Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Cayman Islands 7.2 6.8 6.9 5.7
Sierra Leone 12.0 11.1 10.1 8.2 6.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.7 8.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.7 4.4 3.5 4.0 7.5
Kiribati 7.8 8.3 8.7 8.6 8.5
Bermuda 10.4 9.4 8.7 9.5 8.8
Palau 16.8 13.8 12.3 9.3 9.7
Ethiopia 12.8 12.5 12.5 10.9 10.3
Macao SAR, China 15.2 19.8 19.1 17.2 10.9
Albania 21.5 20.3 19.0 18.5 11.6
Comoros 11.8 11.7 10.9 12.5 11.8
Rwanda 11.8 11.5 12.4 12.6 12.3
Tuvalu 8.6 6.2 8.6 14.1 12.4
Vanuatu 8.9 9.2 9.0 10.2 12.4
Luxembourg 16.5 15.3 16.5 15.2 13.0
Guinea-Bissau 14.5 14.0 13.3 13.8 13.3
Dominica 15.1 15.4 16.0 15.0 13.5
Chad 9.4 10.2 9.9 10.7 13.6
Central African Republic 14.3 14.3 14.4 13.4 13.7
Seychelles 16.4 16.2 16.1 15.6 14.0
Bahamas, The 15.4 17.0 13.4 15.0 14.3
Benin 14.8 14.4 14.4 14.0 14.5
Andorra 16.2 16.5 15.9 15.9 14.7
Niger 15.4 11.3 13.2 14.2 15.1
Maldives 15.3 13.5 13.2 18.0 15.1
Barbados 17.1 15.8 15.9 16.5 15.6
Moldova 16.3 15.6 17.1 16.9 15.8
Madagascar 15.8 16.1 16.3 16.2 15.9
Togo 17.2 18.4 18.7 18.2 16.0
Latvia 16.5 15.3 14.6 14.6 16.1
Nepal 17.7 17.2 17.1 17.3 16.4
Burundi 18.5 16.7 18.0 16.0 16.6
Aruba 20.6 22.1 22.7 21.2 16.8
Grenada 26.5 22.6 21.8 20.2 16.8
Greece 19.3 22.2 19.9 18.5 16.9
Lebanon 16.1 15.9 16.5 16.9 17.0
St. Lucia 19.0 21.4 17.5 18.0 17.7
Sao Tome and Principe 15.8 16.6 17.8 19.7 17.9
Cyprus 20.2 20.2 20.8 20.5 18.0
Malawi 17.3 17.2 17.8 18.6 18.0
Timor-Leste 9.8 6.9 9.3 15.1 18.2
Cabo Verde 19.2 19.1 16.9 18.8 19.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.8 19.2 20.9 19.1 19.3
Tonga 19.9 18.5 19.2 18.6 19.4
Fiji 19.2 18.9 18.1 19.1 19.6
Ghana 27.5 20.8 20.7 20.4 19.7
Tanzania 25.9 22.1 21.7 21.9 19.9
Uganda 25.0 24.2 26.6 27.4 19.9
France 21.5 21.3 21.1 20.7 20.0
Montenegro 20.7 20.4 20.9 21.1 20.1
United States 22.0 22.4 22.2 21.6 20.2
Pakistan 27.1 20.9 21.1 22.3 20.2
Cuba 19.4 20.2 20.5 20.7 20.4
Jamaica 25.0 24.4 24.6 22.6 20.7
Mozambique 24.8 25.7 23.8 21.3 20.7
United Kingdom 23.0 23.0 22.3 22.1 20.9
Mali 24.2 24.0 24.2 20.1 21.0
Kenya 19.1 21.9 21.8 20.9 21.0
Lithuania 24.9 23.8 21.8 21.3 21.2
Panama 16.6 16.6 20.2 22.1 21.3
Belize 17.3 20.4 21.1 22.2 21.5
Georgia 26.8 24.9 24.3 21.9 21.9
Macedonia, FYR 23.7 24.9 23.9 22.7 22.0
Iceland 25.1 27.1 24.9 26.2 22.3
Portugal 24.6 24.5 24.4 23.4 22.4
