Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda -50.2 35.2 12.7 13.8 8.9
Moldova -30.9 -1.4 -5.2 1.6 -6.5
Ukraine -22.9 -12.2 -10.0 -3.0 -1.9
Liberia -21.8 -4.3 12.1 106.3 29.7
Tajikistan -21.3 -12.4 -16.7 1.7 5.3
Kyrgyz Republic -20.1 -5.4 7.1 9.9 2.1
Azerbaijan -19.7 -11.8 1.3 5.8 10.0
Turkmenistan -17.3 -7.2 6.7 -11.4 7.1
Kazakhstan -12.6 -8.2 0.5 1.7 -1.9
Russian Federation -12.6 -4.1 -3.6 1.4 -5.3
Belarus -11.7 -10.4 2.8 11.4 8.4
Georgia -10.4 2.6 11.2 10.5 3.1
Malawi -10.2 16.7 7.3 3.8 3.9
Lithuania -9.8 3.3 5.2 7.5 7.6
Zambia -8.6 -2.8 6.9 3.3 -1.9
Congo, Rep. -5.5 4.0 4.3 -0.6 3.7
Comoros -5.3 3.6 -1.3 4.0 1.3
Uzbekistan -5.2 -0.9 1.7 5.2 4.3
Turkey -4.7 7.9 7.4 7.6 2.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. -3.9 0.7 -1.0 -5.6 -1.6
Burundi -3.8 -7.9 -8.0 -1.6 4.8
Mauritania -3.1 9.8 5.8 -4.0 4.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -3.0 1.0 1.3 13.3 5.2
Samoa -2.5 6.6 7.3 0.8 2.4
Cameroon -2.5 3.3 5.0 5.1 5.0
Venezuela, RB -2.3 4.0 -0.2 6.4 0.3
Sierra Leone -1.9 -8.0 1.8 -5.9 1.8
Macedonia, FYR -1.8 -1.1 1.2 1.4 3.4
Estonia -1.6 4.5 5.9 11.7 6.8
Honduras -1.3 4.1 3.6 5.0 2.9
Djibouti -0.9 -3.5 -4.1 -0.7 0.1
Algeria -0.9 3.8 4.1 1.1 5.1
Seychelles -0.8 -0.6 4.7 12.0 8.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. -0.5 7.1 -3.1 -6.1 3.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. -0.4 2.7 7.1 3.4 2.7
Bahrain -0.3 3.9 4.1 3.1 4.8
Madagascar -0.1 1.7 2.1 3.7 3.9
Senegal -0.0 5.4 2.0 3.1 5.9
Nigeria 0.1 2.5 4.3 2.7 1.9
Gambia, The 0.2 0.9 2.2 4.9 3.5
Belize 0.2 0.6 1.4 3.5 3.7
Bermuda 0.6 4.4 2.6 4.6 3.9
Saudi Arabia 0.7 0.2 3.4 2.6 2.8
Cuba 0.7 2.5 7.8 2.8 0.2
French Polynesia 0.8 0.5 0.3 1.9 6.2
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 7.1 7.7 5.7 4.8
Japan 0.9 1.9 2.6 1.6 -2.0
Mali 0.9 6.2 3.2 6.8 6.0
Portugal 1.0 4.3 3.7 4.4 5.1
Sudan 1.0 6.0 5.9 10.6 4.3
Switzerland 1.3 0.5 0.5 2.0 2.7
Burkina Faso 1.3 5.7 11.0 6.3 7.3
Jamaica 1.4 2.3 -0.1 -1.1 -2.3
St. Lucia 1.4 3.3 5.4 0.4 6.4
Dominica 1.4 2.0 2.6 1.5 5.0
Tanzania 1.6 3.6 4.5 3.5 3.7
Bulgaria 1.8 2.9 -9.0 -1.6 4.9
