Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Liberia 4.2 4.2 3.3 4.2 7.9
Sierra Leone 28.4 8.5 9.5 11.1 12.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.9 8.9 7.3 7.2 6.7
Tuvalu 7.8 9.1 9.1 11.5 10.6
Vanuatu 12.8 10.4 10.1 9.2 8.6
Myanmar 9.7 10.6 13.0 14.3 16.2
Bermuda 11.7 10.9 10.1 10.0 10.1
Kiribati 11.8 11.6 10.4 9.8 8.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 12.4 11.6 10.8 10.1 9.4
Comoros 11.5 11.9 11.8 11.8 11.8
Solomon Islands 12.7 12.3 12.2 10.8 9.5
Ethiopia 12.2 12.9 13.7 13.9 13.9
Macao SAR, China 14.7 12.9 12.1 12.8 12.0
Benin 12.9 13.3 13.6 13.7 13.3
Chad 11.3 13.6 14.8 24.4 47.1
Maldives 15.0 13.6 13.9 13.8 13.7
Bahamas, The 17.5 13.6 15.1 15.5 14.9
Rwanda 13.6 14.2 13.9 12.8 13.9
Central African Republic 14.6 14.3 14.0 13.7 14.1
Timor-Leste 16.3 14.4 13.0 11.6 9.6
Guinea-Bissau 14.5 14.6 16.7 17.8 16.1
Madagascar 14.2 14.6 14.4 15.4 15.9
Antigua and Barbuda 16.4 15.1 15.1 15.3 15.5
Djibouti 15.4 15.7 16.0 16.2 16.6
St. Lucia 17.4 16.4 16.1 16.2 17.6
Burundi 16.9 16.5 16.7 17.0 17.7
Malawi 17.9 16.7 15.9 19.1 17.6
Panama 18.9 16.8 15.8 16.9 18.2
Barbados 17.7 17.0 16.7 18.0 17.3
Niger 17.8 17.0 17.0 17.1 17.8
Lao PDR 16.6 17.1 19.5 21.3 20.5
Togo 18.3 17.2 18.4 18.4 17.1
Dominica 17.7 17.2 17.2 15.3 15.1
Kenya 16.9 17.2 17.4 17.6 18.2
Aruba 17.1 17.2 16.5 18.3 19.5
Palau 14.1 17.4 20.2 19.1 18.5
Nepal 22.1 17.8 18.1 18.1 17.9
Luxembourg 18.3 18.3 17.9 18.3 17.9
Sao Tome and Principe 10.5 18.7 16.5 16.2 16.5
Sudan 20.8 18.7 20.5 22.4 25.8
Cyprus 19.1 18.7 19.2 19.4 19.7
Grenada 20.8 19.0 19.1 19.7 19.2
Cabo Verde 21.7 19.2 19.1 18.5 18.2
Tanzania 19.2 19.3 21.1 22.5 22.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.7 19.4 18.0 18.8 19.4
Albania 19.0 19.8 18.5 21.1 21.2
Eritrea 20.4 19.9 21.2 21.4 21.3
Belize 21.2 20.6 19.8 17.5 17.6
Tonga 21.3 21.4 20.9 20.3 19.3
Greece 21.0 21.7 21.1 22.1 22.0
Georgia 22.4 22.0 24.4 25.6 26.4
United States 23.2 22.2 21.3 21.4 21.7
Burkina Faso 25.9 22.5 20.7 25.0 25.1
Uganda 22.9 22.6 24.4 24.2 22.1
Uzbekistan 23.1 22.6 22.0 23.5 26.0
Suriname 25.2 22.8 31.0 30.8 35.3
France 23.3 22.9 22.6 22.1 21.8
Latvia 23.6 23.1 22.7 22.3 22.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.0 23.1 21.7 23.4 24.9
Lebanon 22.8 23.3 22.5 22.0 16.3
Nicaragua 22.2 23.4 23.3 22.3 23.1
Cambodia 23.0 23.5 25.6 26.3 27.2
Fiji 22.3 23.5 22.9 22.0 23.2
