Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Ethiopia 11 10 8 6 8
Comoros 8 8 9 11 12
Guinea-Bissau 17 19 10 11 10
Myanmar 11 11 10 9 9
Kiribati 7 8 12 9 10
Benin 13 12 12 13 12
Tonga 15 14 12 13 12
Uganda 11 11 12 13 13
Sudan 14 15 13 12 13
Madagascar 15 13 13 13 12
Chad 17 18 13 13 14
Mozambique 24 18 15 17 13
Gambia, The 10 11 15 15 15
Solomon Islands 5 16 13 12
Liberia 24 17 17 16 15
Panama 16 15 17 17 18
Lao PDR 13 15 17 18 18
Mali 14 16 17 16 16
Tanzania 18 17 16 16
Ghana 17 17 17 17 28
Nepal 17 16 17 20 21
Congo, Dem. Rep. 32 29 18 16 17
Niger 18 16 18 18 18
Cuba 18 19 18 18 17
Seychelles 16 16 18 18 19
Suriname 27 24 18 17 16
Bahamas, The 18 16 18 18 15
Dominica 19 19 19 20 21
St. Lucia 20 18 19 20 21
Burundi 20 19 20 21 22
Barbados 19 21 20 17 17
Kenya 19 19 20 18 17
Kuwait 54 52 20 42 52
Grenada 18 18 20 20 19
Burkina Faso 23 21 20 21 21
Macao SAR, China 21 19 17
Antigua and Barbuda 22 20 21 19 18
Rwanda 17 25 21 19 18
Central African Republic 19 20 21 21 22
Djibouti 21 22 22 17 15
Bangladesh 21 21 22 22 24
Belize 26 22 22 22 22
Senegal 21 22 22 24 23
Syrian Arab Republic 25 25 23 19 20
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 25 23 24 24 25
Vietnam 23 23 24 27 29
New Caledonia 23 24 21 20
Mauritania 30 29 24 23 25
Fiji 24 24 24 25 26
Jordan 25 26 24 27 27
Cote d'Ivoire 22 26 25 24 23
Luxembourg 29 27 25 24 22
Togo 24 23 25 24 21
Denmark 26 26 25 25 24
India 27 26 25 26 25
Pakistan 24 25 25 25 25
Sri Lanka 27 26 26 26 26
Bhutan 24 25 26 28 30
St. Kitts and Nevis 28 29 26 26 25
United States 29 28 27 26 26
Cyprus 27 26 27 26 25
France 27 27 27 26 25
Malawi 28 29 27 32 24
El Salvador 27 27 30 30
Portugal 29 29 27 27 27
Honduras 25 26 27 30 30
Mexico 29 28 28 28 32
New Zealand 30 29 28 28 28
Namibia 37 32 28 28 25
Peru 27 29 29 29 31
Netherlands 29 29 29 28 27
Canada 32 31 29 28 28
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22 29 29 29 38
Sweden 32 30 29 28 27
Belgium 32 31 29 29 28
Cameroon 30 29 30 26 32
Finland 35 33 30 29 30
Costa Rica 32 30 30 31 30
Ecuador 29 30 30 31 27
Australia 31 31 30 29 29
Cabo Verde 21 30 30 32 23
Italy 33 31 31 30 30
Iceland 32 31 31 30 30
Yemen, Rep. 34 31 28 25
Switzerland 31 31 31 30 30
Turkmenistan 34 30 31 12 64
United Kingdom 36 32 31 31 30
Azerbaijan 33 31 40 34
Guinea 34 33 32 28 29
Morocco 34 33 32 34 34
Guyana 29 25 32 29 36
Norway 33 33 32 32 32
Hungary 44 39 33 31 30
Turkey 34 32 33 32 31
Argentina 42 36 33 31 29
Austria 33 33 33 32 31
Spain 34 34 33 31 30
Mauritius 33 33 33 33 33
Tunisia 35 34 33 33 32
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28 29 33 33 33
Angola 39 41 33 53 51
Moldova 39 37 33 31 44
Bolivia 34 35 34 34 32
Ireland 34 34 34 35 34
Philippines 35 34 34 33 33
Singapore 34 32 34 34 34
Croatia 36 35 33 36
Kyrgyz Republic 35 35 38 32
Uruguay 34 35 36 33 30
Macedonia, FYR 44 36 39 35
Sierra Leone 11 19 36 41 33
Congo, Rep. 38 41 36 36 35
Brazil 43 39 36 39 42
Germany 38 37 36 35 33
Dominican Republic 32 31 36 36 36
Papua New Guinea 32 32 36 42 41
Uzbekistan 33 33 37 36 34
Tajikistan 36 38 37 46 47
Colombia 38 38 37 35 36
Georgia 39 33 37 24 22
Japan 37 38 37 36 35
Zimbabwe 35 33 37 41 33
Mongolia 39 42 38 37 33
South Africa 41 40 38 36 36
Thailand 36 37 39 38 40
Paraguay 39 38 35
Lesotho 32 34 39 42 38
Korea, Rep. 38 38 39 38 38
Bahrain 42 46 40 37 38
Chile 42 41 40 38 36
Indonesia 38 39 40 40 40
Czech Republic 40 41 41 38
China 43 41 42 43 47
Malaysia 40 42 42 41 40
Swaziland 44 43 42 42 42
Albania 45 48 43 23 23
Bulgaria 58 49 44 43 37
Latvia 44 46 44 35 35
Gabon 42 43 45 43 45
Slovenia 42 45 41 39
Romania 50 45 44 42
Nigeria 44 45 46 53 43
Trinidad and Tobago 44 47 46 44 44
United Arab Emirates 55 59 47 55 51
Poland 50 47 40 39
Russian Federation 50 48 48 43 45
Saudi Arabia 42 49 48 51 48
Armenia 52 49 39 27
Oman 49 54 49 49 46
Belarus 47 50 48 38
Ukraine 48 45 50 51 38
Lithuania 31 51 43 41
Zambia 52 51 51 49 42
Algeria 46 48 53 50 49
Malta 57 56 55 52 50
Venezuela, RB 57 61 56 54 52
Botswana 65 61 59 56 53
Brunei Darussalam 60 62 60 60 57
Slovak Republic 58 59 60 38 35
Puerto Rico 83 83 82 86 88
San Marino
Equatorial Guinea
Sao Tome and Principe
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
French Polynesia
Kosovo
Samoa
Serbia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Greece
Kazakhstan 45 39
Estonia
Jamaica 37
Timor-Leste
Guatemala
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Libya
Greenland
Palau 13 9
Montenegro
Marshall Islands
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Eritrea 12 16
Cambodia 13
Curacao
Afghanistan
Cayman Islands
Qatar
Monaco
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tuvalu
Maldives
Turks and Caicos Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Bermuda
Haiti
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
Aruba
Israel
Somalia
Vanuatu
Isle of Man
American Samoa
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza
Nicaragua
Iraq
Lebanon

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