Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Afghanistan
Albania 21.6 -7.2 -2.1 10.7 7.8
Algeria 25.1 34.7
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 11.2 -3.5 -59.0 -41.8 -41.8
Antigua and Barbuda 28.6 32.0 32.6 33.3 31.4
Argentina 16.8 14.0 13.9 15.8 13.1
Armenia -7.9 -2.3
Aruba
Australia 24.6 21.1 19.5 21.2 22.0
Austria 24.9 23.8 22.5 22.6 21.9
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 35.5 33.5 36.7 33.4 33.0
Bahrain 17.5 14.9 11.9 12.0 17.3
Bangladesh 16.7 18.9 20.2 20.9 22.2
Barbados 13.7 11.6 11.9 10.4 16.0
Belarus 25.7 20.1
Belgium
Belize 33.8 23.4 26.9 27.7 19.7
Benin 9.9 10.9 9.9 9.9 14.8
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 10.2 9.4 8.9 8.1 10.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 42.8 44.3 40.3 41.0 31.3
Brazil 19.4 19.1 20.5 20.7 21.6
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 15.9 19.3 13.0 6.3 8.7
Burkina Faso 15.9 18.2 23.5 21.1 29.3
Burundi 8.8 11.8 5.2 12.2 5.5
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 13.0
Cameroon 16.9 16.5 11.7 9.3 11.8
Canada 18.5 16.0 14.9 15.6 17.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 11.1 9.7 9.9 12.4 15.5
Chad 2.3 3.0 2.9 1.0 13.5
Chile 25.1 23.8 23.3 22.8 23.6
China 39.1 39.3 38.8 42.7 43.5
Colombia 22.8 24.1 18.8 18.3 19.5
Comoros 14.4 11.4 14.9 22.7 17.3
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 38.3 21.0 37.1 26.2 33.7
Costa Rica 12.0 13.4 15.5 13.8 14.9
Cote d'Ivoire -6.0 -4.3 -2.5 -0.9 15.7
Croatia 16.1 19.9
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 24.9 19.1 20.2 26.4 27.5
Czech Republic 27.4 27.9
Denmark 22.2 21.4 21.8 21.3 20.9
Djibouti 14.1 9.2 12.9 8.7
Dominica 15.8 13.1 16.9 16.0 11.9
Dominican Republic 16.8 14.6 11.6 15.5 17.2
Ecuador 19.3 19.6 22.8 15.5 16.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 31.9 31.2 34.5 30.3 23.3
El Salvador 12.5 12.7 16.6 17.3 19.3
Equatorial Guinea -1.0 43.0 4.5 4.8 2.2
Eritrea 68.6 41.8 54.7
Estonia
Ethiopia 14.5 10.5 15.4 14.6 21.2
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 6.0 10.0 7.1 6.5 6.3
Finland 24.1 17.3 14.7 15.8 19.3
France 20.0 19.6 19.1 18.1 18.2
French Polynesia
Gabon 27.1 31.2 22.0 20.9 33.4
Gambia, The 23.8 20.0 24.7 0.5 0.4
Georgia
Germany 22.7 22.1 21.7 20.8 20.6
Ghana 10.7 12.1 7.0 13.1 19.5
Greece 18.8 21.4 20.1 19.3 20.1
Greenland
Grenada 18.4 19.0 16.4 14.3 25.3
Guam
Guatemala 10.9 12.5 11.9 11.2 10.8
Guinea 20.4 20.7 20.6 24.2 22.4
Guinea-Bissau 15.1 4.2 8.2 7.9 7.9
Guyana 23.6 24.1 16.5
Haiti
Honduras 23.0 21.2 20.6 25.0 29.3
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 27.2 16.6 13.1 11.9 15.8
Iceland 17.5 16.5 16.1 18.1 18.5
India 23.4 22.7 23.8 22.1 24.4
Indonesia 29.4 23.2 24.5 30.1 30.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30.7 42.5 40.8
Iraq
Ireland 24.0 23.2 20.3 22.5 22.5
Isle of Man
Israel 22.2 18.1 18.2 16.2 15.0
Italy 21.2 20.3 19.4 20.1 20.2
Jamaica 20.9 21.7 33.4 25.2 26.4
Japan 33.7 33.9 33.1 31.9 30.5
Jordan 22.1 15.8 19.0 26.9 28.3
Kazakhstan
Kenya 19.4 20.0 15.3 39.8 35.3
Kiribati 35.4 33.8 29.0
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 34.0 34.5 33.7 33.6 33.5
