Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Liberia 7.3 7.7 7.9 7.1 5.0
Sierra Leone 12.0 11.1 10.1 8.2 6.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.7 8.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.7 4.4 3.5 4.0 7.5
Kiribati 7.8 8.3 8.7 8.6 8.5
Bermuda 10.4 9.4 8.7 9.5 8.8
Palau 15.8 13.3 11.7 9.0 8.9
Ethiopia 12.8 12.5 12.5 10.9 10.3
Macao SAR, China 15.2 19.8 19.1 17.2 10.9
Albania 21.5 20.3 19.0 18.5 11.6
Comoros 11.8 11.7 10.9 11.9 12.0
Rwanda 11.8 11.5 12.4 12.6 12.3
Tuvalu 8.6 6.2 8.6 14.1 12.4
Vanuatu 8.9 9.2 9.0 10.2 12.4
Luxembourg 16.5 15.3 16.5 15.2 13.0
Guinea-Bissau 14.5 14.0 13.3 13.8 13.3
Dominica 15.1 15.4 16.0 15.0 13.5
Chad 9.4 10.2 9.9 10.7 13.6
Central African Republic 14.3 14.2 14.4 13.4 13.7
Seychelles 16.4 16.2 16.3 15.7 14.0
Bahamas, The 15.4 17.0 13.4 15.0 14.3
Benin 14.8 14.4 14.4 14.0 14.5
Niger 15.4 11.3 13.2 14.2 15.1
Maldives 15.3 13.5 13.2 18.0 15.1
Barbados 17.1 15.8 15.9 16.5 15.5
Moldova 16.3 15.6 17.1 16.9 15.8
Madagascar 15.8 16.1 16.3 16.2 15.9
Togo 17.2 18.4 18.7 18.2 16.0
Nepal 17.7 17.2 17.1 17.3 16.4
Burundi 18.5 16.7 18.0 16.0 16.6
Grenada 26.5 22.6 21.9 20.2 16.8
Aruba 20.6 22.1 22.7 21.2 16.8
Greece 19.3 22.2 19.9 18.5 16.9
Lebanon 16.1 15.9 16.5 16.9 17.0
St. Lucia 19.0 21.2 17.5 18.0 17.7
Sao Tome and Principe 15.8 16.6 17.8 19.7 17.9
Malawi 17.3 17.2 17.8 18.6 18.0
Timor-Leste 9.8 6.9 9.3 15.1 18.2
Uganda 25.0 24.2 26.6 27.4 18.4
Cabo Verde 19.2 19.1 16.2 18.0 18.7
Ghana 27.5 20.8 20.7 20.4 19.0
Tonga 19.4 18.1 18.7 18.7 19.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.8 19.2 20.9 19.1 19.3
Fiji 19.2 18.9 18.1 19.1 19.6
Tanzania 22.7 22.9 21.7 21.5 19.9
France 21.5 21.3 21.1 20.7 20.0
Montenegro 20.7 20.4 20.9 21.1 20.1
United States 22.0 22.4 22.2 21.6 20.2
Pakistan 27.1 20.9 21.1 22.3 20.2
Mozambique 24.8 25.7 23.3 20.8 20.3
Cuba 19.4 20.2 20.5 20.7 20.4
Latvia 21.6 21.9 23.3 23.0 20.6
Jamaica 25.0 24.4 24.6 22.6 20.7
United Kingdom 23.0 23.0 22.3 22.1 20.9
Mali 24.2 24.0 24.2 20.1 21.0
Kenya 19.1 21.9 21.8 20.9 21.0
Panama 16.6 16.6 20.2 22.1 21.3
Belize 17.3 20.4 21.1 22.2 21.5
Burkina Faso 21.2 20.8 22.4 18.6 21.7
Georgia 26.8 24.9 24.3 21.9 21.9
Portugal 24.6 24.5 24.4 23.4 22.4
Netherlands 23.6 23.7 23.6 23.8 22.4
Eritrea 21.9 19.3 20.1 26.9 22.4
Afghanistan 27.4 28.8 27.3 27.5 22.6
Antigua and Barbuda 17.1 21.8 21.4 22.7 22.7
