Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania 21.8 21.0 22.2 22.9 15.9
Algeria 41.7 40.7 42.5 41.4 40.5
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3 33.3
Antigua and Barbuda 76.5 75.2 74.9 74.0 75.7
Argentina 54.8 54.1 52.5 48.0 55.9
Armenia 30.7
Aruba
Australia 57.9 60.5 61.7 63.3 64.0
Austria 62.1 62.7 63.0 63.4 63.1
Azerbaijan 38.1
Bahamas, The 83.9 83.4 79.8 81.0
Bahrain 55.1 54.6 56.8 56.4 53.3
Bangladesh 45.0 45.2 46.0 46.8 46.6
Barbados
Belarus 29.4
Belgium
Belize 54.5 49.6 49.3 53.1 57.8
Benin 54.2 54.4 52.2 49.4 52.9
Bermuda
Bhutan 37.8 37.2 38.6 40.4 39.9
Bolivia 46.5 49.3 48.9 49.0 48.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 32.0 31.1 28.5 30.1 34.1
Brazil 43.7 44.1 46.2 48.8 53.2
Brunei Darussalam 39.3 38.6 45.5 39.2 37.5
Bulgaria 21.7 29.1 31.0 31.8 33.8
Burkina Faso 47.3 47.7 47.5 48.0 49.6
Burundi 28.0 27.8 29.1 26.7 25.2
Cabo Verde 68.5 63.6 63.0 63.0 55.5
Cambodia
Cameroon 44.0 45.1 46.2 44.2 46.0
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 36.3 37.2 34.1 32.9 30.4
Chad 52.4 52.3 49.7 51.7 53.0
Chile 54.0 52.8 48.0 49.5 49.8
China 29.8 30.3 31.2 32.9 32.4
Colombia 44.7 45.3 45.0 45.1 45.4
Comoros 49.6 51.4 51.2 50.8 50.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 40.0 42.0 40.0 39.8 40.0
Congo, Rep. 55.3 52.3 56.2 49.1 46.5
Costa Rica 54.9 55.2 55.4 56.0 57.8
Cote d'Ivoire 50.3 48.5 45.3 45.5 41.2
Croatia
Cuba 67.3 68.8 68.1 68.0 67.4
Curacao
Cyprus 65.1 65.1 65.3 66.5 67.2
Czech Republic
Denmark 70.1
Djibouti 76.1 74.9
Dominica 55.2 55.4 54.7 57.5 56.4
Dominican Republic 54.9 64.9 55.6 50.7 51.5
Ecuador 51.0 50.6 47.3 47.7 48.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 52.4 52.4 52.2 52.3 52.0
El Salvador 55.3
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 35.8 36.4 37.5 37.9 38.2
Faroe Islands
Fiji 59.0 55.7 58.8 53.7 55.6
Finland 58.3 59.1 58.9 58.7 60.2
France 68.2 68.8 69.2 69.6 69.6
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia, The
Georgia 35.9 37.9 38.2 38.3 35.2
Germany
Ghana 34.7 32.9 33.7 33.7 38.1
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 65.5 62.4 62.7 66.6 68.6
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 41.5 43.0 42.8 42.0 42.9
Guinea-Bissau 35.0 29.2 27.4 33.0 20.6
Guyana 46.2 39.9 44.4 30.6 37.0
Haiti
Honduras 55.9 56.1 54.8 54.2 51.2
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 44.4 44.9 44.0 44.5 44.5
Indonesia 42.0 40.4 40.3 40.0 41.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 58.4 57.4 58.9 57.2 53.7
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy 65.9
Jamaica
Japan 59.7 60.3 60.1 60.0 59.8
Jordan 67.5 67.0 69.4 68.7 66.0
Kazakhstan
Kenya 48.4 50.0 50.5 50.8 51.4
Kiribati 64.4 63.7 60.5 65.0 73.8
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 51.7 52.0 51.7 53.2 53.6
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic 31.4
Lao PDR 26.0 24.3
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 49.3 42.6 42.3 42.7 41.1
