Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014
Liberia -11.6 0.6 2.7 5.2
Afghanistan -11.1 0.1 -4.7 -4.6
Togo -7.4 -6.2 -6.9
Grenada -6.9 -8.2 -6.4
Guinea -6.8 -23.9 -18.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -5.4 -3.4 -4.7
Barbados -3.0 -1.0
West Bank and Gaza -1.8 4.6 2.4 7.0
Montenegro 1.7 2.1 5.0 4.9
Dominica 3.1 -2.0 0.5
Guyana 5.3 6.3 2.5 3.4
Lebanon 5.4 6.7 3.9 4.1
Greece 5.4 9.8 10.7
Comoros 6.3 10.9
Madagascar 6.5 5.4 5.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.9 2.6 3.8
Swaziland 7.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.8 10.0 12.2 10.8
Jamaica 8.9 11.2 12.6 14.5
St. Lucia 9.5 13.4 11.9
Burundi 9.8 17.6 17.8
El Salvador 9.8 9.3 8.9 9.2
Moldova 10.6 13.5 16.7 17.5
Bahamas, The 10.7 10.3 11.9 6.7
Kenya 10.9 11.2 9.8 9.6
Antigua and Barbuda 10.9 7.8 9.3
Iceland 11.6 12.9 20.5
Serbia 11.9 10.5 12.6 11.1
Cambodia 12.1 12.2 12.0 16.4
Guatemala 12.2 12.7 12.3 11.9
Malawi 12.4 10.4 14.7 15.9
Cameroon 12.5 11.1 10.4
Benin 12.5 13.4 16.3
Portugal 13.0 13.7 15.4 15.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 13.1 16.1 9.4 11.4
Mozambique 13.5 14.0 13.1 15.6
Malta 13.6
Belize 14.0 13.8 10.7
Seychelles 14.1 18.5 27.9 17.4
Armenia 14.2 14.8 14.0 13.2
Turkey 14.3 14.4 13.3 14.9
United Kingdom 14.3 13.0 12.5 12.6
Georgia 14.3 17.4 19.4 20.2
Mauritius 14.3 14.2 11.2 7.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 14.5 15.8 24.4
Lesotho 14.6 20.7 30.3
Jordan 15.3 11.8 17.9 21.4
United States 15.5 17.3 17.3 18.0
Cyprus 15.5 10.5 9.8 9.1
Cote d'Ivoire 15.8 14.6 16.6
Tajikistan 15.9 16.7 17.3
Ukraine 16.1 13.3 7.4 10.1
Niger 16.2 21.9 21.8
Tunisia 16.3 16.1 13.9 12.8
Costa Rica 16.4 15.6 15.0 14.8
Lao PDR 17.3 19.2 17.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 17.3 13.3 14.2 12.3
South Africa 17.4 15.6 14.7 15.3
Italy 17.4 17.4 18.1 18.3
Namibia 17.5 18.8 20.6 19.7
Lithuania 17.5 17.9 20.5 19.6
Paraguay 18.0 13.5 17.8 17.9
Uruguay 18.0 17.4 17.6 16.8
Ghana 18.0 21.1 14.0 19.3
Uganda 18.1 19.3 21.2 19.5
Poland 18.2 17.9 18.2 18.8
Albania 18.2 18.3 17.6 12.0
New Zealand 18.4 18.7 21.2 22.1
Dominican Republic 18.6 17.8 19.1 19.4
Spain 19.0 20.0 20.7 20.8
Argentina 19.4 16.9 16.9 18.0
Kyrgyz Republic 19.5 13.1 11.4 10.2
Nicaragua 19.6 18.3 17.9 19.9
Honduras 19.7 17.2 13.4 15.9
Brazil 19.8 17.5 15.8 16.6
Tanzania 20.0 17.5 17.9 20.7
Slovak Republic 20.1 21.6 22.0 20.4
Senegal 20.3
Colombia 20.4 20.1 19.8 19.0
Pakistan 20.5 19.5 20.4 21.6
Croatia 20.7 20.1 20.5 19.6
France 20.7 19.6 19.6 19.7
Ireland 21.0 22.4 25.7 27.6
Vanuatu 21.1 18.5 24.6 28.9
Canada 21.3 21.5 21.7 21.8
Rwanda 21.4 17.0 20.7 15.8
Japan 21.5 21.2 21.0 21.5
Mexico 21.6 22.2 19.9 20.1
Panama 21.7 27.2
Israel 22.1 23.3 23.6 23.9
