Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Puerto Rico 20.1 18.9 18.1 16.2 15.5
Brunei Darussalam 17.5 19.5 21.7 25.5 27.0
Albania 24.6 24.5 22.6 22.9 22.1
China 22.6 22.5 23.1 25.5 29.3
Bulgaria 29.7 25.0 25.1 24.1 25.3
Somalia 24.0 24.2 26.1 24.8 25.6
Nepal 26.7 26.1 26.9 26.4 33.2
Burundi 25.3 27.7 27.3 26.0 25.5
Uganda 34.8 34.8 33.0 34.3 37.4
Ethiopia 32.6 34.3 33.6 38.0 35.0
Nigeria 31.5 32.1 33.7 31.8 30.9
Papua New Guinea 39.2 39.7 34.8 33.9 34.9
Mozambique 31.1 33.6 34.9 49.8 39.3
Zambia 41.5 46.1 36.1 39.5 38.6
Malawi 38.5 37.9 36.3 37.9 35.2
Bhutan 41.2 38.5 36.3 35.5 36.8
Oman 30.4 34.2 36.4 38.0 37.9
Algeria 33.7 35.5 36.4 36.7 37.4
Malta 34.2 35.0 37.0 35.9 36.4
Botswana 38.4 39.1 37.0 35.0 32.4
Indonesia 35.4 38.2 37.3 38.2 40.9
Rwanda 38.5 38.5 37.7 35.9 35.5
Congo, Rep. 41.2 39.6 38.1 36.5 38.6
Niger 35.2 38.4 38.2 42.6 42.3
Philippines 35.9 37.8 38.4 37.3 40.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 40.3 40.7 38.5 39.1 37.1
Myanmar 40.2 39.7 39.6 38.7 38.7
Georgia 39.1 38.8 39.8 38.2 35.1
Malaysia 37.1 39.9 40.8 40.4 40.5
Cameroon 40.7 39.2 41.0 38.8 42.5
India 40.8 41.9 41.2 42.2 43.4
Bolivia 48.0 47.7 43.6 43.9 44.6
Togo 49.3 49.7 44.1 46.3 44.7
Central African Republic 41.4 45.2 45.0 43.0 36.5
Mauritania 41.9 43.5 45.0 46.0 44.6
Brazil 45.5 45.4 45.1 42.8 43.1
Sri Lanka 44.3 47.3 45.4 45.0 46.1
Guinea-Bissau 29.5 38.8 46.1 44.3 37.9
Bangladesh 46.1 46.5 46.2 41.8 44.4
Kenya 47.2 46.7 46.4 47.1 48.3
Mali 43.0 45.4 46.8 45.3 45.2
Sierra Leone 48.0 47.1 47.1 46.2 41.2
Tunisia 47.8 49.8 47.4 45.3 44.4
Chad 48.5 48.2 47.6 50.4 48.9
Pakistan 46.6 46.2 47.7 49.4 49.0
Tonga 48.0 49.4 48.0 46.0 47.3
Saudi Arabia 28.2 38.6 48.4 51.1 54.9
Colombia 48.7 48.9 48.5 48.2 47.0
Thailand 48.5 51.9 49.4 50.5 52.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 50.9 45.7 49.4 51.6 55.1
Argentina 53.2 49.3 49.8 51.9 53.1
Lesotho 48.6 42.9 50.1 45.9 46.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 42.2 48.0 50.4 50.7 51.5
Dominican Republic 50.1 50.8 50.4 49.2 65.6
Bahrain 41.2 46.1 50.7 49.9 50.4
Madagascar 52.8 52.4 50.7 51.7 51.5
Comoros 53.2 52.4 50.8 50.0 49.8
South Africa 47.9 50.1 50.9 52.0 51.2
Korea, Rep. 50.4 51.0 50.9 50.6 51.4
Sudan 49.3 48.5 51.0 53.3 50.0
Burkina Faso 49.9 52.1 51.0 50.5 44.9
Turkey 48.4 49.1 51.4 52.1 52.6
Benin 54.4 52.4 51.5 49.6 51.8
Morocco 53.1 52.0 51.6 52.0 51.0
Dominica 48.0 49.1 52.5 53.7 55.4
Guyana 47.3 47.7 53.0 50.9 48.5
Uruguay 53.5 51.0 50.5
Honduras 54.7 53.9 53.5 53.3 54.2
Costa Rica 53.6 52.7 55.0
Chile 57.1 59.8 54.2 52.0 54.8
Belize 46.4 53.2 54.3 52.2 54.7
Swaziland 47.1 50.0 54.9 50.9 53.3
Finland 53.7 54.5 55.0 55.6 57.1
