Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania 30.9 30.8 28.7 26.4 29.4
Algeria 30.2 22.7 22.4 18.4 18.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 22.6 18.5 14.8 7.5 12.7
Antigua and Barbuda 16.1 1.9 11.3 22.9 26.0
Argentina 15.5 15.9 14.9
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 24.8 23.9 24.3 25.7 25.6
Austria 22.3 21.7 22.0 23.4 24.1
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 15.5 20.1 21.6 36.5
Bahrain 39.6 28.5 29.3 33.2 22.7
Bangladesh 15.6 17.3 17.4 17.6 16.5
Barbados 23.0 16.4 14.3 16.6 17.7
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 20.5 28.4 29.2 25.7 26.9
Benin 2.7 4.2 4.4 0.8 4.6
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 9.9 4.1 6.1 7.3 9.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 35.5 39.4 44.0 53.4 52.0
Brazil 20.2 17.9 22.7 24.9 34.0
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 32.0 32.3 30.7 33.3 29.7
Burkina Faso 18.7 19.5 17.3 17.1 24.2
Burundi 10.4 8.8 14.6 8.7 14.6
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 24.2 24.1 18.9 19.8 18.1
Canada 21.4 20.1 20.9 21.7 20.9
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 11.6 8.7 8.5 10.8 12.2
Chad 1.0 2.6 6.9 8.7 4.5
Chile 9.0 12.9 18.9 24.3 25.6
China 34.5 35.9 37.1 37.0 36.3
Colombia 17.6 24.1 22.2 22.4 20.9
Comoros 26.4 16.0 17.8 18.3 15.5
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 26.6 18.0 24.6 6.2 17.2
Costa Rica 11.5 14.6 15.0 15.2 11.5
Cote d'Ivoire 15.4 10.8 4.1 1.7 -5.1
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 21.4 26.0 26.4 25.9 26.2
Czech Republic
Denmark 19.1 20.0 20.7 20.7 21.3
Djibouti
Dominica 22.1 16.8 17.2 21.7 10.6
Dominican Republic 10.0 11.8 13.6 17.5 19.4
Ecuador 18.0 16.6 12.9 15.0 16.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.5 14.4 26.3 29.3 26.9
El Salvador 9.5 16.5 16.3 15.8 16.5
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 13.3 15.2 15.8 23.5 14.1
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 21.0 21.7 19.0 18.6 14.8
Finland 24.4 23.8 23.6 25.3 26.2
France 17.2 18.3 17.9 19.3 19.8
French Polynesia
Gabon 40.0 16.5 13.7 23.1 23.6
Gambia, The 8.5 -1.7 30.6 29.5 18.6
Georgia
Germany 18.8 20.6 19.9 20.9 21.7
Ghana 8.2 7.1 7.8 10.2 11.7
Greece 22.7 23.2 19.1 21.1 19.4
Greenland
Grenada 18.4 16.7 18.7 18.2
Guam
Guatemala 9.1 10.2 7.9 8.7 9.4
Guinea 12.4 13.0 11.7 16.0
Guinea-Bissau -3.9 13.9 13.5 15.6 7.4
Guyana 6.7
Haiti
Honduras 12.7 12.0 14.3 20.3 17.4
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 24.2 22.6 23.6 25.6 26.9
Iceland 17.7 19.7 17.8 17.7 17.8
India 21.9 22.3 21.8 22.6 22.9
Indonesia 25.9 25.1 28.3 28.5 32.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.6
Iraq
Ireland 17.6 17.5 18.8 19.3 19.9
Isle of Man
Israel 22.3 19.9 10.5 12.3 15.4
Italy 22.4 22.0 21.8 21.9 21.2
Jamaica 15.7 17.9 18.1 26.5 23.1
Japan 31.7 31.9 31.7 33.0 33.6
Jordan 14.7 18.0 15.0 19.0 29.6
Kazakhstan
Kenya 20.9 17.8 18.9 21.2 19.9
Kiribati 17.7 16.6 32.5 28.7 27.4
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 27.2 31.2 34.8 36.3 33.6
