Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan
Albania 30.3 30.9 30.8 28.7 26.4
Algeria 31.9 30.2 22.7 22.4 18.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 22.6 18.5 14.8 7.5
Antigua and Barbuda 21.5 16.1 1.9 11.3 22.9
Argentina 18.6 15.5 15.9
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 24.1 24.8 23.9 24.3 25.7
Austria 20.8 22.3 21.7 22.0 23.4
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 9.7 15.5 20.1 21.6
Bahrain 43.0 39.6 28.5 29.3 33.2
Bangladesh 15.0 15.6 17.3 17.4 17.6
Barbados 21.4 23.0 16.4 14.3 16.6
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 24.5 20.5 28.4 29.2 25.7
Benin 7.7 2.7 4.2 4.4 0.8
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 12.8 9.9 4.1 6.1 7.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 27.9 35.5 39.4 44.0 53.4
Brazil 16.7 20.2 17.9 22.7 24.9
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 35.4 32.0 32.3 30.7 33.3
Burkina Faso 11.9 18.7 19.5 17.3 17.1
Burundi 10.4 8.8 14.6 8.7
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 25.5 24.2 24.1 18.9 19.8
Canada 22.0 21.4 20.1 20.9 21.7
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 7.2 11.6 8.7 8.5 10.8
Chad 7.4 1.0 2.6 6.9 8.7
Chile 2.6 9.0 12.9 18.9 24.3
China 35.4 34.5 35.9 37.1 37.0
Colombia 15.7 17.6 24.1 22.2 22.4
Comoros 24.5 26.4 16.0 17.8 18.3
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 43.0 26.6 18.0 24.6 6.2
Costa Rica 12.0 11.5 14.6 15.0 15.2
Cote d'Ivoire 15.2 15.4 10.8 4.1 1.7
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 22.4 21.4 26.0 26.4 25.9
Czech Republic
Denmark 19.0 19.1 20.0 20.7 20.7
Djibouti
Dominica 22.0 22.1 16.8 17.2 21.7
Dominican Republic 16.4 10.0 11.8 13.6 17.5
Ecuador 16.3 18.0 16.6 12.9 15.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25.3 19.5 14.4 26.3 29.3
El Salvador 10.3 9.5 16.5 16.3 15.8
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 17.5 13.3 15.2 15.8 23.5
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 17.7 21.0 21.7 19.0 18.6
Finland 26.5 24.4 23.8 23.6 25.3
France 17.3 17.2 18.3 17.9 19.3
French Polynesia
Gabon 46.6 40.0 16.5 13.7 23.1
Gambia, The 12.1 8.5 -1.7 30.6 29.5
Georgia
Germany 18.5 18.8 20.6 19.9 20.9
Ghana 6.8 8.2 7.1 7.8 10.2
Greece 22.5 22.7 23.2 19.1 21.1
Greenland
Grenada 18.4 16.7 18.7
Guam
Guatemala 7.7 9.1 10.2 7.9 8.7
Guinea 12.4 13.0 11.7
Guinea-Bissau -3.8 -3.9 13.9 13.5 15.6
Guyana 4.8 6.7
Haiti
Honduras 9.3 12.7 12.0 14.3 20.3
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 26.1 24.2 22.6 23.6 25.6
Iceland 19.5 17.7 19.7 17.8 17.7
India 21.0 21.9 22.3 21.8 22.6
Indonesia 26.2 25.9 25.1 28.3 28.5
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq
Ireland 18.4 17.6 17.5 18.8 19.3
Isle of Man
Israel 15.0 22.3 19.9 10.5 12.3
Italy 22.7 22.4 22.0 21.8 21.9
Jamaica 12.7 15.7 17.9 18.1 26.5
Japan 30.3 31.7 31.9 31.7 33.0
Jordan 23.0 14.7 18.0 15.0 19.0
Kazakhstan
Kenya 14.5 20.9 17.8 18.9 21.2
Kiribati 48.5 17.7 16.6 32.5 28.7
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 26.5 27.2 31.2 34.8 36.3
