Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Ethiopia 9.8 7.6 6.3 7.8 8.6
Comoros 8.3 9.4 11.4 12.0 13.6
Guinea-Bissau 18.6 9.8 10.7 10.1 11.6
Myanmar 10.5 9.8 9.4 8.9 8.6
Kiribati 7.6 11.8 9.1 9.9 8.9
Benin 12.5 12.0 12.7 12.2 13.3
Tonga 13.9 12.0 12.7 12.0 21.0
Uganda 11.1 12.4 13.2 13.1 13.9
Sudan 15.3 12.6 12.2 12.6 10.4
Vanuatu 14.1 12.7 10.9 10.0 12.7
Madagascar 12.8 13.1 12.5 11.9 9.7
Chad 17.7 13.3 13.4 14.1 11.9
Mozambique 18.4 14.6 16.7 13.1 15.2
Solomon Islands 5.0 15.7 13.4 12.2 14.6
Liberia 16.8 16.8 15.6 15.1 14.1
Panama 15.1 16.8 16.7 17.8 17.4
Lao PDR 14.5 16.8 17.8 17.7 18.1
Mali 15.9 16.9 15.8 16.3 18.9
Tanzania 17.7 16.9 16.2 15.6 15.1
Ghana 16.9 17.0 17.4 27.8 27.7
Nepal 16.2 17.4 20.4 20.7 21.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 29.0 17.6 16.5 16.5 16.0
Niger 16.2 17.6 17.9 17.9 17.3
Cuba 18.6 17.7 17.8 17.5 20.5
Seychelles 16.3 18.1 18.2 18.8 19.5
Suriname 24.2 18.2 17.0 16.4 28.4
Bahamas, The 16.4 18.4 18.2 15.1 17.2
Dominica 18.6 18.7 20.3 20.6 20.3
St. Lucia 18.1 18.9 20.0 21.0 19.8
Burundi 19.0 19.6 21.2 22.4 22.5
Barbados 20.8 19.6 17.2 16.5 16.3
Kenya 19.0 19.7 18.4 16.9 17.2
Grenada 18.0 20.0 19.8 18.9 19.6
Burkina Faso 21.2 20.2 21.2 20.6 22.0
Macao SAR, China 20.5 19.1 17.1 16.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.1 20.9 19.4 18.2 18.0
Rwanda 24.6 20.9 18.7 18.3 21.2
Central African Republic 20.4 21.3 21.1 21.9 22.1
Djibouti 22.0 21.7 17.1 15.2 14.1
Bangladesh 21.5 21.7 22.5 23.8 24.3
Belize 22.2 21.8 21.7 21.9 20.6
Senegal 22.2 22.2 24.2 23.5 24.0
Syrian Arab Republic 25.5 23.3 18.8 20.1 20.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 22.9 23.5 24.3 25.3 26.2
Vietnam 22.7 23.8 27.3 28.9 28.9
New Caledonia 23.3 24.1 20.6 20.3 19.5
Mauritania 28.8 24.1 23.4 24.6 24.7
Fiji 24.0 24.3 25.2 25.9 25.6
Jordan 26.2 24.4 27.5 27.4 29.1
Cote d'Ivoire 26.3 24.6 24.4 22.8 21.0
Togo 22.5 25.2 23.8 20.7 21.2
India 26.5 25.4 25.8 25.5 26.4
Pakistan 25.2 25.4 25.0 24.7 24.3
Sri Lanka 26.0 25.6 25.6 25.6 26.2
Bhutan 24.9 25.8 27.7 29.5 30.0
Denmark 26.1 25.9 26.0 24.9 25.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 28.9 26.5 26.2 25.2 23.2
France 26.9 26.7 26.2 25.2 24.4
Cyprus 25.9 26.7 25.6 24.7 23.2
Malawi 28.9 26.9 31.5 24.1 21.7
El Salvador 27.2 27.3 30.2 30.0 29.9
Honduras 26.4 27.3 29.6 30.1 28.8
Mexico 28.4 28.0 28.1 31.9 31.0
New Zealand 28.7 28.1 28.0 28.0 28.7
Namibia 31.5 28.1 27.7 25.3 26.9
Netherlands 28.9 28.5 27.5 27.1 26.7
Morocco 30.4 28.6 29.8 29.8 27.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 28.7 28.7 29.2 38.2 38.6
Cameroon 29.5 29.5 25.8 32.2 32.3
Italy 30.6 29.8 29.4 28.9 28.9
Costa Rica 29.9 30.1 30.9 30.2 29.6
Ecuador 29.9 30.2 31.3 27.4 26.4
Sweden 31.6 30.2 28.8 28.4 29.5
Australia 31.3 30.2 29.5 29.2 29.1
Cabo Verde 30.1 30.3 32.4 22.5 30.6
Finland 33.6 30.4 30.1 30.8 32.2
Yemen, Rep. 34.3 30.7 27.6 25.4 25.1
United Kingdom 31.4 30.8 30.1 29.4 29.8
Switzerland 31.3 30.9 30.1 29.7 30.5
Turkmenistan 29.6 31.0 11.9 64.0 46.7
Azerbaijan 32.9 31.4 40.0 33.8 28.2
Guinea 33.3 31.6 27.7 29.4 26.0
Guyana 24.9 32.0 29.0 35.7 36.7
Norway 33.4 32.2 31.9 31.6 32.1
Turkey 32.2 32.7 32.4 31.1 33.2
Argentina 36.0 32.7 30.7 29.2 24.4
Mauritius 32.8 33.1 33.2 33.0 32.3
