Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Afghanistan
Albania 45.0 43.0 43.8 43.3 44.0
Algeria 57.7 57.1 56.1 55.8 55.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda 18.1 18.5 14.6 14.2 15.4
Argentina 42.1 40.0 41.1 41.6 39.7
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 37.8 39.1 37.8 36.7 36.8
Austria 37.2 36.8 35.8 35.4 34.3
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 59.1 57.8 52.9 48.2 49.0
Bangladesh 20.6 20.3 20.5 21.4 21.9
Barbados 22.5 22.8 21.8 23.2 23.8
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 30.9 27.5 24.3 24.2 27.0
Benin 12.3 12.9 15.1 15.4 17.1
Bermuda
Bhutan 11.7 17.4 19.4 21.4 21.8
Bolivia 32.4 32.7 34.7 35.7 33.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 50.7 47.3 49.2 54.0 57.3
Brazil 44.0
Brunei Darussalam 84.8 81.8 79.7 77.3 73.5
Bulgaria 54.5 53.2 57.9 60.4 60.0
Burkina Faso 20.5 19.3 19.5 20.8 20.4
Burundi 12.6 13.4 15.4 15.5 13.8
Cabo Verde 17.0 17.4 15.8 17.3 17.6
Cambodia
Cameroon 25.6 29.9 32.1 34.7 37.5
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 20.1 18.9 13.1 14.7 15.0
Chad 8.9 11.7 12.4 13.3 16.0
Chile 37.4 36.6 34.7 39.9 40.5
China 47.9 45.8 44.5 44.1 42.8
Colombia 32.5 31.5 31.8 32.3 34.0
Comoros 13.2 12.6 14.1 14.2 15.3
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 46.6 50.9 52.6 54.3 56.6
Costa Rica 32.5 34.0
Cote d'Ivoire 19.7 18.6 21.3 21.5 19.5
Croatia
Cuba 18.7 18.7 18.5 18.5 18.4
Curacao
Cyprus 33.6 32.4 30.9 30.1 29.0
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica 20.9 20.3 20.5 18.4 18.3
Dominican Republic 30.6 29.9 30.4 31.1 30.7
Ecuador 26.3 26.6 27.4 26.9 29.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.8 37.7 32.4 30.0 29.3
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 9.3 9.3 9.0 10.8
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 22.0 21.2 21.3 19.7 19.5
Finland 38.1 37.7 36.8 36.6 36.2
France 30.7 29.9 29.2 29.0 28.5
French Polynesia
Gabon 60.4 58.4 60.6 56.8 59.7
Gambia, The
Georgia 35.2 35.7 38.0 36.6 35.9
Germany
Ghana 12.3 9.5 6.5 11.2
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 13.1 14.6 17.8 16.8 16.7
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau 19.7 17.2 14.4 11.5 14.4
Guyana 35.8 30.5 29.0 22.8 24.4
Haiti
Honduras 24.3 22.9 24.4 25.4 25.8
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 24.3 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.6
Indonesia 41.7 41.2 37.9 39.8 39.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30.8 29.8 36.1 34.1 30.3
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan 39.1 39.2 38.6 37.7 38.2
Jordan 24.1 27.3 27.9 26.9 27.6
Kazakhstan
Kenya 20.8 20.3 19.9 19.4 18.9
Kiribati 9.0 9.4 8.3 8.4 5.7
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 34.2 33.8 34.3 35.6 36.8
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 26.5 24.6 32.3 24.2 26.8
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 16.1 14.1 13.4 13.5 13.0
Malawi 22.5 21.7 21.1 21.4 20.1
Malaysia 41.0 40.3 37.9 38.5 38.5
Maldives
Mali 13.2 14.0 13.7 14.8 14.5
Malta 64.3 62.0 61.1 58.7 59.6
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 26.0 26.2 23.4 21.2 25.4
Mauritius 26.2 25.1 24.9 24.8 26.9
Mexico 33.6 33.2 33.4 35.2 34.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 25.0 25.7 26.3 27.0
Montenegro
Morocco 30.5 33.8 32.2 32.9 33.0
Mozambique 34.4 33.8 32.6 27.5 20.0
Myanmar 12.7 12.4 12.6 12.8 13.1
Namibia 50.9 41.8 38.3 36.3 34.2
Nepal 11.9 12.4 12.9 12.8 12.6
Netherlands 32.7 33.1 32.0 31.4 32.8
New Caledonia
New Zealand 35.0 36.5 37.4 36.5 36.4
Nicaragua
Niger 22.9 19.2 17.3 20.2 21.6
Nigeria 40.0 35.5 30.9 28.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 38.2 38.3 38.4 39.4 41.0
Oman 69.4 67.1 63.3 60.7 59.1
Pakistan 24.9 22.6 22.3 22.1 22.7
Palau
Panama 19.5 19.0 19.0 17.8 18.2
Papua New Guinea 28.7 24.9 25.2 30.0 25.6
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines 38.8 39.2 38.8 39.2 37.9
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico 77.9 76.7 77.9 78.8 81.3
Qatar
Romania 56.6 55.2
Russian Federation
Rwanda 21.5 20.8 21.7 24.1 23.2
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 71.5 70.8 59.8 49.4 46.1
Senegal 20.1 19.3 20.6 21.4 21.5
Serbia
Seychelles 15.6 17.7 15.6 15.8 16.5
Sierra Leone 21.9 19.7 17.0 14.8 13.6
Singapore 36.2 35.7 34.5 35.8 36.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 8.0 7.7 8.1 7.4 7.3
South Africa 48.4 45.7 44.2 44.7 43.2
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 29.6 28.0 26.3 26.3 26.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.6 24.4 24.1 24.8 23.0
St. Lucia 23.6 22.9 20.8 18.3 18.2
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 26.5 25.7 25.3 24.8 23.1
Sudan 14.6 15.3 16.0
Suriname 38.9 38.1 34.0 31.4 32.0
Swaziland 30.2 30.2 29.7 27.9 27.4
Sweden 33.3 32.1 31.8 32.1 33.5
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand 28.7 30.1 29.5 30.6 32.0
Timor-Leste
Togo 24.8 22.5 23.4 21.4 20.2
Tonga 14.5 12.9 12.4 15.7 16.3
Trinidad and Tobago 45.3
Tunisia 35.9 36.6 35.3 38.1 38.4
Turkey 23.8 27.1 28.2 27.2 26.2
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 4.5 6.7 11.4 9.4 10.9
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay 33.1 34.4
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 6.6 6.5 6.7 8.8 7.9
Venezuela, RB 46.4 44.4 41.6 38.7 52.5
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 42.1 41.1 39.0 47.2 44.1
Zimbabwe 29.0 26.9 24.7 29.0 32.6

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