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 47.0
Madagascar 50.4 50.1 53.4 52.3 58.6
Malawi 35.4 26.1 26.0 24.4 26.1
Malaysia 40.6 41.5 41.6 42.1 42.6
Maldives
Mali 46.1 43.7 42.6 42.9 43.3
Malta 35.8 37.9 39.0 38.9 40.7
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 42.2 40.9 40.1 38.4 41.6
Mauritius 51.6 51.6 53.0 54.0 54.4
Mexico 54.8 52.3 60.0 62.9 63.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 24.3 27.2
Monaco
Mongolia 53.1 55.2 54.6 45.7 44.7
Montenegro
Morocco 50.9 54.2 51.1 51.5 50.3
Mozambique 43.9 34.4 31.7 28.3 44.5
Myanmar 37.6 34.4 32.9 32.0 32.2
Namibia 53.8 58.0 54.5 54.3 58.7
Nepal 32.7 33.4 32.9 33.1 32.1
Netherlands 65.3 66.9 66.7 66.5 66.7
New Caledonia 73.1
New Zealand 61.1 62.6 63.6 63.0 65.0
Nicaragua
Niger 43.4 46.1 47.3 48.4 48.6
Nigeria 32.5 27.4 26.6 24.2 23.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 62.6 63.4 65.1 63.8 63.4
Oman 45.2 39.7 49.7 47.6 43.3
Pakistan 49.0 49.7 49.6 49.2 48.8
Palau
Panama 75.0 72.1 73.8 73.7 75.1
Papua New Guinea 33.5 32.2 30.5 38.2 36.8
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines 41.5 41.6 41.9 42.4 43.6
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico 15.7 13.9 13.5 15.1 14.8
Qatar
Romania 26.3
Russian Federation 33.0 35.0
Rwanda 39.4 44.5 43.6 42.3 42.8
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 57.3 54.2 55.1 51.3 45.5
Senegal 55.7 54.8 57.1 56.5 57.9
Serbia
Seychelles 76.1 79.0 78.8 79.9 78.9
Sierra Leone 46.0 36.0 42.0 43.0 33.9
Singapore 64.9 65.4 64.4 65.7 67.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 66.1
Somalia 27.5
South Africa 51.1 52.7 52.6 53.9 55.3
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 46.3 45.6 47.0 47.6 47.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 71.5 70.3 66.5 68.2 67.4
St. Lucia 64.7 69.2 65.0 66.2 67.3
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.6 66.5 63.3 64.1 64.7
Sudan 47.5 50.9 44.8 46.4 44.2
Suriname 61.6 63.7 60.9 62.8 67.1
Swaziland 48.4 46.4 42.8 40.9 46.5
Sweden 62.3 62.7 63.0 63.3 64.9
Switzerland 66.5
Syrian Arab Republic 51.4 52.8 46.8 50.0 44.7
Tajikistan 26.8 26.5 29.1 31.8 29.1
Tanzania 36.4
Thailand 51.3 50.9 49.2 48.7 50.3
Timor-Leste
Togo 45.4 46.5 44.9 43.5 43.7
Tonga 46.5 48.3 49.1 48.9 50.5
Trinidad and Tobago 58.0 55.8 56.7 53.7 50.2
Tunisia 50.1 47.6 51.4 50.4 48.7
Turkey 48.0 49.0 48.2 48.9 49.8
Turkmenistan 33.9 34.3 37.3 38.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 33.2 33.2 33.1 32.5 32.4
Ukraine 31.2 31.4 28.7 29.9
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 66.9
United States
Uruguay 51.1 50.5 53.8 55.4 56.1
Uzbekistan 34.1 34.9 36.3 34.3
Vanuatu 65.8 66.3 66.8 66.8 65.0
Venezuela, RB 44.1 43.1 42.0 36.6 34.0
Vietnam 33.1 31.1 29.7 35.0 38.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 41.3
Zambia 37.0 42.4 35.8 26.3 28.1
Zimbabwe 50.9 53.1 50.4 50.0 50.4

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