Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Ethiopia 11 10 8 6 8
Palau 13 9
Myanmar 11 11 10 9 9
Kiribati 7 8 12 9 10
Guinea-Bissau 17 19 10 11 10
Madagascar 15 13 13 13 12
Comoros 8 8 9 11 12
Tonga 15 14 12 13 12
Solomon Islands 5 16 13 12
Benin 13 12 12 13 12
Sudan 14 15 13 12 13
Cambodia 13
Uganda 11 11 12 13 13
Mozambique 24 18 15 17 13
Chad 17 18 13 13 14
Liberia 24 17 17 16 15
Bahamas, The 18 16 18 18 15
Djibouti 21 22 22 17 15
Gambia, The 10 11 15 15 15
Tanzania 18 17 16 16
Eritrea 12 16
Mali 14 16 17 16 16
Suriname 27 24 18 17 16
Congo, Dem. Rep. 32 29 18 16 17
Barbados 19 21 20 17 17
Kenya 19 19 20 18 17
Macao SAR, China 21 19 17
Cuba 18 19 18 18 17
Lao PDR 13 15 17 18 18
Panama 16 15 17 17 18
Niger 18 16 18 18 18
Antigua and Barbuda 22 20 21 19 18
Rwanda 17 25 21 19 18
Grenada 18 18 20 20 19
Seychelles 16 16 18 18 19
Syrian Arab Republic 25 25 23 19 20
New Caledonia 23 24 21 20
Burkina Faso 23 21 20 21 21
Dominica 19 19 19 20 21
Nepal 17 16 17 20 21
Togo 24 23 25 24 21
St. Lucia 20 18 19 20 21
Belize 26 22 22 22 22
Central African Republic 19 20 21 21 22
Georgia 39 33 37 24 22
Luxembourg 29 27 25 24 22
Burundi 20 19 20 21 22
Cabo Verde 21 30 30 32 23
Cote d'Ivoire 22 26 25 24 23
Albania 45 48 43 23 23
Senegal 21 22 22 24 23
Bangladesh 21 21 22 22 24
Malawi 28 29 27 32 24
Denmark 26 26 25 25 24
Mauritania 30 29 24 23 25
Cyprus 27 26 27 26 25
Pakistan 24 25 25 25 25
St. Kitts and Nevis 28 29 26 26 25
France 27 27 27 26 25
Namibia 37 32 28 28 25
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 25 23 24 24 25
Yemen, Rep. 34 31 28 25
India 27 26 25 26 25
Sri Lanka 27 26 26 26 26
United States 29 28 27 26 26
Fiji 24 24 24 25 26
Portugal 29 29 27 27 27
Armenia 52 49 39 27
Netherlands 29 29 29 28 27
Sweden 32 30 29 28 27
Ecuador 29 30 30 31 27
Jordan 25 26 24 27 27
Ghana 17 17 17 17 28
Belgium 32 31 29 29 28
New Zealand 30 29 28 28 28
Canada 33 31 29 29 29
Vietnam 23 23 24 27 29
Australia 31 31 30 29 29
Argentina 42 36 33 31 29
Guinea 34 33 32 28 29
Bhutan 24 25 26 28 30
Iceland 32 31 31 30 30
Spain 34 34 33 31 30
Italy 33 31 31 30 30
Switzerland 31 31 31 30 30
Uruguay 34 35 36 33 30
Hungary 44 39 33 31 30
United Kingdom 36 32 31 31 30
El Salvador 27 27 30 30
Finland 35 33 30 29 30
Honduras 25 26 27 30 30
Costa Rica 32 30 30 31 30
Turkey 34 32 33 32 31
Peru 27 29 29 29 31
Austria 33 33 33 32 31
Norway 33 33 32 32 32
Mexico 29 28 28 28 32
Kyrgyz Republic 35 35 38 32
Bolivia 34 35 34 34 32
Tunisia 35 34 33 33 32
Cameroon 30 29 30 26 32
Mongolia 39 42 38 37 33
Philippines 35 34 34 33 33
Mauritius 33 33 33 33 33
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28 29 33 33 33
Germany 38 37 36 35 33
Sierra Leone 11 19 36 41 33
Zimbabwe 35 33 37 41 33
Azerbaijan 33 31 40 34
Morocco 34 33 32 34 34
Ireland 34 34 34 35 34
Singapore 34 32 34 34 34
Uzbekistan 33 33 37 36 34
Japan 37 38 37 36 35
Latvia 44 46 44 35 35
Slovak Republic 58 59 60 38 35
Macedonia, FYR 44 36 39 35
Congo, Rep. 38 41 36 36 35
Paraguay 39 38 35
South Africa 41 40 38 36 36
Dominican Republic 32 31 36 36 36
Guyana 29 25 32 29 36
Chile 42 41 40 38 36
Colombia 38 38 37 35 36
Croatia 36 35 33 36
Jamaica 37
Bulgaria 58 49 44 43 37
Central Europe and the Baltics 46 44 39 37
Ukraine 48 45 50 51 38
Lesotho 32 34 39 42 38
Bahrain 42 46 40 37 38
Korea, Rep. 38 38 39 38 38
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22 29 29 29 38
Belarus 47 50 48 38
Czech Republic 40 41 41 38
Poland 50 47 40 39
Slovenia 42 45 41 39
Kazakhstan 45 39
Indonesia 38 39 40 40 40
Malaysia 40 42 42 41 40
Thailand 36 37 39 38 40
Papua New Guinea 32 32 36 42 41
Lithuania 31 51 43 41
Brazil 43 39 36 39 42
Zambia 52 51 51 49 42
Romania 50 45 44 42
Swaziland 44 43 42 42 42
Nigeria 44 45 46 53 43
Trinidad and Tobago 44 47 46 44 44
Moldova 39 37 33 31 44
Russian Federation 50 48 48 43 45
Puerto Rico 42 43 42 44 45
Gabon 42 43 45 43 45
Oman 49 54 49 49 46
Tajikistan 36 38 37 46 47
China 43 41 42 43 47
Saudi Arabia 42 49 48 51 48
Algeria 46 48 53 50 49
Malta 57 56 55 52 50
Angola 39 41 33 53 51
United Arab Emirates 55 59 47 55 51
Venezuela, RB 57 61 56 54 52
Kuwait 54 52 20 42 52
Botswana 65 61 59 56 53
Brunei Darussalam 60 62 60 60 57
Turkmenistan 34 30 31 12 64
Serbia
Faeroe Islands
American Samoa
Estonia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Equatorial Guinea
Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Haiti
Guatemala
Hong Kong SAR, China
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Libya
Somalia
Greenland
Guam
Sao Tome and Principe
Marshall Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Nicaragua
South Sudan
Lebanon
Iraq
Timor-Leste
Curacao
Isle of Man
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Maldives
Israel
St. Martin (French part)
Tuvalu
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liechtenstein
Greece
Aruba
West Bank and Gaza
Andorra
Qatar
Vanuatu
Montenegro
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Monaco
Afghanistan
French Polynesia
Fragile and conflict affected situations

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