Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.9 7.3 7.2 6.7 5.7
Tuvalu 9.1 9.1 11.5 10.6 8.6
Sierra Leone 8.5 9.5 11.1 12.6 12.0
Bermuda 10.9 10.1 10.0 10.1 10.4
Vanuatu 10.4 10.1 9.2 8.6 8.9
Kiribati 11.6 10.4 9.8 8.9 7.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 11.6 10.8 10.1 9.4 8.7
Comoros 11.9 11.8 11.8 11.8 11.8
Macao SAR, China 12.9 12.1 12.8 12.0 15.2
Solomon Islands 12.3 12.2 10.8 9.5 8.1
Timor-Leste 14.4 13.0 11.6 9.6 9.8
Myanmar 10.6 13.0 14.3 16.2
Maldives 13.3 13.7 13.8 13.3 15.3
Ethiopia 12.9 13.7 13.9 13.9 12.8
Rwanda 14.2 13.9 12.8 13.9 11.8
Central African Republic 14.3 14.0 13.7 14.1 14.3
Madagascar 14.6 14.4 15.4 15.9 15.8
Chad 13.6 14.8 24.4 47.1 9.4
Andorra 14.5 14.9 15.5 15.8 16.2
Antigua and Barbuda 15.1 15.1 15.3 15.5 17.1
Bahamas, The 13.6 15.1 15.5 14.9 15.4
Panama 16.8 15.8 16.9 18.2 16.6
Malawi 16.7 15.9 19.1 17.6 17.3
Djibouti 15.7 16.0 16.2 16.6 16.6
St. Lucia 16.4 16.1 16.2 17.6 18.9
Sao Tome and Principe 19.8 16.5 15.7 15.6 15.0
Aruba 17.2 16.5 18.3 19.5 20.6
Guinea-Bissau 14.6 16.7 17.8 16.1 14.5
Burundi 16.5 16.7 17.0 17.7 18.5
Niger 17.0 17.0 17.1 17.8 15.4
Dominica 17.2 17.2 15.3 15.1 15.1
Kenya 17.2 17.4 17.6 18.2 19.1
Burkina Faso 19.5 17.5 21.2 21.2 18.0
Luxembourg 18.3 18.0 18.3 17.9 16.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.4 18.0 18.8 19.4 18.8
Nepal 17.8 18.1 18.1 17.9 17.7
Togo 17.2 18.4 18.4 17.1 17.2
Mozambique 24.4 18.9 21.3 22.3 20.9
Cabo Verde 19.2 19.1 18.5 18.2 19.2
Grenada 19.0 19.1 19.7 19.2 26.5
Belize 19.9 19.2 17.5 17.6 17.3
Lao PDR 17.1 19.5 21.3 20.5 24.6
Albania 18.3 19.6 23.2 24.6 25.2
Cyprus 19.2 19.9 20.1 20.3 20.2
Sudan 18.7 20.5 22.4 25.8 27.7
Tonga 21.4 20.9 20.3 19.7 19.9
Tanzania 19.3 21.1 22.5 22.3 21.0
Cote d'Ivoire 21.3 21.1 21.1 22.0 22.8
Eritrea 19.9 21.2 21.4 21.3 21.9
United States 22.2 21.3 21.4 21.7 22.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.1 21.7 23.4 24.9 26.0
Greece 21.7 21.8 22.9 22.5 19.8
West Bank and Gaza 26.9 21.9 25.7 25.1 26.8
Uzbekistan 22.6 22.0 23.5 26.0 23.2
Lebanon 23.3 22.5 22.0 16.3 16.1
France 22.9 22.6 22.1 21.8 21.5
Fiji 23.5 22.9 22.0 23.2 19.2
Moldova 24.1 23.2 24.5 17.3 16.3
Kyrgyz Republic 28.9 23.3 22.3 24.1 22.4
Macedonia, FYR 24.3 23.5 26.0 24.2 23.7
Afghanistan 23.7 22.9 26.7 27.4
Pakistan 24.0 23.9 23.9 27.0 27.1
Netherlands 24.9 23.9 23.5 23.6 24.0
Bangladesh 23.8 24.0 23.7 24.0 24.6