Tunisia 33.6 33.1 32.8 32.4 33.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28.7 33.2 33.3 33.1 32.8
Austria 33.4 33.3 32.7 31.9 32.0
Angola 40.8 33.3 53.2 51.2 67.0
Moldova 36.7 33.3 31.5 44.0 38.4
Bolivia 34.8 33.7 33.6 32.2 31.6
Philippines 34.5 34.0 32.8 32.7 32.5
Singapore 32.3 34.1 34.0 34.1 33.5
Dominican Republic 34.0 35.0 34.0 33.8 34.4
Kyrgyz Republic 35.0 35.5 37.8 32.0 25.5
Uruguay 34.6 35.5 32.8 29.7 28.0
Macedonia, FYR 44.5 35.6 39.1 35.0 30.4
Sierra Leone 19.2 35.7 41.0 33.2 40.4
Congo, Rep. 40.6 36.0 35.5 35.3 45.5
Brazil 38.7 36.2 38.7 41.6 40.0
Papua New Guinea 32.4 36.5 41.7 40.5 33.8
Uzbekistan 33.0 36.6 35.8 34.5 26.4
Germany 36.8 35.8 33.7 33.4
Tajikistan 37.6 36.9 46.1 46.5 41.0
Georgia 33.1 37.1 23.9 22.0 10.3
Colombia 37.9 37.1 35.0 36.0 31.4
Zimbabwe 33.1 37.4 40.9 33.3 32.4
Japan 38.1 37.7 36.5 35.1 33.6
Mongolia 42.5 38.1 36.9 32.5 33.5
South Africa 40.1 38.4 36.4 35.5 35.0
Thailand 37.2 38.7 38.1 40.5 40.6
Paraguay 39.0 37.6 35.3 34.9
Lesotho 34.1 39.1 41.8 37.8 39.8
Korea, Rep. 38.2 39.2 37.9 38.2 38.0
Bahrain 45.7 39.9 37.2 37.9 37.4
Chile 41.5 40.1 38.1 35.8 35.6
Indonesia 39.1 40.4 39.6 39.7 40.6
China 41.3 41.8 43.5 46.6 46.6
Malaysia 42.2 42.1 41.1 40.1 40.0
Swaziland 43.2 42.2 42.1 42.3 42.2
Albania 48.2 42.7 23.3 22.9 21.7
Bulgaria 49.2 43.8 43.5 37.2 34.8
Latvia 46.2 43.9 34.9 35.0 31.3
Gabon 43.0 44.6 43.3 45.2 52.6
Romania 49.9 45.1 44.0 42.1 46.3
Nigeria 45.3 45.8 53.0 42.7 32.9
Trinidad and Tobago 47.2 46.5 43.8 43.7 48.7
United Arab Emirates 58.9 46.8 55.3 51.5 46.3
Russian Federation 48.4 47.6 43.0 44.6 44.7
Saudi Arabia 48.8 48.5 51.3 47.6 47.5
Armenia 52.0 49.2 39.4 26.9 37.0
Oman 54.1 49.4 48.8 45.7 45.1
Belarus 47.1 49.9 47.8 38.4 36.0
Ukraine 44.6 50.5 50.9 37.7 47.5
Lithuania 30.9 50.7 42.9 41.4 35.5
Zambia 51.3 51.0 49.0 41.9 42.8
Algeria 48.2 53.2 49.7 48.6 49.0
Malta 55.9 55.2 51.6 49.9 51.3
Venezuela, RB 60.6 56.4 54.4 51.6 44.1
Botswana 61.0 58.9 55.8 53.0 47.0
Brunei Darussalam 61.6 59.6 60.4 57.2 53.8
Puerto Rico 83.2 82.4 86.0 87.6 88.3
French Polynesia
Palau 12.6 8.7 8.0
Jamaica 37.1 36.6
Israel
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Greece
Ireland
Equatorial Guinea
Peru
Kazakhstan 44.6 39.4 40.0
Iraq
Nicaragua 21.8
Poland
Luxembourg
Portugal
Estonia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
United States
Timor-Leste
Kuwait
Northern Mariana Islands
Qatar 50.9
Kosovo
Afghanistan
Marshall Islands
Libya
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Iceland
Spain
Samoa
Gambia, The
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
Sao Tome and Principe
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Eritrea 12.0 15.7 14.2
Hungary
Czech Republic 38.9 38.7
Serbia
Croatia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Canada
Haiti
Cambodia 13.0 14.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.9
Maldives
Guatemala
Belgium
Bermuda
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Montenegro
Slovenia
Monaco
Guam
Aruba 16.7
Somalia
Andorra
Greenland
American Samoa
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza 33.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Lebanon 24.9

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