Netherlands 23.6 23.7 23.6 23.8 22.4
Eritrea 21.9 19.3 20.1 26.9 22.4
Afghanistan 27.4 28.8 27.3 27.5 22.6
Antigua and Barbuda 17.1 21.8 21.4 22.7 22.7
Cambodia 26.4 27.6 26.8 23.8 23.1
Burkina Faso 21.2 20.8 22.6 19.4 23.2
Denmark 26.2 27.0 26.4 26.4 23.2
Senegal 23.6 23.9 24.1 22.9 23.3
West Bank and Gaza 26.8 24.2 23.2 22.7 23.3
Belgium 25.2 25.2 25.1 24.7 23.5
Nicaragua 22.9 23.2 23.2 24.4 23.9
Italy 25.8 26.1 26.5 26.1 24.3
New Zealand 25.8 25.2 25.2 25.6 24.4
Sudan 27.7 27.8 30.6 33.4 24.6
Cote d'Ivoire 22.8 23.5 23.3 24.4 25.0
Turkey 28.5 28.2 27.7 27.2 25.3
Brazil 28.6 27.8 27.1 27.4 25.7
Japan 28.1 28.1 28.2 27.5 26.0
Switzerland 26.8 27.0 26.9 27.2 26.2
Canada 30.0 30.6 26.4
Bangladesh 24.6 25.4 25.7 26.0 26.4
Kyrgyz Republic 22.4 20.1 19.3 23.5 26.6
Lao PDR 24.6 27.7 26.9 28.6 26.7
Uruguay 27.1 26.4 27.2 25.8 26.9
Sweden 29.7 30.2 30.3 29.3 26.9
Estonia 29.8 30.6 30.8 29.5 26.9
El Salvador 29.7 29.1 28.2 27.7 27.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 25.9 27.5 28.6 27.1 27.1
Mauritius 27.6 25.9 26.2 27.3 27.1
Spain 30.4 30.3 29.4 29.0 27.2
Costa Rica 29.1 29.2 29.3 28.7 27.4
Germany 29.3 30.0 30.4 29.9 27.7
Croatia 29.0 28.7 28.1 27.9 27.7
Tajikistan 31.3 31.1 30.5 28.3 27.7
India 28.1 28.8 29.0 28.3 27.8
Singapore 32.4 31.7 29.3 27.3 27.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.4 26.8 27.9 28.9 27.9
Honduras 28.7 29.3 28.6 28.0 28.1
Dominican Republic 29.6 29.6 31.1 29.9 28.1
Ireland 33.0 33.0 31.6 28.8 28.1
Morocco 28.2 27.2 27.3 30.3 28.6
Serbia 29.3 29.3 28.3 28.7 28.7
Guatemala 29.3 30.1 29.7 29.7 28.9
Australia 26.8 27.9 27.9 27.7 28.9
Austria 30.4 30.5 30.8 30.1 28.9
Finland 33.5 34.7 35.1 33.7 29.4
Ukraine 32.3 36.1 36.7 33.6 29.6
Zimbabwe 28.7 32.3 33.1 31.1 29.6
Sri Lanka 30.2 30.6 29.9 29.4 29.7
Hungary 31.4 31.3 31.2 30.2 29.7
Cameroon 32.0 33.2 29.8 29.0 29.9
Tunisia 29.3 29.3 31.2 33.9 30.3
South Africa 30.3 29.4 29.7 31.4 30.4
Bulgaria 28.8 30.4 31.2 30.2 30.9
Slovenia 34.1 34.5 35.2 34.1 31.4
Namibia 29.2 34.6 34.8 37.5 31.6
Philippines 33.8 33.5 33.1 32.9 31.7
Argentina 34.7 35.1 33.6 33.1 31.7
Paraguay 34.8 33.3 31.7 29.7 32.0
Botswana 47.6 49.3 46.5 41.0 32.1
Jordan 28.6 29.0 31.6 33.8 32.1
Zambia 29.7 33.4 34.9 33.9 32.4
Lesotho 33.1 35.3 35.9 37.3 32.4
Malta 37.8 37.8 37.5 36.9 32.9
Mongolia 36.2 43.0 41.9 34.4 33.0
Poland 32.1 32.8 32.8 32.9 33.1