Iceland 25.7 27.6 25.5 26.8 23.0
Cambodia 26.4 27.6 26.8 23.8 23.1
Denmark 26.2 27.0 26.4 26.4 23.2
Senegal 23.6 23.9 24.1 22.9 23.3
West Bank and Gaza 26.8 24.2 23.2 22.7 23.3
Belgium 25.2 25.2 25.1 24.7 23.5
Nicaragua 22.9 23.2 23.2 24.4 23.9
Italy 25.8 26.1 26.5 26.1 24.3
New Zealand 25.9 25.3 25.3 25.7 24.5
Sudan 27.7 27.8 30.6 33.4 24.6
Cote d'Ivoire 22.8 23.5 23.3 24.4 25.0
Uruguay 27.1 26.4 27.2 25.8 25.9
Turkey 28.5 28.6 28.2 27.7 25.9
Japan 28.1 28.1 28.2 27.5 26.0
Switzerland 26.8 27.0 26.9 27.2 26.2
Canada 30.0 30.6 26.4
Bangladesh 27.2 25.4 25.7 26.0 26.4
Kyrgyz Republic 22.4 20.1 19.3 23.5 26.6
Lao PDR 24.6 27.7 26.9 28.6 26.7
Lithuania 32.7 32.7 32.4 31.4 26.8
Brazil 29.3 28.8 27.8 27.9 26.8
Sweden 29.7 30.2 30.3 29.3 26.9
Estonia 29.8 30.6 30.8 29.5 26.9
El Salvador 29.7 29.1 28.2 27.7 27.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 25.9 27.5 28.6 27.1 27.1
Mauritius 27.6 25.9 26.2 27.3 27.1
Spain 30.4 30.3 29.4 29.0 27.2
Costa Rica 29.1 29.2 29.3 28.7 27.4
Macedonia, FYR 28.2 28.6 31.0 29.8 27.5
Germany 29.3 30.0 30.4 29.9 27.7
Croatia 29.0 28.7 28.1 27.9 27.7
Tajikistan 31.3 31.1 30.5 28.3 27.7
India 28.1 28.8 29.0 28.3 27.8
Singapore 32.4 31.7 29.3 27.3 27.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.4 26.8 27.9 28.9 27.9
Honduras 28.7 29.3 28.6 28.0 28.1
Dominican Republic 29.6 29.6 31.1 29.9 28.1
Ireland 33.0 33.0 31.6 28.8 28.1
Kosovo 26.1 26.0 26.6 28.4
Morocco 28.2 27.2 27.3 30.3 28.6
Serbia 29.3 29.3 28.3 28.7 28.7
Guatemala 29.3 30.1 29.7 29.7 28.9
Australia 26.8 27.9 27.9 27.7 28.9
Austria 30.4 30.5 30.8 30.1 28.9
Finland 33.5 34.7 35.1 33.7 29.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 27.9 25.4 26.3 29.8 29.6
Ukraine 32.3 36.1 36.7 33.6 29.6
Zimbabwe 28.7 32.3 33.1 31.1 29.6
Sri Lanka 30.2 30.6 29.9 29.4 29.7
Hungary 31.4 31.3 31.2 30.2 29.7
Cameroon 32.0 33.2 29.8 29.0 29.9
Tunisia 29.3 29.3 31.2 33.9 30.3
South Africa 30.3 29.4 29.7 31.4 30.4
Botswana 47.6 48.0 46.5 42.0 30.8
Bulgaria 28.8 30.4 31.2 30.2 30.9
Guyana 20.0 26.9 30.0 30.6 30.9
Slovenia 34.1 34.5 35.2 34.1 31.4
Namibia 29.2 34.6 34.8 37.4 31.6
Philippines 33.8 33.5 33.1 32.9 31.7
Argentina 34.7 35.1 33.6 33.1 31.7
Paraguay 34.8 33.3 31.7 29.7 32.0
Jordan 28.6 29.0 31.6 33.8 32.1
Lesotho 33.1 35.3 35.9 37.3 32.3
Zambia 29.7 33.4 34.9 33.9 32.4
Malta 37.8 37.8 37.5 36.9 32.9
Mongolia 36.2 43.0 41.9 34.4 33.0
