Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda -50.2 35.2 12.7 13.8 8.9
Moldova -30.9 -1.4 -5.2 1.6 -6.5
Ukraine -22.9 -12.2 -10.0 -3.0 -1.9
Liberia -21.8 -4.3 12.1 106.3 29.7
Tajikistan -21.3 -12.4 -16.7 1.7 5.3
Kyrgyz Republic -20.1 -5.4 7.1 9.9 2.1
Azerbaijan -19.7 -11.8 1.3 5.8 10.0
Turkmenistan -17.3 -7.2 6.7 -11.4 7.1
Kazakhstan -12.6 -8.2 0.5 1.7 -1.9
Russian Federation -12.6 -4.1 -3.6 1.4 -5.3
Belarus -11.7 -10.4 2.8 11.4 8.4
Georgia -10.4 2.6 11.2 10.5 3.1
Malawi -10.2 16.7 7.3 3.8 3.9
Lithuania -9.8 3.3 5.2 7.5 7.6
Zambia -8.6 -2.8 6.9 3.3 -1.9
Congo, Rep. -5.5 4.0 4.3 -0.6 3.7
Comoros -5.3 3.6 -1.3 4.0 1.3
Uzbekistan -5.2 -0.9 1.7 5.2 4.3
Turkey -4.7 7.9 7.4 7.6 2.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. -3.9 0.7 -1.0 -5.6 -1.6
Burundi -3.8 -7.9 -8.0 -1.6 4.8
Mauritania -3.1 9.8 5.8 -4.0 4.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -3.0 1.0 1.3 13.3 5.2
Samoa -2.5 6.6 7.3 0.8 2.4
Cameroon -2.5 3.3 5.0 5.1 5.0
Venezuela, RB -2.3 4.0 -0.2 6.4 0.3
Sierra Leone -1.9 -8.0 1.8 -5.9 1.8
Macedonia, FYR -1.8 -1.1 1.2 1.4 3.4
Estonia -1.6 4.5 5.9 11.7 6.8
Honduras -1.3 4.1 3.6 5.0 2.9
Djibouti -0.9 -3.5 -4.1 -0.7 0.1
Algeria -0.9 3.8 4.1 1.1 5.1
Seychelles -0.8 -0.6 4.7 12.0 8.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. -0.5 7.1 -3.1 -6.1 3.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. -0.4 2.7 7.1 3.4 2.7
Bahrain -0.3 3.9 4.1 3.1 4.8
Madagascar -0.1 1.7 2.1 3.7 3.9
Senegal -0.0 5.4 2.0 3.1 5.9
Gambia, The 0.2 0.9 2.2 4.9 3.5
Belize 0.2 0.6 1.4 3.5 3.7
Bermuda 0.6 4.4 2.6 4.6 3.9
Saudi Arabia 0.7 0.2 3.4 2.6 2.8
Cuba 0.7 2.5 7.8 2.8 0.2
French Polynesia 0.8 0.5 0.3 1.9 6.2
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 7.1 7.7 5.7 4.8
Japan 0.9 1.9 2.6 1.6 -2.0
Nigeria 0.9 -0.3 5.0 2.8 2.7
Mali 0.9 6.2 3.2 6.8 6.0
Portugal 1.0 4.3 3.7 4.4 5.1
Sudan 1.0 6.0 5.9 10.6 4.3
Switzerland 1.3 0.5 0.5 2.0 2.7
Burkina Faso 1.3 5.7 11.0 6.3 7.3
Jamaica 1.4 2.3 -0.1 -1.1 -2.3
St. Lucia 1.4 3.3 5.4 0.4 6.4
Dominica 1.4 2.0 2.6 1.5 5.0
Tanzania 1.6 3.6 4.5 3.5 3.7
Namibia 1.7 3.9 3.2 4.2 3.3
Bulgaria 1.8 2.9 -9.0 -1.6 4.9
Greece 2.0 2.1 2.4 3.6 3.4
Benin 2.0 6.0 4.3 5.7 4.0
Mongolia 2.1 6.4 2.2 3.9 3.3
Italy 2.2 2.9 1.1 1.9 1.4
Latvia 2.2 -0.9 3.8 8.3 4.7
Monaco 2.2 2.1 1.1 2.2 3.5
France 2.2 2.0 1.1 2.2 3.4