Uzbekistan 23.2 27.4 32.0 30.8 33.2
Russian Federation 38.1 37.2 36.4 36.1 33.6
Slovak Republic 36.1 38.7 38.2 38.3 34.1
Nigeria 43.5 41.9 40.7 41.5 34.2
Mexico 35.2 36.4 36.1 36.6 34.3
Guyana 20.0 30.0 33.0 34.6 34.3
Ecuador 33.4 35.6 36.2 39.3 34.3
Colombia 32.8 33.8 33.7 35.5 34.5
Mauritania 32.4 45.9 38.8 38.8 34.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.0 31.3 31.9 35.5 35.1
Armenia 45.3 44.7 43.9 43.5 35.8
Bolivia 32.0 35.1 36.4 38.4 36.2
Korea, Rep. 37.5 36.9 37.0 36.3 36.7
Czech Republic 37.7 38.2 38.2 37.7 36.8
Liechtenstein 38.6 39.9 39.2 36.0 36.9
Peru 37.0 39.3 41.1 39.2 37.0
Vietnam 38.1 38.6 38.5 37.1 37.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.3 38.4 36.8 37.9 37.6
Chile 36.9 44.9 43.7 38.5 38.0
Norway 42.6 44.5 41.9 44.8 38.4
Romania 35.9 36.7 38.2 38.0 38.5
Kazakhstan 40.1 42.1 40.6 43.3 40.3
Guinea 34.8 39.9 39.5 42.4 40.3
Malaysia 46.4 46.5 44.6 45.1 41.0
Belarus 44.0 43.0 43.2 45.4 43.2
Bhutan 37.3 39.0 45.4 44.5 43.2
Thailand 44.0 44.3 44.7 44.1 43.3
Venezuela, RB 57.8 56.5 53.3 54.1 44.2
China 46.9 47.4 46.7 46.8 45.7
Swaziland 44.7 46.7 46.5 46.4 46.1
Indonesia 46.5 46.9 46.8 48.1 47.7
Algeria 59.7 60.5 58.6 59.5 48.9
Gabon 58.1 57.7 55.7 60.4 49.1
Suriname 37.3 40.2 55.3 57.9 51.8
United Arab Emirates 55.6 57.9 54.8 58.0 52.0
Turkmenistan 37.6 36.3 38.1 53.7 53.5
Saudi Arabia 62.1 62.9 63.0 66.8 55.0
Trinidad and Tobago 60.3 61.3 62.1 66.2 55.5
Angola 67.1 67.5 66.6 67.5 59.0
Oman 63.5 63.7 61.1 66.9 59.6
Azerbaijan 63.6 68.7 68.5 70.2 61.1
Brunei Darussalam 71.6 73.2 71.3 74.1 65.4
Congo, Rep. 71.9 75.5 73.2 77.4 71.1
Puerto Rico 87.1 86.6 86.6 88.3 93.1
Liberia
Taiwan, China
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Equatorial Guinea
San Marino
Curacao
Gambia, The
Haiti
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Libya 75.5 78.5 76.4 78.2
Papua New Guinea
Northern Mariana Islands
Kuwait
Qatar
Myanmar
Djibouti 16.6 16.4 16.9
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Syrian Arab Republic 36.2 35.3 33.0
Samoa
New Caledonia
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.7 43.6 44.5
Iraq
Bahrain
Israel
Monaco
Marshall Islands
Greenland
Yemen, Rep. 49.0 49.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guam
Solomon Islands 8.1 6.8
American Samoa
Somalia

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