Country name 2010 2011 2012 2013
Macao SAR, China 7.3 6.4 6.2
Bermuda 7.8 6.8 6.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.2
Sierra Leone 8.2 8.0 8.6 8.0
Liberia 5.0 8.3 16.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.2 9.2
Tuvalu 6.0 9.5 5.8 8.7
Palau 10.4 9.8 7.8 8.3
Ethiopia 10.2 10.5 10.3 11.9
Vanuatu 13.7 10.9 8.4 8.8
Comoros 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.5
Chad 12.3 13.1 12.7 15.4
Luxembourg 12.9 13.2 13.6 12.2
Guinea-Bissau 13.3 13.2 15.0 13.7
Central African Republic 13.8 13.8 13.7
Albania 14.3 14.3 14.4 15.3
Greece 15.2 14.3 13.8 13.8
Rwanda 12.9 14.4 14.4 14.9
Seychelles 14.0 14.6 15.4 11.3
Benin 14.7 14.7 14.2 14.0
Barbados 15.3 14.8 15.7
Dominica 14.6 15.2 14.5 14.0
Nepal 15.6 15.4 15.5 15.7
Togo 16.6 15.5
Grenada 17.0 15.6 14.3 15.2
St. Lucia 15.9 15.6 15.1 14.4
Sao Tome and Principe 16.9 15.9
Madagascar 15.9 16.0 16.0 16.1
Niger 15.6 16.1 19.4 19.4
Lebanon 14.9 16.1 20.5 19.8
Aruba 16.4 16.3
Moldova 15.9 16.8 16.7 16.6
Burundi 16.7 16.9 16.9 17.7
Bahamas, The 16.3 17.0 18.1 18.3
Antigua and Barbuda 19.1 17.1 16.6 18.1
Cabo Verde 17.6 17.4 17.0
Montenegro 20.6 18.1 17.9 18.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.5 18.4 17.8 17.7
Maldives 15.5 19.0 22.5
Malawi 19.6 19.2 20.1 18.8
France 19.6 19.8 20.0 19.8
Fiji 20.2 20.1 20.0 20.2
Mozambique 20.5 20.3 20.8 20.8
Uganda 18.1 20.4 21.3 20.8
Cuba 20.5 20.5
United States 20.4 20.8 21.0
United Kingdom 20.6 21.0 20.5 20.2
Kenya 20.8 21.0 20.7 19.8
Jamaica 20.9 21.2 20.8
Pakistan 20.6 21.2 22.1 21.1
Panama 20.9 21.5 22.1
Tonga 20.4 21.6 21.5
Portugal 22.6 22.1 21.6 21.1
Netherlands 22.1 22.4 22.3 22.2
Tajikistan 28.2 22.5 22.5 21.7
Mali 20.1 22.5 22.7
Belize 21.7 22.6 20.2 19.1
Timor-Leste 17.7 23.1 19.8
Georgia 22.2 23.1 24.5 24.0
West Bank and Gaza 24.1 23.4 25.1
Denmark 22.8 23.4 23.1 22.9
Belgium 23.7 23.4 23.0 22.5
Afghanistan 21.9 23.5 21.8 21.2
Cambodia 23.3 23.5 24.4 25.6
Tanzania 21.1 23.6 23.0 23.2
Italy 24.4 24.2 23.6 23.3
Cote d'Ivoire 22.4 24.2 22.4 22.3
Nigeria 22.0 24.8 23.7 22.0
Uruguay 26.9 24.9 24.7 25.4
Senegal 23.4 24.9 24.2 24.0
Spain 26.0 24.9 23.5 23.3
Iceland 24.3 25.3 24.5
Costa Rica 26.2 25.4 25.3 25.2
Mauritius 26.2 25.4 24.7 24.3
Ghana 19.1 25.6 28.6 28.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.7 26.0 26.3 25.5
Japan 27.5 26.1 25.6
Bangladesh 26.1 26.4 26.7 27.6
Singapore 27.6 26.4 26.7 25.1
Kosovo 27.5 26.4 28.7 29.1
Switzerland 26.3 26.6 26.1 25.7
El Salvador 26.7 26.9 26.9 27.0
Croatia 27.1 27.0 27.1 27.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.6 27.3 26.6 27.1
Sudan 28.4 27.4 22.4 21.7
Ireland 26.4 27.5 27.0 24.1
Brazil 28.1 27.5 26.0 25.0
Dominican Republic 28.1 27.7 27.1 26.9
Honduras 27.6 27.8 27.9 27.3
Turkey 26.9 27.9 27.1 27.1
Sweden 28.9 28.2 26.9 25.9
Australia 27.0 28.5 28.2 26.8
Austria 28.6 28.5 28.5 28.2
Nicaragua 26.9 28.8 29.3 30.9
Finland 30.0 28.9 27.2 26.9
