Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania 19.6 19.4 17.2 14.9 17.9
Algeria 20.2 11.8 11.8 8.5 10.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 11.6 7.6 5.3 -3.8 1.5
Antigua and Barbuda 8.4 -6.3 3.9 15.9 18.5
Argentina 7.0 7.2 4.3
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 8.4 6.7 7.5 9.3 9.0
Austria 8.6 7.9 8.1 9.8 10.6
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 10.6 15.1 16.6 32.0
Bahrain 24.0 14.8 15.9 20.9 10.6
Bangladesh 8.0 9.8 9.9 10.0 8.8
Barbados 16.1 10.8 9.7 12.5 14.3
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 13.2 21.6 22.4 18.9 20.6
Benin -3.9 -2.5 -2.7 -6.6 -3.4
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 0.8 -5.0 -2.4 -0.0 1.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 23.2 27.0 30.8 41.1 40.6
Brazil 11.6 10.8 15.0 16.1 26.1
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 20.7 20.8 18.9 21.7 16.8
Burkina Faso 12.6 13.1 10.4 10.2 17.0
Burundi -5.4 -6.9 -1.5 -7.6 -1.8
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 19.8 19.2 12.4 13.2 11.2
Canada 6.4 4.9 6.3 7.3 6.2
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 1.3 -1.4 -2.9 -0.4 1.5
Chad -4.9 -4.0 0.1 2.8 -1.5
Chile -7.8 -3.3 3.9 10.1 10.9
China 25.2 25.9 27.2 28.0 26.9
Colombia 6.6 13.7 11.3 11.6 9.8
Comoros 14.9 3.8 5.1 5.4 2.1
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 8.2 -5.9 1.2 -19.3 -7.9
Costa Rica 5.1 8.6 9.0 9.0 5.4
Cote d'Ivoire 7.6 3.6 -3.3 -5.4 -11.9
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 10.7 15.5 16.0 15.5 15.7
Czech Republic
Denmark 6.6 7.8 7.9 7.1 7.2
Djibouti
Dominica 18.1 13.0 13.4 18.1 6.7
Dominican Republic 5.5 7.4 9.1 12.9 14.9
Ecuador 11.0 8.5 4.5 5.2 6.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 12.9 7.8 20.0 22.8 20.4
El Salvador 5.3 12.2 12.0 11.6 12.3
Equatorial Guinea -56.2 -55.7 -45.8
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 14.1 17.2 17.2 27.0 14.3
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 9.4 10.2 7.3 7.3 4.4
Finland 9.0 8.7 8.3 9.9 9.9
France 5.1 6.5 6.2 7.6 8.2
French Polynesia
Gabon 29.4 -4.2 -7.1 10.1 8.3
Gambia, The 10.1 15.9 26.9 18.5 6.8
Georgia
Germany 4.7 6.5 5.6 6.9 7.8
Ghana 3.3 1.2 1.2 3.5 5.5
Greece 15.4 14.9 9.5 12.7 11.5
Greenland
Grenada 12.7 11.5 13.2 12.7
Guam
Guatemala 2.0 3.4 1.3 2.1 3.1
Guinea 6.7 7.2 6.2 10.0
Guinea-Bissau -11.1 5.6 5.4 7.2 -1.3
Guyana -0.8
Haiti
Honduras 6.3 5.2 7.7 14.0 11.4
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland -0.4 2.2 2.4 2.2 1.0
India 12.2 12.4 12.0 13.0 13.2
Indonesia 20.7 19.8 23.0 23.5 27.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.9
Iraq
Ireland 8.5 8.4 9.3 10.1 10.7
Isle of Man
Israel 7.4 5.2 -3.4 -0.8 1.7
Italy 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.6 6.9
Jamaica 0.1 4.9 6.7 16.2 13.0
Japan 15.5 15.5 14.9 16.3 16.3
Jordan 4.3 8.6 5.5 8.7 19.0
Kazakhstan
Kenya 14.4 11.8 12.7 14.9 13.4
Kiribati 13.1 11.7 28.0 24.0 22.6