Jamaica 25.4 24.1 24.5 25.5 25.1
Montenegro 24.7 24.1 22.6 22.3 20.7
Nicaragua 24.3 24.3 23.3 24.4 24.1
Uruguay 24.5 24.3 26.1 25.6 27.1
Georgia 22.0 24.4 25.6 26.4 26.8
Uganda 22.6 24.4 24.2 22.1 25.0
Cuba 26.0 24.6 22.1 20.7 19.4
Palau 20.9 25.0 20.9 18.1 16.8
United Kingdom 25.6 25.1 24.0 23.1 23.3
Latvia 25.4 25.2 23.9 24.0 22.9
Senegal 24.5 25.5 24.4 24.8 23.6
Mongolia 25.2 25.6 28.4 32.0 36.2
Iceland 28.2 25.6 24.6 25.4 25.3
Cambodia 23.5 25.6 26.3 27.2 26.4
Mauritania 27.7 25.6 23.7 27.3 32.4
New Zealand 24.8 25.6 25.0 25.4 25.8
Australia 26.0 25.8 26.4 26.2 26.8
India 25.1 26.2 26.0 27.9 28.1
Brazil 26.6 26.4 27.0 28.6 28.5
Denmark 26.6 26.4 25.8 25.8 26.2
Belgium 27.0 26.5 25.7 25.5 25.1
Italy 26.8 26.6 26.0 26.0 25.8
Bulgaria 26.9 26.7 27.5 26.7 28.2
Zambia 26.5 26.8 27.0 28.5 29.7
Portugal 27.5 26.8 25.9 25.4 24.6
Jordan 25.8 27.1 27.0 28.6 28.6
Switzerland 27.1 27.3 26.9 26.7 26.8
Morocco 27.6 27.3 27.9 28.5 28.2
Sri Lanka 26.8 28.0 28.4 28.6 30.2
Mali 23.4 28.1 22.2 24.0 24.1
Ghana 28.1 28.2 27.8 27.1 27.5
Croatia 28.9 28.3 28.9 29.9 29.0
Guyana 28.9 28.6 27.2 27.0 20.0
Turkey 30.2 28.6 28.6 28.4 28.5
Japan 29.5 28.7 28.6 28.6 28.1
Estonia 28.4 28.7 29.3 28.8 29.8
Costa Rica 29.7 29.1 28.6 29.5 29.1
Guatemala 29.1 29.1 29.3 29.8 29.3
Bolivia 29.2 29.3 29.4 31.0 32.0
Germany 30.1 29.4 29.3 29.4 29.4
Lithuania 30.4 29.5 31.1 32.7 32.7
Sweden 29.9 29.5 29.2 29.7 29.7
Colombia 29.4 29.8 31.4 32.4 32.8
Tunisia 30.0 29.8 28.2 28.3 29.3
Romania 29.4 30.1 27.9 28.0 28.2
Honduras 30.7 30.1 30.1 29.1 28.7
Seychelles 28.1 30.3 27.4 14.8 16.4
Poland 31.1 30.3 31.2 32.4 32.1
Spain 30.6 30.5 30.3 30.1 30.4
Nigeria 40.9 30.5 36.8 42.1 43.5
Mauritius 31.2 30.6 30.3 29.1 27.6
Austria 31.5 30.6 30.7 30.6 30.4
Hungary 31.5 30.8 30.6 31.2 31.4
Suriname 22.8 31.0 30.8 35.3 37.3
Ecuador 31.5 31.3 30.1 31.8 33.4
Cameroon 32.6 32.0 30.7 30.6 32.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 33.9 32.1 28.2 26.4 25.9
Syrian Arab Republic 33.2 32.2 29.3 35.2 36.2
Peru 31.2 32.3 33.0 35.2 37.0
Serbia 32.9 32.3 31.8 30.2 29.3
Namibia 30.9 32.3 28.3 29.4 29.2
Singapore 32.3 32.3 31.8 33.3 32.4
Dominican Republic 31.4 32.3 30.8 30.3 29.6
El Salvador 32.1 32.4 32.0 30.6 29.9
Argentina 27.0 32.4 34.9 34.7 34.7
South Africa 32.4 32.5 30.7 30.3 30.3
Benin 32.8 32.7 32.5 30.5 30.8
Russian Federation 35.7 32.8 32.6 36.3 38.1