Kosovo
Kuwait 43.2 36.2 38.9 41.5 35.4
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 5.0 3.4 4.6 4.7 -0.6
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 18.7 19.0 21.8 21.8 20.2
Liberia -8.6 -8.3 -13.7
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 2.2 -0.2 6.3 4.6 8.3
Malawi 13.9 12.0 9.3 14.5 18.5
Malaysia 27.1 24.6 24.6 30.7 30.5
Maldives
Mali 3.2 -1.0 5.7 10.3 10.9
Malta 25.4 22.1 22.8 25.2 28.2
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 3.6 17.5 10.2 12.0 17.7
Mauritius 17.8 21.6 29.3 29.6 28.9
Mexico 24.1 23.6 19.0 23.0 22.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 20.4 19.7 12.6 9.0 8.2
Montenegro
Morocco 19.9 21.2 22.8 23.8 24.7
Mozambique 1.0 -4.4 -1.8 -2.2 4.9
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal 15.8 18.6 15.5 16.8 14.9
Netherlands 25.6 23.9 24.4 23.9 25.3
New Caledonia
New Zealand 21.6 19.5 20.7 19.9 20.8
Nicaragua 6.6 13.7 10.7 16.6 -26.2
Niger 2.5 8.6 10.0 4.5 13.6
Nigeria 16.8 16.4 11.9 16.5 18.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 32.3 31.2 25.7 25.5 25.0
Oman 34.2 28.6 18.1 28.9 12.6
Pakistan 24.6 22.2 20.2 24.8 20.5
Palau
Panama 21.0 24.2 23.0 31.0 24.8
Papua New Guinea 18.5 12.8 15.9 14.2 19.1
Paraguay
Peru 20.1 20.4 16.7 16.6 22.5
Philippines 16.6 14.0 17.0 16.6 19.6
Poland
Portugal 20.1 21.9 25.7 28.0 28.4
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda 15.2 14.6 14.2 9.2 9.2
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 21.2 15.4 12.1 12.0 15.0
Senegal 4.9 4.4 2.0 5.4 2.0
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 11.5 8.3 0.8 16.2 16.5
Singapore 45.3 40.8 38.3 37.0 41.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 18.4 38.9 31.9 38.3 23.6
South Africa 23.5 25.8 24.4 22.6 23.5
South Sudan
Spain 21.3 21.9 22.8 22.7 23.9
Sri Lanka 25.7 18.9 19.1 19.9 19.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 18.7 17.2 18.4 19.2 35.4
St. Lucia 19.9 24.4 20.1 17.0 21.7
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28.4 33.1 22.7 18.7 23.3
Sudan -0.4 3.1 10.1 8.3 -1.3
Suriname 5.9 11.0 21.7 31.7 22.1
Swaziland
Sweden 22.0 21.8 22.1 22.2 23.0
Switzerland 30.5 30.9 30.5 30.2 31.7
Syrian Arab Republic 23.1 22.5 20.6 12.5 10.2
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand 24.8 24.7 27.0 27.6 30.5
Timor-Leste
Togo 18.7 13.9 14.1 13.2 13.2
Tonga 19.5 27.4 22.6 26.3 15.0
Trinidad and Tobago 18.7 18.7 12.1 15.4 11.7
Tunisia 26.5 24.7 20.2 24.1 23.9
Turkey 13.3 14.3 16.4 24.3 26.5
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 7.7 6.7 6.6 3.4 4.7
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 18.4 18.4 17.1 17.4 17.7
United States 22.0 20.5 19.2 19.7 20.5
Uruguay 10.8 10.6 13.2 13.3 15.9
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 23.2 19.7 15.0 19.8 16.0
Venezuela, RB 23.0 21.9 17.9 20.2 18.5
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 5.9 1.4 3.2 1.1 9.2
Zimbabwe 16.9 16.7 18.9 15.9 20.4

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