Country name 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Cayman Islands 4.9 4.6 4.7
Tuvalu 6.0 9.5 5.8 8.7
Bermuda 7.8 6.8 6.0
Kiribati 8.2 6.2 6.2 7.7
Macao SAR, China 7.3 6.4 6.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.2
Palau 10.9 10.4 8.3 9.1 8.7
Vanuatu 13.7 10.9 8.4 8.8
Sierra Leone 8.2 8.0 8.6 7.9 6.3
Ethiopia 10.2 10.5 10.3 11.9 15.4
Andorra 13.8 12.6 11.2 10.4
Comoros 11.8 11.4 11.3 11.1 10.9
Chad 12.3 13.1 13.0 13.8 15.1
Seychelles 14.0 13.7 13.3 12.9 12.5
Luxembourg 12.9 13.2 13.6 12.2
Cyprus 16.6 15.0 13.6 11.5 10.6
Central African Republic 13.8 13.9 13.8 12.0 12.0
Greece 15.2 14.3 13.8 13.8 13.3
Barbados 15.3 14.8 14.0
Benin 14.7 14.7 14.2 14.0 13.8
Grenada 17.0 15.6 14.3 15.2 14.2
Rwanda 12.9 14.4 14.4 14.9 14.4
Albania 14.3 14.3 14.4 15.1 14.9
Dominica 14.6 15.2 14.5 14.0 13.9
Guinea-Bissau 13.3 13.2 15.0 13.7 13.6
St. Lucia 15.9 15.6 15.1 14.4 12.8
Nepal 15.6 15.4 15.5 15.7 15.2
Madagascar 15.9 16.0 16.0 16.1
Antigua and Barbuda 19.1 17.1 16.6 18.1 18.5
Moldova 15.9 16.8 16.7 17.1 16.7
Burundi 16.7 16.9 16.9 17.7 18.3
Cabo Verde 18.1 17.8 17.0 16.6 16.5
Latvia 19.0 18.1 17.7 16.9 16.4
Montenegro 20.6 18.1 17.9 18.8 20.3
Bahamas, The 16.3 17.1 18.1 19.2 21.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.5 18.8 18.1 18.2 17.2
Togo 16.6 15.5 18.2 17.6 17.2
Maldives 15.5 18.8 19.4 17.4 19.0
Malawi 19.6 19.2 19.6 17.2 17.0
France 19.6 19.8 19.7 19.7 19.4
Timor-Leste 17.7 23.1 19.8
Fiji 20.2 20.1 20.0 20.2
Belize 21.7 22.6 20.2 19.1
United Kingdom 20.6 21.0 20.5 20.1 19.8
Lebanon 14.9 16.1 20.5 19.7 24.8
United States 20.3 20.6 20.6 20.5
Kenya 20.8 21.0 20.7 20.1 19.4
Jamaica 20.9 21.2 20.8 20.5
Niger 15.6 16.1 21.1 21.9 19.5
Mozambique 21.0 21.0 21.5 21.2 21.2
Portugal 22.6 22.1 21.8 21.3 21.2
Afghanistan 21.9 23.5 21.8 21.2 21.0
Tonga 20.6 22.0 21.9 19.4 18.8
Pakistan 20.6 21.2 22.1 21.1 21.3
Panama 20.9 21.5 22.1
Netherlands 22.1 22.4 22.3 22.2 21.4
Cote d'Ivoire 22.4 24.2 22.3 22.3 21.1
Sudan 28.4 27.4 22.4 20.9 20.4
Tajikistan 28.2 22.5 22.5 21.7
Mali 20.1 22.5 22.7
Belgium 23.7 23.4 23.0 22.5 22.5
Denmark 22.8 23.4 23.1 22.9 22.5
Tanzania 21.7 24.3 23.3 24.2 25.0
Spain 26.0 24.9 23.5 23.3 23.1
Nigeria 22.0 24.8 23.7 22.0 20.7
Italy 24.4 24.2 23.9 23.4 23.4
Iceland 23.7 24.0 24.0 23.4
Senegal 23.4 24.9 24.2 24.0 24.0
Macedonia, FYR 24.4 25.1 24.4 24.5 24.8
Cambodia 23.3 23.5 24.4 25.6 27.3
Georgia 22.2 23.1 24.5 24.0 24.4
Mauritius 26.2 25.4 24.7 24.3 23.2
Lithuania 23.3 24.6 24.8 24.2 23.6
West Bank and Gaza 24.1 23.4 25.1 23.6
Costa Rica 26.2 25.4 25.2 25.0
Brazil 27.4 27.2 25.4 24.4 23.4
Kyrgyz Republic 29.2 30.8 25.6 28.9 26.7
Uruguay 27.5 25.5 25.6 26.3 27.4
Japan 27.5 26.1 26.0 26.2
Switzerland 26.3 26.6 26.1 25.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.7 26.0 26.3 25.3 25.4
Nicaragua 24.3 25.6 26.5 25.9 25.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.6 27.3 26.6 27.1 26.8
Turkey 26.4 27.5 26.7 26.6 27.1
Singapore 27.6 26.4 26.7 25.1
Bangladesh 26.1 26.4 26.7 27.6 27.9
Sweden 28.9 28.2 26.9 25.9 25.7
El Salvador 26.7 26.9 26.9 27.0
Ireland 26.4 27.5 27.0 24.1
Dominican Republic 28.1 27.7 27.0 27.0 26.9
Finland 30.0 28.9 27.0 26.8 26.0
Croatia 27.1 27.0 27.1 27.2 28.7
Honduras 27.6 27.8 28.1 27.3 26.4
Australia 27.0 28.5 28.2 26.8 27.1
Ukraine 31.3 29.1 28.4 26.2 25.4
Austria 28.6 28.5 28.5 28.2 28.4
