Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 18.9 9.2 18.2 18.0 28.3
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 99.0 11.6 3.4 0.1 26.3
Antigua and Barbuda 11.2 32.3 36.8 37.2 23.4
Argentina 15.9 15.5 15.5 14.2 13.4
Armenia 0.7 -0.2 -2.6 0.4 3.1
Aruba
Australia 21.7 22.6 22.3 21.4 22.0
Austria 24.1 24.3 24.8 25.0 25.8
Azerbaijan 3.2 11.2 2.7 13.5 18.3
Bahamas, The 36.1 20.3 21.8 27.0 25.3
Bahrain 18.7 17.6 9.1 7.7 26.4
Bangladesh 20.3 23.1 24.3 25.0 26.1
Barbados 13.5 12.2 15.2 14.2 13.5
Belarus 19.9 21.1 22.0 21.9 23.1
Belgium
Belize 22.0 19.7 16.3 12.5 12.4
Benin 15.5 16.4 15.9 13.2 13.8
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 13.0 12.9 13.1 10.9 11.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.8 15.0 12.1
Botswana 40.7 39.5 41.2 38.8 41.5
Brazil 13.0 12.6 12.1 11.2 13.1
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 11.4 21.3 25.6 15.8 13.9
Burkina Faso 8.3
Burundi 3.8 6.1 0.7 2.5 1.3
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 4.8 7.7 6.5 12.0 14.4
Cameroon 15.0 13.1 16.4 16.7 16.1
Canada 20.3 20.8 20.4 21.8 24.4
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 23.8 23.8 22.4 21.7 21.3
China 41.0 41.8 40.6 38.9 36.7
Colombia 15.4 13.8 13.0 13.6 13.9
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.0
Congo, Rep. -0.4 13.0 7.9 15.2 43.2
Costa Rica 12.4 13.5 15.8 13.5 13.6
Cote d'Ivoire 11.3 13.5 12.7 14.1 5.5
Croatia 17.2 16.5 17.5 16.2 19.7
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 21.8 19.7 25.4 20.0 18.3
Czech Republic 30.5 27.9 29.9 28.5 29.0
Denmark 24.0 24.6 24.1 24.7 25.7
Djibouti 22.2 19.7 20.3 21.1 14.4
Dominica 15.0 14.9 19.1 15.9 2.3
Dominican Republic 18.1 18.3 22.0 20.6 18.9
Ecuador 17.5 17.6 15.6 23.6 27.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.8 18.1 19.1 19.2 17.9
El Salvador 13.5 14.4 16.8 14.8 13.9
Equatorial Guinea -181.3
Eritrea 19.1 34.6 6.3 17.2 15.8
Estonia 24.3
Ethiopia
Faroe Islands 40.4 36.9 37.9
Fiji 20.1 20.7 30.2 21.2 19.0
Finland 24.7 27.3 28.8 29.9 32.1
France 21.5 22.4 23.3 23.8 23.4
French Polynesia
Gabon 46.7 47.1 29.1 39.3 49.2
Gambia, The 1.0 4.4
Georgia 0.5 16.7 18.6 21.1
Germany 22.0 22.3 22.7 22.2 22.3
Ghana 18.5 10.6 18.4 9.6 15.7
Greece 21.0 21.5 17.1 17.8
Greenland
Grenada 17.4 14.3 11.0 27.1 22.4
Guam
Guatemala 9.9 10.2 12.3 11.9 12.5
Guinea 16.4 18.4 14.1 15.8 16.5
Guinea-Bissau 7.1 15.3
Guyana 25.8 19.2 14.8 15.7 9.1
Haiti
Honduras 27.0 28.9 29.0 30.6 21.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 29.3 30.8 31.7
Hungary 22.8 24.0 23.9 21.3 21.7
Iceland 18.9 19.7 19.1 16.8 15.0
India 23.0 26.0 23.7 26.9 25.3
Indonesia 28.6 29.9 23.8 14.3 27.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.5 37.6 30.9 36.2 37.1
Iraq
Ireland 28.5 29.8 29.9 30.1 30.4
Isle of Man
Israel 17.6 18.7 18.5 18.2 20.4
Italy 22.4 22.3 21.5 21.2 20.9
Jamaica 25.7 23.4
Japan 29.7 29.9 28.7 27.0 27.3
Jordan 28.5 26.9 22.6 25.3 22.4
Kazakhstan 19.2 16.2 15.3 14.1 21.6
Kenya 16.1 15.6 18.5 22.1 13.6
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 32.4 32.3 34.6 32.2 34.5
Kuwait 34.3 35.3 22.0 26.8 42.1
Kyrgyz Republic 1.9 14.5 -8.3 2.9 15.6
Lao PDR 2.5
Latvia 13.4 18.7
Lebanon
Lesotho 27.3 18.8 -14.5 -0.3 2.8
