Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan
Albania 22.5 20.2 18.7 16.0 16.8
Algeria 50.4 51.2 52.3 46.1 48.0
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 66.3 67.8 60.8 55.7 72.7
Antigua and Barbuda 18.4 17.9 18.2 18.3 19.4
Argentina 23.9 24.2 24.9 24.5 23.9
Armenia 32.0 32.6 33.2 30.8 32.2
Aruba 16.6 16.4 18.7 19.0 17.0
Australia 29.0 28.5 27.6 27.7 26.9
Austria 32.2 32.2 32.2 32.0 32.0
Azerbaijan 33.6 39.1 39.9 36.5 40.7
Bahamas, The 16.2 16.6 18.1 17.9 16.6
Bahrain 39.9
Bangladesh 24.6 24.9 25.1 25.8 25.2
Barbados 16.5 16.6 17.8 17.4 17.6
Belarus 37.0 38.6 41.2 40.6 39.2
Belgium 29.1 28.9 29.3 28.7 27.9
Belize 20.6 21.1 20.3 20.3 19.2
Benin 13.4 13.3 13.5 12.6 12.8
Bermuda 8.8 8.5 6.8 9.2
Bhutan 33.9 33.8 33.8 32.9 35.6
Bolivia 33.1 32.3 30.6 30.4 28.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.7 31.3 30.7 33.4 29.7
Botswana 46.5 48.6 49.2 47.1 48.8
Brazil 27.5 26.0 26.1 25.7 25.9
Brunei Darussalam 54.3 56.3 56.0 51.5 55.2
Bulgaria 28.4 21.3 23.7 24.6 24.8
Burkina Faso 21.5 20.0 21.5 19.3 25.4
Burundi 19.2 12.6 15.6 15.8 16.2
Cabo Verde 28.3 28.9 26.2 26.4 23.4
Cambodia 14.8 15.7 17.1 17.4 19.1
Cameroon 31.2 29.8 30.7 29.0 32.0
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 21.2 16.7 14.6 14.4 14.4
Chad 13.6 12.9 14.2 13.5 12.8
Chile 35.3 40.2 40.0 37.5 37.3
China 47.2 47.5 47.5 46.2 45.8
Colombia 31.7 30.8 29.4 28.4 28.6
Comoros 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 17.0 32.6 21.5 20.9 18.8
Congo, Rep. 44.9 51.8 56.9 46.1 61.3
Costa Rica 29.6 29.0 28.9 29.8 35.1
Cote d'Ivoire 20.8 20.4 23.6 23.0 24.2
Croatia 32.3 30.8 31.9 30.3 29.1
Cuba 22.9 24.3 24.6 25.0 25.5
Curacao
Cyprus 22.5 22.2 21.3 20.6 19.6
Czech Republic 39.0 40.5 39.7 38.5 37.6
Denmark 25.5 25.9 26.2 26.2 26.5
Djibouti 15.4 15.7 15.3 14.7 14.9
Dominica 22.0 21.7 21.9 22.4 22.4
Dominican Republic 33.8 35.1 34.0 34.5 34.6
Ecuador 25.5 25.2 24.4 24.4 27.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.3 31.6 31.2 30.9 30.9
El Salvador 29.5 29.4 29.0 30.1 31.1
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 16.8 21.0 23.4 21.1 22.9
Estonia 32.4 30.7 30.6 28.8 26.7
Ethiopia 9.8 10.4 13.0 12.4 13.0
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 24.3 24.1 25.0 24.5 22.1
Finland 33.7 33.0 33.5 35.1 35.0
France 24.5 23.9 23.7 23.6 23.3
French Polynesia
Gabon 52.4 55.4 53.7 43.1 48.8
Gambia, The
Georgia 15.8 23.7 23.6 22.9 22.5
Germany 32.7 31.7 31.4 31.2 30.7
Ghana 26.7 26.6 28.7 28.2 28.4
Greece 21.4 20.8 19.8 19.8 21.7
Greenland
Grenada 20.0 20.0 21.6 21.9 22.7
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 29.2 30.8 30.1 32.2 30.2
Guinea-Bissau 12.2 11.6 15.3 12.7 12.9
Guyana 32.6 33.8 33.7 30.8 30.0
Haiti
Honduras 30.7 30.8 29.9 30.7 32.3
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 30.5 29.8 32.3 32.7 32.3
Iceland 30.5 29.0 27.2
India 27.4 26.6 26.4 25.7 25.2
Indonesia 41.8 43.5 44.3 45.2 43.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 34.2 36.9 34.0 27.6 33.3
Iraq
Ireland 31.9 31.6 33.3 34.5 35.2
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy 29.1 28.5 28.3 28.2 27.6
Jamaica 36.8 34.1 33.1 25.9 26.0
Japan 33.1 32.9 32.7 31.8 31.3
Jordan 28.9 26.1 25.8 26.4 25.9
Kazakhstan 31.4 26.9 26.8 31.2 34.9
Kenya 16.0 18.3 17.8 17.5 16.8
Kiribati 9.0 8.6 8.2 10.9 11.8
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 38.4 37.8 37.5 37.0 36.5
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic 19.5 18.3 22.8 22.8 25.0
Lao PDR 19.2 21.1 21.0 22.5 22.6
Latvia 30.4 28.6 29.5 27.6 24.8
Lebanon 24.9 24.9 24.9 26.9 24.5
Lesotho 40.2 42.3 48.5 40.6 45.0
