Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.7 4.4 3.5 4.0 7.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.7 8.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Liberia 7.3 7.7 7.9 7.1 5.0
Tuvalu 8.6 6.2 8.6 14.1 12.4
Bermuda 10.4 9.4 8.7 9.5 8.8
Kiribati 7.8 8.3 8.7 8.6 8.5
Vanuatu 8.9 9.2 9.0 10.2 12.4
Timor-Leste 9.8 6.9 9.3 15.1 18.2
Chad 9.4 10.2 9.9 10.7 13.6
Sierra Leone 12.0 11.1 10.1 8.2 6.9
Comoros 11.8 11.7 10.9 11.9 12.0
Palau 15.8 13.3 11.7 9.0 8.9
Rwanda 11.8 11.5 12.4 12.6 12.3
Ethiopia 12.8 12.5 12.5 10.9 10.3
Niger 15.4 11.3 13.2 14.2 15.1
Maldives 15.3 13.5 13.2 18.0 15.1
Guinea-Bissau 14.5 14.0 13.3 13.8 13.3
Bahamas, The 15.4 17.0 13.4 15.0 14.3
Central African Republic 14.3 14.2 14.4 13.4 13.7
Benin 14.8 14.4 14.4 14.0 14.5
Barbados 17.1 15.8 15.9 16.5 15.5
Dominica 15.1 15.4 16.0 15.0 13.5
Cabo Verde 19.2 19.1 16.2 18.0 18.7
Madagascar 15.8 16.1 16.3 16.2 15.9
Seychelles 16.4 16.2 16.3 15.7 14.0
Luxembourg 16.5 15.3 16.5 15.2 13.0
Lebanon 16.1 15.9 16.5 16.9 17.0
Djibouti 16.6 16.4 16.9
Nepal 17.7 17.2 17.1 17.3 16.4
Moldova 16.3 15.6 17.1 16.9 15.8
St. Lucia 19.0 21.2 17.5 18.0 17.7
Malawi 17.3 17.2 17.8 18.6 18.0
Sao Tome and Principe 15.8 16.6 17.8 19.7 17.9
Burundi 18.5 16.7 18.0 16.0 16.6
Fiji 19.2 18.9 18.1 19.1 19.6
Togo 17.2 18.4 18.7 18.2 16.0
Tonga 19.4 18.1 18.7 18.7 19.1
Burkina Faso 18.0 17.6 18.8 15.6 18.1
Cyprus 19.5 19.0 19.0 19.6
Albania 21.5 20.3 19.0 18.5 11.6
Macao SAR, China 15.2 19.8 19.1 17.2 10.9
Kyrgyz Republic 22.4 20.1 19.3 23.5 26.6
Greece 19.3 22.2 19.9 18.5 16.9
Eritrea 21.9 19.3 20.1 26.9 22.4
Panama 16.6 16.6 20.2 22.1 21.3
Cuba 19.4 20.2 20.5 20.7 20.4
Ghana 27.5 20.8 20.7 20.4 19.0
Montenegro 20.7 20.4 20.9 21.1 20.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.8 19.2 20.9 19.1 19.3
Belize 17.3 20.4 21.1 22.2 21.5
France 21.5 21.3 21.1 20.7 20.0
Pakistan 27.1 20.9 21.1 22.3 20.2
Antigua and Barbuda 17.1 21.8 21.4 22.7 22.7
Kenya 19.1 21.9 21.8 20.9 21.0
Grenada 26.5 22.6 21.9 20.2 16.8
United States 22.0 22.4 22.2 21.6 20.2
United Kingdom 23.0 23.0 22.3 22.1 20.9
Aruba 20.6 22.1 22.7 21.2 16.8
West Bank and Gaza 26.8 24.2 23.2 22.7 23.3
Nicaragua 22.9 23.2 23.2 24.4 23.9
Latvia 21.6 21.9 23.3 23.0 20.6
Cote d'Ivoire 22.8 23.5 23.3 24.4 25.0
Mozambique 24.8 25.7 23.3 20.8 20.3
Tanzania 22.7 22.9 23.3 23.1 24.3
Netherlands 23.6 23.7 23.6 23.8 22.4
