Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 15.3 15.4 13.1 14.0 16.7
Algeria 51.2 52.3 46.1 48.0 58.6
American Samoa
Andorra 14.3
Angola 67.8 60.8 55.7 72.7 72.1
Antigua and Barbuda 17.9 18.2 18.3 19.4 16.4
Argentina 28.8 29.5 29.0 28.3 28.1
Armenia 32.6 33.2 30.8 32.2 39.0
Aruba 16.4 18.7 19.0 17.0 17.1
Australia 28.5 27.6 27.7 26.9 26.8
Austria 32.2 32.2 32.0 32.0 31.6
Azerbaijan 39.1 39.9 36.5 40.7 45.3
Bahamas, The 16.6 18.1 17.9 16.6 17.5
Bahrain
Bangladesh 22.8 23.0 23.8 23.5 23.3
Barbados
Belarus 38.6 41.2 40.6 39.2 39.2
Belgium 28.8 29.2 28.6 27.8 27.8
Belize 20.5 19.8 19.7 18.6 20.6
Benin 13.3 13.5 12.6 32.2 31.8
Bermuda 8.8 8.5 6.8 9.2 11.7
Bhutan 33.8 33.8 32.9 35.6 36.0
Bolivia 32.3 30.6 30.4 28.6 29.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 31.3 30.7 33.4 29.7 23.0
Botswana 48.6 49.2 47.1 48.8 50.5
Brazil 25.6 25.7 25.1 25.1 26.7
Brunei Darussalam 56.3 56.0 51.5 55.2 63.7
Bulgaria 21.3 23.7 24.6 25.1 25.8
Burkina Faso 20.0 21.5 19.3 25.2 21.5
Burundi 12.6 15.6 15.8 16.2 16.9
Cabo Verde 28.9 26.2 26.4 23.4 21.7
Cambodia 15.7 17.1 17.4 19.1 23.0
Cameroon 29.8 30.7 29.0 32.0 36.0
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 16.7 14.6 14.4 14.4 14.6
Chad 12.9 14.2 13.5 12.8 11.3
Chile 40.2 40.0 37.5 37.3 32.2
China 47.0 47.0 45.7 45.3 45.4
Colombia 30.8 29.4 28.4 28.6 29.4
Comoros 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 32.6 21.5 20.9 18.8 22.7
Congo, Rep. 51.8 56.9 46.1 61.3 72.2
Costa Rica 29.0 28.9 29.8 35.1 32.1
Cote d'Ivoire 20.4 23.7 22.8 21.9 21.5
Croatia 30.8 31.9 30.3 29.1 29.3
Cuba 24.3 24.6 25.0 25.5 27.9
Curacao
Cyprus 22.1 21.5 20.9 20.0 19.4
Czech Republic 40.5 39.7 38.5 37.6 37.2
Denmark 25.9 26.2 26.2 26.5 27.5
Djibouti 15.7 15.3 14.7 14.9 15.4
Dominica 21.7 21.9 22.4 22.4 17.7
Dominican Republic 35.1 34.0 34.5 34.6 33.5
Ecuador 25.2 24.4 24.4 27.0 35.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 31.6 31.2 30.9 30.9 33.1
El Salvador 29.6 29.2 30.2 31.3 31.6
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 21.0 23.4 21.1 22.9 20.4
Estonia 30.4 30.3 28.6 26.6 27.8
Ethiopia 10.4 13.0 12.4 13.0 12.2
Faroe Islands
Fiji 24.1 25.0 24.5 22.1 22.3
Finland 33.0 33.5 35.1 35.0 36.2
France 23.9 23.7 23.6 23.3 23.3
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia, The
Georgia 23.7 23.6 22.9 22.5 22.4
Germany 31.9 31.5 31.4 30.8 30.9
Ghana 26.6 28.7 28.2 28.4 28.4
Greece 20.8 19.9 20.1 21.3 20.9
Greenland
Grenada 20.0 21.6 21.9 22.7 20.8
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 30.8 30.1 32.2 30.2 33.5
Guinea-Bissau 11.6 15.3 12.7 12.9 14.5
Guyana 33.8 33.7 30.8 30.0 29.0
Haiti
Honduras 30.8 29.9 30.7 32.3 32.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 12.4
Hungary 29.9 32.4 32.7 32.4 31.8
Iceland 30.1 28.6 27.2 27.1
India 26.6 26.4 25.7 25.2 26.0
Indonesia 43.5 44.3 45.2 43.4 45.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.0 38.8 32.6 37.6 40.6
Iraq
Ireland 31.9 33.4 34.7 35.3 35.4
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy 28.5 28.3 28.2 27.6 27.1
Jamaica 34.1 33.1 25.9 26.0 25.5
Japan 32.9 32.7 31.8 31.3 31.1
Jordan 26.1 25.8 26.4 25.9 25.5
Kazakhstan 26.9 26.8 31.2 34.9 40.5
Kenya 18.3 17.8 17.5 16.8 16.9
Kiribati 8.6 8.2 10.9 11.8 11.8
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 37.8 37.5 37.0 36.5 38.1
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic 18.3 22.8 22.8 25.0 31.4
Lao PDR 21.1 21.0 22.5 22.6 16.6
Latvia 30.0 31.6 29.3 27.8 26.5
Lebanon 24.9 24.9 26.9 24.5 22.8
Lesotho 42.3 48.5 40.6 45.0 30.6
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein 42.4 39.9 40.7
