Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Kiribati 7 8 12 9 10
Comoros 8 8 9 11 12
Equatorial Guinea 10 11 12 19 24
Gambia, The 10 11 15 15 15
Uganda 11 11 12 13 13
Myanmar 11 11 10 9 9
Sierra Leone 11 19 36 41 33
Ethiopia 12 11 9 7 9
Benin 13 12 12 13 12
Lao PDR 13 15 17 18 18
Mali 14 16 17 16 16
Sudan 14 15 13 12 13
Madagascar 15 13 13 13 12
Tonga 15 14 12 13 12
Seychelles 16 16 18 18 19
Panama 16 15 17 17 18
Nepal 17 16 17 20 21
Chad 17 18 13 13 14
Guinea-Bissau 17 19 10 11 10
Ghana 17 17 17 17 28
Rwanda 17 25 21 19 18
Niger 18 16 18 18 18
Bahamas, The 18 16 18 18 15
Grenada 18 18 20 20 19
Cuba 18 19 18 18 17
Dominica 19 19 19 20 21
Barbados 19 21 20 17 17
Kenya 19 19 20 18 17
Central African Republic 19 20 21 21 22
Burundi 20 19 20 21 22
St. Lucia 20 18 19 20 21
Djibouti 21 22 22 17 15
Cabo Verde 21 26 26 27 26
Senegal 21 22 22 24 23
Bangladesh 21 21 22 22 24
Cote d'Ivoire 22 23 22 21 23
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22 29 29 29 38
Antigua and Barbuda 22 20 21 19 18
Vietnam 23 23 24 27 29
Burkina Faso 23 21 20 21 21
Liberia 24 17 17 16 15
Bhutan 24 25 26 28 30
Pakistan 24 25 25 25 25
Fiji 24 24 24 25 26
Mozambique 24 18 15 17 13
Togo 24 23 25 24 21
Honduras 25 26 27 30 30
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 25 23 24 24 25
Jordan 25 26 24 27 27
Syrian Arab Republic 25 25 23 19 20
Denmark 26 26 25 25 24
Belize 26 22 22 22 22
India 27 26 25 26 25
Cyprus 27 26 27 26 25
Sri Lanka 27 26 26 26 26
France 27 27 27 26 25
Suriname 27 24 18 17 16
St. Kitts and Nevis 28 29 26 26 25
Malawi 28 29 27 32 24
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28 29 33 33 33
Luxembourg 29 27 25 24 22
United States 29 28 27 26 26
Ecuador 29 30 30 31 27
Portugal 29 29 27 27 27
Netherlands 29 29 29 28 27
Mexico 29 28 28 28 33
Guyana 29 25 32 29 36
Cameroon 30 29 30 26 32
Mauritania 30 29 24 23 25
New Zealand 30 29 28 28 28
Australia 31 31 30 29 29
Switzerland 31 31 31 30 30
Sweden 32 30 29 28 27
Congo, Dem. Rep. 32 29 18 16 17
Costa Rica 32 30 30 31 30
Papua New Guinea 32 32 36 42 41
Dominican Republic 32 31 36 36 36
Belgium 32 31 29 29 28
Lesotho 32 34 39 42 38
Iceland 32 31 31 30 30
Uzbekistan 33 33 37 36 34
Canada 33 31 29 29 29
Austria 33 33 33 32 31
Mauritius 33 33 33 33 33
Italy 33 31 31 30 30
Norway 33 33 32 32 32
Singapore 34 32 34 33 34
Ireland 34 34 34 35 34
Uruguay 34 35 36 33 30
Turkmenistan 34 30 31 12 64
Guinea 34 33 32 28 29
Turkey 34 32 33 32 31
Morocco 34 33 32 34 34
Bolivia 34 35 34 34 32
Spain 34 34 33 31 30
Finland 35 33 30 29 30
Philippines 35 34 34 33 33
Tunisia 35 34 33 33 32
Zimbabwe 35 33 37 41 33
United Kingdom 36 32 31 31 30
Tajikistan 36 38 37 46 47
Peru 36 27 27 28 29
Thailand 36 37 39 38 40
Japan 37 38 37 36 35
Germany 38 37 36 35 33
Congo, Rep. 38 41 36 36 35
Colombia 38 38 37 35 36
Indonesia 38 39 40 40 40
Georgia 39 33 37 24 22
Mongolia 39 42 38 37 33
Angola 39 41 33 53 51
Moldova 39 37 33 31 44
Malaysia 40 42 42 41 40
South Africa 41 40 38 36 36
Korea, Rep. 41 42 43 41 42
Gabon 42 43 45 43 45
Chile 42 41 40 38 36
Argentina 42 36 33 31 29
Puerto Rico 42 43 42 44 45
Saudi Arabia 42 49 48 51 48
Bahrain 42 46 40 37 38
Brazil 43 39 36 39 42
Namibia 43 38 35 34 29
China 43 41 42 43 47
Nigeria 44 45 46 53 43
Trinidad and Tobago 44 47 46 44 44
Hungary 44 39 33 31 30
Swaziland 44 43 42 42 42
Latvia 44 46 44 35 35
Albania 45 48 43 23 23
Algeria 46 48 53 50 49
Ukraine 48 45 50 51 38
Oman 49 54 49 49 46
Russian Federation 50 48 48 43 45
Zambia 52 51 51 49 42
Kuwait 54 52 20 42 52
United Arab Emirates 55 59 47 55 51
Venezuela, RB 57 61 56 54 52
Malta 57 56 55 52 50
Bulgaria 58 49 44 43 37
Slovak Republic 58 59 60 38 35
Brunei Darussalam 60 62 60 60 57
Botswana 65 61 59 56 53
Northern Mariana Islands
Afghanistan
Liechtenstein
Palau 13 9
Czech Republic 40 41 41 38
Kyrgyz Republic 35 35 38 32
Armenia 52 49 39 27
Lithuania 31 51 43 41
St. Martin (French part)
Paraguay 39 38 35
Cambodia 13
Kosovo
Tuvalu
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Vanuatu
Poland 50 47 40 39
French Polynesia
Kazakhstan 45 39
Eritrea 12 16
Jamaica 37
Croatia 36 35 33 36
Qatar
New Caledonia 23 24 21 20
Romania 50 45 44 42
Azerbaijan 33 31 40 34
Nicaragua
Macedonia, FYR 44 36 39 35
Israel
American Samoa
Samoa
Monaco
San Marino
Greece
Sao Tome and Principe
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
Estonia
Iraq
El Salvador 27 27 30 30
Serbia
Curacao
Hong Kong SAR, China
Cayman Islands
Libya
Tanzania 18 17 16 16
Bermuda
Timor-Leste
Haiti
Guatemala
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belarus 47 50 48 38
West Bank and Gaza
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macao SAR, China 21 19 17
Aruba
Montenegro
Maldives
Somalia
Andorra
Guam
Marshall Islands
South Sudan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Greenland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Slovenia 42 45 41 39
Yemen, Rep. 34 31 28 25
Solomon Islands 5 16 13 12
Lebanon

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