Country name 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Cayman Islands 7.2 6.8 6.9 5.7 4.9
Sierra Leone 11.1 10.1 8.2 6.9 8.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.2 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.4 3.5 4.0 7.5 8.2
Kiribati 8.3 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.2
Bermuda 9.4 8.7 9.5 8.8 7.8
Palau 13.8 12.3 9.3 9.7 10.9
Ethiopia 12.5 12.5 10.9 10.3 10.2
Macao SAR, China 19.8 19.1 17.2 10.9 7.3
Comoros 11.7 10.9 12.2 11.8 12.1
Marshall Islands 12.1 13.7 13.8 12.1 11.9
Rwanda 11.5 12.4 12.6 12.3 12.9
Tuvalu 6.2 8.6 14.1 12.4 6.0
Vanuatu 9.2 9.0 10.2 12.4 13.7
Luxembourg 15.3 16.7 15.3 12.9 12.9
Guinea-Bissau 14.0 13.3 13.8 13.3 13.3
Chad 10.2 9.9 10.7 13.6 12.3
Central African Republic 14.3 14.4 13.4 13.7 13.8
Dominica 15.7 16.3 15.5 13.8 14.2
Gambia, The 16.2 15.4 14.9 14.0 13.5
Seychelles 16.2 16.1 15.6 14.0 14.0
Bahamas, The 17.0 13.4 15.0 14.3 16.3
Andorra 16.5 15.9 15.9 14.7 13.8
Niger 11.3 13.2 14.2 15.1 15.6
Maldives 13.5 13.2 18.0 15.1 15.5
Moldova 15.6 17.1 16.9 15.8 15.9
Madagascar 16.1 16.3 16.2 15.9 15.9
Togo 18.4 18.7 18.2 16.0 16.6
Nepal 17.2 17.1 17.3 16.4 15.6
Sao Tome and Principe 14.7 14.9 17.0 16.4 13.9
Burundi 16.7 18.0 16.0 16.6 16.7
Grenada 22.6 21.9 20.2 16.8 17.0
Aruba 22.1 22.7 21.2 16.8 16.4
Lebanon 15.9 16.5 16.9 17.0 14.9
Greece 22.6 20.4 17.7 17.1 15.7
St. Lucia 21.2 17.0 17.6 17.5 15.8
Cyprus 20.2 20.8 20.5 18.0 16.6
Malawi 17.2 17.8 18.6 18.0 19.6
Timor-Leste 6.9 9.3 15.1 18.2 17.7
Mozambique 22.1 21.7 19.5 19.0 18.9
Cabo Verde 19.1 16.9 18.8 19.3 18.1
Burkina Faso 17.6 19.0 16.2 19.3 23.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.2 20.9 19.1 19.3 19.5
Tonga 18.5 19.2 18.6 19.4 20.6
Fiji 18.9 18.1 19.1 19.6 20.2
Ghana 21.3 21.2 20.9 19.7 19.8
Tanzania 22.1 21.7 21.9 19.9 21.7
Uganda 24.2 26.6 27.4 19.9 19.5
France 21.3 21.1 20.7 20.0 19.6
Montenegro 20.4 20.9 21.1 20.1 20.5
United States 22.4 22.2 21.6 20.2 20.3
Pakistan 20.9 21.1 22.3 20.2 20.6
Cuba 20.2 20.5 20.7 20.4 20.5
Jamaica 24.4 24.6 22.7 20.8 21.0
United Kingdom 23.3 22.6 22.2 20.9 20.8
Kenya 21.9 21.8 20.9 21.0 20.8
Mali 24.3 22.7 20.2 21.0 19.9
Panama 16.6 20.2 22.1 21.3 20.9
Belize 20.4 21.1 22.2 21.5 21.7
Georgia 24.9 24.3 21.9 21.9 22.2
Macedonia, FYR 24.9 23.9 22.7 22.0 24.4
Portugal 24.5 24.4 23.4 22.4 22.6
Eritrea 19.3 20.1 26.9 22.4
Afghanistan 28.8 27.3 27.5 22.6 21.9
