Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.9 8.9 7.3 7.2 6.7
Tuvalu 7.8 9.1 9.1 11.5 10.6
Sierra Leone 28.4 8.5 9.5 11.1 12.6
Bermuda 11.7 10.9 10.1 10.0 10.1
Vanuatu 12.8 10.4 10.1 9.2 8.6
Kiribati 11.8 11.6 10.4 9.8 8.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 12.4 11.6 10.8 10.1 9.4
Comoros 11.5 11.9 11.8 11.8 11.8
Macao SAR, China 14.7 12.9 12.1 12.8 12.0
Solomon Islands 12.7 12.3 12.2 10.8 9.5
Timor-Leste 16.3 14.4 13.0 11.6 9.6
Myanmar 9.7 10.6 13.0 14.3 16.2
Benin 12.9 13.3 13.6 13.7 13.3
Maldives 15.0 13.3 13.7 13.8 13.3
Ethiopia 12.2 12.9 13.7 13.9 13.9
Rwanda 13.6 14.2 13.9 12.8 13.9
Central African Republic 14.6 14.3 14.0 13.7 14.1
Madagascar 14.2 14.6 14.4 15.4 15.9
Chad 11.3 13.6 14.8 24.4 47.1
Andorra 14.3 14.5 14.9 15.5 15.8
Antigua and Barbuda 16.4 15.1 15.1 15.3 15.5
Bahamas, The 17.5 13.6 15.1 15.5 14.9
Panama 18.9 16.8 15.8 16.9 18.2
Malawi 17.9 16.7 15.9 19.1 17.6
Djibouti 15.4 15.7 16.0 16.2 16.6
St. Lucia 17.4 16.4 16.1 16.2 17.6
Aruba 17.1 17.2 16.5 18.3 19.5
Sao Tome and Principe 10.5 18.7 16.5 16.2 16.5
Guinea-Bissau 14.5 14.6 16.7 17.8 16.1
Burundi 16.9 16.5 16.7 17.0 17.7
Barbados 17.7 17.0 16.7 18.0 17.3
Niger 17.8 17.0 17.0 17.1 17.8
Dominica 17.7 17.2 17.2 15.3 15.1
Kenya 16.9 17.2 17.4 17.6 18.2
Luxembourg 18.3 18.3 17.9 18.3 17.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.7 19.4 18.0 18.8 19.4
Nepal 22.1 17.8 18.1 18.1 17.9
Togo 18.3 17.2 18.4 18.4 17.1
Albania 19.0 19.8 18.5 21.1 21.2
Cabo Verde 21.7 19.2 19.1 18.5 18.2
Grenada 20.8 19.0 19.1 19.7 19.2
Latvia 20.1 19.7 19.3 18.2 18.0
Lao PDR 16.6 17.1 19.5 21.3 20.5
Belize 21.2 20.6 19.8 17.5 17.6
Cyprus 19.4 19.2 19.9 20.1 20.3
Sudan 20.8 18.7 20.5 22.4 25.8
Burkina Faso 25.9 22.5 20.7 25.0 25.1
Tonga 21.3 21.4 20.9 20.3 19.7
Tanzania 19.2 19.3 21.1 22.5 22.3
Cote d'Ivoire 21.5 21.3 21.1 21.1 22.0
Greece 21.0 21.7 21.1 22.1 22.0
Eritrea 20.4 19.9 21.2 21.4 21.3
United States 23.2 22.2 21.3 21.4 21.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.0 23.1 21.7 23.4 24.9
West Bank and Gaza 25.0 26.9 21.9 25.7 25.1
Uzbekistan 23.1 22.6 22.0 23.5 26.0
Lebanon 22.8 23.3 22.5 22.0 16.3
France 23.3 22.9 22.6 22.1 21.8
Fiji 22.3 23.5 22.9 22.0 23.2
Mozambique 24.5 25.8 23.1 25.4 26.7
Moldova 21.7 24.1 23.2 24.5 17.3
Nicaragua 22.2 23.4 23.3 22.3 23.1
Kyrgyz Republic 31.4 28.9 23.3 22.3 24.1