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 12.8 15.5 13.6 11.3 13.7
Luxembourg 29.9 31.7 29.8 31.7 32.0
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 13.6 14.0 15.9 20.8 22.3
Madagascar 7.7 7.6 7.6 9.0 9.0
Malawi 6.7 1.3 13.1 4.4 9.7
Malaysia 38.8 39.1 42.1 41.2 39.1
Maldives 46.3 41.2 41.8 37.5 36.8
Mali 9.9 14.3 14.6 12.3 14.0
Malta 14.8 15.5 13.4 14.6 16.0
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 36.8 26.0 21.0
Mauritius 25.9 27.2 26.8 25.3 26.5
Mexico 20.0 19.7 20.5 21.0 21.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 12.7 9.4 6.3 16.7 16.1
Monaco
Mongolia 23.6 34.1 23.8 26.8 23.1
Montenegro
Morocco 23.4 24.1 26.3 25.0 24.9
Mozambique -5.7 0.7 5.9 7.8 7.4
Myanmar
Namibia 26.8 22.4 25.4 22.5 25.2
Nepal 20.3 19.1 20.1 20.4 21.7
Netherlands 28.6 28.9 27.6 28.8 29.5
New Caledonia
New Zealand 19.5 20.0 21.0
Nicaragua 3.6 6.9 11.1 13.5 10.1
Niger 4.2 3.6 4.4 3.7 5.3
Nigeria 11.1 15.1 -2.3 33.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 29.7 31.4 28.2 30.2 37.0
Oman 16.1 16.8 1.5 13.1 33.1
Pakistan 18.4 18.9 20.4 18.9 20.6
Palau
Panama 26.9 28.7 23.0 21.3 24.4
Papua New Guinea 28.8 15.9 19.8 20.6 34.6
Paraguay 22.7 19.1 22.8 21.5 15.0
Peru 14.3 16.4 16.2 16.9 16.0
Philippines 19.1 20.3 25.6 31.5 34.6
Poland 20.8 21.0 22.2 21.0 19.6
Portugal 21.2 21.5 22.0 20.2 17.9
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 18.4 14.4 11.5 12.0 16.3
Russian Federation 26.9 22.4 17.9 29.4 37.1
Rwanda 14.4 10.6 8.1 5.1 6.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 22.9 23.6 16.9 25.3 29.4
Senegal 7.9 11.0 11.4 12.4 14.1
Serbia
Seychelles -9.7 -9.4 -10.4 -5.7 16.1
Sierra Leone 2.0 -3.5 2.6 0.7 -9.8
Singapore 49.8 52.4 52.3 48.9 45.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 26.6 27.3 25.7 25.1 25.0
Slovenia 24.5 25.7 26.0 25.4 25.6
Solomon Islands -14.6 -4.2 1.7 -6.3
Somalia
South Africa 17.3 16.6 16.7 16.9 16.6
South Sudan
Spain 21.5 22.5 23.2 22.6 22.6
Sri Lanka 19.7 21.9 23.6 23.9 21.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 17.5 18.6 27.8 27.4 38.5
St. Lucia 12.0 13.4 15.8 15.2 15.8
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.2 2.9 5.9 12.5 18.3
Sudan 0.6 7.0 9.8 6.9 25.1
Suriname 8.5 7.3 2.9 4.2 -1.5
Swaziland 12.9 16.0 13.0 12.3 13.0
Sweden 24.6 25.2 26.2 26.2 27.4
Switzerland 30.3 31.4 32.0 32.0 34.4
Syrian Arab Republic 22.0 19.3 22.7 19.1 23.1
Tajikistan
Tanzania 10.4 9.2 12.5 9.8 12.8
Thailand 35.1 34.1 33.5 30.5 29.7
Timor-Leste
Togo 12.1 5.3 7.1 5.4 5.1
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 28.4 20.5 23.8 22.5 25.4
Tunisia 23.9 22.6 22.7 23.6 23.2
Turkey 19.2 20.4 24.4 20.0 18.2
Turkmenistan 49.2 14.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 19.9 21.0 18.5 17.2 14.6
Ukraine 20.2 19.0 18.8 23.1 25.1
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 18.3 18.5 19.0 17.1 17.5
United States 19.7 20.8 21.2 20.7 20.4
Uruguay 14.3 13.7 14.1 12.0 11.0
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 2.7 12.1 3.7 3.7 9.8
Venezuela, RB 30.2 32.9 26.6 29.2 34.9
Vietnam 20.7 22.0 24.5 27.9 28.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 5.9 4.9 7.9 7.4 10.4
Yemen, Rep. 27.5 27.2 19.5 28.5 35.7
Zambia
Zimbabwe

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