Liberia 5.3 1.9 10.2 7.1 7.2
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 31.5 30.0 30.6 31.1 30.1
Luxembourg 21.2 19.6 20.5 20.7 18.7
Macao SAR, China 14.7 14.2 14.3 15.5 15.6
Macedonia, FYR 30.0 29.6 34.5 33.8 32.6
Madagascar 9.2 11.4 13.4 13.6 13.8
Malawi 19.6 19.3 18.1 18.3 18.2
Malaysia 41.4 43.5 44.6 43.9 46.5
Maldives 13.5 12.8 14.0 14.9 15.6
Mali 18.7 17.9 15.6 17.3 16.7
Malta 50.0 48.4 46.6 47.6 46.3
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 25.2 25.4 26.4 28.1 29.7
Mauritius 32.0 31.9 30.9 30.9 31.2
Mexico 32.5 34.7 34.6 33.8 34.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.3 7.9 7.5 8.7 8.5
Moldova 32.2 30.7 29.0 24.5 19.0
Monaco
Mongolia 34.7 25.2 30.7 24.5 24.5
Montenegro
Morocco 28.7 27.3 29.7 27.7 28.2
Mozambique 14.5 16.3 17.8 22.0 22.7
Myanmar 9.9 10.4 10.2 9.9 9.0
Namibia 24.4 23.7 24.4 25.4 24.2
Nepal 22.8 22.9 22.9 22.5 21.8
Netherlands 26.9 27.2 26.5 25.8 24.9
New Caledonia 20.2 19.1 19.6
New Zealand 27.8 27.1 26.8 25.7 26.0
Nicaragua 22.0 22.0 21.5 21.4 22.4
Niger 17.3 17.8 17.9 16.7 17.2
Nigeria 46.0 48.5 44.1 33.6 37.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 33.4 35.9 36.5 32.1 34.3
Oman 46.5 49.4 48.6 40.8 47.3
Pakistan 23.8 24.2 23.5 23.8 23.7
Palau 9.4 9.1 9.0 12.7 12.1
Panama 17.7 20.2 18.8 18.6 19.9
Papua New Guinea 33.7 36.6 31.4 33.0 37.0
Paraguay 34.6 34.0 33.8 34.9 35.9
Peru
Philippines 32.1 32.1 32.1 34.4 33.1
Poland 37.4 36.0 35.9 35.6 34.5
Portugal 28.2 29.0 29.2 29.0 28.5
Puerto Rico 87.5 85.3 83.8 88.6 83.8
Qatar 53.2 54.5 58.7 51.6 59.1
Romania 42.7 42.5 39.2 35.4 33.9
Russian Federation 37.0 38.7 38.1 37.4 37.2
Rwanda 16.0 18.1 18.6 18.7 14.5
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 48.9 51.9 50.5 43.6 47.4
Senegal 23.8 24.3 23.5 23.7 23.5
Serbia 35.5 33.1 30.8 31.9 30.3
Seychelles 22.7 23.8 24.3 25.8 27.1
Sierra Leone 38.7 38.1 27.7 24.7 25.2
Singapore 33.8 33.6 33.1 33.8 32.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 36.8 37.7 34.6 34.8 34.2
Slovenia 34.7 35.1 35.5 36.1 36.0
Solomon Islands 14.4 15.8 14.4 14.0 14.5
Somalia
South Africa 34.8 33.4 32.7 32.2 31.2
South Sudan
Spain 30.7 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.7
Sri Lanka 26.5 26.4 26.9 27.5 27.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 25.3 24.6 23.8 24.4 26.2
St. Lucia 19.5 18.8 17.7 18.2 19.4
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 25.0 24.3 26.6 26.9 25.3
Sudan 10.5 15.0 14.6 15.2 16.2
Suriname 31.8 28.9 29.0 24.2 24.9
Swaziland 45.0 43.1 45.0 45.0 44.3
Sweden 31.3 30.3 30.4 30.6 30.0
Switzerland 30.0 28.9 28.1 27.4 27.1
Syrian Arab Republic 20.3 27.6 30.9 27.6 33.6
Tajikistan 39.3 31.6 28.7 27.0 29.6
Tanzania 14.5 14.2 14.3 20.1 19.5
Thailand 40.7 40.8 40.2 39.6 40.9
Timor-Leste
Togo 22.2 21.1 20.1 16.9 16.2
Tonga 22.6 22.3 19.9 19.3 20.0
Trinidad and Tobago 46.9 47.1 44.8 40.8 42.6
Tunisia 33.7 32.6 29.7 29.1 29.4
Turkey 33.2 31.6 31.9 35.3 33.2
Turkmenistan 62.6 68.8 48.0 42.2 46.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 14.3 16.2 17.6 18.1 19.7
Ukraine 42.7 38.2 35.1 36.1 38.5
United Arab Emirates 45.5 46.4 45.4 40.0 42.0
United Kingdom 29.9 30.0 29.0 27.7 26.4
United States 24.0 23.5 23.3
Uruguay 28.9 28.5 26.4 26.2 26.0
Uzbekistan 27.8 30.5 26.1 26.2 24.3
Vanuatu 12.2 10.6 9.1 9.2 9.6
Venezuela, RB 41.3 49.1 50.8 44.4 45.6
Vietnam 28.8 29.7 32.1 32.5 34.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 31.9 29.8 26.6 26.6 28.8
Yemen, Rep. 30.6 40.3 41.9 32.0 40.6
Zambia 39.0 37.7 36.9 31.0 25.8
Zimbabwe 29.1 25.9 25.6 24.0 23.7

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