Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan
Albania 21.8 21.8 21.5 19.4 17.2
Algeria 22.9 20.2 11.8 11.8 8.5
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 12.4 8.4 4.6 -4.1
Antigua and Barbuda 11.4 5.0 -11.3 -2.1 10.0
Argentina 7.6 3.3 3.8
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 8.3 8.4 6.7 7.4 9.0
Austria 6.1 7.8 7.1 7.3 8.9
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 2.9 8.9 13.8 15.4
Bahrain 28.9 23.5 8.1 9.5 13.4
Bangladesh 8.3 8.8 10.6 10.7 10.7
Barbados 10.3 11.1 4.1 1.9 4.1
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 17.2 13.2 21.6 22.4 18.9
Benin 0.4 -5.1 -3.9 -3.9 -7.6
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 2.9 -0.5 -5.8 -3.7 -2.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 16.6 26.7 31.5 34.7 44.9
Brazil 6.3 9.0 6.6 11.3 13.3
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 25.6 21.6 21.7 19.4 22.3
Burkina Faso 5.2 11.5 11.8 9.5 9.0
Burundi 7.9 5.8 11.0 4.8
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 20.3 19.8 19.2 12.4 13.2
Canada 9.6 8.9 7.2 8.5 9.7
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic -0.0 3.5 0.2 -0.2 2.0
Chad 0.7 -6.3 -4.7 -0.5 0.8
Chile -17.0 -11.1 -6.6 0.7 6.9
China 28.5 25.2 25.9 27.2 28.0
Colombia 5.8 7.1 13.7 11.7 11.8
Comoros 16.9 18.2 7.3 8.8 9.2
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 23.4 8.2 -5.9 1.2 -19.3
Costa Rica 5.3 5.1 8.6 8.9 9.0
Cote d'Ivoire 6.7 7.0 2.8 -3.7 -5.9
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 11.9 10.6 15.4 16.0 15.4
Czech Republic
Denmark 5.0 5.2 6.4 6.7 6.1
Djibouti
Dominica 12.8 11.8 6.7 6.7 11.1
Dominican Republic 10.2 3.7 5.6 7.3 11.1
Ecuador 3.8 4.9 1.1 -6.1 -4.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.3 9.4 4.1 16.8 20.1
El Salvador 6.0 5.3 12.2 12.0 11.6
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 10.7 5.8 7.7 8.2 15.7
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 6.1 9.2 10.1 6.8 6.5
Finland 10.0 7.9 7.3 6.8 8.5
France 5.0 4.9 6.2 5.8 7.3
French Polynesia
Gabon 34.5 29.4 -4.2 -7.0 10.1
Gambia, The 0.5 -3.6 -14.7 19.1 18.5
Georgia
Germany 4.4 4.8 6.8 5.9 7.1
Ghana 2.6 3.3 1.2 1.2 3.5
Greece 11.7 11.8 11.7 7.6 10.0
Greenland
Grenada 8.1 6.2 8.0
Guam
Guatemala -2.0 -1.2 0.2 -2.0 -1.3
Guinea 3.7 4.4 2.9
Guinea-Bissau -10.0 -10.0 7.3 6.1 8.1
Guyana -4.1 -0.8
Haiti
Honduras 2.0 5.7 4.6 7.1 13.3
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 16.0 13.5 11.6 12.5 14.3
Iceland -0.5 -2.1 0.8 0.7 0.5
India 11.4 11.9 12.0 11.7 12.6
Indonesia 20.9 20.7 19.8 23.0 23.5
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq
Ireland 7.5 6.6 6.5 7.6 8.5
Isle of Man
Israel -0.8 6.1 4.4 -4.4 -2.0
Italy 8.2 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.8
Jamaica 2.2 5.1 8.7 9.2 18.8
Japan 15.3 16.8 16.8 16.2 17.6
Jordan 14.3 4.3 8.6 5.5 8.7
Kazakhstan
Kenya 6.5 12.3 9.0 10.0 12.1
Kiribati 42.5 12.2 11.3 27.2 22.9
