Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Ethiopia 11 10 8 6 8
Kiribati 7 8 12 9 10
Myanmar 11 11 10 9 9
Guinea-Bissau 17 19 10 11 10
Comoros 8 8 9 11 12
Turkmenistan 34 30 31 12 64
Eritrea 12 16
Sudan 14 15 13 12 13
Madagascar 15 13 13 13 12
Palau 13 9
Tonga 15 14 12 13 12
Benin 13 12 12 13 12
Uganda 11 11 12 13 13
Solomon Islands 5 16 13 12
Chad 17 18 13 13 14
Gambia, The 10 11 15 15 15
Liberia 24 17 17 16 15
Mali 14 16 17 16 16
Tanzania 18 17 16 16
Congo, Dem. Rep. 32 29 18 16 17
Mozambique 24 18 15 17 13
Panama 16 15 17 17 18
Suriname 27 24 18 17 16
Djibouti 21 22 22 17 15
Barbados 19 21 20 17 17
Ghana 17 17 17 17 28
Lao PDR 13 15 17 18 18
Cuba 18 19 18 18 17
Niger 18 16 18 18 18
Seychelles 16 16 18 18 19
Bahamas, The 18 16 18 18 15
Kenya 19 19 20 18 17
Rwanda 17 25 21 19 18
Syrian Arab Republic 25 25 23 19 20
Macao SAR, China 21 19 17
Antigua and Barbuda 22 20 21 19 18
Grenada 18 18 20 20 19
St. Lucia 20 18 19 20 21
Dominica 19 19 19 20 21
Nepal 17 16 17 20 21
New Caledonia 23 24 21 20
Central African Republic 19 20 21 21 22
Burundi 20 19 20 21 22
Burkina Faso 23 21 20 21 21
Belize 26 22 22 22 22
Bangladesh 21 21 22 22 24
Albania 45 48 43 23 23
Mauritania 30 29 24 23 25
Togo 24 23 25 24 21
Georgia 39 33 37 24 22
Luxembourg 29 27 25 24 22
Senegal 21 22 22 24 23
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 25 23 24 24 25
Cote d'Ivoire 22 26 25 24 23
Pakistan 24 25 25 25 25
Fiji 24 24 24 25 26
Denmark 26 26 25 25 24
Cyprus 27 26 27 26 25
Sri Lanka 27 26 26 26 26
Cameroon 30 29 30 26 32
India 27 26 25 26 25
United States 29 28 27 26 26
St. Kitts and Nevis 28 29 26 26 25
France 27 27 27 26 25
Portugal 29 29 27 27 27
Vietnam 23 23 24 27 29
Jordan 25 26 24 27 27
Yemen, Rep. 34 31 28 25
Namibia 37 32 28 28 25
Sweden 32 30 29 28 27
Bhutan 24 25 26 28 30
Guinea 34 33 32 28 29
Netherlands 29 29 29 28 27
New Zealand 30 29 28 28 28
Mexico 29 28 28 28 32
Canada 33 31 29 29 29
Belgium 32 31 29 29 28
Guyana 29 25 32 29 36
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22 29 29 29 38
Finland 35 33 30 29 30
Australia 31 31 30 29 29
Peru 27 29 29 29 31
Honduras 25 26 27 30 30
Italy 33 31 31 30 30
Iceland 32 31 31 30 30
Switzerland 31 31 31 30 30
El Salvador 27 27 30 30
United Kingdom 36 32 31 31 30
Argentina 42 36 33 31 29
Costa Rica 32 30 30 31 30
Hungary 44 39 33 31 30
Spain 34 34 33 31 30
Ecuador 29 30 30 31 27
Moldova 39 37 33 31 44
Malawi 28 29 27 32 24
Norway 33 33 32 32 32
Austria 33 33 33 32 31
Cabo Verde 21 30 30 32 23
Turkey 34 32 33 32 31
Uruguay 34 35 36 33 30
Philippines 35 34 34 33 33
Tunisia 35 34 33 33 32
Croatia 36 35 33 36
Mauritius 33 33 33 33 33
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28 29 33 33 33
Bolivia 34 35 34 34 32
Morocco 34 33 32 34 34
Singapore 34 32 34 34 34
Ireland 34 34 34 35 34
Latvia 44 46 44 35 35
Colombia 38 38 37 35 36
Germany 38 37 36 35 33
Congo, Rep. 38 41 36 36 35
Uzbekistan 33 33 37 36 34
Dominican Republic 32 31 36 36 36
Japan 37 38 37 36 35
South Africa 41 40 38 36 36
Mongolia 39 42 38 37 33
Bahrain 42 46 40 37 38
Paraguay 39 38 35
Kyrgyz Republic 35 35 38 32
Korea, Rep. 38 38 39 38 38
Slovak Republic 58 59 60 38 35
Chile 42 41 40 38 36
Thailand 36 37 39 38 40
Brazil 43 39 36 39 42
Central Europe and the Baltics 46 44 39 37
Macedonia, FYR 44 36 39 35
Armenia 52 49 39 27
Indonesia 38 39 40 40 40
Poland 50 47 40 39
Azerbaijan 33 31 40 34
Zimbabwe 35 33 37 41 33
Slovenia 42 45 41 39
Sierra Leone 11 19 36 41 33
Malaysia 40 42 42 41 40
Czech Republic 40 41 41 38
Papua New Guinea 32 32 36 42 41
Lesotho 32 34 39 42 38
Swaziland 44 43 42 42 42
Kuwait 54 52 20 42 52
Lithuania 31 51 43 41
Russian Federation 50 48 48 43 45
Gabon 42 43 45 43 45
China 43 41 42 43 47
Bulgaria 58 49 44 43 37
Trinidad and Tobago 44 47 46 44 44
Puerto Rico 42 43 42 44 45
Romania 50 45 44 42
Kazakhstan 45 39
Tajikistan 36 38 37 46 47
Belarus 47 50 48 38
Oman 49 54 49 49 46
Zambia 52 51 51 49 42
Algeria 46 48 53 50 49
Ukraine 48 45 50 51 38
Saudi Arabia 42 49 48 51 48
Malta 57 56 55 52 50
Nigeria 44 45 46 53 43
Angola 39 41 33 53 51
Venezuela, RB 57 61 56 54 52
United Arab Emirates 55 59 47 55 51
Botswana 65 61 59 56 53
Brunei Darussalam 60 62 60 60 57
Equatorial Guinea
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
Qatar
Serbia
Lebanon
Estonia
Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Iraq
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Faeroe Islands
Timor-Leste
French Polynesia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Afghanistan
Tuvalu
Greenland
Greece
Isle of Man
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
South Sudan
Guam
Kosovo
Nicaragua
Montenegro
Guatemala
Maldives
Haiti
Cayman Islands
Aruba
St. Martin (French part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cambodia 13
Jamaica 37
Andorra
Curacao
Libya
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Vanuatu
West Bank and Gaza
Israel
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Marshall Islands
Fragile and conflict affected situations
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe

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