Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3
Kiribati 6.2 6.2 7.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.2 9.0 7.9 6.3
Tuvalu 9.5 5.8 8.7
Vanuatu 10.9 8.4 8.8 9.1
Palau 10.4 8.3 9.1 8.7
Marshall Islands 13.1 11.1 10.3 10.5
Andorra 12.6 11.2 10.4
Sao Tome and Principe 13.3 12.1 11.2 10.3
Comoros 11.3 11.4 11.3 11.8
Cyprus 15.0 13.6 11.5 10.6
Luxembourg 12.9 12.2 11.7 11.9
Ethiopia 10.5 10.3 11.9 14.7
Central African Republic 13.9 13.8 12.0 12.0
Seychelles 13.7 13.3 12.9 12.3
Guinea-Bissau 13.2 15.0 13.7 13.6
Chad 13.1 13.0 13.8 15.1
St. Lucia 15.5 15.2 14.1 13.5
Dominica 15.4 15.3 14.4 14.8
Rwanda 14.4 14.4 14.9 14.4
Grenada 15.6 14.3 15.4 14.3
Nepal 15.4 15.5 15.7 15.6
Gambia, The 15.4 15.9 15.8 15.9
Madagascar 16.0 16.0 16.0 15.9
Greece 15.6 16.2 16.4 15.8
Cabo Verde 17.8 17.0 16.6 16.6
Moldova 16.8 16.7 17.1 17.2
Malawi 19.2 19.6 17.2 17.0
Maldives 18.8 19.4 17.3 19.3
Togo 15.5 18.2 17.6 17.2
Timor-Leste 23.5 19.8 17.6
Burundi 16.9 16.9 17.7 18.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.4 17.8 17.8 17.1
Antigua and Barbuda 17.1 16.6 18.1 18.0
Mozambique 19.3 19.1 18.7 21.1
Montenegro 18.0 17.8 18.8 17.7
Belize 22.6 20.2 19.1
Bahamas, The 17.1 18.1 19.2 21.4
Tonga 22.0 21.9 19.4 18.8
Fiji 20.5 19.8 19.6 18.7
Lebanon 16.1 20.5 19.7 24.8
France 19.8 19.7 19.7 19.4
Kenya 21.0 20.7 20.1 19.4
United States 20.6 20.6 20.5
Sudan 27.4 22.4 20.9 20.4
Pakistan 21.2 22.1 21.0 20.9
Afghanistan 23.5 21.8 21.2 22.3
Jamaica 21.2 21.0 21.2 21.5
United Kingdom 21.0 20.8 21.3 21.0
Portugal 22.1 21.8 21.5 21.5
Tajikistan 22.5 22.5 21.7
Netherlands 22.4 22.1 21.9 21.2
Niger 16.1 21.1 21.9 19.5
Belgium 23.0 22.5 22.2 22.1
Cote d'Ivoire 24.2 22.3 22.3 21.1
Uganda 21.9 22.8 22.4 22.0
Sierra Leone 8.3 15.3 22.4 15.6
Mali 22.2 22.4 22.6 22.4
Spain 25.0 23.5 22.7 22.4
Denmark 23.4 23.1 22.9 22.5
Benin 24.2 22.9 22.9 23.2
Burkina Faso 27.2 24.9 23.4 23.1
West Bank and Gaza 23.4 25.1 23.6
Italy 24.2 23.8 23.6 23.5
Iceland 25.1 23.6 23.6
Latvia 23.9 24.0 23.7 23.4
Senegal 24.9 24.2 23.8 23.5
Georgia 23.1 24.5 24.0 24.4
Tanzania 24.3 23.3 24.2 25.0
Mauritius 25.4 24.7 24.3 23.2
Macedonia, FYR 25.1 24.4 24.5 24.8
Brazil 27.2 26.1 24.9 24.0
Costa Rica 25.4 25.2 25.0
Singapore 26.4 26.7 25.1 24.9
Nigeria 27.8 26.7 25.3 24.2
Cambodia 23.5 24.3 25.6 27.0
Nicaragua 25.6 26.5 25.9 25.7
Ireland 28.3 26.9 26.1 25.6
Sweden 28.2 26.9 26.1 26.0
Switzerland 26.6 26.2 26.1 26.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.0 26.3 26.1 25.3
Japan 26.1 26.0 26.2
Ukraine 29.1 28.4 26.2 25.4
Albania 28.2 26.5 26.4 25.2
Turkey 27.5 26.7 26.6 27.1
Australia 28.6 28.3 26.9 27.1
Uruguay 26.0 26.1 26.9 27.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.0 26.3 26.9 26.8
Finland 28.9 27.0 26.9 26.5
Romania 32.5 27.8 27.0 27.3
Dominican Republic 27.7 27.0 27.0 26.9
Honduras 27.8 28.1 27.3 26.4
Croatia 27.0 27.1 27.4 28.8
El Salvador 27.1 27.1 27.4 26.8