Latvia 22.1 22.9 22.0 21.0
Sudan 22.1 12.0 12.3 10.2
Finland 22.2 20.8 19.6 19.0
Hungary 22.3 22.1 25.3 25.4
Slovenia 22.7 21.8 24.0 26.8
Romania 23.1 22.7 24.1 22.7
Haiti 23.4 23.8 22.7 23.1
Belgium 23.7 24.0 22.7 23.5
Chile 23.8 22.8 21.4 20.9
Bulgaria 23.8 22.5 23.8 22.7
Faroe Islands 24.1
Czech Republic 24.8 25.9 25.8 25.9
Denmark 24.9 24.2 25.1 25.0
Australia 25.0 25.8 25.1 24.6
Mali 25.8 23.4 31.4
Peru 25.9 25.1 24.9 23.3
Austria 26.0 25.7 25.3 25.0
Macedonia, FYR 26.3 27.4 27.6 30.1
Germany 26.5 25.7 25.5 26.3
Bolivia 26.9 27.3 25.5 21.9
Nigeria 27.3 35.0 20.7 22.9
Morocco 27.5 24.8 26.5
Estonia 28.0 26.8 28.4 29.8
Ecuador 28.2 28.1 27.9 28.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 28.9 26.4 25.0 25.2
Vietnam 29.0 33.3 31.5 31.9
Netherlands 29.0 28.8 28.6 28.6
Sweden 29.4 28.0 27.5 28.2
Trinidad and Tobago 29.4
Iraq 29.7 26.9
Thailand 29.9 29.1 28.6 29.0
Gambia, The 29.9 28.5
Luxembourg 30.4 27.9 28.0 28.9
Tonga 30.7 28.7
Russian Federation 31.0 29.4 25.4 24.3
Oman 31.4 29.2 24.4
Venezuela, RB 31.5 26.3
Belarus 31.6 33.4 30.0 27.4
Bahrain 31.6 31.2 28.4
Kazakhstan 32.7 29.0 27.4 29.3
Mongolia 33.1 30.0 29.3 25.6
Ethiopia 33.2 31.2
Indonesia 34.0 33.2 31.7 32.4
India 34.4 32.7 32.0 31.6
Korea, Rep. 34.4 34.0 34.2 34.7
Bangladesh 34.5 36.7 36.0 35.4
Switzerland 34.7 34.8 34.1 31.7
Malaysia 34.9 32.1 30.4 30.3
Cabo Verde 35.4
Philippines 37.5 35.9 37.2 38.2
Botswana 37.8 34.1 42.2 47.9
Norway 38.1 38.6 37.7 37.0
Nepal 39.3 40.0 43.0 40.6
Bhutan 42.3 51.6 26.4 37.3
Bermuda 42.8 42.2 42.6
Angola 43.5 43.9 31.8
Algeria 49.1 48.5 46.5 44.5
China 49.1 50.0 49.9 49.4
Saudi Arabia 49.7 48.1 43.4
Azerbaijan 49.9 45.6 43.3 40.7
Singapore 50.4 48.6 48.4 48.2
Kuwait 54.3 55.0 51.2 44.8
Qatar 64.4 64.8 63.5 61.0
Macao SAR, China 66.1 66.3 67.5 66.7
Timor-Leste 73.4 66.8 59.1
Puerto Rico
Myanmar
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Isle of Man
Kiribati
Papua New Guinea
Tuvalu
Samoa
Monaco
Syrian Arab Republic
Curacao
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Libya
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Central African Republic
Guam
Turkmenistan
Aruba
Brunei Darussalam 59.9
Greenland
Andorra
Sierra Leone
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Palau
Suriname
Zambia
Cuba
Mauritania 31.1 24.9 19.0
French Polynesia
Congo, Rep.
Liechtenstein
Chad
Solomon Islands
Somalia
New Caledonia
Fiji
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sri Lanka
Burkina Faso
Eritrea
United Arab Emirates
Equatorial Guinea
Maldives
St. Martin (French part)
Uzbekistan
American Samoa
Marshall Islands
Djibouti
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Yemen, Rep.
Gabon
Zimbabwe

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