Kosovo
Kuwait 36.2 38.9 41.5 35.4 37.8
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 3.4 4.6 4.7 -0.6
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 19.0 21.8 21.8 20.2 30.6
Liberia -8.3 -13.7
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar -0.2 6.3 4.6 8.3 11.1
Malawi 12.0 9.3 14.5 18.5 17.2
Malaysia 24.6 24.6 30.7 30.5 30.7
Maldives
Mali -1.0 5.7 10.3 10.9
Malta 22.1 22.8 25.2 28.2 25.5
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 17.5 10.2 12.0 17.7 16.2
Mauritius 21.6 29.3 29.6 28.9 26.5
Mexico 23.6 19.0 23.0 22.1 21.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 19.7 12.6 9.0 8.2 9.2
Montenegro
Morocco 21.2 22.8 23.8 24.7 22.3
Mozambique -4.4 -1.8 -2.2 4.9 -0.7
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal 18.6 15.5 16.8 14.9 13.2
Netherlands 23.9 24.4 23.9 25.3 26.6
New Caledonia
New Zealand 19.5 20.7 19.9 20.8 19.9
Nicaragua 13.7 10.7 16.6 -26.2 -12.0
Niger 8.6 10.0 4.5 13.6 6.8
Nigeria 16.4 11.9 16.5 18.4 34.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 31.2 25.7 25.5 25.0 26.1
Oman 28.6 18.1 28.9 12.6
Pakistan 22.2 20.2 24.8 20.5 20.7
Palau
Panama 24.2 23.0 31.0 24.8 12.0
Papua New Guinea 12.8 15.9 14.2 19.1 11.4
Paraguay
Peru 20.4 16.7 16.6 22.5 6.6
Philippines 14.0 17.0 16.6 19.6 18.5
Poland
Portugal 21.9 25.7 28.0 28.4 28.4
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda 14.6 14.2 9.2 9.2 7.6
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 15.4 12.1 12.0 15.0 12.5
Senegal 4.4 2.0 5.4 2.0 1.5
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 8.3 0.8 16.2 16.5 10.7
Singapore 40.8 38.3 37.0 41.3 43.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 38.9 31.9 38.3 23.6 17.3
South Africa 25.8 24.4 22.6 23.5 23.3
South Sudan
Spain 21.9 22.8 22.7 23.9 23.3
Sri Lanka 18.9 19.1 19.9 19.4 19.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 17.2 18.4 19.2 35.4 33.4
St. Lucia 24.4 20.1 17.0 21.7 11.8
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 33.1 22.7 18.7 23.3 12.9
Sudan 3.1 10.1 8.3 -1.3 -0.1
Suriname 11.0 21.7 31.7 22.1 36.4
Swaziland
Sweden 21.8 22.1 22.2 23.0 23.7
Switzerland 30.9 30.5 30.2 31.7 31.9
Syrian Arab Republic 22.5 20.6 12.5 10.2 11.1
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand 24.7 27.0 27.6 30.5 32.0
Timor-Leste
Togo 13.9 14.1 13.2 13.2 13.3
Tonga 27.4 22.6 26.3 15.0 22.5
Trinidad and Tobago 18.7 12.1 15.4 11.7 16.9
Tunisia 24.7 20.2 24.1 23.9 24.0
Turkey 14.3 16.4 24.3 26.5 23.4
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 6.7 6.6 3.4 4.7 5.7
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 18.4 17.1 17.4 17.7 17.7
United States 20.5 19.2 19.7 20.5 19.9
Uruguay 10.6 13.2 13.3 15.9 14.2
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 19.7 15.0 19.8 16.0 19.6
Venezuela, RB 21.9 17.9 20.2 18.5 20.9
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 1.4 3.2 1.1 9.2 -4.9
Zimbabwe 16.7 18.9 15.9 20.4 15.3

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