Dominican Republic 2.3 5.5 7.1 8.0 7.0
Andorra 2.4 2.8 4.6 9.1 3.2
Spain 2.4 2.8 2.5 3.9 4.5
Swaziland 2.4 4.8 3.8 3.1 2.6
Austria 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.3 3.8
Germany 2.5 1.7 0.8 1.7 1.9
Serbia 2.5 6.1 7.8 10.1 0.7
New Caledonia 2.6 5.9 0.4 2.0 -3.2
Kenya 2.6 4.4 4.1 0.5 3.3
Grenada 2.8 2.5 4.1 4.6 6.5
Panama 2.9 1.8 2.8 6.5 7.3
Czech Republic 2.9 6.2 4.5 -0.9 -0.2
Hungary 2.9 1.5 0.2 3.1 4.1
Netherlands 3.0 3.1 3.4 4.3 3.9
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 4.5 2.9 -1.5 -0.6
Bahamas, The 3.1 4.4 4.2 2.1 4.7
Tunisia 3.2 2.4 7.1 5.4 4.8
Ethiopia 3.2 6.1 12.4 3.1 -3.5
Guinea-Bissau 3.2 4.4 11.6 6.5 -28.1
Belgium 3.2 2.4 1.4 3.7 1.9
South Africa 3.2 3.1 4.3 2.6 0.5
Suriname 3.2 1.1 1.3 5.7 1.6
Ghana 3.3 4.1 4.6 4.2 4.7
Nicaragua 3.3 5.9 6.3 4.0 3.7
Angola 3.5 10.4 11.2 7.9 6.8
Trinidad and Tobago 3.6 4.0 3.9 2.7 7.8
Iceland 3.6 0.1 4.8 4.9 6.3
Botswana 3.6 7.0 5.8 8.0 0.7
Finland 3.7 4.0 3.6 6.2 5.0
Gabon 3.7 5.0 3.6 5.7 3.5
Pakistan 3.7 5.0 4.8 1.0 2.6
Luxembourg 3.8 1.4 1.5 5.9 6.5
Oman 3.9 5.0 3.0 6.0 2.6
Guinea 4.0 4.6 4.5 5.2 3.6
Romania 4.0 7.2 4.0 -6.1 -4.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.0 4.6 5.0 5.5 4.0
Barbados 4.0 1.5 1.8 6.4 4.1
Puerto Rico 4.0 4.1 2.9 3.2 6.7
Isle of Man 4.0 4.3 7.7 8.6 13.5
Niger 4.0 2.6 3.4 2.8 10.4
Sweden 4.0 3.9 1.6 2.7 4.2
Guatemala 4.0 4.9 3.0 4.4 5.0
United States 4.0 2.7 3.8 4.5 4.4
Australia 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.4
Bangladesh 4.1 4.9 4.6 5.4 5.2
Mauritius 4.1 4.3 5.6 5.7 6.1
Ecuador 4.3 2.3 1.7 4.3 3.3
Macao SAR, China 4.3 3.3 -0.4 -0.3 -4.6
Philippines 4.4 4.7 5.8 5.2 -0.6
Canada 4.6 2.7 1.7 4.3 4.1
Bolivia 4.7 4.7 4.4 5.0 5.0
Mexico 4.7 -5.8 5.9 7.0 4.7
Costa Rica 4.7 3.9 0.9 5.6 8.4
Kiribati 4.9 -1.0 6.1 5.6 11.0
Central African Republic 4.9 7.2 -4.0 5.3 4.7
Bhutan 5.0 7.1 5.6 5.4 5.9
Tonga 5.0 3.7 0.0 -0.1 2.7
United Kingdom 5.0 3.5 3.5 4.4 3.6
Jordan 5.0 6.2 2.1 3.3 3.0
Norway 5.1 4.2 5.1 5.4 2.7
Fiji 5.1 2.5 4.8 -2.2 1.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.1 3.7 6.5 6.8 1.1
Poland 5.3 7.0 6.2 7.1 5.0
Cayman Islands 5.3
Paraguay 5.3 6.8 1.6 4.2 0.1
Slovenia 5.3 3.6 3.6 5.0 3.5
Brazil 5.3 4.4 2.1 3.4 0.0
Lesotho 5.3 2.0 5.2 4.1 1.7
Armenia 5.4 6.9 5.9 3.3 7.3
New Zealand 5.4 4.4 3.5 3.3 1.2
Denmark 5.5 3.1 2.8 3.2 2.2
