Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Tuvalu 7.8 9.1 9.1 11.5 10.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.9 8.9 7.3 7.2 6.7
Myanmar 9.7 10.6 13.0 14.3 16.2
Sao Tome and Principe 10.5 18.7 16.5 16.2 16.5
Chad 11.3 13.6 14.8 24.4 47.1
Comoros 11.5 11.9 11.8 11.8 11.8
Bermuda 11.7 10.9 10.1 10.0 10.1
Kiribati 11.8 11.6 10.4 9.8 8.9
Ethiopia 12.2 12.9 13.7 13.9 13.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 12.4 11.6 10.8 10.1 9.4
Solomon Islands 12.7 12.3 12.2 10.8 9.5
Vanuatu 12.8 10.4 10.1 9.2 8.6
Benin 12.9 13.3 13.6 13.7 13.3
Rwanda 13.6 14.2 13.9 12.8 13.9
Madagascar 14.2 14.6 14.4 15.4 15.9
Andorra 14.3 14.5 14.9 15.5 15.8
Guinea-Bissau 14.5 14.6 16.7 17.8 16.1
Central African Republic 14.6 14.3 14.0 13.7 14.1
Macao SAR, China 14.7 12.9 12.1 12.8 12.0
Maldives 15.0 13.3 13.7 13.8 13.3
Djibouti 15.4 15.7 16.0 16.2 16.6
Timor-Leste 16.3 14.4 13.0 11.6 9.6
Antigua and Barbuda 16.4 15.1 15.1 15.3 15.5
Lao PDR 16.6 17.1 19.5 21.3 20.5
Kenya 16.9 17.2 17.4 17.6 18.2
Burundi 16.9 16.5 16.7 17.0 17.7
Aruba 17.1 17.2 16.5 18.3 19.5
St. Lucia 17.4 16.4 16.1 16.2 17.6
Bahamas, The 17.5 13.6 15.1 15.5 14.9
Palau 17.6 20.9 25.0 20.9 18.1
Barbados 17.7 17.0 16.7 18.0 17.3
Dominica 17.7 17.2 17.2 15.3 15.1
Niger 17.8 17.0 17.0 17.1 17.8
Malawi 17.9 16.7 15.9 19.1 17.6
Luxembourg 18.3 18.3 17.9 18.3 17.9
Togo 18.3 17.2 18.4 18.4 17.1
Panama 18.9 16.8 15.8 16.9 18.2
Albania 19.0 19.8 18.5 21.1 21.2
Tanzania 19.2 19.3 21.1 22.5 22.3
Cyprus 19.4 19.2 19.9 20.1 20.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.7 19.4 18.0 18.8 19.4
Latvia 20.1 19.7 19.3 18.2 18.0
Eritrea 20.4 19.9 21.2 21.4 21.3
Mali 20.6 26.4 27.5 23.6 23.9
Grenada 20.8 19.0 19.1 19.7 19.2
Sudan 20.8 18.7 20.5 22.4 25.8
Greece 21.0 21.7 21.1 22.1 22.0
Belize 21.2 20.6 19.8 17.5 17.6
Tonga 21.3 21.4 20.9 20.3 19.7
Cote d'Ivoire 21.5 21.3 21.1 21.1 22.0
Moldova 21.7 24.1 23.2 24.5 17.3
Cabo Verde 21.7 19.2 19.1 18.5 18.2
Nepal 22.1 17.8 18.1 18.1 17.9
Nicaragua 22.2 23.4 23.3 22.3 23.1
Fiji 22.3 23.5 22.9 22.0 23.2
Georgia 22.4 22.0 24.4 25.6 26.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 22.7 30.8 33.5 29.8 33.2
Lebanon 22.8 23.3 22.5 22.0 16.3
Uganda 22.9 22.6 24.4 24.2 22.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.0 23.1 21.7 23.4 24.9
Cambodia 23.0 23.5 25.6 26.3 27.2
Uzbekistan 23.1 22.6 22.0 23.5 26.0
United States 23.2 22.2 21.3 21.4 21.7
