Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Algeria 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 1.8 1.7 2.1 2.5 1.8
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Armenia 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Aruba
Australia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Austria 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Azerbaijan 2.6 1.8 1.3 1.0 0.9
Bahamas, The 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Bahrain 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Bangladesh 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8
Barbados 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Belarus 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Belgium 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Belize 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Bermuda
Bhutan 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4 1.9
Bolivia 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5
Botswana 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4
Brazil 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Brunei Darussalam 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bulgaria 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Burkina Faso 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Burundi 3.3 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.5
Cabo Verde 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Cambodia 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Cameroon 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Canada 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Chad 3.1 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.3
Chile 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
China 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Colombia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Comoros 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2
Congo, Rep. 2.4 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.8
Costa Rica 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cote d'Ivoire 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.9
Croatia 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
Cuba 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Curacao
Cyprus 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Czech Republic 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Denmark 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ecuador 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
El Salvador 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Equatorial Guinea 1.2 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.6
Eritrea 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Estonia 0.4
Ethiopia 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6
Faroe Islands
Fiji 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Finland 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
France 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
French Polynesia
Gabon 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Gambia, The 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.5
Georgia 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
Germany 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ghana 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Greece 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
Guinea 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Guinea-Bissau 2.5 2.4 3.2 3.0 2.6
Guyana 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Haiti
Honduras 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hungary 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
India 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
Indonesia 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Iraq
Ireland 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Isle of Man
Israel 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Italy 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Jamaica 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Japan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Jordan 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Kazakhstan 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0
Kenya 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kuwait 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kyrgyz Republic 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.9
Lao PDR 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Latvia 0.6 0.5
Lebanon 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Lesotho 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Liberia 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.4
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Luxembourg 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonia, FYR 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Madagascar 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Malawi 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6
Malaysia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Maldives 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Mali 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.2
Malta 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.2
Mauritius 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Mexico 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7
Monaco
Mongolia 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Montenegro 0.7
Morocco 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mozambique 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Myanmar
Namibia 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Nepal 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Netherlands 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
New Caledonia
New Zealand 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nicaragua 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Niger 5.1 4.8 4.3 4.4 4.3
Nigeria 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Oman 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Pakistan 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Palau
Panama 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Papua New Guinea 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Paraguay 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Peru 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Philippines 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Poland 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
Portugal 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Puerto Rico 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Qatar 0.1 0.1
Romania 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Russian Federation 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7
Rwanda 3.0 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.1
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Senegal 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Serbia 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.8
Singapore 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Slovenia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Solomon Islands 1.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2
Somalia
South Africa 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
South Sudan
Spain 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Sri Lanka 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
Swaziland 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5
Sweden 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Switzerland 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Syrian Arab Republic 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Tajikistan 2.6 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.1
Tanzania 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Thailand 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4
Timor-Leste 1.2
Togo 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Tunisia 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Turkey 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Turkmenistan 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Ukraine 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
United States 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Uruguay 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uzbekistan 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.0
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Vietnam 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6
Yemen, Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Zambia 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Zimbabwe 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0

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