Lithuania 30.1 30.8 31.1 29.9 29.6
Luxembourg 19.6 20.6 20.7 18.7 18.3
Macao SAR, China 14.2 14.3 15.5 15.6 14.7
Macedonia, FYR 29.6 34.5 33.8 32.6 25.4
Madagascar 11.4 13.4 13.6 13.8 14.2
Malawi 19.3 18.1 18.3 18.2 17.9
Malaysia 43.5 44.6 43.9 46.5 48.3
Maldives 12.8 14.0 14.9 15.6 15.0
Mali 18.6 20.6 21.2 21.1 21.0
Malta 48.4 46.6 47.6 46.3 50.8
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 25.4 26.4 31.6 29.5 27.4
Mauritius 31.9 30.9 30.9 31.2 31.0
Mexico 34.7 34.6 33.8 34.1 34.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.9 7.5 8.7 8.5 8.9
Moldova 30.7 29.0 24.5 19.0 21.7
Monaco
Mongolia 25.2 30.7 24.5 24.5 25.0
Montenegro 23.4
Morocco 27.3 29.7 27.7 28.2 29.1
Mozambique 16.5 17.2 21.2 22.4 23.1
Myanmar 10.4 10.2 9.9 9.0 9.7
Namibia 23.7 24.4 25.4 24.2 28.0
Nepal 22.9 22.9 22.5 21.8 22.1
Netherlands 26.7 25.7 25.2 24.5 24.7
New Caledonia 19.1 19.6
New Zealand 27.1 26.8 25.6 25.9 25.3
Nicaragua 22.6 22.1 22.1 23.2 23.0
Niger 17.8 17.9 16.7 17.2 17.8
Nigeria 48.5 44.1 33.6 37.9 52.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 35.7 36.3 31.9 34.1 41.4
Oman 49.4 48.6 40.8 47.3 59.2
Pakistan 24.2 23.5 23.8 23.7 23.3
Palau 9.1 9.0 12.7 12.1 17.6
Panama 20.2 18.8 18.6 19.9 18.9
Papua New Guinea 36.6 31.4 33.0 37.0 41.4
Paraguay 34.0 33.8 34.9 35.9 35.7
Peru 32.0 32.4 31.4 31.2 31.6
Philippines 32.1 32.1 34.4 33.1 34.5
Poland 36.0 35.9 35.6 34.5 32.8
Portugal 29.0 29.2 29.0 28.5 27.9
Puerto Rico 85.3 83.8 88.6 83.8 81.5
Qatar 70.7
Romania 42.5 39.2 29.6 28.1 27.7
Russian Federation 38.7 38.1 37.4 37.2 37.9
Rwanda 18.1 18.6 18.7 14.5 13.6
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 51.9 50.5 43.6 47.4 53.9
Senegal 24.3 23.5 23.7 23.5 23.2
Serbia 33.1 30.8 31.9 30.3 33.4
Seychelles 23.8 24.3 25.8 27.1 29.0
Sierra Leone 38.1 27.7 24.7 25.2 28.4
Singapore 33.6 33.1 33.8 32.8 34.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 37.7 34.6 34.8 34.2 36.1
Slovenia 35.1 35.5 36.1 36.0 35.0
Solomon Islands 15.8 14.4 14.0 14.5 12.7
Somalia
South Africa 33.6 32.9 32.4 31.4 31.9
South Sudan
Spain 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.7 30.7
Sri Lanka 26.4 26.9 27.5 27.3 27.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 24.2 23.2 24.8 26.7 30.1
St. Lucia 18.8 17.7 18.2 19.4 17.4
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20.4 21.9 22.1 20.6 19.7
Sudan 15.0 14.6 15.2 16.2 20.8
Suriname 28.9 29.0 24.2 24.9 25.2
Swaziland 43.1 45.0 45.0 44.3 43.9
Sweden 30.3 30.4 30.6 30.0 30.4
Switzerland 28.9 28.1 27.4 27.1 26.4
Syrian Arab Republic 27.6 30.9 27.6 33.6 37.9
Tajikistan 31.6 28.7 27.0 29.6 38.9
Tanzania 14.2 14.3 20.1 19.5 19.2
Thailand 37.3 36.8 36.3 36.5 36.8
Timor-Leste 16.3
Togo 21.1 20.1 16.9 16.2 18.3
Tonga 22.3 19.9 19.3 20.0 21.3
Trinidad and Tobago 47.1 44.8 40.8 42.6 49.5
Tunisia 32.6 29.7 29.1 29.4 30.2
Turkey 31.6 31.9 35.3 33.2 31.3
Turkmenistan 68.8 48.0 42.2 46.0 44.4
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu 7.8
Uganda 16.2 17.6 18.1 19.7 22.9
Ukraine 38.2 35.1 36.1 38.5 36.3
United Arab Emirates 46.4 45.4 40.0 42.0 48.5
United Kingdom 30.1 29.1 27.8 26.6 27.1
United States 24.0 23.5 23.3 23.2
Uruguay 28.5 26.4 26.2 26.0 24.5
Uzbekistan 30.5 26.1 26.2 24.3 23.1
Vanuatu 10.6 9.1 9.2 9.6 12.8
Venezuela, RB 49.1 50.8 44.4 45.6 49.7
Vietnam 29.7 32.1 32.5 34.5 34.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 29.8 26.6 26.6 28.8 25.0
Yemen, Rep. 40.3 41.9 32.0 40.6 46.4
Zambia 37.7 36.9 31.0 25.8 26.3
Zimbabwe 25.9 25.6 24.0 23.7

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