.7 36.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.3 38.4 36.8 37.9 37.6
Vietnam 38.1 38.6 38.5 37.1 37.4
Slovak Republic 36.1 38.7 38.2 38.3 34.1
Bhutan 37.3 39.0 45.4 44.5 43.2
Peru 37.0 39.3 41.1 39.2 37.0
Guinea 34.8 39.9 39.5 42.4 40.3
Liechtenstein 38.6 39.9 39.2 36.0 36.9
Suriname 37.3 40.2 55.3 57.9 51.8
Nigeria 43.5 41.9 40.7 41.5 34.2
Kazakhstan 40.1 42.1 40.6 43.3 40.3
Belarus 44.0 43.0 43.2 45.4 43.2
Mongolia 36.2 43.0 41.9 34.4 33.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.7 43.6 44.5
Thailand 44.0 44.3 44.7 44.1 43.3
Norway 42.6 44.5 41.9 44.8 38.4
Armenia 45.3 44.7 43.9 43.5 35.8
Chile 36.9 44.9 43.7 38.5 38.0
Mauritania 32.4 45.9 38.8 38.8 34.8
Malaysia 46.4 46.5 44.6 45.1 41.0
Swaziland 44.7 46.7 46.5 46.4 46.1
Indonesia 46.5 46.9 46.8 48.1 47.7
China 46.9 47.4 46.7 46.8 45.7
Yemen, Rep. 49.0 49.2
Botswana 47.6 49.3 46.5 41.0 32.1
Venezuela, RB 57.8 56.5 53.3 54.1 44.2
Gabon 58.1 57.7 55.7 60.4 49.1
United Arab Emirates 55.6 57.9 54.8 58.0 52.0
Algeria 59.7 60.5 58.6 59.5 48.9
Trinidad and Tobago 60.3 61.3 62.1 66.2 55.5
Saudi Arabia 62.1 62.9 63.0 66.8 55.0
Oman 63.5 63.7 61.1 66.9 59.6
Angola 67.1 67.5 66.6 67.5 59.0
Azerbaijan 63.6 68.7 68.5 70.2 61.1
Brunei Darussalam 71.6 73.2 71.3 74.1 65.4
Congo, Rep. 71.9 75.5 73.2 77.4 71.1
Libya 75.5 78.5 76.4 78.2
Puerto Rico 87.1 86.6 86.6 88.3 93.1
Gambia, The
French Polynesia
Samoa
Papua New Guinea
Liberia
Faeroe Islands
Kuwait
Equatorial Guinea
Monaco
New Caledonia
Bahrain
St. Martin (French part)
Myanmar
South Sudan
Canada 30.0 30.6 26.4
Haiti
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Iraq
Guam
Qatar
Somalia
Greenland
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Isle of Man
Taiwan, China
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Marshall Islands
Israel
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands

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