Pakistan 23.3 24.0 23.9 23.9 27.0
Cote d'Ivoire 24.9 24.1 22.9 21.6 23.1
Moldova 21.7 24.1 23.2 24.5 17.3
Senegal 23.2 24.5 25.5 24.4 24.8
Uruguay 24.5 24.5 24.3 26.1 25.6
Montenegro 23.4 24.7 24.1 22.6 22.3
New Zealand 25.4 24.9 25.7 25.1 25.5
India 26.0 25.1 26.2 26.0 27.9
Netherlands 25.4 25.1 24.2 23.8 23.5
Mongolia 25.0 25.2 25.6 28.4 32.0
Jamaica 25.5 25.4 24.1 24.5 25.5
United Kingdom 26.9 25.6 24.9 24.0 23.2
Jordan 25.5 25.8 27.1 27.0 28.6
Mozambique 24.5 25.8 23.1 25.4 26.7
Bangladesh 25.3 25.9 26.4 26.3 26.6
Australia 26.8 26.0 25.8 26.4 26.2
Cuba 27.9 26.0 24.6 22.1 20.7
Mali 20.6 26.4 27.5 23.6 23.9
Mauritania 29.7 26.4 27.3 23.6 28.1
Bulgaria 25.4 26.5 26.7 27.5 26.8
Zambia 26.3 26.5 26.8 27.0 28.5
Denmark 27.5 26.6 26.4 25.8 25.8
Italy 27.1 26.8 26.6 26.0 26.0
Sri Lanka 27.3 26.8 28.0 28.4 28.6
West Bank and Gaza 25.0 26.9 21.9 25.7 25.1
Brazil 27.7 26.9 27.1 27.8 30.1
Argentina 28.1 27.0 32.4 34.9 34.7
Belgium 27.9 27.1 26.6 25.8 25.6
Switzerland 26.4 27.1 27.3 26.9 26.7
Portugal 27.9 27.5 26.8 25.9 25.4
Morocco 29.1 27.6 27.3 27.9 28.5
Seychelles 29.0 28.1 30.3 27.4 13.5
Ghana 28.4 28.1 28.2 27.8 27.1
Iceland 27.4 28.5 25.9 24.7 25.5
Estonia 27.8 28.5 28.8 29.3 28.8
Croatia 29.3 28.9 28.3 28.9 29.9
Guyana 29.0 28.9 28.6 27.2 27.0
Kyrgyz Republic 31.4 28.9 23.3 22.3 24.1
Guatemala 29.1 29.1 29.3 29.8
Bolivia 29.8 29.2 29.3 29.4 31.0
Colombia 29.4 29.4 29.8 31.4 32.4
Japan 31.1 29.5 28.7 28.6 28.6
Costa Rica 32.1 29.7 29.1 28.6 29.5
Sweden 30.4 29.9 29.5 29.2 29.7
Germany 30.8 30.0 29.2 29.1 29.3
Tunisia 30.2 30.0 29.8 28.2 28.3
Turkey 31.3 30.2 28.6 28.6 28.4
Spain 30.7 30.6 30.5 30.3 30.1
Lithuania 29.8 30.7 29.7 31.6 32.9
Honduras 32.5 30.7 30.1 30.1 29.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 22.7 30.8 28.5 25.6 27.6
Namibia 28.0 30.9 32.3 28.3 29.4
Poland 32.8 31.1 30.3 31.2 32.4
Mauritius 31.0 31.2 30.6 30.3 29.1
Dominican Republic 33.5 31.4 32.3 30.8 30.3
Austria 31.6 31.5 30.6 30.7 30.6
Hungary 31.7 31.5 30.8 30.5 31.1
Ecuador 35.7 31.5 31.3 30.1 31.8
El Salvador 31.4 31.9 32.2 31.8 30.4
Macedonia, FYR 33.7 32.1 30.2 29.3 27.8
Singapore 34.8 32.3 32.3 31.8 33.3
South Africa 31.9 32.4 32.5 30.7 30.3
Cameroon 36.0 32.6 32.0 30.7 30.6
Chile 32.2 32.8 33.1 32.7 35.3
Lesotho 30.6 32.8 34.0 33.0 32.5
Serbia 33.4 32.9 32.3 31.8 30.2
Mexico 34.9 33.0 32.9 33.7 35.4
