Country name 2010 2011 2012 2013
Afghanistan -15.8 -19.2 -14.5 -21.1
Grenada -4.7 -7.0 -8.2 -6.1
Guinea -7.1 -6.8 -23.9 -18.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -5.5 -5.4 -4.2 -4.7
West Bank and Gaza 8.4 0.1 5.2
Montenegro -2.6 0.5 0.8 4.5
Dominica 2.2 3.1 -3.6 -2.0
Lebanon 4.4 4.7 15.0 20.4
Greece 6.5 6.7 10.8 11.2
Sao Tome and Principe 4.9 7.1 11.6 18.2
Swaziland 6.3 8.1 19.2 22.0
Seychelles 11.5 8.7 12.7 20.5
Jamaica 13.9 8.7 8.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.9 9.2 10.0 12.1
St. Lucia 12.1 9.5 13.2 17.1
Comoros 9.3 9.5 14.1
Guyana 14.4 9.6 11.1
El Salvador 11.1 9.8 9.1 9.4
Burundi 6.4 9.8 17.6 17.8
Antigua and Barbuda 14.1 10.8 8.5 8.0
Kenya 13.4 10.9 11.3
Bahamas, The 14.4 11.3 10.9 11.6
Moldova 14.1 11.8 14.5 17.4
Iceland 9.1 12.1 13.1 20.8
Serbia 12.7 12.1 11.1
Guatemala 12.8 12.2 12.7 12.0
Cambodia 13.4 12.3 11.0 9.0
Malawi 20.7 12.4 8.1
Cameroon 13.0 12.5 11.1 10.4
Malta 16.0 12.7
Benin 13.1 13.6 13.9
Belize 11.8 14.0 13.8 10.7
Armenia 18.9 14.2 11.7 13.0
Turkey 13.3 14.2 14.4 13.2
Portugal 11.7 14.2 15.7 16.9
Sierra Leone 21.2 14.3 13.3 25.8
Mozambique 11.4 14.3 14.1 18.0
Georgia 11.5 14.3 17.4 19.4
Mauritius 15.4 14.3 14.2 12.7
United Kingdom 13.6 14.6 12.8 12.9
Jordan 17.0 15.3 11.8 18.2
Ukraine 17.7 15.5 15.2 10.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 14.8 15.6 15.5 20.9
United States 15.7 15.6 16.5 17.1
Tajikistan 18.3 15.9 16.7
Niger 20.3 16.2 21.2
Tunisia 22.1 16.3 16.0 13.6
Costa Rica 17.2 16.6 16.6 16.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12.4 16.8 17.2 10.4
Namibia 18.2 17.0 20.1 17.7
New Zealand 17.3 17.3 17.1
Lao PDR 19.2 17.3 19.2 17.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.2 17.3 13.4
South Africa 18.4 17.4 15.6 14.7
Brazil 17.9 17.6 14.9 13.9
Lithuania 18.7 17.6
Italy 17.3 17.6 18.4 19.0
Paraguay 16.7 18.0 14.5 18.3
Nicaragua 17.1 18.0 18.3 18.7
Uruguay 16.9 18.2 17.9 17.8
Albania 19.2 18.3 18.6 18.2
Poland 16.9 18.6 18.6 19.0
Mali 8.9 18.9
Tonga 9.0 19.0 17.6
Kyrgyz Republic 21.3 19.5 13.1 13.0
Ireland 19.2 19.5 22.0 24.4
Tanzania 19.1 19.6 17.3 17.4
Dominican Republic 19.6 19.6 18.5 19.7
Uganda 21.4 19.6 20.3 22.1
Spain 20.5 19.7 20.7 21.3
Honduras 18.4 19.7 17.8 14.4
Argentina 19.6 19.8 17.2 16.5
Pakistan 20.8 20.4 19.5 20.0
Colombia 18.7 20.4 20.3 20.5
Croatia 21.1 20.6 20.0 19.8
France 20.1 20.8 19.9 19.8
Vanuatu 29.5 20.8 19.8 21.4
Rwanda 15.1 20.9 16.6 19.9
Canada 19.7 20.9 21.1 21.3
Japan 22.9 21.5 21.2 21.0
Panama 29.4 21.7 27.2
Mexico 22.2 21.8 22.7 21.0
Sri Lanka 25.4 21.8 24.2 26.4
Sudan 22.8 22.1 11.9 14.2
Senegal 18.7 22.1
Finland 23.0 22.2 20.7 19.6
Slovak Republic 20.3 22.2 22.2 22.2
Israel 21.7 22.3 22.2 22.4
Hungary 22.0 22.3 21.9 24.6
Romania 21.5 22.8 22.7 22.5
Haiti 23.8 23.4 24.0 22.9
Slovenia 23.2 23.5 22.8 25.0
