Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania 44.2 45.8 46.3 44.8 48.2
Algeria 48.1 46.4 45.3 45.5 48.2
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3 33.3
Antigua and Barbuda 19.1 20.3 20.9 22.0 20.1
Argentina 37.4 37.8 38.5 42.3 36.0
Armenia 52.0
Aruba
Australia 37.0 34.6 33.1 31.4 31.3
Austria 34.3 33.7 33.5 33.2 33.4
Azerbaijan 32.9
Bahamas, The 17.9 16.4
Bahrain 43.5 44.0 42.0 42.5 45.7
Bangladesh 20.8 20.1 20.4 20.3 20.7
Barbados
Belarus 47.1
Belgium
Belize 24.5 27.6 28.5 26.5 22.2
Benin 12.1 12.4 13.4 12.8 12.5
Bermuda
Bhutan 20.1 26.2 23.1 23.8 24.9
Bolivia 35.1 33.0 34.0 34.4 34.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 62.3 62.2 65.5 64.9 61.0
Brazil 45.2 45.9 43.6 42.7 38.7
Brunei Darussalam 58.8 59.5 52.3 59.8 61.6
Bulgaria 65.1 59.5 58.1 57.6 49.2
Burkina Faso 21.8 23.4 22.6 23.1 21.2
Burundi 13.5 17.1 16.7 19.7 19.0
Cabo Verde 17.8 18.7 19.3 20.8 30.1
Cambodia
Cameroon 33.6 30.1 29.2 29.7 29.5
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 13.6 15.5 17.0 19.4 20.4
Chad 15.0 14.6 13.5 16.7 17.7
Chile 37.0 38.0 43.1 41.8 41.5
China 43.4 43.2 43.4 42.4 40.9
Colombia 37.3 36.0 37.6 38.2 37.9
Comoros 12.9 10.6 9.4 8.3 8.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 26.4 28.3 30.2 31.6 29.0
Congo, Rep. 32.6 35.8 29.9 38.0 40.6
Costa Rica 31.9 31.3 31.5 31.6 29.9
Cote d'Ivoire 21.3 22.4 22.7 21.8 26.3
Croatia
Cuba 19.1 17.5 18.0 18.3 18.6
Curacao
Cyprus 27.6 27.5 27.5 26.6 25.9
Czech Republic
Denmark 26.1
Djibouti 20.6 22.0
Dominica 14.5 14.8 16.8 18.5 18.6
Dominican Republic 26.0 22.3 27.4 34.4 34.0
Ecuador 27.2 27.0 29.6 28.9 29.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.8 27.1 28.8 28.0 28.7
El Salvador 27.2
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 10.3 11.6 10.9 10.9 9.8
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 20.1 21.2 21.7 24.1 24.0
Finland 34.3 34.8 35.0 35.3 33.6
France 28.1 27.7 27.6 26.9 26.9
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia, The
Georgia 36.7 37.9 37.5 39.1 33.1
Germany
Ghana 17.2 16.4 16.6 16.9 16.9
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 17.7 18.9 19.4 18.0 18.0
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 34.6 32.3 33.7 33.9 33.3
Guinea-Bissau 19.8 13.2 14.5 16.9 18.6
Guyana 27.1 30.1 29.6 29.4 24.9
Haiti
Honduras 23.5 23.0 24.0 24.7 26.4
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 25.9 25.9 25.8 26.5 26.5
Indonesia 33.7 36.3 37.3 38.3 39.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 25.8 25.8 25.4 26.8 33.5
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy 30.6
Jamaica
Japan 37.8 37.3 37.6 37.8 38.1
Jordan 26.6 26.2 23.9 25.2 26.2
Kazakhstan
Kenya 18.6 18.5 19.6 19.0 19.0
Kiribati 8.8 8.4 5.8 6.9 7.6
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 37.2 38.1 38.4 37.7 38.2
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic 35.0
Lao PDR 13.4 14.5
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 27.2 31.9 30.7 32.4 34.1