Syrian Arab Republic 37.9 33.2 32.2 29.3 35.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 33.1 33.3 34.8 35.7 36.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.1 33.9 32.1 28.2 26.4
Guinea 33.5 34.0 33.9 34.1 32.8
Philippines 34.5 34.5 34.6 34.6 33.8
Ukraine 36.3 34.7 34.5 34.6 35.9
Slovak Republic 36.1 34.8 34.2 34.9 36.2
Slovenia 35.0 34.9 34.5 34.7 34.6
Finland 36.2 35.2 34.4 33.9 33.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 36.7 35.4 41.4 41.0 42.7
Vietnam 34.2 35.5 35.7 36.7 37.4
Romania 33.4 35.6 36.8 34.6 34.9
Russian Federation 37.9 35.7 32.8 32.6 36.3
Armenia 39.0 36.4 39.0 42.0 41.1
Korea, Rep. 38.1 36.8 36.4 36.6 38.0
Belarus 39.2 37.2 37.0 38.7 40.9
Czech Republic 37.2 37.6 36.4 35.7 37.6
Ireland 35.4 37.6 39.0 35.5 34.0
Bhutan 36.0 37.9 38.6 39.4 37.7
Paraguay 35.7 38.0 40.5 37.3 34.6
Kazakhstan 40.5 38.8 38.6 37.6 37.6
Norway 41.7 40.1 37.8 37.9 39.7
Tajikistan 38.9 40.1 39.4 37.4 35.4
Papua New Guinea 41.4 40.6 36.7 36.8 38.9
Nigeria 52.2 40.9 30.5 36.8 42.1
Thailand 42.0 42.1 42.4 43.6 43.4
Yemen, Rep. 46.4 42.4 42.1 43.0 45.2
Malta 50.8 43.2 43.9 43.8 38.6
Turkmenistan 44.4 44.3 42.4 41.3 40.1
China 45.9 45.2 44.8 46.0 46.2
Swaziland 43.9 45.4 44.7 46.8 46.4
Venezuela, RB 49.7 46.1 49.8 51.6 55.5
Malaysia 48.3 46.2 45.1 46.6 48.5
Indonesia 45.9 46.5 44.5 43.7 44.6
Trinidad and Tobago 49.5 47.1 44.8 53.0 55.2
Azerbaijan 45.3 47.2 50.2 52.6 54.7
Botswana 50.5 48.5 47.0 43.3 43.6
United Arab Emirates 48.5 49.7 47.5 49.1 51.7
Saudi Arabia 53.9 51.2 51.5 54.4 57.2
Gabon 56.3 51.3 51.7 52.0 55.3
Algeria 58.6 52.4 52.1 53.5 54.9
Oman 59.2 56.4 55.5 55.6 56.3
Brunei Darussalam 63.7 60.0 60.7 64.1 67.9
Angola 72.1 64.9 58.7 60.5 64.0
Congo, Rep. 72.2 65.5 63.3 61.2 65.9
Qatar 70.7 69.1 70.6 73.5 71.7
Puerto Rico 81.5 86.6 89.4 88.7 88.0
French Polynesia
Marshall Islands
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
Samoa
Equatorial Guinea
Cayman Islands
Israel
Bahrain
Iraq
South Sudan
Haiti
Monaco
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Canada
Somalia
Isle of Man
Kuwait
Turks and Caicos Islands
Gambia, The
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Peru
Faeroe Islands
Kosovo
Andorra
Korea, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa
Liechtenstein
Libya 66.1 75.1 68.6
Guam
Afghanistan 23.7 22.9 26.7
Greenland
Northern Mariana Islands
New Caledonia
Zimbabwe 26.4

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