Macedonia, FYR 25.4 24.3 23.5 26.0 24.2
Afghanistan 23.7 22.9 26.7
Pakistan 23.3 24.0 23.9 23.9 27.0
Bangladesh 23.3 23.8 24.0 23.7 24.0
Jamaica 25.5 25.4 24.1 24.5 25.5
Montenegro 23.4 24.7 24.1 22.6 22.3
Netherlands 25.4 25.1 24.2 23.8 23.5
Uruguay 24.5 24.5 24.3 26.1 25.6
Georgia 22.4 22.0 24.4 25.6 26.4
Uganda 22.9 22.6 24.4 24.2 22.1
Cuba 27.9 26.0 24.6 22.1 20.7
United Kingdom 26.9 25.6 24.9 24.0 23.2
Palau 17.6 20.9 25.0 20.9 18.1
Iceland 26.9 28.0 25.4 24.1 25.0
Senegal 23.2 24.5 25.5 24.4 24.8
Mongolia 25.0 25.2 25.6 28.4 32.0
Cambodia 23.0 23.5 25.6 26.3 27.2
Mauritania 27.4 27.7 25.6 23.7 27.3
New Zealand 25.3 24.8 25.6 25.0 25.4
Australia 26.8 26.0 25.8 26.4 26.2
India 26.0 25.1 26.2 26.0 27.9
Brazil 26.5 26.3 26.2 27.0 28.7
Denmark 27.5 26.6 26.4 25.8 25.8
Belgium 27.9 27.1 26.6 25.8 25.6
Italy 27.1 26.8 26.6 26.0 26.0
Bulgaria 25.4 26.5 26.7 27.5 26.8
Zambia 26.3 26.5 26.8 27.0 28.5
Portugal 27.9 27.5 26.8 25.9 25.4
Jordan 25.5 25.8 27.1 27.0 28.6
Switzerland 26.4 27.1 27.3 26.9 26.7
Morocco 29.1 27.6 27.3 27.9 28.5
Mali 20.6 26.4 27.5 23.6 23.9
Sri Lanka 27.3 26.8 28.0 28.4 28.6
Ghana 28.4 28.1 28.2 27.8 27.1
Croatia 29.3 28.9 28.3 28.9 29.9
Guyana 29.0 28.9 28.6 27.2 27.0
Turkey 31.3 30.2 28.6 28.6 28.4
Japan 31.1 29.5 28.7 28.6 28.6
Estonia 27.8 28.5 28.8 29.3 28.8
Costa Rica 32.1 29.7 29.1 28.6 29.5
Guatemala 29.1 29.1 29.3 29.8
Germany 30.8 30.0 29.2 29.1 29.3
Bolivia 29.8 29.2 29.3 29.4 31.0
Sweden 30.4 29.9 29.5 29.2 29.7
Colombia 29.4 29.4 29.8 31.4 32.4
Tunisia 30.2 30.0 29.8 28.2 28.3
Honduras 32.5 30.7 30.1 30.1 29.1
Seychelles 29.0 28.1 30.3 27.4 14.8
Poland 32.8 31.1 30.3 31.2 32.4
Spain 30.7 30.6 30.5 30.3 30.1
Nigeria 52.2 40.9 30.5 36.8 42.1
Mauritius 31.0 31.2 30.6 30.3 29.1
Austria 31.6 31.5 30.6 30.7 30.6
Hungary 31.7 31.5 30.8 30.5 31.1
Suriname 25.2 22.8 31.0 30.8 35.3
Ecuador 35.7 31.5 31.3 30.1 31.8
Cameroon 36.0 32.6 32.0 30.7 30.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.1 33.9 32.1 28.2 26.4
El Salvador 31.4 31.9 32.2 31.8 30.4
Syrian Arab Republic 37.9 33.2 32.2 29.3 35.2
Peru 31.6 31.2 32.3 33.0 35.2
Serbia 33.4 32.9 32.3 31.8 30.2
Namibia 28.0 30.9 32.3 28.3 29.4
Singapore 34.8 32.3 32.3 31.8 33.3
Dominican Republic 33.5 31.4 32.3 30.8 30.3
Argentina 28.1 27.0 32.4 34.9 34.7
South Africa 31.9 32.4 32.5 30.7 30.3