Bulgaria 29.6 29.5 27.6 27.2
Bangladesh 26.4 26.7 27.6 27.6
Austria 28.5 28.8 28.3 28.0
Paraguay 29.3 30.4 28.3 28.8
Morocco 28.9 28.6 28.7 29.3
Ghana 26.2 28.9 28.7 27.7
Argentina 31.1 29.8 28.8 28.8
Kyrgyz Republic 30.8 25.6 28.9 26.7
Estonia 29.2 28.8 28.9 28.1
Guatemala 29.3 29.5 29.0 29.0
Jordan 31.1 30.1 29.7 29.8
Cameroon 29.6 30.2 29.9 30.1
South Africa 29.9 29.7 29.9 29.5
Tunisia 31.6 31.1 29.9 29.3
Armenia 33.8 31.2 30.0 28.6
Lithuania 31.0 30.7 30.1 30.5
Hungary 30.1 30.3 30.1 31.2
Germany 30.6 30.8 30.3 30.3
India 33.0 31.7 30.5 30.1
Zimbabwe 32.7 31.6 31.1 29.4
Philippines 31.3 31.2 31.2 31.4
Sri Lanka 30.4 32.3 31.3 30.1
Serbia 29.5 30.3 31.7 29.8
Lesotho 33.1 31.6 31.8 31.9
Slovenia 30.9 31.7 32.3 33.1
Poland 33.7 32.9 32.3 32.6
Namibia 30.1 32.4 32.7 31.8
Slovak Republic 35.6 35.3 33.0 33.6
Lao PDR 34.8 36.0 33.2 31.4
Uzbekistan 32.6 32.3 33.3 33.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.8 33.6 33.6 33.2
Zambia 35.9 34.4 33.9
Mexico 36.4 36.4 34.5 34.4
Chile 38.7 36.6 35.1 35.1
Mongolia 35.8 34.6 35.5 37.2
Guyana 36.4 36.7 35.8 35.3
Russian Federation 37.4 37.0 35.9 35.8
Czech Republic 37.1 37.0 36.9 38.0
Kazakhstan 40.9 39.5 36.9 36.0
Thailand 38.1 37.5 37.0 36.8
Colombia 37.6 37.8 37.2 36.0
Guinea 44.8 41.7 37.7 37.6
Bolivia 38.9 38.6 38.0 36.8
Vietnam 37.9 38.6 38.3 38.5
Korea, Rep. 38.4 38.1 38.4 38.2
Botswana 41.5 36.0 38.5 39.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 37.6 38.8 38.9 39.0
Ecuador 39.0 39.6 39.2 39.1
Norway 41.4 41.1 39.8 38.2
Malaysia 39.8 40.1 39.9 40.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 46.5 41.4 40.2 38.2
Mauritania 46.9 42.9 41.1 35.6
Belarus 42.7 43.0 42.0 42.4
Indonesia 43.9 43.6 42.6 41.9
China 46.1 45.0 43.7 42.7
Swaziland 45.0 44.3 44.2 44.1
Bhutan 43.0 44.3 44.7 42.9
Algeria 52.7 51.3 47.8 45.7
Suriname 53.0 52.9 48.6
Trinidad and Tobago 61.4 57.4 56.5
Saudi Arabia 63.8 62.9 60.0 56.4
Gabon 66.3 64.1 61.7 57.5
Azerbaijan 65.6 63.1 62.1 58.3
Kuwait 67.4 69.1 67.9 64.3
Brunei Darussalam 72.2 71.1 68.2
Oman 71.6 70.4 68.9 65.3
Qatar 72.5 72.2 70.6 67.9
Congo, Rep. 76.6 74.8 72.0 69.4
Puerto Rico 95.4 93.1 95.5
Turkmenistan 48.4 48.4
Israel
French Polynesia
Liechtenstein 36.1 38.3
Djibouti
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Curacao
Eritrea
Iraq
Syrian Arab Republic
Solomon Islands
Myanmar
Somalia
Canada
New Zealand 23.4
Peru 38.9 36.8
South Sudan
San Marino
Samoa
Greenland
Cuba 20.5
Panama 21.5 22.1
Malta
Macao SAR, China 6.4 6.2
Bermuda 6.8 6.0
Angola
Papua New Guinea
Liberia
New Caledonia
Faroe Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Equatorial Guinea
Cayman Islands 4.6 4.7
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
United Arab Emirates
Guam
Barbados
Bahrain
Libya
Haiti
Venezuela, RB 52.7 49.3
Aruba 16.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Yemen, Rep.
Isle of Man
Monaco

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