Antigua and Barbuda 21.8 21.4 22.7 22.7 19.1
Iceland 26.5 23.8 26.4 22.7 24.9
Netherlands 24.1 24.0 24.2 22.8 22.1
Belgium 24.9 25.0 24.3 22.9 23.2
Cambodia 27.6 26.8 23.8 23.1 23.3
Denmark 27.0 26.4 26.4 23.2 22.8
Senegal 23.9 24.1 22.9 23.3 23.4
West Bank and Gaza 24.2 23.2 22.7 23.3 24.1
Latvia 23.6 24.5 24.5 23.7 23.8
Nicaragua 23.2 23.2 24.4 23.9 24.3
Italy 26.1 26.5 26.1 24.3 24.4
New Zealand 25.2 25.2 25.6 24.4 23.7
Sudan 27.8 30.6 33.4 24.6 28.4
Benin 29.6 27.6 25.0 25.0 25.2
Cote d'Ivoire 23.5 23.3 24.4 25.0 22.4
Turkey 28.2 27.7 27.2 25.3 26.4
Brazil 27.7 27.1 27.3 25.6 27.4
Japan 28.1 28.2 27.5 26.0 27.5
Switzerland 27.0 26.9 27.2 26.2 26.3
Romania 28.0 26.2 25.3 26.3 31.3
Canada 30.0 30.6 26.4 27.7
Bangladesh 25.4 25.7 26.0 26.4 26.1
Kyrgyz Republic 20.1 19.3 23.5 26.6 29.2
Lao PDR 27.7 26.9 28.6 26.7 31.8
Sweden 30.2 30.3 29.3 26.9 28.9
Estonia 30.6 30.8 29.5 26.9 28.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 27.5 28.6 27.1 27.1 26.7
Mauritius 25.9 26.2 27.3 27.1 26.2
El Salvador 29.3 28.4 27.9 27.2 26.9
Spain 30.3 29.4 29.0 27.2 26.0
Morocco 27.2 27.7 29.8 27.3 28.6
Costa Rica 29.2 29.3 28.7 27.4 26.2
Uruguay 26.7 27.5 26.2 27.4 28.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.4 27.4 28.4 27.6 27.3
Croatia 28.7 28.1 27.9 27.7 27.1
Tajikistan 31.1 30.5 28.3 27.7 28.2
India 28.8 29.0 28.3 27.8 27.2
Lithuania 33.2 33.0 32.5 27.8 29.1
Germany 30.1 30.5 30.1 27.8 30.2
Singapore 31.7 29.3 27.3 27.9 27.6
Honduras 29.3 28.6 28.0 28.1 27.6
Dominican Republic 29.6 31.1 29.9 28.1 28.1
Albania 26.4 25.3 29.0 28.2 28.7
Ireland 34.2 32.0 28.9 28.3 26.7
Serbia 29.3 28.3 28.7 28.7 28.4
Guatemala 30.1 29.7 29.7 28.9 28.9
Austria 30.5 30.8 30.1 28.9 28.7
Australia 27.9 27.9 27.7 28.9 27.1
Finland 34.7 35.1 33.7 29.4 30.0
Ukraine 36.1 36.7 33.6 29.6 31.3
Zimbabwe 32.3 33.1 31.1 29.6 30.8
Sri Lanka 30.6 29.9 29.4 29.7 29.7
Hungary 31.4 31.2 30.2 29.7 30.2
Cameroon 33.2 29.8 29.0 29.9 29.9
Tunisia 29.3 31.2 33.9 30.3 31.5
South Africa 29.4 29.7 31.4 30.4 30.2
Bulgaria 29.8 30.5 29.5 30.5 27.5
Slovenia 34.5 35.2 34.1 31.4 30.6
Namibia 34.6 34.8 37.4 31.6 30.2
Philippines 33.5 33.1 32.9 31.7 32.6
Argentina 35.1 33.6 33.1 31.7 30.9
Paraguay 33.3 31.7 29.7 32.0 30.1
Jordan 29.0 31.6 33.8 32.1 30.7
Zambia 33.4 34.9 33.9 32.4 35.5
Lesotho 35.3 35.9 37.3 32.4 31.8
Botswana 49.0 47.4 41.8 32.9 36.6
Malta 37.8 37.5 36.9 32.9 32.7
Mongolia 43.0 41.9 34.4 33.0 37.0
