Country name 2010 2011 2012 2013
Tuvalu 6.0 9.5 5.8 8.7
Bermuda 7.8 6.8 6.0
Macao SAR, China 7.3 6.4 6.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.2
Palau 10.4 9.8 7.8 8.3
Vanuatu 13.7 10.9 8.4 8.8
Sierra Leone 8.2 8.0 8.6 8.0
Ethiopia 10.2 10.5 10.3 11.9
Comoros 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.5
Chad 12.3 13.1 12.7 15.4
Luxembourg 12.9 13.2 13.6 12.2
Central African Republic 13.8 13.8 13.7
Greece 15.2 14.3 13.8 13.8
Benin 14.7 14.7 14.2 14.0
Grenada 17.0 15.6 14.3 15.2
Rwanda 12.9 14.4 14.4 14.9
Albania 14.3 14.3 14.4 15.3
Dominica 14.6 15.2 14.5 14.0
Guinea-Bissau 13.3 13.2 15.0 13.7
St. Lucia 15.9 15.6 15.1 14.4
Seychelles 14.0 14.6 15.4 11.3
Nepal 15.6 15.4 15.5 15.7
Barbados 15.3 14.8 15.7
Madagascar 15.9 16.0 16.0 16.1
Liberia 5.0 8.3 16.4
Antigua and Barbuda 19.1 17.1 16.6 18.1
Moldova 15.9 16.8 16.7 16.6
Burundi 16.7 16.9 16.9 17.7
Cabo Verde 17.6 17.4 17.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.5 18.4 17.8 17.7
Montenegro 20.6 18.1 17.9 18.8
Bahamas, The 16.3 17.0 18.1 18.3
Niger 15.6 16.1 19.4 19.4
Timor-Leste 17.7 23.1 19.8
France 19.6 19.8 20.0 19.8
Fiji 20.2 20.1 20.0 20.2
Malawi 19.6 19.2 20.1 18.8
Belize 21.7 22.6 20.2 19.1
United Kingdom 20.6 21.0 20.5 20.2
Lebanon 14.9 16.1 20.5 19.8
Kenya 20.8 21.0 20.7 19.8
Mozambique 20.5 20.3 20.8 20.8
Jamaica 20.9 21.2 20.8
United States 20.4 20.8 21.0
Tonga 20.4 21.6 21.5
Portugal 22.6 22.1 21.6 21.1
Afghanistan 21.9 23.5 21.8 21.2
Pakistan 20.6 21.2 22.1 21.1
Panama 20.9 21.5 22.1
Netherlands 22.1 22.4 22.3 22.2
Cote d'Ivoire 22.4 24.2 22.4 22.3
Sudan 28.4 27.4 22.4 21.7
Tajikistan 28.2 22.5 22.5 21.7
Maldives 15.5 19.0 22.5
Mali 20.1 22.5 22.7
Belgium 23.7 23.4 23.0 22.5
Denmark 22.8 23.4 23.1 22.9
Spain 26.0 24.9 23.5 23.3
Italy 24.4 24.2 23.6 23.3
Nigeria 22.0 24.8 23.7 22.0
Senegal 23.4 24.9 24.2 24.0
Tanzania 24.7 25.1 24.3 24.4
Cambodia 23.3 23.5 24.4 25.6
Iceland 24.3 25.3 24.5
Georgia 22.2 23.1 24.5 24.0
Uruguay 26.9 24.9 24.7 25.4
Mauritius 26.2 25.4 24.7 24.3
West Bank and Gaza 24.1 23.4 25.1
Costa Rica 26.2 25.4 25.3 25.2
Macedonia, FYR 27.7 29.1 25.4 26.2
Kyrgyz Republic 29.2 30.8 25.6 26.7
Japan 27.5 26.1 25.6
Brazil 28.1 27.5 26.0 25.0
Switzerland 26.3 26.6 26.1 25.7
Burkina Faso 23.0 24.3 26.2
India 27.2 27.2 26.2 24.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.7 26.0 26.3 25.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.6 27.3 26.6 27.1
Singapore 27.6 26.4 26.7 25.1
Bangladesh 26.1 26.4 26.7 27.6
Sweden 28.9 28.2 26.9 25.9
El Salvador 26.7 26.9 26.9 27.0
Ireland 26.4 27.5 27.0 24.1
Dominican Republic 28.1 27.7 27.1 26.9
Croatia 27.1 27.0 27.1 27.2
Turkey 26.9 27.9 27.1 27.1
Finland 30.0 28.9 27.2 26.9
Honduras 27.6 27.8 27.9 27.3
Australia 27.0 28.5 28.2 26.8
South Africa 30.1 29.7 28.4 27.6
Austria 28.6 28.5 28.5 28.2
Uganda 27.0 27.5 28.6 28.7
Ghana 19.1 25.6 28.6 28.5
Kosovo 27.5 26.4 28.7 29.1
Estonia 28.0 29.2 29.0 28.9
