Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Ethiopia 10 8 6 8 9
Comoros 8 9 11 12 14
Guinea-Bissau 19 10 11 10 12
Myanmar 11 10 9 9 9
Kiribati 8 12 9 10 9
Benin 12 12 13 12 13
Tonga 14 12 13 12 21
Uganda 11 12 13 13 14
Sudan 15 13 12 13 10
Vanuatu 14 13 11 10 13
Madagascar 13 13 13 12 10
Chad 18 13 13 14 12
Mozambique 18 15 17 13 15
Solomon Islands 5 16 13 12 15
Liberia 17 17 16 15 14
Panama 15 17 17 18 17
Lao PDR 15 17 18 18 18
Mali 16 17 16 16 19
Tanzania 18 17 16 16 15
Ghana 17 17 17 28 28
Nepal 16 17 20 21 22
Congo, Dem. Rep. 29 18 16 17 16
Niger 16 18 18 18 17
Cuba 19 18 18 17 21
Seychelles 16 18 18 19 20
Suriname 24 18 17 16 28
Bahamas, The 16 18 18 15 17
Dominica 19 19 20 21 20
St. Lucia 18 19 20 21 20
Burundi 19 20 21 22 22
Barbados 21 20 17 17 16
Kenya 19 20 18 17 17
Grenada 18 20 20 19 20
Burkina Faso 21 20 21 21 22
Macao SAR, China 21 19 17 16
Antigua and Barbuda 20 21 19 18 18
Rwanda 25 21 19 18 21
Central African Republic 20 21 21 22 22
Djibouti 22 22 17 15 14
Bangladesh 21 22 22 24 24
Belize 22 22 22 22 21
Senegal 22 22 24 23 24
Syrian Arab Republic 25 23 19 20 20
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23 24 24 25 26
Vietnam 23 24 27 29 29
New Caledonia 23 24 21 20 19
Mauritania 29 24 23 25 25
Fiji 24 24 25 26 26
Jordan 26 24 27 27 29
Cote d'Ivoire 26 25 24 23 21
Togo 23 25 24 21 21
India 26 25 26 25 26
Pakistan 25 25 25 25 24
Sri Lanka 26 26 26 26 26
Bhutan 25 26 28 30 30
Denmark 26 26 26 25 25
St. Kitts and Nevis 29 26 26 25 23
France 27 27 26 25 24
Cyprus 26 27 26 25 23
Malawi 29 27 32 24 22
El Salvador 27 27 30 30 30
Honduras 26 27 30 30 29
Mexico 28 28 28 32 31
New Zealand 29 28 28 28 29
Namibia 32 28 28 25 27
Netherlands 29 28 28 27 27
Morocco 30 29 30 30 27
Iran, Islamic Rep. 29 29 29 38 39
Cameroon 29 30 26 32 32
Italy 31 30 29 29 29
Costa Rica 30 30 31 30 30
Ecuador 30 30 31 27 26
Sweden 32 30 29 28 29
Australia 31 30 29 29 29
Cabo Verde 30 30 32 23 31
Finland 34 30 30 31 32
Yemen, Rep. 34 31 28 25 25
United Kingdom 31 31 30 29 30
Switzerland 31 31 30 30 31
Turkmenistan 30 31 12 64 47
Azerbaijan 33 31 40 34 28
Guinea 33 32 28 29 26
Guyana 25 32 29 36 37
Norway 33 32 32 32 32
Turkey 32 33 32 31 33
Argentina 36 33 31 29 24
Mauritius 33 33 33 33 32
Tunisia 34 33 33 32 34
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29 33 33 33 33
Austria 33 33 33 32 32
Angola 41 33 53 51 67
Moldova 37 33 31 44 38
Bolivia 35 34 34 32 32
Philippines 34 34 33 33 33
Singapore 32 34 34 34 34
Dominican Republic 34 35 34 34 34
Kyrgyz Republic 35 35 38 32 25
Uruguay 35 36 33 30 28
Macedonia, FYR 44 36 39 35 30
Sierra Leone 19 36 41 33 40
Congo, Rep. 41 36 36 35 45
Brazil 39 36 39 42 40
Papua New Guinea 32 36 42 41 34
Uzbekistan 33 37 36 34 26
Germany 37 36 34 33
Tajikistan 38 37 46 47 41
Georgia 33 37 24 22 10
Colombia 38 37 35 36 31
Zimbabwe 33 37 41 33 32
Japan 38 38 37 35 34
Mongolia 42 38 37 33 33
South Africa 40 38 36 36 35
Thailand 37 39 38 40 41
Paraguay 39 38 35 35
Lesotho 34 39 42 38 40
Korea, Rep. 38 39 38 38 38
Bahrain 46 40 37 38 37
Chile 41 40 38 36 36
Indonesia 39 40 40 40 41
China 41 42 43 47 47
Malaysia 42 42 41 40 40
Swaziland 43 42 42 42 42
Albania 48 43 23 23 22
Bulgaria 49 44 43 37 35
Latvia 46 44 35 35 31
Gabon 43 45 43 45 53
Romania 50 45 44 42 46
Nigeria 45 46 53 43 33
Trinidad and Tobago 47 46 44 44 49
United Arab Emirates 59 47 55 51 46
Russian Federation 48 48 43 45 45
Saudi Arabia 49 48 51 48 47
Armenia 52 49 39 27 37
Oman 54 49 49 46 45
Belarus 47 50 48 38 36
Ukraine 45 50 51 38 48
Lithuania 31 51 43 41 36
Zambia 51 51 49 42 43
Algeria 48 53 50 49 49
Malta 56 55 52 50 51
Venezuela, RB 61 56 54 52 44
Botswana 61 59 56 53 47
Brunei Darussalam 62 60 60 57 54
Puerto Rico 83 82 86 88 88
French Polynesia
Palau 13 9 8
Jamaica 37 37
Israel
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Greece
Ireland
Equatorial Guinea
Peru
Kazakhstan 45 39 40
Iraq
Nicaragua 22
Poland
Luxembourg
Portugal
Estonia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
United States
Timor-Leste
Kuwait
Northern Mariana Islands
Qatar 51
Kosovo
Afghanistan
Marshall Islands
Libya
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Iceland
Spain
Samoa
Gambia, The
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
Sao Tome and Principe
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Eritrea 12 16 14
Hungary
Czech Republic 39 39
Serbia
Croatia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Canada
Haiti
Cambodia 13 14
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26
Maldives
Guatemala
Belgium
Bermuda
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Montenegro
Slovenia
Monaco
Guam
Aruba 17
Somalia
Andorra
Greenland
American Samoa
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza 33
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Lebanon 25

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