Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania 30.8 28.7 26.4 29.4 21.6
Algeria 22.7 22.4 18.4 18.4 25.1
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 2.1 0.8 0.5 -50.1 -51.2
Antigua and Barbuda 1.9 11.3 22.9 26.0 28.6
Argentina 15.5 15.9 14.9 16.8
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 23.4 23.8 25.2 25.5 24.2
Austria 23.6 23.9 25.4 26.2 27.0
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 20.1 21.6 36.5 35.5
Bahrain 28.5 29.3 33.2 22.7 17.5
Bangladesh 16.8 16.9 16.9 15.6 16.1
Barbados 2.4 -0.5 2.0 3.3 17.8
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 28.4 29.2 25.7 26.9 33.8
Benin 4.2 4.4 0.8 4.6 9.9
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 4.1 6.1 7.3 9.3 10.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 39.4 44.0 53.4 52.0 42.8
Brazil 17.9 22.7 24.9 34.0 19.4
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 32.3 30.7 33.3 29.7 15.9
Burkina Faso 19.5 17.3 17.1 24.2 15.9
Burundi 8.8 14.6 8.7 14.6 8.8
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 24.1 18.9 19.8 18.1 16.9
Canada 20.0 20.9 21.7 20.9 18.5
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 8.7 8.5 10.8 12.2 11.1
Chad 2.6 6.9 8.7 4.5 2.3
Chile 12.9 18.9 24.3 25.6 25.1
China 34.3 35.7 35.9 35.8 38.4
Colombia 24.1 22.2 22.4 20.9 22.8
Comoros 16.0 17.8 18.3 15.5 14.4
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 18.0 24.6 6.2 17.2 38.3
Costa Rica 14.6 15.0 15.2 11.5 12.0
Cote d'Ivoire 10.8 4.1 1.7 -5.1 -6.0
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 26.0 26.4 25.9 26.2 24.9
Czech Republic
Denmark 22.3 22.7 22.7 23.3 24.1
Djibouti
Dominica 16.8 17.2 21.7 10.6 15.8
Dominican Republic 11.8 13.6 17.5 19.4 16.8
Ecuador 16.6 12.9 15.0 16.1 19.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 14.4 26.3 29.3 26.9 31.9
El Salvador 16.5 16.3 15.8 16.5 12.0
Equatorial Guinea -52.2 -52.2 -42.2 30.9
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Faroe Islands
Fiji 21.7 19.0 18.6 14.8 6.0
Finland 26.6 26.5 28.1 28.6 26.6
France 21.4 21.2 22.4 23.0 23.2
French Polynesia
Gabon 16.5 13.7 23.1 23.6 27.1
Gambia, The 25.4 37.3 29.5 18.6 23.8
Georgia
Germany 22.3 21.6 22.6 23.4 24.4
Ghana 7.1 7.8 10.2 11.7 10.7
Greece 27.4 22.2 24.8 23.5 23.3
Greenland
Grenada 18.4 16.7 18.7 18.2 18.4
Guam
Guatemala 10.2 7.9 8.7 9.4 10.9
Guinea 12.4 13.0 11.7 16.0 20.3
Guinea-Bissau 13.9 13.5 15.6 7.4 15.1
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras 12.0 14.3 20.3 17.4 23.0
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland 21.0 19.4 19.3 19.2 18.9
India 22.3 21.8 22.6 22.9 23.4
Indonesia 25.1 28.3 28.5 32.8 29.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.6 24.8
Iraq
Ireland 18.9 20.0 20.5 21.2 25.4
Isle of Man
Israel 19.9 10.5 12.3 15.4 22.2
Italy 22.1 21.9 21.9 21.3 21.3
Jamaica 17.9 18.1 26.5 23.1 20.9
Japan 31.9 31.7 33.0 33.6 33.7
Jordan 18.0 15.0 19.0 29.6 22.1
Kazakhstan
Kenya 17.8 18.9 21.2 19.9 19.4
Kiribati 16.6 32.5 28.7 27.4 35.4