Ukraine 31.3 30.0 29.2 26.9
Nicaragua 26.9 28.8 29.3 30.9
Guatemala 28.9 29.3 29.5 29.0
Argentina 30.9 30.5 29.6 28.5
Jordan 30.7 31.1 30.1 29.7
Bulgaria 27.8 30.0 30.1 27.9
Cameroon 29.9 29.6 30.2 29.9
Serbia 28.4 29.5 30.3
Morocco 29.7 30.2 30.3 28.5
Paraguay 30.1 29.3 30.4 28.4
Hungary 30.4 30.1 30.4 30.2
Germany 30.0 30.5 30.7 30.7
Tunisia 31.1 31.6 31.1 30.0
Philippines 32.6 31.3 31.2 31.1
Sri Lanka 29.4 29.9 31.5 32.5
Zimbabwe 30.7 32.7 31.6 31.1
Slovenia 30.6 30.9 31.7 32.0
Lesotho 30.8 33.1 31.8
Mongolia 37.5 36.3 31.9 33.3
Namibia 30.2 30.1 32.2 33.4
Uzbekistan 32.5 32.6 32.3 26.3
Poland 32.9 33.7 32.9 33.2
Armenia 37.0 33.8 33.2 31.5
Guyana 33.1 33.7 33.9 32.8
Zambia 35.5 35.9 34.4 33.9
Slovak Republic 35.5 35.7 35.3 33.2
Botswana 40.1 40.0 35.3 36.9
Lao PDR 31.8 34.8 36.0 33.1
Chile 39.6 38.7 36.3 35.3
Mexico 35.1 36.3 36.4 34.8
Russian Federation 34.7 37.4 36.8 36.3
Czech Republic 36.8 37.1 37.0 36.7
Colombia 35.0 37.6 37.6 37.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 35.2 37.4 37.8 38.2
Korea, Rep. 38.3 38.4 38.1 38.6
Vietnam 38.2 37.9 38.6 38.3
Bolivia 37.3 38.9 38.7 38.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 37.5 37.6 39.2 39.2
Ecuador 36.3 39.0 39.4 38.7
Kazakhstan 42.9 40.9 39.5 36.9
Malaysia 41.2 40.4 40.8 40.5
Guinea 44.8 44.8 41.7 37.7
Norway 39.3 41.6 42.0 40.8
Romania 42.1 42.8 42.3 43.2
Mauritania 41.8 48.3 42.9 41.5
Belarus 42.2 42.7 43.0 42.2
Thailand 44.7 43.0 43.6 42.5
Bhutan 44.5 43.0 44.3 44.6
China 46.7 46.6 45.3 43.9
Indonesia 47.0 47.1 46.8 45.7
Turkmenistan 48.4 48.4 48.4
Algeria 51.4 50.9 50.7 47.6
Suriname 52.4 53.0 52.9 48.6
Trinidad and Tobago 62.7 61.4 57.4 56.5
United Arab Emirates 54.9 60.1 59.6 59.0
Saudi Arabia 58.5 63.8 60.7 60.6
Angola 59.9 62.1 61.8 57.8
Azerbaijan 64.1 65.6 63.1 62.1
Gabon 59.4 63.9 64.0
Oman 64.1 70.6 69.2 67.3
Brunei Darussalam 66.8 72.2 71.1 68.2
Qatar 68.1 72.5 72.2 69.6
Congo, Rep. 75.4 76.6 74.8 72.0
Kuwait 66.1 72.7 74.8 73.3
Puerto Rico 96.7 95.4 93.1 95.5
Lithuania 27.8
Curacao
Iraq
San Marino
Peru
Northern Mariana Islands
Eritrea
French Polynesia
Latvia 21.8
Aruba 16.4 16.3
Equatorial Guinea
Bahrain
Sao Tome and Principe 16.9 15.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Djibouti
New Zealand 23.8
Libya
New Caledonia
Andorra
Solomon Islands
American Samoa
Somalia
Isle of Man
Cyprus
Iran, Islamic Rep.
South Sudan
Papua New Guinea
Canada 27.7
Gambia, The
Myanmar
Togo 16.6 15.5
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Greenland
St. Martin (French part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.2 9.2
Guam
Cayman Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Samoa
Kiribati 8.2
Haiti
Israel
Marshall Islands
Venezuela, RB 52.2
Malta 32.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Syrian Arab Republic
Yemen, Rep.
Swaziland 49.9 47.7
Cuba 20.5 20.5

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