Senegal 23.6 23.9 24.1 22.9 23.3
Mali 24.2 24.0 24.2 20.1 21.0
Georgia 26.8 24.9 24.3 21.9 21.9
Portugal 24.6 24.5 24.4 23.4 22.4
Jamaica 25.0 24.4 24.6 22.6 20.7
Belgium 25.2 25.2 25.1 24.7 23.5
New Zealand 25.9 25.3 25.3 25.7 24.5
Iceland 25.7 27.6 25.5 26.8 23.0
Bangladesh 27.2 25.4 25.7 26.0 26.4
Kosovo 26.1 26.0 26.6 28.4
Mauritius 27.6 25.9 26.2 27.3 27.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 27.9 25.4 26.3 29.8 29.6
Denmark 26.2 27.0 26.4 26.4 23.2
Italy 25.8 26.1 26.5 26.1 24.3
Uganda 25.0 24.2 26.6 27.4 26.8
Cambodia 26.4 27.6 26.8 23.8 23.1
Switzerland 26.8 27.0 26.9 27.2 26.2
Lao PDR 24.6 27.7 26.9 28.6 26.7
Uruguay 27.1 26.4 27.2 25.8 25.9
Morocco 28.2 27.2 27.3 30.3 28.6
Afghanistan 27.4 28.8 27.3 27.5 22.6
Brazil 29.3 28.8 27.8 27.9 26.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.4 26.8 27.9 28.9 27.9
Australia 26.8 27.9 27.9 27.7 28.9
Croatia 29.0 28.7 28.1 27.9 27.7
Japan 28.1 28.1 28.2 27.5 26.0
Turkey 28.5 28.6 28.2 27.7 25.9
El Salvador 29.7 29.1 28.2 27.7 27.0
Serbia 29.3 29.3 28.3 28.7 28.7
Honduras 28.7 29.3 28.6 28.0 28.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 25.9 27.5 28.6 27.1 27.1
India 28.1 28.8 29.0 28.3 27.8
Costa Rica 29.1 29.2 29.3 28.7 27.4
Singapore 32.4 31.7 29.3 27.3 27.9
Spain 30.4 30.3 29.4 29.0 27.2
Guatemala 29.3 30.1 29.7 29.7 28.9
Cameroon 32.0 33.2 29.8 29.0 29.9
Sri Lanka 30.2 30.6 29.9 29.4 29.7
Canada 30.0 30.6 26.4
Guyana 20.0 26.9 30.0 30.6 30.9
Sweden 29.7 30.2 30.3 29.3 26.9
Germany 29.3 30.0 30.4 29.9 27.7
Tajikistan 31.3 31.1 30.5 28.3 27.7
Sudan 27.7 27.8 30.6 33.4 24.6
Austria 30.4 30.5 30.8 30.1 28.9
Estonia 29.8 30.6 30.8 29.5 26.9
Macedonia, FYR 28.2 28.6 31.0 29.8 27.5
Dominican Republic 29.6 29.6 31.1 29.9 28.1
Hungary 31.4 31.3 31.2 30.2 29.7
Tunisia 29.3 29.3 31.2 33.9 30.3
Bulgaria 28.8 30.4 31.2 30.2 30.9
South Africa 31.2 31.2 31.3 32.3 31.0
Jordan 28.6 29.0 31.6 33.8 32.1
Ireland 33.0 33.0 31.6 28.8 28.1
Paraguay 34.8 33.3 31.7 29.7 32.0
Uzbekistan 23.2 27.4 32.0 30.8 33.2
Lithuania 32.7 32.7 32.4 31.4 26.8
Poland 32.1 32.8 32.8 32.9 33.1
Syrian Arab Republic 36.2 35.3 33.0
Philippines 33.8 33.5 33.1 32.9 31.7
Zimbabwe 28.7 32.3 33.1 31.1 29.6
Argentina 34.7 35.1 33.6 33.1 31.7
Colombia 32.8 33.8 33.7 35.5 34.5
Namibia 29.2 34.6 34.8 37.4 31.6
Zambia 29.7 33.4 34.9 33.9 32.4
Finland 33.5 34.7 35.1 33.7 29.4