Macedonia, FYR 27.7 29.1 25.4 26.2
Estonia 28.0 29.2 29.0 28.9
Paraguay 30.1 29.3 30.4 28.4
Guatemala 28.9 29.3 29.5 29.0
Serbia 28.4 29.5 30.3
Cameroon 29.9 29.6 30.2 29.9
Sri Lanka 29.4 29.9 31.5 32.5
South Africa 30.2 29.9 29.7 29.9
Bulgaria 27.8 30.0 30.1 27.9
Ukraine 31.3 30.0 29.2 26.9
Hungary 30.4 30.1 30.4 30.2
Namibia 30.2 30.1 32.2 33.4
Burkina Faso 24.4 30.2 29.6 29.4
Morocco 29.7 30.2 30.3 28.5
Germany 30.0 30.5 30.7 30.7
Argentina 30.9 30.5 29.6 28.5
Kyrgyz Republic 29.2 30.8 25.6 26.7
Slovenia 30.6 30.9 31.7 32.0
Jordan 30.7 31.1 30.1 29.7
Philippines 32.6 31.3 31.2 31.1
Tunisia 31.1 31.6 31.1 30.0
Uzbekistan 32.5 32.6 32.3 26.3
Zimbabwe 30.7 32.7 31.6 31.1
Lesotho 30.8 33.1 31.8
India 27.2 33.1 31.9 30.7
Poland 32.9 33.7 32.9 33.2
Guyana 33.1 33.7 33.9 32.8
Armenia 37.0 33.8 33.2 31.5
Lao PDR 31.8 34.8 36.0 33.1
Slovak Republic 35.5 35.7 35.3 33.2
Zambia 35.5 35.9 34.4 33.9
Mongolia 37.5 36.3 31.9 33.3
Mexico 35.1 36.3 36.4 34.8
Czech Republic 36.8 37.1 37.0 36.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 35.2 37.4 37.8 38.2
Russian Federation 34.7 37.4 36.8 36.3
Colombia 35.0 37.6 37.6 37.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 37.5 37.6 39.2 39.2
Vietnam 38.2 37.9 38.6 38.3
Korea, Rep. 38.3 38.4 38.1 38.6
Chile 39.6 38.7 36.3 35.3
Bolivia 37.3 38.9 38.7 38.1
Ecuador 36.3 39.0 39.4 38.7
Botswana 40.1 40.0 35.3 36.9
Malaysia 41.2 40.4 40.8 40.5
Kazakhstan 42.9 40.9 39.5 36.9
Norway 39.3 41.6 42.0 40.8
Belarus 42.2 42.7 43.0 42.2
Romania 42.1 42.8 42.3 43.2
Thailand 44.7 43.0 43.6 42.5
Bhutan 44.5 43.0 44.3 44.6
Guinea 44.8 44.8 41.7 37.7
China 46.7 46.6 45.3 43.9
Indonesia 47.0 47.1 46.8 45.7
Swaziland 49.9 47.7
Mauritania 41.8 48.3 42.9 41.5
Turkmenistan 48.4 48.4 48.4
Algeria 51.4 50.9 50.7 47.6
Suriname 52.4 53.0 52.9 48.6
United Arab Emirates 54.9 60.1 59.6 59.0
Trinidad and Tobago 62.7 61.4 57.4 56.5
Angola 59.9 62.1 61.8 57.8
Saudi Arabia 58.5 63.8 60.7 60.6
Gabon 59.4 63.9 64.0
Azerbaijan 64.1 65.6 63.1 62.1
Oman 64.1 70.6 69.2 67.3
Brunei Darussalam 66.8 72.2 71.1 68.2
Qatar 68.1 72.5 72.2 69.6
Kuwait 66.1 72.7 74.8 73.3
Congo, Rep. 75.4 76.6 74.8 72.0
Puerto Rico 96.7 95.4 93.1 95.5
Latvia 21.8
Guam
New Caledonia
Andorra
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Myanmar
Greenland
Monaco
Solomon Islands
Kiribati 8.2
American Samoa
Somalia
Gambia, The
New Zealand 23.8
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Samoa
Syrian Arab Republic
French Polynesia
Djibouti
Faeroe Islands
Libya
Canada 27.7
Cyprus
Papua New Guinea
Curacao
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Lithuania 27.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
Peru
Liechtenstein
Eritrea
Isle of Man
Bahrain
Iraq
Haiti
Cayman Islands
Equatorial Guinea
Venezuela, RB 52.2
Israel
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Yemen, Rep.
Malta 32.7
Marshall Islands

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