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 44.5
Madagascar 12.9 13.7 13.2 14.8 12.8
Malawi 21.5 24.9 24.0 27.9 28.9
Malaysia 39.2 38.5 38.4 39.8 42.2
Maldives
Mali 16.1 17.4 15.8 16.8 17.2
Malta 59.8 57.8 57.1 57.4 55.9
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 31.1 26.8 27.2 29.7 28.8
Mauritius 32.2 33.0 33.1 32.9 32.8
Mexico 34.9 38.0 32.1 29.4 28.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 39.2 36.7
Monaco
Mongolia 28.3 28.4 28.8 38.8 42.5
Montenegro
Morocco 29.4 30.5 30.6 30.1 30.4
Mozambique 15.0 21.4 25.4 24.3 18.4
Myanmar 12.2 10.3 9.7 11.0 10.5
Namibia 38.0 32.4 35.7 36.5 31.5
Nepal 15.9 15.8 16.2 16.5 16.2
Netherlands 30.5 29.0 29.2 29.1 29.0
New Caledonia 23.3
New Zealand 32.7 30.9 29.5 29.8 28.6
Nicaragua
Niger 21.8 18.7 17.4 17.5 16.2
Nigeria 27.2 35.3 31.8 43.6 45.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 33.8 32.9 31.4 33.0 33.2
Oman 51.3 56.8 46.4 49.1 54.1
Pakistan 23.4 24.0 24.4 23.9 25.2
Palau
Panama 16.1 18.9 16.7 16.1 15.1
Papua New Guinea 31.2 34.9 37.5 31.7 32.4
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines 34.6 34.4 35.2 34.9 34.5
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico 82.0 83.7 84.4 82.7 83.2
Qatar
Romania 49.9
Russian Federation 50.2 48.4
Rwanda 23.1 17.8 17.1 17.4 24.6
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 37.8 40.1 38.6 42.4 48.8
Senegal 20.2 20.4 21.7 20.9 22.2
Serbia
Seychelles 17.9 15.7 16.5 15.8 16.3
Sierra Leone 16.0 19.0 12.0 11.0 19.2
Singapore 34.4 34.0 35.2 33.9 32.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 5.0
Somalia 10.1
South Africa 43.9 41.7 41.5 40.7 40.1
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 26.6 27.4 26.7 26.8 26.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 21.6 22.6 27.1 26.7 28.5
St. Lucia 17.2 17.6 18.8 20.5 18.1
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.8 20.2 20.5 20.7 19.0
Sudan 16.3 16.3 13.7 14.4 15.3
Suriname 28.3 25.1 28.1 27.4 24.2
Swaziland 29.5 37.1 41.1 43.8 43.2
Sweden 33.4 33.2 33.1 32.8 31.6
Switzerland 31.3
Syrian Arab Republic 23.7 20.7 21.4 25.2 25.5
Tajikistan 40.2 42.7 39.2 36.2 37.6
Tanzania 17.7
Thailand 33.1 33.3 34.6 36.3 37.2
Timor-Leste
Togo 19.9 20.0 21.5 24.3 22.5
Tonga 14.6 12.9 13.0 15.0 13.9
Trinidad and Tobago 39.1 41.3 40.4 43.6 47.2
Tunisia 35.0 33.6 35.0 35.1 33.6
Turkey 31.9 32.5 33.9 34.0 32.2
Turkmenistan 38.6 38.8 33.8 29.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.7 11.1
Ukraine 47.1 47.7 48.4 44.6
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 31.6
United States
Uruguay 36.2 35.8 34.2 33.7 34.6
Uzbekistan 38.3 35.8 32.6 33.0
Vanuatu 10.2 13.3 13.2 12.9 14.1
Venezuela, RB 49.3 50.3 51.3 57.1 60.6
Vietnam 28.9 28.4 24.0 22.9 22.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 34.3
Zambia 49.4 45.5 46.8 52.5 51.3
Zimbabwe 31.3 32.5 33.2 35.1 33.1

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