Kosovo
Kuwait 12.3 -156.8 20.1 26.9 27.9
Kyrgyz Republic 7.1 5.2
Lao PDR
Latvia 50.2 27.4 24.0
Lebanon
Lesotho 42.1 44.9 46.5 40.7 51.3
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 13.0 14.8
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 9.5 -2.0 4.6 3.9 1.7
Malawi 16.8 17.7 5.2 4.7 5.7
Malaysia 31.7 30.8 33.5 36.5 36.9
Maldives
Mali 15.1 17.1 14.8 15.1 20.0
Malta 26.7 27.2 25.0 23.3 22.9
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 8.0 17.2 14.8 5.8 46.1
Mauritius 26.0 27.5 29.0 27.7 25.4
Mexico 21.0 19.1 17.0 16.0 15.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 24.2
Monaco
Mongolia 5.7 4.0 19.2 16.3 15.8
Montenegro
Morocco 26.1 23.3 22.8 21.7 19.9
Mozambique 6.6 4.3 6.0 2.9 6.1
Myanmar
Namibia 33.8 24.4 25.9 24.7 27.9
Nepal 10.3 11.7 15.1 16.6 14.0
Netherlands 25.7 25.1 24.5 24.6 25.4
New Caledonia
New Zealand 17.3 14.8 15.7 18.4 19.6
Nicaragua 16.1 9.3 -33.2 -22.5 -7.3
Niger 2.5 3.6 7.5 7.2 2.4
Nigeria 25.4 28.6 21.5 15.8 8.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 25.7 24.5 23.6 23.8 24.6
Oman 22.5 14.3 13.1 8.8 11.0
Pakistan 21.5 25.8 25.0 19.7 22.5
Palau
Panama 25.5 21.7 26.2 29.1 31.5
Papua New Guinea 17.8 21.8 22.8 27.9 30.3
Paraguay
Peru 15.2 10.8 10.0 10.4 14.5
Philippines 18.6 18.7 18.9 18.2 21.5
Poland 15.0 12.3 13.0 19.2
Portugal 27.0 24.4 24.4 21.9 20.8
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 20.8 24.9 23.0 24.4 23.4
Russian Federation 29.7
Rwanda 11.4 12.2 11.5 10.3 33.8
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 16.4 10.6 18.4 15.5 15.2
Senegal 1.7 2.3 3.2 0.4 5.4
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 4.5 7.2 -3.2 -0.0 5.9
Singapore 44.0 45.3 46.7 45.0 48.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 19.5 25.6
Slovenia 24.6 20.3 24.7
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 19.9 19.1 16.6 16.8 17.2
South Sudan
Spain 22.7 22.1 20.3 20.1 19.9
Sri Lanka 20.5 18.8 21.5 23.0 21.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.5 22.0 32.3 32.5 28.9
St. Lucia 9.7 8.1 11.5 14.8 16.1
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.1 0.7 16.0 7.8 4.5
Sudan 1.3 -6.1 1.4 11.1 6.2
Suriname 20.3 4.2 17.4 9.7
Swaziland 18.7 18.6 16.3 13.5 18.3
Sweden 22.7 19.6 16.7 14.8 18.1
Switzerland 31.8 29.9 27.9 28.4 28.6
Syrian Arab Republic 15.2 9.3 11.8 14.8 24.7
Tajikistan
Tanzania 10.6 9.1 10.0 3.7 6.4
Thailand 33.2 35.6 35.1 35.4 35.2
Timor-Leste
Togo 21.4 14.3 10.4 2.8 15.0
Tonga 22.2 7.6 23.2 17.5
Trinidad and Tobago 23.3 17.0 15.8 13.1 27.6
Tunisia 24.2 23.2 22.9 20.9 22.4
Turkey 21.9 21.9 21.6 21.8 22.7
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 5.7 9.0 14.2 11.1 15.7
Ukraine 32.8
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 16.0 15.3 14.1 14.0 15.8
United States 19.0 19.0 17.9 17.4 18.1
Uruguay 14.6 16.4 14.9 14.2 13.9
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 24.8 22.3 15.4 22.5 14.6
Venezuela, RB 27.7 22.2 18.1 15.4 19.9
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 38.8 11.6 14.0 9.7 26.6
Zambia 21.4 4.6
Zimbabwe 16.1 14.0 11.5 21.2 18.9

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