Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania 22.1 21.8 21.0 22.2 22.9
Algeria 37.4 41.7 40.7 42.5 41.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3
Antigua and Barbuda 78.5 76.5 75.2 74.9 74.0
Argentina 53.1 54.8 54.1 52.5 48.0
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 57.0 57.9 60.5 61.7 63.3
Austria 61.8 62.1 62.7 63.0 63.4
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 84.0 83.9 83.4 79.8
Bahrain 50.4 55.1 54.6 56.8 56.4
Bangladesh 44.4 45.0 45.2 46.0 46.8
Barbados 73.1 74.0 74.4 74.3 76.3
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 54.7 54.5 49.6 49.3 53.1
Benin 51.8 54.2 54.4 52.2 49.4
Bermuda
Bhutan 36.8 37.8 37.2 38.6 40.4
Bolivia 44.6 46.5 49.3 48.9 49.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 32.4 32.0 31.1 28.5 30.1
Brazil 44.1 46.5 48.8
Brunei Darussalam 27.0 39.3 38.6 45.5 39.2
Bulgaria 25.3 21.7 29.1 31.0 31.8
Burkina Faso 44.9 47.3 47.7 47.5 48.0
Burundi 25.5 28.0 27.8 29.1 26.7
Cabo Verde 69.0 68.5 63.6 63.0 63.0
Cambodia
Cameroon 42.5 44.0 45.1 46.2 44.2
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 36.5 36.3 37.2 34.1 32.9
Chad 48.9 52.4 52.3 49.7 51.7
Chile 54.8 54.0 52.8 48.0 49.5
China 29.3 29.8 30.3 31.2 32.9
Colombia 47.0 44.7 45.3 45.0 45.1
Comoros 49.8 49.6 51.4 51.2 50.8
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 38.6 55.3 52.3 56.2 49.1
Costa Rica 55.0 54.9 55.2 55.4 56.0
Cote d'Ivoire 53.7 50.3 48.5 45.3 45.5
Croatia
Cuba 68.2 67.3 68.8 68.1 68.0
Curacao
Cyprus 64.0 65.1 65.1 65.3 66.5
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti 76.1
Dominica 55.4 55.2 55.4 54.7 57.5
Dominican Republic 65.6 54.9 64.9 55.6 50.7
Ecuador 51.6 51.0 50.6 47.3 47.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 51.5 52.4 52.4 52.2 52.3
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 35.0 35.8 36.4 37.5 37.9
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 62.2 59.0 55.7 58.8 53.7
Finland 57.1 58.3 59.1 58.9 58.7
France 67.9 68.2 68.8 69.2 69.6
French Polynesia
Gabon 26.7 43.3 40.2 54.0 49.6
Gambia, The
Georgia 35.1 35.9 37.9 38.2 38.3
Germany
Ghana 33.6 34.7 32.9 33.7 33.7
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 65.4 65.5 62.4 62.7 66.6
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 41.5 43.0 42.8 42.0
Guinea-Bissau 37.9 35.0 29.2 27.4 33.0
Guyana 48.5 46.2 39.9 44.4 30.6
Haiti
Honduras 54.2 55.9 56.1 54.8 54.2
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 43.4 44.4 44.9 44.0 44.5
Indonesia 40.9 42.0 40.4 40.3 40.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 53.9 56.5 54.9 56.4 54.5
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan 59.1 59.7 60.3 60.1 60.0
Jordan 69.9 67.5 67.0 69.4 68.7
Kazakhstan
Kenya 48.3 48.4 50.0 50.5 50.8
Kiribati 57.2 64.4 63.7 60.5 65.0
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 51.4 51.7 52.0 51.7 53.2
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 26.0
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 46.0 49.3 42.6 42.3 42.7
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 51.5 50.4 50.1 53.4 52.3
Malawi 35.2 35.4 26.1 26.0 24.4
Malaysia 41.6 41.7 41.5 41.6 42.1
Maldives
Mali 44.2 41.6 38.9 39.2 38.0
Malta 36.4 35.8 37.9 39.0 38.9
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 44.6 42.2 40.9 40.1 38.4
Mauritius 54.0 51.6 51.6 53.0 54.0
Mexico 54.7 54.8 52.3 60.0 62.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova 24.3
Monaco
Mongolia 56.4 53.1 55.2 54.6 45.7
Montenegro
Morocco 51.0 50.9 54.2 51.1 51.5
Mozambique 39.3 43.9 34.4 31.7 28.3
Myanmar 38.7 37.6 34.4 32.9 32.0
Namibia 52.7 53.8 58.0 54.5 54.3
Nepal 33.2 32.7 33.4 32.9 33.1
Netherlands 63.0 65.3 66.9 66.8 66.5
New Caledonia
New Zealand 58.5 61.1 62.6 63.6 63.0
Nicaragua
Niger 42.3 43.4 46.1 47.3 48.4
Nigeria 30.9 32.5 27.4 26.6 24.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 56.2 62.6 63.4 65.1 63.8
Oman 37.9 45.2 39.7 49.7 47.6
Pakistan 49.0 49.0 49.7 49.6 49.2
Palau
Panama 71.7 75.0 72.1 73.8 73.7
Papua New Guinea 34.9 33.5 32.2 30.5 38.2
Paraguay
Peru 61.3 56.3 56.3 66.9
Philippines 40.4 41.5 41.6 41.9 42.4
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico 15.5 15.7 13.9 13.5 15.1
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation 33.0
Rwanda 35.5 39.4 44.5 43.6 42.3
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 54.9 57.3 54.2 55.1 51.3
Senegal 56.2 55.7 54.8 57.1 56.5
Serbia
Seychelles 75.9 76.1 79.0 78.8 79.9
Sierra Leone 41.2 46.0 36.0 42.0 43.0
Singapore 65.6 64.9 65.4 64.4 65.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 25.6 27.5
South Africa 51.2 51.1 52.7 52.6 53.9
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 46.1 46.3 45.6 47.0 47.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 69.2 64.5 64.6 61.6 64.5
St. Lucia 66.6 64.7 69.2 65.0 66.2
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 57.0 56.6 58.3 57.5 58.3
Sudan 50.0 47.5 50.9 44.8 46.4
Suriname 60.7 61.6 63.7 60.9 62.8
Swaziland 53.3 48.4 46.4 42.8 40.9
Sweden 61.8 62.3 62.7 63.0 63.3
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic 54.8 51.4 52.8 46.8 50.0
Tajikistan 25.0 26.8 26.5 29.1 31.8
Tanzania
Thailand 52.3 51.3 50.9 49.2 48.7
Timor-Leste
Togo 44.7 45.4 46.5 44.9 43.5
Tonga 47.3 46.5 48.3 49.1 48.9
Trinidad and Tobago 53.1 58.0 55.8 56.7 53.7
Tunisia 44.4 50.1 47.6 51.4 50.4
Turkey 52.6 48.0 49.0 48.2 48.9
Turkmenistan 33.9 34.3 37.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 37.4 33.2 33.2 33.1 32.5
Ukraine 31.2 31.4 28.7
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay 50.5 51.1 50.5 53.8 55.4
Uzbekistan 34.1 34.9 36.3
Vanuatu 62.7 65.8 66.3 66.8 66.8
Venezuela, RB 42.9 44.1 43.1 42.0 36.6
Vietnam 32.5 33.1 31.1 29.7 35.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 38.6 37.0 42.4 35.8 26.3
Zimbabwe 49.3 50.9 53.1 50.4 50.0

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