Russian Federation 37.9 35.7 32.8 32.6 36.3
Mexico 34.9 33.0 32.9 33.7 35.4
Chile 32.2 32.8 33.1 32.7 35.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 22.7 30.8 33.5 29.8 33.2
Guinea 33.5 34.0 33.9 34.1 32.8
Lesotho 30.6 32.8 34.0 33.0 32.5
Slovak Republic 36.1 34.8 34.2 34.9 36.2
Finland 36.2 35.2 34.4 33.9 33.6
Slovenia 35.0 34.9 34.5 34.7 34.6
Ukraine 36.3 34.7 34.5 34.6 35.9
Philippines 34.5 34.5 34.6 34.6 33.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 33.1 33.3 34.8 35.7 36.9
Vietnam 34.2 35.5 35.7 36.7 37.4
Korea, Rep. 38.1 36.8 36.4 36.6 38.0
Czech Republic 37.2 37.6 36.4 35.7 37.6
Papua New Guinea 41.4 40.6 36.7 36.8 38.9
Romania 33.4 35.6 36.8 34.6 34.9
Belarus 39.2 37.2 37.0 38.7 40.9
Norway 41.4 39.9 37.7 37.7 39.4
Kazakhstan 40.5 38.8 38.6 37.6 37.6
Bhutan 36.0 37.9 38.6 39.4 37.7
Armenia 39.0 36.4 39.0 42.0 41.1
Ireland 35.4 37.6 39.0 35.5 34.0
Tajikistan 38.9 40.1 39.4 37.4 35.4
Liechtenstein 40.7 39.4 39.9 41.7 39.9
Paraguay 35.7 38.0 40.5 37.3 34.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 36.7 35.4 41.4 41.0 42.7
Yemen, Rep. 46.4 42.4 42.1 43.0 45.2
Turkmenistan 44.4 44.3 42.4 41.3 40.1
Thailand 42.0 42.1 42.4 43.6 43.4
Malta 50.8 43.2 43.9 43.8 38.6
China 45.4 44.7 44.3 45.5 45.8
Indonesia 45.9 46.5 44.5 43.7 44.6
Swaziland 43.9 45.4 44.7 46.8 46.4
Trinidad and Tobago 49.5 47.1 44.8 53.0 55.2
Malaysia 48.3 46.2 45.1 46.6 48.5
Botswana 50.5 48.5 47.0 43.3 43.6
Gabon 56.3 47.7 47.3 47.0 51.5
United Arab Emirates 49.7 47.5 49.1 51.7
Venezuela, RB 49.7 46.1 49.8 51.6 55.5
Azerbaijan 45.3 47.2 50.2 52.6 54.7
Saudi Arabia 53.9 51.2 51.5 54.4 57.2
Algeria 58.6 52.4 52.1 53.5 54.9
Oman 59.2 56.4 55.5 55.6 56.3
Angola 72.1 64.9 58.7 60.5 64.0
Brunei Darussalam 63.7 60.0 60.7 64.1 67.9
Congo, Rep. 72.2 65.5 63.3 61.2 65.9
Libya 66.1 75.1 68.6
Puerto Rico 81.5 86.6 89.4 88.7 88.0
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Bahrain
American Samoa
Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Guam
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Iraq
Somalia
Greenland
Haiti
Marshall Islands
Monaco
Gambia, The
Canada
Israel
Kuwait
Equatorial Guinea
New Caledonia
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liberia
Middle East (developing only)
Isle of Man
Qatar
Lithuania 25.4
Zimbabwe 26.4

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