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 16.1 16.7 20.8 24.2 25.5
Kosovo
Kuwait 37.8 30.1 32.3 34.7 28.2
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR -3.0 -5.6 -4.0 -3.0 -7.5
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 15.4 15.4 18.1 17.8 15.9
Liberia -18.3 -16.8 -23.5
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar -5.6 -8.4 -2.2 -3.6 0.1
Malawi 8.2 6.0 2.5 3.8 9.1
Malaysia 16.0 12.9 13.1 19.1 18.8
Maldives
Mali -0.9 -5.1 1.7 6.3 6.9
Malta 14.6 11.2 11.6 13.9 16.7
Marshall Islands
Mauritania -4.8 8.5 0.7 2.3 8.0
Mauritius 8.4 11.6 18.8 18.8 17.9
Mexico 13.7 13.4 6.4 11.2 11.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 10.8 9.4 2.1 -11.6 -12.5
Montenegro
Morocco 11.2 11.9 13.1 13.9 14.6
Mozambique -2.7 -7.2 -5.2 -6.4 0.2
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal 11.4 14.2 11.2 12.7 12.6
Netherlands 11.9 10.0 10.3 9.4 10.5
New Caledonia
New Zealand 5.1 2.6 5.1 5.1 6.4
Nicaragua 1.9 9.0 6.2 12.2 -31.2
Niger -8.4 2.3 3.2 -2.9 6.0
Nigeria 10.5 10.0 4.9 9.8 12.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 16.7 15.8 9.1 8.2 6.8
Oman 21.5 14.8 5.1 15.8 -0.9
Pakistan 16.5 14.0 11.5 16.4 12.2
Palau
Panama 13.1 16.5 14.9 23.7 17.3
Papua New Guinea 8.6 3.2 6.2 4.6 9.9
Paraguay
Peru 13.8 14.5 10.7 11.1 14.4
Philippines 6.9 3.7 6.7 6.9 10.9
Poland
Portugal 3.3 5.2 9.3 11.9 12.4
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda 10.9 9.1 7.9 2.7 2.2
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 9.1 3.0 0.1 -0.1 2.9
Senegal -6.5 -9.8 -12.3 -1.3 -5.2
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 3.8 1.3 -6.9 9.2 10.4
Singapore 30.8 24.8 21.0 19.5 25.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 11.6 31.5 24.3 30.6 15.9
South Africa 7.2 8.6 6.0 4.9 6.5
South Sudan
Spain 6.4 7.2 8.9 9.3 10.6
Sri Lanka 20.9 14.1 14.6 15.2 15.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 9.4 6.9 7.9 8.4 24.2
St. Lucia 10.2 14.1 9.4 6.3 10.5
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.4 23.4 12.2 8.4 12.6
Sudan -11.4 -7.2 0.3 -1.0 -10.1
Suriname -4.1 -0.2 10.9 19.6 11.6
Swaziland
Sweden 10.0 9.7 10.3 10.5 11.0
Switzerland 14.2 14.1 13.6 12.8 13.8
Syrian Arab Republic 13.3 12.1 10.5 2.4 0.2
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand 13.4 12.8 14.7 15.6 18.8
Timor-Leste
Togo 11.3 5.9 5.6 4.5 4.4
Tonga 15.2 22.8 17.7 21.0 9.6
Trinidad and Tobago 9.8 9.6 1.1 3.9 -0.4
Tunisia 8.6 6.1 0.7 4.7 5.3
Turkey 7.6 8.7 10.8 17.2 18.9
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 0.3 -1.1 -1.3 -5.2 -4.0
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 5.2 5.2 4.0 4.5 4.8
United States 10.6 9.2 7.7 8.3 9.3
Uruguay 0.6 -0.2 2.3 2.1 4.5
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 12.7 9.8 5.2 8.5 5.3
Venezuela, RB 14.9 13.7 8.9 11.8 10.0
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia -8.4 -13.6 -18.0 -19.3 -7.1
Zimbabwe 7.7 7.2 9.1 5.9 10.3

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