Poland 32.8 32.8 32.9 33.1 32.9
Uzbekistan 27.4 32.0 30.8 33.2 32.5
Russian Federation 37.2 36.4 36.1 33.6 34.7
Slovak Republic 38.6 37.9 38.0 33.9 35.2
Nigeria 41.9 40.7 41.5 34.2 24.9
Guyana 30.0 33.0 34.6 34.3 35.8
Ecuador 35.6 36.2 39.3 34.3 36.3
Mexico 36.4 36.1 36.6 34.4 35.1
Colombia 33.8 33.7 35.5 34.5 35.0
Mauritania 45.9 38.8 38.8 34.8 40.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31.3 31.9 35.5 35.1 34.4
Armenia 44.7 43.9 43.5 35.8 37.0
Bolivia 35.1 36.4 38.4 36.2 37.3
Korea, Rep. 36.9 37.0 36.3 36.7 38.3
Czech Republic 38.2 38.2 37.7 36.8 36.8
Liechtenstein 39.9 39.2 36.0 36.9 39.0
Peru 39.3 41.1 39.2 37.0 38.4
Vietnam 38.6 38.5 37.1 37.4 38.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 38.4 36.8 37.9 37.6 37.5
Chile 44.9 43.7 38.5 38.0 39.6
Norway 44.5 41.9 44.8 38.4 39.1
Thailand 39.3 39.5 39.6 38.7 40.0
Kazakhstan 42.1 40.6 43.3 40.3 42.9
Guinea 39.9 39.5 42.4 40.3 44.8
Malaysia 46.1 44.2 44.7 40.5 40.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 45.4 46.0 45.2 40.6 41.4
Belarus 43.0 43.2 45.4 43.2 42.2
Bhutan 39.0 45.4 44.5 43.2 44.5
Venezuela, RB 56.5 53.3 54.1 44.2 52.2
China 47.4 46.7 46.8 45.7 46.2
Swaziland 46.7 46.5 46.4 46.1 49.9
Indonesia 46.9 46.8 48.1 47.7 42.8
Algeria 60.5 58.6 59.5 51.6 53.9
Suriname 40.2 55.3 57.9 51.8 52.4
United Arab Emirates 58.4 55.3 58.0 52.0 54.9
Gabon 60.6 59.6 63.6 53.1 60.3
Turkmenistan 36.3 38.1 53.7 53.5 48.4
Saudi Arabia 62.9 63.0 66.8 55.0 58.5
Trinidad and Tobago 61.3 62.1 66.2 55.5 62.7
Oman 63.7 61.1 66.9 59.6 64.1
Azerbaijan 68.7 68.5 70.2 61.1 64.1
Qatar 67.9 67.1 72.6 61.9 68.1
Brunei Darussalam 73.2 71.3 74.1 65.4 66.8
Congo, Rep. 75.5 73.2 77.4 71.1 75.4
Puerto Rico 86.6 86.6 88.3 93.1 96.7
Iraq
Solomon Islands 6.8
St. Martin (French part)
Djibouti 16.4 16.9
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Somalia
Angola
French Polynesia
San Marino
Greenland
Curacao
Libya 78.5 76.4 78.2
Syrian Arab Republic 35.3 33.0
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Samoa
South Sudan
Equatorial Guinea
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bahrain
Myanmar
Barbados
Monaco
Israel
Guam
American Samoa
Haiti
Kuwait 61.0
Liberia
Papua New Guinea
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faroe Islands
Yemen, Rep. 49.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man

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