Mongolia 58.3 56.3 55.3 55.8 56.4
Namibia 49.1 52.9 55.3 57.5 52.7
Ecuador 57.1 56.2 55.7 51.7 51.6
Venezuela, RB 50.7 53.2 55.8 42.0 42.9
New Zealand 54.8 55.3 56.0 55.1 58.5
Mexico 57.9 58.4 56.3 55.7 54.7
Cote d'Ivoire 54.9 54.6 56.6 56.3 53.7
Norway 57.6 57.7 57.2 55.5 56.2
Australia 54.2 56.1 58.9 57.1 57.0
Japan 57.8 58.6 59.4 59.0 59.1
Zimbabwe 55.3 59.2 59.7 52.5 49.3
Senegal 58.4 56.4 59.9 58.4 56.2
Suriname 52.6 56.9 60.4 59.1 60.7
Mauritius 59.7 58.8 60.5 57.8 54.0
Austria 58.7 60.1 60.8 61.6 61.8
Fiji 58.9 58.4 61.9 64.5 62.2
Cyprus 58.3 59.9 62.0 62.0 64.0
Grenada 59.9 60.6 62.8 63.3 65.4
Singapore 62.8 64.1 63.0 62.4 65.6
Sweden 63.5 63.7 63.4 62.0 61.8
Netherlands 62.7 63.7 64.4 63.1 63.0
Kiribati 63.7 65.5 65.1 50.0 57.2
Vanuatu 72.2 73.3 66.1 65.4 62.7
Jordan 66.6 65.9 66.3 66.7 69.9
St. Lucia 64.0 65.3 66.7 67.0 66.6
France 66.2 66.2 67.0 67.7 67.9
Cuba 67.9 68.1 68.1 68.1 68.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 67.8 68.2 69.3 67.6 66.9
Cabo Verde 66.9 71.6 70.7 70.5 69.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 72.7 69.9 71.3 72.4 74.9
Panama 72.2 72.8 73.5 73.7 71.7
Seychelles 74.5 78.0 76.5 77.0 75.9
Antigua and Barbuda 74.8 79.2 79.6 79.8 78.5
Czech Republic
Spain
Curacao
Russian Federation
Liberia
Paraguay
Guinea
Libya
Liechtenstein
Portugal
Lithuania
Sao Tome and Principe
Luxembourg
Solomon Islands
Macao SAR, China
St. Martin (French part)
Macedonia, FYR
Tajikistan 25.0
Kazakhstan
Croatia
Belgium
Jamaica
Qatar
Maldives
Samoa
Iceland
Ghana 35.2 34.2 36.9 33.6
El Salvador
Gambia, The
Slovak Republic
Marshall Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Italy
Equatorial Guinea
Israel
Switzerland
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Armenia
Moldova
Monaco
Peru
Andorra
Poland
Turkmenistan
Belarus
Tuvalu
Romania 27.0 24.9
Ukraine
Barbados
Gabon
San Marino
Isle of Man
Bahamas, The 83.9 84.0
Guam
Serbia
Ireland
Azerbaijan
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Iraq
Slovenia
Nicaragua
Hungary
Denmark
South Sudan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Aruba
Northern Mariana Islands
Greece
Djibouti
Haiti
Bermuda
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Guatemala
Palau
Syrian Arab Republic 54.8
Angola 50.0
Tanzania
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Timor-Leste
Germany
French Polynesia
Trinidad and Tobago 52.0 53.1
Montenegro
Estonia
United Kingdom
Turks and Caicos Islands
Eritrea
American Samoa
Cambodia
United Arab Emirates
Canada
United States
Kuwait
Uzbekistan
Vietnam 32.5
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep.
Afghanistan
Lebanon

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