Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania 43.3 44.2 45.8 46.3 44.8
Algeria 53.6 48.1 46.4 45.3 45.5
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3
Antigua and Barbuda 16.6 19.1 20.3 20.9 22.0
Argentina 39.3 37.4 37.8 38.5 42.3
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 37.3 37.0 34.6 33.1 31.4
Austria 34.6 34.3 33.7 33.5 33.2
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 17.9
Bahrain 48.5 43.5 44.0 42.0 42.5
Bangladesh 20.8 20.8 20.1 20.4 20.3
Barbados 20.6 19.6 18.7 19.2 18.5
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 25.0 24.5 27.6 28.5 26.5
Benin 16.7 12.1 12.4 13.4 12.8
Bermuda
Bhutan 19.8 20.1 26.2 23.1 23.8
Bolivia 34.8 35.1 33.0 34.0 34.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 61.2 62.3 62.2 65.5 64.9
Brazil 45.9 43.7 42.7
Brunei Darussalam 71.8 58.8 59.5 52.3 59.8
Bulgaria 62.8 65.1 59.5 58.1 57.6
Burkina Faso 20.0 21.8 23.4 22.6 23.1
Burundi 13.0 13.5 17.1 16.7 19.7
Cabo Verde 18.0 17.8 18.7 19.3 20.8
Cambodia
Cameroon 36.0 33.6 30.1 29.2 29.7
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 15.9 13.6 15.5 17.0 19.4
Chad 13.1 15.0 14.6 13.5 16.7
Chile 37.6 37.0 38.0 43.1 41.8
China 42.6 43.4 43.2 43.4 42.4
Colombia 35.5 37.3 36.0 37.6 38.2
Comoros 14.1 12.9 10.6 9.4 8.3
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 53.9 32.6 35.8 29.9 38.0
Costa Rica 33.1 31.9 31.3 31.5 31.6
Cote d'Ivoire 19.7 21.3 22.4 22.7 21.8
Croatia
Cuba 19.2 19.1 17.5 18.0 18.3
Curacao
Cyprus 28.5 27.6 27.5 27.5 26.6
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti 20.6
Dominica 16.6 14.5 14.8 16.8 18.5
Dominican Republic 19.9 26.0 22.3 27.4 34.4
Ecuador 28.8 27.2 27.0 29.6 28.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28.6 26.8 27.1 28.8 28.0
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 9.7 10.3 11.6 10.9 10.9
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 19.5 20.1 21.2 21.7 24.1
Finland 35.1 34.3 34.8 35.0 35.3
France 28.4 28.1 27.7 27.6 26.9
French Polynesia
Gabon 66.5 47.5 48.8 35.9 41.7
Gambia, The
Georgia 39.7 36.7 37.9 37.5 39.1
Germany
Ghana 18.0 17.2 16.4 16.6 16.9
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 17.5 17.7 18.9 19.4 18.0
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 34.6 32.3 33.7 33.9
Guinea-Bissau 15.6 19.8 13.2 14.5 16.9
Guyana 24.6 27.1 30.1 29.6 29.4
Haiti
Honduras 24.0 23.5 23.0 24.0 24.7
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 25.7 25.9 25.9 25.8 26.5
Indonesia 35.8 33.7 36.3 37.3 38.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 26.7 20.4 20.5 20.4 22.0
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan 38.2 37.8 37.3 37.6 37.8
Jordan 24.6 26.6 26.2 23.9 25.2
Kazakhstan
Kenya 19.1 18.6 18.5 19.6 19.0
Kiribati 7.4 8.8 8.4 5.8 6.9
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 36.1 37.2 38.1 38.4 37.7
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 13.4
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 29.4 27.2 31.9 30.7 32.4
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 13.3 12.9 13.7 13.2 14.8
Malawi 21.9 21.5 24.9 24.0 27.9
Malaysia 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.4 39.8
Maldives
Mali 15.5 16.0 15.9 15.9 14.2
Malta 59.2 59.8 57.8 57.1 57.4
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 32.9 31.1 26.8 27.2 29.7
Mauritius 29.8 32.2 33.0 33.1 32.9
Mexico 35.3 34.9 38.0 32.1 29.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova 39.2
Monaco
Mongolia 27.2 28.3 28.4 28.8 38.8
Montenegro
Morocco 32.4 29.4 30.5 30.6 30.1
Mozambique 13.2 15.0 21.4 25.4 24.3
Myanmar 13.1 12.2 10.3 9.7 11.0
Namibia 39.5 38.0 32.4 35.7 36.5
Nepal 15.1 15.9 15.8 16.2 16.5
Netherlands 32.9 30.5 28.9 29.1 29.0
New Caledonia
New Zealand 34.1 32.7 30.9 29.5 29.8
Nicaragua
Niger 20.9 21.8 18.7 17.4 17.5
Nigeria 29.9 27.2 35.3 31.8 43.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 40.6 33.8 32.9 31.4 33.0
Oman 59.3 51.3 56.8 46.4 49.1
Pakistan 22.5 23.4 24.0 24.4 23.9
Palau
Panama 20.0 16.1 18.9 16.7 16.1
Papua New Guinea 28.5 31.2 34.9 37.5 31.7
Paraguay
Peru 27.4 33.4 33.4 27.1
Philippines 35.1 34.6 34.4 35.2 34.9
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico 82.1 82.0 83.7 84.4 82.7
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation 50.2
Rwanda 22.7 23.1 17.8 17.1 17.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 41.4 37.8 40.1 38.6 42.4
Senegal 20.5 20.2 20.4 21.7 20.9
Serbia
Seychelles 18.4 17.9 15.7 16.5 15.8
Sierra Leone 13.7 16.0 19.0 12.0 11.0
Singapore 33.4 34.4 34.0 35.2 33.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 7.7 10.1
South Africa 43.6 43.9 41.7 41.5 40.7
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 26.2 26.6 27.4 26.7 26.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 21.7 24.7 24.8 28.6 27.8
St. Lucia 18.2 17.2 17.6 18.8 20.5
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.4 24.3 24.7 24.7 24.7
Sudan 16.5 16.3 16.3 13.7 14.4
Suriname 30.1 28.3 25.1 28.1 27.4
Swaziland 26.0 29.5 37.1 41.1 43.8
Sweden 33.8 33.4 33.2 33.1 32.8
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic 23.3 23.7 20.7 21.4 25.2
Tajikistan 42.3 40.2 42.7 39.2 36.2
Tanzania
Thailand 31.8 33.1 33.3 34.6 36.3
Timor-Leste
Togo 21.7 19.9 20.0 21.5 24.3
Tonga 14.9 14.6 12.9 13.0 15.0
Trinidad and Tobago 43.9 39.1 41.3 40.4 43.6
Tunisia 37.5 35.0 33.6 35.0 35.1
Turkey 27.1 31.9 32.5 33.9 34.0
Turkmenistan 38.6 38.8 33.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 9.9 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.7
Ukraine 47.1 47.7 48.4
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay 35.9 36.2 35.8 34.2 33.7
Uzbekistan 38.3 35.8 32.6
Vanuatu 9.4 10.2 13.3 13.2 12.9
Venezuela, RB 50.8 49.3 50.3 51.3 57.1
Vietnam 27.4 28.9 28.4 24.0 22.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 46.8 49.4 45.5 46.8 52.5
Zimbabwe 28.0 31.3 32.5 33.2 35.1

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