Slovenia 34.1 34.5 35.2 34.1 31.4
Lesotho 33.1 35.3 35.9 37.3 32.3
Mexico 35.2 36.4 36.1 36.6 34.3
Ecuador 33.4 35.6 36.2 39.3 34.3
Bolivia 32.0 35.1 36.4 38.4 36.2
Russian Federation 38.1 37.2 36.4 36.1 33.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.3 38.4 36.7 37.8 37.6
Ukraine 32.3 36.1 36.7 33.6 29.6
Korea, Rep. 37.5 36.9 37.0 36.3 36.7
Malta 37.8 37.8 37.5 36.9 32.9
Turkmenistan 37.6 36.3 38.1 53.7 53.5
Slovak Republic 36.1 38.7 38.2 38.3 34.1
Romania 35.9 36.7 38.2 38.0 38.5
Czech Republic 37.7 38.2 38.2 37.7 36.8
Mauritania 29.3 46.6 38.3 40.5 35.1
Vietnam 38.1 38.6 38.5 37.1 37.4
Guinea 34.8 39.9 39.5 42.4 40.3
Kazakhstan 40.1 42.1 40.6 43.3 40.3
Nigeria 43.5 41.9 40.7 41.5 34.2
Peru 41.1
Mongolia 36.2 43.0 41.9 34.4 33.0
Norway 42.8 44.8 42.3 45.2 38.8
Belarus 44.0 43.0 43.2 45.4 43.2
Chile 36.9 44.9 43.7 38.5 38.0
Armenia 45.3 44.7 43.9 43.5 35.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.7 43.6 44.5
Malaysia 46.4 46.5 44.6 45.1 41.0
Thailand 44.0 44.3 44.7 44.1 43.3
Bhutan 37.3 39.0 45.4 44.5 43.2
Swaziland 44.7 46.7 46.5 46.4 46.1
Botswana 47.6 48.0 46.5 42.0 30.8
Indonesia 46.5 46.9 46.8 48.1 47.7
China 47.4 47.9 47.3 47.4 46.2
Venezuela, RB 57.8 56.5 53.3 54.1 44.2
United Arab Emirates 55.6 57.9 54.8 58.0 52.0
Suriname 37.3 40.2 55.3 57.9 51.8
Algeria 59.7 60.5 58.6 59.5 48.9
Gabon 61.4 61.2 60.3 64.3 53.2
Oman 63.5 63.7 61.1 66.9 59.6
Trinidad and Tobago 60.3 61.3 62.1 66.2 55.5
Saudi Arabia 62.1 62.9 63.0 66.8 55.0
Angola 67.1 67.5 66.6 67.5 59.0
Qatar 74.5 67.9 67.1 72.6 61.9
Azerbaijan 63.6 68.7 68.5 70.2 61.1
Brunei Darussalam 71.6 73.2 71.3 74.1 65.4
Congo, Rep. 71.9 75.5 73.2 77.4 71.1
Libya 75.5 78.5 76.4 78.2
Puerto Rico 87.1 86.6 86.6 88.3 93.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
San Marino
Curacao
South Sudan
Kuwait
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Somalia
Haiti
Solomon Islands 8.1 6.8
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Myanmar
Israel
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Papua New Guinea
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Iraq
American Samoa
Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Guam
Cayman Islands
Bahrain
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Andorra
Yemen, Rep. 49.0 49.2
Equatorial Guinea
Gambia, The

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