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 11.9 16.1 19.3 20.6 18.1
Kuwait 30.1 32.3 34.7 28.2 31.7
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR -2.5 -1.1 -0.8 -5.7
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 15.2 18.1 18.1 16.9 27.3
Liberia -16.8 -23.5
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar -2.1 4.6 2.6 6.0 8.4
Malawi 6.0 2.5 3.8 9.1 7.9
Malaysia 14.8 14.9 21.1 20.7 20.6
Maldives
Mali -4.4 2.6 6.9 6.9
Malta 11.7 12.1 14.3 17.1 14.5
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 4.8 -1.7 -0.4 5.2 4.0
Mauritius 18.5 26.4 27.0 25.9 22.9
Mexico 11.5 4.1 9.0 9.4 9.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 13.4 6.8 3.1 2.3 2.4
Montenegro
Morocco 18.5 19.9 19.2 20.4 18.3
Mozambique -15.3 -12.0 -13.5 -6.3 -11.7
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal 14.2 11.2 12.7 12.6 11.4
Netherlands 11.0 11.3 10.3 11.4 12.8
New Caledonia
New Zealand 2.8 5.3 5.4 5.9 5.1
Nicaragua 7.9 5.3 12.3 -31.0 -17.0
Niger 3.3 4.7 -0.9 8.3 1.5
Nigeria 10.8 -0.6 3.4 6.9 25.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 15.8 9.1 8.2 6.8 8.2
Oman 19.9 5.7 15.1 -2.8
Pakistan 14.7 12.3 17.2 13.0 13.3
Palau
Panama 16.1 14.5 23.4 16.9 4.1
Papua New Guinea 3.7 6.8 5.1 10.1 2.0
Paraguay
Peru 40.1 30.9 27.5 31.9 27.4
Philippines 3.7 6.7 6.9 10.9 10.4
Poland
Portugal 6.7 10.7 13.3 13.9 14.4
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda 9.2 7.9 2.7 2.2 -0.1
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 4.9 2.2 1.3 4.1 2.0
Senegal 1.6 -0.5 2.7 -1.0 -2.1
Serbia
Seychelles -21.7 -25.3 -21.5 -25.5 -23.9
Sierra Leone 0.2 -7.8 7.8 7.8 1.7
Singapore 25.5 21.8 20.4 26.2 29.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 8.1 5.7 4.8 6.4 6.4
South Sudan
Spain 6.6 8.6 8.9 10.2 10.0
Sri Lanka 14.3 14.7 15.3 15.1 15.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 9.1 11.7 12.9 29.0 25.4
St. Lucia 19.6 15.6 13.0 18.0 8.2
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 29.9 19.5 15.6 20.3 9.7
Sudan -2.8 4.3 2.6 -6.9 -5.9
Suriname -0.2 10.9 19.6 11.6 25.7
Swaziland
Sweden 13.5 13.7 14.1 14.9 16.0
Switzerland 14.4 14.0 13.1 14.1 13.3
Syrian Arab Republic 17.9 15.7 7.0 5.5 6.2
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand 13.8 16.2 17.0 19.9 20.9
Timor-Leste
Togo 3.3 4.5 2.1 3.5 4.4
Tonga 20.3 15.6 19.3 8.2 15.4
Trinidad and Tobago 10.0 1.5 4.3 0.0 5.2
Tunisia 13.0 7.6 11.6 12.2 12.8
Turkey 8.7 10.8 17.2 18.9 16.7
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 0.3 0.5 -2.2 -0.9 0.1
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 4.7 3.6 4.2 4.9 5.0
United States 7.4 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.6
Uruguay 1.5 4.0 4.1 6.8 5.3
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 12.4 7.7 10.9 7.8 11.8
Venezuela, RB 15.2 10.3 13.3 11.5 14.7
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia -13.6 -18.0 -19.3 -7.1 -20.9
Zimbabwe 15.3 17.5 14.4 19.1 14.0

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