Senegal 23.2 24.5 25.5 24.4 24.8
Bangladesh 23.3 23.8 24.0 23.7 24.0
Pakistan 23.3 24.0 23.9 23.9 27.0
France 23.3 22.9 22.6 22.1 21.8
Montenegro 23.4 24.7 24.1 22.6 22.3
Uruguay 24.5 24.5 24.3 26.1 25.6
Mozambique 24.5 25.8 23.1 25.4 26.7
West Bank and Gaza 25.0 26.9 21.9 25.7 25.1
Mongolia 25.0 25.2 25.6 28.4 32.0
Suriname 25.2 22.8 31.0 30.8 35.3
New Zealand 25.3 24.8 25.6 25.0 25.4
Bulgaria 25.4 26.5 26.7 27.5 26.8
Netherlands 25.4 25.1 24.2 23.8 23.5
Macedonia, FYR 25.4 24.3 23.5 26.0 24.2
Jamaica 25.5 25.4 24.1 24.5 25.5
Jordan 25.5 25.8 27.1 27.0 28.6
Burkina Faso 25.9 22.5 20.7 25.0 25.1
India 26.0 25.1 26.2 26.0 27.9
Zambia 26.3 26.5 26.8 27.0 28.5
Switzerland 26.4 27.1 27.3 26.9 26.7
Brazil 26.5 26.3 26.2 27.0 28.7
Australia 26.8 26.0 25.8 26.4 26.2
Iceland 26.9 28.0 25.4 24.1 25.0
United Kingdom 26.9 25.6 24.9 24.0 23.2
Italy 27.1 26.8 26.6 26.0 26.0
Sri Lanka 27.3 26.8 28.0 28.4 28.6
Mauritania 27.4 27.7 25.6 23.7 27.3
Denmark 27.5 26.6 26.4 25.8 25.8
Estonia 27.8 28.5 28.8 29.3 28.8
Cuba 27.9 26.0 24.6 22.1 20.7
Portugal 27.9 27.5 26.8 25.9 25.4
Belgium 27.9 27.1 26.6 25.8 25.6
Namibia 28.0 30.9 32.3 28.3 29.4
Argentina 28.1 27.0 32.4 34.9 34.7
Ghana 28.4 28.1 28.2 27.8 27.1
Sierra Leone 28.4 8.5 9.5 11.1 12.6
Seychelles 29.0 28.1 30.3 27.4 14.8
Guyana 29.0 28.9 28.6 27.2 27.0
Morocco 29.1 27.6 27.3 27.9 28.5
Croatia 29.3 28.9 28.3 28.9 29.9
Colombia 29.4 29.4 29.8 31.4 32.4
Bolivia 29.8 29.2 29.3 29.4 31.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.1 33.9 32.1 28.2 26.4
Tunisia 30.2 30.0 29.8 28.2 28.3
Sweden 30.4 29.9 29.5 29.2 29.7
Lesotho 30.6 32.8 34.0 33.0 32.5
Spain 30.7 30.6 30.5 30.3 30.1
Germany 30.8 30.0 29.2 29.1 29.3
Mauritius 31.0 31.2 30.6 30.3 29.1
Japan 31.1 29.5 28.7 28.6 28.6
Turkey 31.3 30.2 28.6 28.6 28.4
Kyrgyz Republic 31.4 28.9 23.3 22.3 24.1
El Salvador 31.4 31.9 32.2 31.8 30.4
Peru 31.6 31.2 32.3 33.0 35.2
Austria 31.6 31.5 30.6 30.7 30.6
Hungary 31.7 31.5 30.8 30.5 31.1
South Africa 31.9 32.4 32.5 30.7 30.3
Costa Rica 32.1 29.7 29.1 28.6 29.5
Chile 32.2 32.8 33.1 32.7 35.3
Honduras 32.5 30.7 30.1 30.1 29.1
Poland 32.8 31.1 30.3 31.2 32.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 33.1 33.3 34.8 35.7 36.9
Romania 33.4 35.6 36.8 34.6 34.9
Serbia 33.4 32.9 32.3 31.8 30.2
Guinea 33.5 34.0 33.9 34.1 32.8
Dominican Republic 33.5 31.4 32.3 30.8 30.3
Vietnam 34.2 35.5 35.7 36.7 37.4
