Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Solomon Islands 5 16 13 12
Kiribati 7 8 12 9 10
Comoros 8 8 9 11 12
Ethiopia 11 10 8 6 8
Myanmar 11 11 10 9 9
Gambia, The 10 11 15 15 15
Uganda 11 11 12 13 13
Benin 13 12 12 13 12
Madagascar 15 13 13 13 12
Tonga 15 14 12 13 12
Lao PDR 13 15 17 18 18
Panama 16 15 17 17 18
Sudan 14 15 13 12 13
Mali 14 16 17 16 16
Niger 18 16 18 18 18
Nepal 17 16 17 20 21
Seychelles 16 16 18 18 19
Bahamas, The 18 16 18 18 15
Liberia 24 17 17 16 15
Ghana 17 17 17 17 28
Tanzania 18 17 16 16
Chad 17 18 13 13 14
Grenada 18 18 20 20 19
St. Lucia 20 18 19 20 21
Mozambique 24 18 15 17 13
Guinea-Bissau 17 19 10 11 10
Dominica 19 19 19 20 21
Cuba 18 19 18 18 17
Burundi 20 19 20 21 22
Kenya 19 19 20 18 17
Sierra Leone 11 19 36 41 33
Antigua and Barbuda 22 20 21 19 18
Central African Republic 19 20 21 21 22
Barbados 19 21 20 17 17
Burkina Faso 23 21 20 21 21
Bangladesh 21 21 22 22 24
Djibouti 21 22 22 17 15
Senegal 21 22 22 24 23
Belize 26 22 22 22 22
Togo 24 23 25 24 21
Vietnam 23 23 24 27 29
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 25 23 24 24 25
New Caledonia 23 24 21 20
Fiji 24 24 24 25 26
Suriname 27 24 18 17 16
Rwanda 17 25 21 19 18
Bhutan 24 25 26 28 30
Guyana 29 25 32 29 36
Pakistan 24 25 25 25 25
Syrian Arab Republic 25 25 23 19 20
Denmark 26 26 25 25 24
Cyprus 27 26 27 26 25
Sri Lanka 27 26 26 26 26
Jordan 25 26 24 27 27
Cote d'Ivoire 22 26 25 24 23
Honduras 25 26 27 30 30
India 27 26 25 26 25
France 27 27 27 26 25
Luxembourg 29 27 25 24 22
El Salvador 27 27 30 30
United States 29 28 27 26 26
Mexico 29 28 28 28 32
Portugal 29 29 27 27 27
New Zealand 30 29 28 28 28
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28 29 33 33 33
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22 29 29 29 38
Mauritania 30 29 24 23 25
Malawi 28 29 27 32 24
St. Kitts and Nevis 28 29 26 26 25
Congo, Dem. Rep. 32 29 18 16 17
Peru 27 29 29 29 31
Netherlands 29 29 29 28 27
Cameroon 30 29 30 26 32
Turkmenistan 34 30 31 12 64
Ecuador 29 30 30 31 27
Costa Rica 32 30 30 31 30
Cabo Verde 21 30 30 32 23
Sweden 32 30 29 28 27
Iceland 32 31 31 30 30
Lithuania 31 51 43 41
Switzerland 31 31 31 30 30
Canada 33 31 29 29 29
Australia 31 31 30 29 29
Italy 33 31 31 30 30
Belgium 32 31 29 29 28
Dominican Republic 32 31 36 36 36
Namibia 37 32 28 28 25
United Kingdom 36 32 31 31 30
Turkey 34 32 33 32 31
Singapore 34 32 34 34 34
Papua New Guinea 32 32 36 42 41
Mauritius 33 33 33 33 33
Azerbaijan 33 31 40 34
Austria 33 33 33 32 31
Uzbekistan 33 33 37 36 34
Zimbabwe 35 33 37 41 33
Finland 35 33 30 29 30
Guinea 34 33 32 28 29
Norway 33 33 32 32 32
Morocco 34 33 32 34 34
Georgia 39 33 37 24 22
Tunisia 35 34 33 33 32
Spain 34 34 33 31 30
Ireland 34 34 34 35 34
Lesotho 32 34 39 42 38
Yemen, Rep. 34 31 28 25
Philippines 35 34 34 33 33
Uruguay 34 35 36 33 30
Bolivia 34 35 34 34 32
Kyrgyz Republic 35 35 38 32
Croatia 36 35 33 36
Argentina 42 36 33 31 29
Moldova 39 37 33 31 44
Thailand 36 37 39 38 40
Germany 38 37 36 35 33
Japan 37 38 37 36 35
Tajikistan 36 38 37 46 47
Colombia 38 38 37 35 36
Korea, Rep. 38 38 39 38 38
Brazil 43 39 36 39 42
Hungary 44 39 33 31 30
Indonesia 38 39 40 40 40
South Africa 41 40 38 36 36
Czech Republic 40 41 41 38
Congo, Rep. 38 41 36 36 35
Angola 39 41 33 53 51
China 43 41 42 43 47
Chile 42 41 40 38 36
Malaysia 40 42 42 41 40
Slovenia 42 45 41 39
Mongolia 39 42 38 37 33
Puerto Rico 42 43 42 44 45
Gabon 42 43 45 43 45
Swaziland 44 43 42 42 42
Macedonia, FYR 44 36 39 35
Ukraine 48 45 50 51 38
Nigeria 44 45 46 53 43
Bahrain 42 46 40 37 38
Central Europe and the Baltics 46 44 39 37
Latvia 44 46 44 35 35
Belarus 47 50 48 38
Trinidad and Tobago 44 47 46 44 44
Algeria 46 48 53 50 49
Albania 45 48 43 23 23
Russian Federation 50 48 48 43 45
Saudi Arabia 42 49 48 51 48
Bulgaria 58 49 44 43 37
Romania 50 45 44 42
Poland 50 47 40 39
Zambia 52 51 51 49 42
Armenia 52 49 39 27
Kuwait 54 52 20 42 52
Oman 49 54 49 49 46
Malta 57 56 55 52 50
United Arab Emirates 55 59 47 55 51
Slovak Republic 58 59 60 38 35
Venezuela, RB 57 61 56 54 52
Botswana 65 61 59 56 53
Brunei Darussalam 60 62 60 60 57
Liechtenstein
Samoa
Estonia
San Marino
Greenland
Sao Tome and Principe
Cayman Islands
Macao SAR, China 21 19 17
Guam
Kosovo
French Polynesia
Libya
Equatorial Guinea
Montenegro
Lebanon
Serbia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kazakhstan 45 39
Qatar
Jamaica 37
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greece
Paraguay 39 38 35
Faeroe Islands
Maldives
Eritrea 12 16
Palau 13 9
Curacao
Timor-Leste
Cambodia 13
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Monaco
West Bank and Gaza
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Bermuda
Nicaragua
Tuvalu
Guatemala
Aruba
Andorra
Israel
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Somalia
Vanuatu
Iraq
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Hong Kong SAR, China
Afghanistan
Haiti
Fragile and conflict affected situations

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