Sri Lanka 5.6 5.5 3.8 6.4 4.7
Malta 5.7 6.3 3.8 5.3 5.1
Chile 5.7 10.6 7.4 6.6 3.2
Ireland 5.8 9.6 9.7 11.3 8.9
Colombia 5.8 5.2 2.1 3.4 0.6
Argentina 5.8 -2.8 5.5 8.1 3.9
Marshall Islands 5.9 8.2 -10.3 -6.4 -2.8
Cyprus 5.9 6.1 1.8 2.3 5.0
Greenland 5.9 3.7 1.5 1.5 7.8
Papua New Guinea 5.9 -3.3 7.7 -3.9 -3.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.0 2.4 4.3 5.1 -5.9
El Salvador 6.1 6.4 1.7 4.2 3.7
Slovak Republic 6.2 5.8 6.9 4.4 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 6.3 -4.2 6.7 4.9 4.4
Uganda 6.4 11.5 9.1 5.1 4.9
India 6.7 7.6 7.5 4.0 6.2
Yemen, Rep. 6.7 5.7 4.6 5.2 6.0
Mozambique 6.8 2.7 7.4 10.2 10.8
Liechtenstein 6.9 5.9 6.9 7.2 7.8
United Arab Emirates 6.9 6.7 5.8 8.2 0.3
Israel 6.9 6.5 5.5 3.4 4.1
San Marino 7.0 9.3 4.9 2.4 7.5
Uruguay 7.3 -1.4 5.6 8.5 4.5
Palau 7.3 10.9 10.4 2.3 2.0
Myanmar 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.7 5.9
Indonesia 7.5 8.4 7.6 4.7 -13.1
Syrian Arab Republic 7.7 5.8 4.4 1.8 6.3
Lebanon 8.0 6.5 5.1 -2.3 3.6
Lao PDR 8.2 7.0 6.9 6.9 4.0
Nepal 8.2 3.5 5.3 5.0 3.0
Albania 8.3 13.3 9.1 -10.2 12.7
Kuwait 8.4 4.9 0.6 2.5 3.7
Guyana 8.5 5.0 7.9 6.2 -1.7
Korea, Rep. 8.8 8.9 7.2 5.8 -5.7
Vietnam 8.8 9.5 9.3 8.2 5.8
Thailand 9.0 9.2 5.9 -1.4 -10.5
Vanuatu 9.1 1.0 2.3 4.9 4.3
Cambodia 9.1 6.4 5.4 5.6 5.0
Solomon Islands 9.2 8.2 1.6 -1.4 1.8
Malaysia 9.2 9.8 10.0 7.3 -7.4
Zimbabwe 9.2 0.2 10.4 2.7 2.9
Chad 10.1 1.2 2.2 5.7 7.0
Tuvalu 10.3 -5.0 -6.0 10.0 15.5
Morocco 10.4 -6.6 12.2 -2.2 7.7
Singapore 10.9 7.0 7.5 8.3 -2.2
Peru 12.8 8.6 2.5 6.9 -0.7
China 14.0 13.1 10.9 10.0 9.3
Togo 15.0 7.8 8.8 14.4 -2.3
Equatorial Guinea 16.7 17.5 66.6 150.0 23.8
Cabo Verde 19.2 14.2 11.3 11.1 12.5
Eritrea 21.2 2.9 9.3 7.9 1.8
Maldives
Sao Tome and Principe
Curacao
Timor-Leste
Korea, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa
Libya
Northern Mariana Islands
Haiti
Somalia
Afghanistan
Faeroe Islands
Croatia 5.9 6.5 2.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.8 89.0 34.4 15.6
St. Martin (French part)
Aruba 1.2 7.8 6.7 1.2
Iraq
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Montenegro 4.9
Kosovo
South Sudan
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza 5.7 8.6 23.0 23.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Qatar
Guam

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