Philippines 34.5 34.5 34.6 34.6 33.8
Singapore 34.8 32.3 32.3 31.8 33.3
Mexico 34.9 33.0 32.9 33.7 35.4
Slovenia 35.0 34.9 34.5 34.7 34.6
Ireland 35.4 37.6 39.0 35.5 34.0
Ecuador 35.7 31.5 31.3 30.1 31.8
Paraguay 35.7 38.0 40.5 37.3 34.6
Bhutan 36.0 37.9 38.6 39.4 37.7
Cameroon 36.0 32.6 32.0 30.7 30.6
Slovak Republic 36.1 34.8 34.2 34.9 36.2
Finland 36.2 35.2 34.4 33.9 33.6
Ukraine 36.3 34.7 34.5 34.6 35.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 36.7 35.4 41.4 41.0 42.7
Czech Republic 37.2 37.6 36.4 35.7 37.6
Syrian Arab Republic 37.9 33.2 32.2 29.3 35.2
Russian Federation 37.9 35.7 32.8 32.6 36.3
Korea, Rep. 38.1 36.8 36.4 36.6 38.0
Tajikistan 38.9 40.1 39.4 37.4 35.4
Armenia 39.0 36.4 39.0 42.0 41.1
Belarus 39.2 37.2 37.0 38.7 40.9
Kazakhstan 40.5 38.8 38.6 37.6 37.6
Liechtenstein 40.7 39.4 39.9 41.7 39.9
Norway 41.4 39.9 37.7 37.7 39.4
Papua New Guinea 41.4 40.6 36.7 36.8 38.9
Thailand 42.0 42.1 42.4 43.6 43.4
Swaziland 43.9 45.4 44.7 46.8 46.4
Turkmenistan 44.4 44.3 42.4 41.3 40.1
Azerbaijan 45.3 47.2 50.2 52.6 54.7
China 45.4 44.7 44.3 45.5 45.8
Indonesia 45.9 46.5 44.5 43.7 44.6
Yemen, Rep. 46.4 42.4 42.1 43.0 45.2
Malaysia 48.3 46.2 45.1 46.6 48.5
Trinidad and Tobago 49.5 47.1 44.8 53.0 55.2
Venezuela, RB 49.7 46.1 49.8 51.6 55.5
Botswana 50.5 48.5 47.0 43.3 43.6
Malta 50.8 43.2 43.9 43.8 38.6
Nigeria 52.2 40.9 30.5 36.8 42.1
Saudi Arabia 53.9 51.2 51.5 54.4 57.2
Gabon 56.3 47.7 47.3 47.0 51.5
Algeria 58.6 52.4 52.1 53.5 54.9
Oman 59.2 56.4 55.5 55.6 56.3
Brunei Darussalam 63.7 60.0 60.7 64.1 67.9
Angola 72.1 64.9 58.7 60.5 64.0
Congo, Rep. 72.2 65.5 63.3 61.2 65.9
Puerto Rico 81.5 86.6 89.4 88.7 88.0
Equatorial Guinea
French Polynesia
Qatar
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Libya 66.1 75.1 68.6
Curacao
Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands
San Marino
South Sudan
Haiti
American Samoa
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Somalia
New Caledonia
Gambia, The
Iraq
Greenland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bahrain
Israel
Kuwait
United Arab Emirates 49.7 47.5 49.1 51.7
Taiwan, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Northern Mariana Islands
Afghanistan 23.7 22.9 26.7
Cayman Islands
Liberia
Guam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Canada
Lithuania 25.4
Guatemala 29.1 29.1 29.3 29.8
Zimbabwe 26.4

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