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 31.1 34.6 36.1 33.5 34.0
Kuwait 38.9 41.5 35.4 37.8 12.3
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 4.6 4.7 -0.6
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 21.8 21.8 20.2 30.6 42.1
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 6.3 4.6 8.3 11.1 9.5
Malawi 9.3 14.5 18.5 17.2 16.8
Malaysia 25.1 30.7 30.5 30.7 31.7
Maldives
Mali 2.4 10.8 7.8 15.9 11.7
Malta 22.8 25.2 28.2 25.5 26.7
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 10.2 12.0 17.7 16.2 8.0
Mauritius 29.3 29.6 28.9 26.5 26.0
Mexico 19.0 23.0 22.1 21.1 21.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 12.6 9.0 8.2 9.2 5.7
Montenegro
Morocco 25.2 25.0 26.3 24.8 29.1
Mozambique -0.7 0.5 7.1 2.2 8.6
Myanmar
Namibia 33.8
Nepal 15.5 16.8 14.9 13.2 10.3
Netherlands 26.5 26.0 27.5 28.9 28.0
New Caledonia
New Zealand 22.1 20.9 21.9 20.9 18.3
Nicaragua 10.7 16.6 -26.2 -12.0 16.1
Niger 10.0 4.5 13.6 6.8 2.5
Nigeria 11.9 16.5 18.4 34.2 25.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 27.4 27.2 26.9 27.9 27.6
Oman 18.1 28.9 12.6 22.5
Pakistan 20.2 24.8 20.5 20.7 21.5
Palau
Panama 23.0 31.0 24.8 12.0 25.5
Papua New Guinea 15.9 14.2 19.1 11.4 17.8
Paraguay
Peru 38.0 34.1 40.6 35.8 17.0
Philippines 17.0 16.6 19.6 18.5 18.6
Poland
Portugal 26.4 28.9 29.3 29.3 28.0
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 20.8
Russian Federation
Rwanda 14.2 9.2 9.2 7.6 11.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 12.1 12.0 15.0 12.5 16.4
Senegal 2.0 5.4 2.0 1.5 1.7
Serbia
Seychelles -18.5 -14.7 -18.1 -17.0 -9.6
Sierra Leone 0.8 16.2 16.5 10.7 4.5
Singapore 38.3 37.0 41.3 43.7 44.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands -55.3 -22.5 -29.2 -53.8 -48.5
Somalia
South Africa 24.4 22.6 23.5 23.3 19.9
South Sudan
Spain 22.5 22.4 23.6 23.0 22.6
Sri Lanka 19.1 19.9 19.4 19.1 20.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 16.6 15.4 20.2 16.6 21.6
St. Lucia 20.1 17.0 21.7 11.8 9.7
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17.3 13.0 14.8 0.6 15.4
Sudan 10.1 8.3 -1.3 -0.1 1.3
Suriname 21.7 31.7 22.1 36.4 20.3
Swaziland 18.7
Sweden 27.0 27.3 28.3 29.7 28.6
Switzerland 32.5 32.2 33.7 33.9 34.1
Syrian Arab Republic 20.6 12.5 10.2 11.1 15.2
Tajikistan
Tanzania 10.6
Thailand 27.0 27.6 30.5 32.0 33.2
Timor-Leste
Togo 14.1 13.2 13.2 13.3 21.4
Tonga 22.6 26.3 15.0 22.5 22.2
Trinidad and Tobago 12.5 15.2 11.7 17.0 24.6
Tunisia 20.2 24.1 23.9 24.0 24.2
Turkey 16.4 24.3 26.5 23.4 21.9
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 6.6 3.4 4.7 5.7 5.7
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 17.9 17.5 17.7 16.8 15.3
United States 19.2 19.7 20.5 19.9 19.0
Uruguay 13.2 13.3 15.9 14.2 14.6
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 15.0 19.8 16.0 19.6 24.8
Venezuela, RB 17.9 20.2 18.5 20.9 27.7
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 38.8
Zambia
Zimbabwe 18.9 15.9 20.4 15.3 16.1

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