Poland 32.1 32.8 32.8 32.9 33.1
Uzbekistan 23.2 27.4 32.0 30.8 33.2
Russian Federation 38.1 37.2 36.4 36.1 33.6
Slovak Republic 36.1 38.7 38.2 38.3 34.1
Nigeria 43.5 41.9 40.7 41.5 34.2
Mexico 35.2 36.4 36.1 36.6 34.3
Ecuador 33.4 35.6 36.2 39.3 34.3
Colombia 32.8 33.8 33.7 35.5 34.5
Mauritania 29.3 46.6 38.3 40.5 35.1
Armenia 45.3 44.7 43.9 43.5 35.8
Bolivia 32.0 35.1 36.4 38.4 36.2
Korea, Rep. 37.5 36.9 37.0 36.3 36.7
Czech Republic 37.7 38.2 38.2 37.7 36.8
Vietnam 38.1 38.6 38.5 37.1 37.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.3 38.4 36.7 37.8 37.6
Chile 36.9 44.9 43.7 38.5 38.0
Romania 35.9 36.7 38.2 38.0 38.5
Norway 42.8 44.8 42.3 45.2 38.8
Kazakhstan 40.1 42.1 40.6 43.3 40.3
Guinea 34.8 39.9 39.5 42.4 40.3
Malaysia 46.4 46.5 44.6 45.1 41.0
Belarus 44.0 43.0 43.2 45.4 43.2
Bhutan 37.3 39.0 45.4 44.5 43.2
Thailand 44.0 44.3 44.7 44.1 43.3
Venezuela, RB 57.8 56.5 53.3 54.1 44.2
Swaziland 44.7 46.7 46.5 46.4 46.1
China 47.4 47.9 47.3 47.4 46.2
Indonesia 46.5 46.9 46.8 48.1 47.7
Algeria 59.7 60.5 58.6 59.5 48.9
Suriname 37.3 40.2 55.3 57.9 51.8
United Arab Emirates 55.6 57.9 54.8 58.0 52.0
Gabon 61.4 61.2 60.3 64.3 53.2
Turkmenistan 37.6 36.3 38.1 53.7 53.5
Saudi Arabia 62.1 62.9 63.0 66.8 55.0
Trinidad and Tobago 60.3 61.3 62.1 66.2 55.5
Angola 67.1 67.5 66.6 67.5 59.0
Oman 63.5 63.7 61.1 66.9 59.6
Azerbaijan 63.6 68.7 68.5 70.2 61.1
Qatar 74.5 67.9 67.1 72.6 61.9
Brunei Darussalam 71.6 73.2 71.3 74.1 65.4
Congo, Rep. 71.9 75.5 73.2 77.4 71.1
Puerto Rico 87.1 86.6 86.6 88.3 93.1
Israel
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Libya 75.5 78.5 76.4 78.2
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Samoa
Myanmar
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Gambia, The
Iraq
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Monaco
French Polynesia
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Equatorial Guinea
Cyprus 19.5 19.0 19.0 19.6
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
San Marino
Syrian Arab Republic 36.2 35.3 33.0
American Samoa
Bahrain
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.7 43.6 44.5
Kuwait
Guam
Papua New Guinea
Greenland
Peru 41.1
Faeroe Islands
Djibouti 16.6 16.4 16.9
Solomon Islands 8.1 6.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Yemen, Rep. 49.0 49.2
Haiti
Isle of Man

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