Ghana 19.8 26.2 28.9 28.8 29.5
Estonia 28.0 29.2 29.0 28.9 28.2
Guatemala 28.9 29.3 29.5 29.0 29.0
Burkina Faso 27.4 32.1 29.6 27.8 26.0
South Africa 30.2 29.9 29.7 29.9 29.5
Argentina 30.9 31.1 29.8 28.8 28.8
Jordan 30.7 31.1 30.1 29.7 29.8
Bulgaria 27.8 30.0 30.1 27.9 28.4
Cameroon 29.9 29.6 30.2 29.9 30.6
Serbia 28.4 29.5 30.3 31.7 29.8
Morocco 29.7 30.2 30.3 28.5 28.0
Paraguay 30.1 29.3 30.4 28.4 28.8
Hungary 30.4 30.1 30.4 30.2
Germany 30.0 30.5 30.7 30.7 30.7
Tunisia 31.1 31.6 31.1 30.0
Philippines 32.6 31.3 31.2 31.1 31.2
Sri Lanka 29.4 29.9 31.5 32.5 33.8
Zimbabwe 30.7 32.7 31.6 31.1 29.6
Lesotho 31.8 33.1 31.7 29.8
Slovenia 30.6 30.9 31.7 32.0 32.8
India 27.2 33.1 31.9 30.7 30.1
Uzbekistan 32.5 32.6 32.3 33.3 33.7
Namibia 30.2 30.1 32.4 33.3 34.9
Poland 32.9 33.7 32.9 33.2
Armenia 37.0 33.8 33.2 31.5 30.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 34.4 33.8 33.6 33.6 33.2
Zambia 35.5 35.9 34.4 33.9
Mongolia 37.0 35.8 34.6 35.5 37.2
Botswana 35.7 40.2 34.7 37.3 37.9
Slovak Republic 35.5 35.7 35.3 33.2 33.0
Lao PDR 31.8 34.8 36.0 33.1 31.3
Mexico 35.1 36.3 36.4 34.4 33.8
Chile 39.6 38.7 36.6 35.1 35.1
Guyana 35.8 36.4 36.7 35.8 35.3
Peru 38.4 38.9 36.8
Russian Federation 34.7 37.4 36.8 36.3
Czech Republic 36.8 37.1 37.0 36.7 37.9
Korea, Rep. 38.3 38.4 38.1 38.4 38.2
Liechtenstein 39.0 36.1 38.3
Vietnam 38.2 37.9 38.6 38.3 38.5
Bolivia 37.3 38.9 38.7 38.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 37.5 37.6 39.2 39.2 39.9
Ecuador 36.3 39.0 39.4 38.7 38.0
Kazakhstan 42.9 40.9 39.5 36.9 36.0
Colombia 35.0 37.6 40.6 40.0 38.2
Malaysia 41.2 40.4 40.8 40.5 40.5
Norway 39.1 41.4 41.1 39.8 38.4
Guinea 44.8 44.8 41.7 37.7 37.6
Romania 42.1 42.8 42.3 43.2 27.3
Mauritania 40.9 46.9 42.9 41.1 35.6
Belarus 42.2 42.7 43.0 42.0 42.4
Thailand 44.7 43.0 43.6 42.5 42.0
Bhutan 44.5 43.0 44.3 44.6 42.3
Indonesia 43.9 44.8 44.6 43.6 42.9
China 46.2 46.1 45.0 43.7 42.6
Turkmenistan 48.4 48.4 48.4
Venezuela, RB 52.2 52.7 49.3
Algeria 51.4 50.9 50.7 47.6 47.1
Suriname 52.4 53.0 52.9 48.6
Trinidad and Tobago 62.7 61.4 57.4 56.5
Gabon 55.6 58.5 57.8 44.7 42.9
United Arab Emirates 54.9 60.1 59.6 59.0
Angola 59.9 62.1 61.8 57.8 60.2
Saudi Arabia 58.5 63.8 62.9 60.0 56.9
Azerbaijan 64.1 65.6 63.1 62.1 58.3
Kuwait 61.0 67.4 69.1 67.2
Oman 64.1 72.2 70.3 68.6
Brunei Darussalam 66.8 72.2 71.1 68.2
Congo, Rep. 75.4 76.6 74.8 72.0 69.4
Puerto Rico 96.7 95.4 93.1 95.5
New Zealand 23.7 23.4
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Malta 32.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Faeroe Islands
Israel
Iraq
Northern Mariana Islands
Middle East (developing only)
Solomon Islands
Qatar
Somalia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.2 9.2
Haiti
American Samoa
South Sudan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liberia
Isle of Man
Libya
French Polynesia
Guam
New Caledonia
Aruba 16.4 16.3
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
Samoa
Greenland
Eritrea
Canada 27.7
Turks and Caicos Islands
Equatorial Guinea
Uganda
Curacao
Bahrain
Marshall Islands
Myanmar
Monaco
Djibouti
Sao Tome and Principe 16.9 15.9
Papua New Guinea
Syrian Arab Republic
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Swaziland 49.9 47.7
Yemen, Rep.
Gambia, The
Cuba 20.5 20.5

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