Bulgaria 22.1 23.6 21.9 24.2
Lesotho 10.4 23.8 29.7
Chile 25.7 23.8 22.6 21.3
Belgium 24.7 23.9 23.4 21.1
Luxembourg 22.3 24.0 21.6 22.6
Denmark 24.0 24.8 24.2 25.1
Czech Republic 24.3 24.9 26.1 25.4
Australia 23.5 25.0 26.0 25.2
Macedonia, FYR 24.9 25.4 35.7 31.0
Latvia 26.2 25.7
Peru 24.6 25.9 25.1 25.1
Germany 24.7 26.1 25.6 25.2
Austria 25.8 26.4 26.6 25.6
Bolivia 26.1 26.6 27.4 25.5
Angola 24.5 27.0 28.0 20.4
Netherlands 27.5 27.3 27.4 26.6
Nigeria 26.9 27.3 35.0
Ecuador 26.0 28.1 27.7 27.6
Ghana 15.1 28.3 30.9 21.2
Morocco 31.3 28.8 26.1 27.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 30.3 28.9 26.4 25.1
Vietnam 31.7 29.0 33.3 33.4
Sweden 29.0 29.2 28.0 27.9
Estonia 24.4 29.4 25.9 26.0
Gambia, The 12.0 29.6 26.6
Iraq 20.8 29.7 30.3
Russian Federation 28.1 31.0 29.1 25.2
Venezuela, RB 31.6 31.5 26.3
Belarus 26.6 31.6 33.4 29.7
Bahrain 33.4 31.6 31.2
Oman 30.1 31.8 49.2
Thailand 32.3 31.9 31.5 30.6
Kazakhstan 30.3 32.7 29.1 26.8
Indonesia 32.8 32.8 31.6 29.9
Ethiopia 28.2 33.2 31.2
Liberia 27.5 34.0 26.9
Switzerland 36.6 34.1 34.0 35.9
Mongolia 29.8 34.4 33.5 36.5
Korea, Rep. 34.8 34.4 34.0 34.3
India 34.5 35.2 32.4 32.2
Bangladesh 35.9 35.2 36.8 35.9
Cabo Verde 36.2 35.4 30.9
Malaysia 35.4 35.7 33.0 31.5
Norway 34.8 36.9 38.4 36.9
Philippines 45.6 37.5 35.4 36.1
Botswana 30.7 38.1 35.4 39.7
Nepal 37.5 39.4 39.4 42.8
Bhutan 35.8 42.3 51.6 27.3
Algeria 50.0 48.8 49.0 46.2
Saudi Arabia 42.8 49.7 46.6 43.6
Azerbaijan 49.3 49.9 45.6 43.3
China 52.5 50.6 51.4 51.5
Singapore 51.8 50.9 49.0 48.5
Kuwait 48.2 54.5
Macao SAR, China 62.8 66.4 66.2
Qatar 66.8 66.0
Timor-Leste 67.6 75.6 67.4
Brunei Darussalam
Middle East (developing only)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Zambia 33.7
Palau
Kiribati
Syrian Arab Republic
Isle of Man
Burkina Faso 22.0
Puerto Rico
Bermuda
Papua New Guinea
Curacao
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Congo, Rep.
Togo 0.0
Chad
Northern Mariana Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Trinidad and Tobago
Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
United Arab Emirates
Andorra
Uzbekistan
New Caledonia
Cyprus 8.1
Suriname
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
Cuba
Greenland
Cote d'Ivoire 17.4
Gabon
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
Mauritania 36.1 37.1
Madagascar
Central African Republic
Aruba
Maldives
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
Myanmar
Solomon Islands
Turkmenistan
Somalia
Tuvalu
Eritrea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
South Sudan
Monaco
Equatorial Guinea
Barbados 8.6
Djibouti
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Fiji
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Libya
Yemen, Rep.
Liechtenstein
Zimbabwe

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