Mexico 33.0 32.9 33.7 35.4 35.2
Chile 32.8 33.1 32.7 35.3 36.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 30.8 33.5 29.8 33.2 33.0
Guinea 34.0 33.9 34.1 32.8 34.8
Lesotho 32.8 34.0 33.0 32.5 33.1
Slovak Republic 34.8 34.1 35.2 36.2 36.1
Finland 35.2 34.4 33.9 33.6 33.5
Slovenia 34.9 34.5 34.7 34.6 34.1
Ukraine 34.7 34.5 34.6 35.9 32.3
Philippines 34.5 34.6 34.6 33.8 33.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 33.3 34.8 35.7 36.9 36.3
Vietnam 35.5 35.7 36.7 37.4 38.1
Korea, Rep. 36.8 36.4 36.6 38.0 37.5
Czech Republic 37.6 36.4 35.7 37.6 37.7
Papua New Guinea 40.6 36.7 36.8 38.9
Belarus 37.2 37.0 38.7 40.9 44.0
Thailand 36.5 37.0 38.1 38.0 38.6
Norway 39.9 37.7 37.7 39.4 42.6
Kazakhstan 38.8 38.6 37.6 37.6 40.1
Bhutan 37.9 38.6 39.4 37.7 37.3
Armenia 36.4 39.0 42.0 41.1 45.3
Tajikistan 40.1 39.4 37.4 35.4 31.3
Ireland 38.4 39.7 36.4 35.0 34.5
Liechtenstein 39.4 39.9 41.7 39.9 38.6
Paraguay 38.0 40.5 37.3 34.6 34.8
Yemen, Rep. 42.4 42.1 43.0 45.2 49.0
Turkmenistan 44.3 42.4 41.3 40.1 37.6
Malta 43.2 43.9 43.8 38.6 37.8
China 44.7 44.3 45.5 45.8 46.9
Indonesia 46.5 44.5 43.7 44.6 46.5
Swaziland 45.4 44.7 46.8 46.4 44.7
Trinidad and Tobago 47.1 44.8 53.0 55.2 60.3
Malaysia 46.2 45.1 46.6 48.5 45.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 40.3 45.9 45.6 45.4 46.9
Botswana 48.5 47.0 43.3 43.6 47.6
United Arab Emirates 49.8 47.8 49.5 52.1 56.1
Venezuela, RB 46.1 49.8 51.6 55.5 57.8
Azerbaijan 47.2 50.2 52.6 54.7 63.6
Gabon 52.0 51.5 51.2 55.2 61.5
Saudi Arabia 51.2 51.5 54.4 57.2 62.1
Algeria 52.4 52.1 53.5 54.9 59.7
Oman 56.4 55.5 55.6 56.3 63.5
Brunei Darussalam 60.0 60.7 64.1 67.9 71.6
Congo, Rep. 65.5 63.3 61.2 65.9 71.9
Libya 66.1 75.1 68.6 75.5
Qatar 69.1 70.6 73.5 71.7 74.5
Puerto Rico 86.6 89.4 88.7 88.0 87.1
Somalia
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Samoa
Haiti
Barbados
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
American Samoa
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Gambia, The 15.0 15.4
New Caledonia
South Sudan
Bahrain
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
Israel
Marshall Islands
Iraq
Canada
Guam
Cayman Islands
Angola 64.9
French Polynesia
Greenland
Equatorial Guinea
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liberia
Faroe Islands
Kuwait
Zimbabwe 26.4 28.7

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