Greece 2.0 2.1 2.4 3.6 3.4
Benin 2.0 6.0 4.3 5.7 4.0
Mongolia 2.1 6.4 2.2 3.9 3.3
Italy 2.2 2.9 1.1 1.9 1.4
Latvia 2.2 -0.9 3.8 8.3 4.7
Monaco 2.2 2.1 1.1 2.2 3.5
France 2.2 2.0 1.1 2.2 3.4
Dominican Republic 2.3 5.5 7.1 8.0 7.0
Andorra 2.4 2.8 4.6 9.1 3.2
Spain 2.4 2.8 2.5 3.9 4.5
Swaziland 2.4 4.8 3.8 3.1 2.6
Austria 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.3 3.8
Germany 2.5 1.7 0.8 1.7 1.9
Serbia 2.5 6.1 7.8 10.1 0.7
New Caledonia 2.6 5.9 0.4 2.0 -3.2
Kenya 2.6 4.4 4.1 0.5 3.3
Grenada 2.8 2.5 4.1 4.6 6.5
Panama 2.9 1.8 2.8 6.5 7.3
Czech Republic 2.9 6.2 4.5 -0.9 -0.2
Hungary 2.9 1.5 0.2 3.1 4.1
Netherlands 3.0 3.1 3.4 4.3 3.9
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 4.5 2.9 -1.5 -0.6
Bahamas, The 3.1 4.4 4.2 2.1 4.7
Tunisia 3.2 2.4 7.1 5.4 4.8
Ethiopia 3.2 6.1 12.4 3.1 -3.5
Guinea-Bissau 3.2 4.4 11.6 6.5 -28.1
Belgium 3.2 2.4 1.4 3.7 1.9
South Africa 3.2 3.1 4.3 2.6 0.5
Suriname 3.2 1.1 1.3 5.7 1.6
Ghana 3.3 4.1 4.6 4.2 4.7
Nicaragua 3.3 5.9 6.3 4.0 3.7
Angola 3.5 10.4 11.2 7.9 6.8
Trinidad and Tobago 3.6 4.0 3.9 2.7 7.8
Iceland 3.6 0.1 4.8 4.9 6.3
Botswana 3.6 7.0 5.8 8.0 0.7
Finland 3.7 4.0 3.6 6.2 5.0
Gabon 3.7 5.0 3.6 5.7 3.5
Pakistan 3.7 5.0 4.8 1.0 2.6
Luxembourg 3.8 1.4 1.5 5.9 6.5
Oman 3.9 5.0 3.0 6.0 2.6
Guinea 4.0 4.6 4.5 5.2 3.6
Romania 4.0 7.2 4.0 -6.1 -4.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.0 4.6 5.0 5.5 4.0
Barbados 4.0 1.5 1.8 6.4 4.1
Isle of Man 4.0 4.3 7.7 8.6 13.5
Niger 4.0 2.6 3.4 2.8 10.4
Sweden 4.0 3.9 1.6 2.7 4.2
Guatemala 4.0 4.9 3.0 4.4 5.0
United States 4.0 2.7 3.8 4.5 4.4
Australia 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.5
Bangladesh 4.1 4.9 4.6 5.4 5.2
Mauritius 4.1 4.3 5.6 5.7 6.1
Puerto Rico 4.2 4.5 2.3 4.9 5.4
Ecuador 4.3 2.3 1.7 4.3 3.3
Macao SAR, China 4.3 3.3 -0.4 -0.3 -4.6
Philippines 4.4 4.7 5.8 5.2 -0.6
Bolivia 4.7 4.7 4.4 5.0 5.0
Mexico 4.7 -5.8 5.9 7.0 4.7
Costa Rica 4.7 3.9 0.9 5.6 8.4
Canada 4.8 2.8 1.6 4.2 4.1
Kiribati 4.9 -1.0 6.1 5.6 11.0
Central African Republic 4.9 7.2 -4.0 5.3 4.7
New Zealand 4.9 4.2 3.3 2.9 1.4
Bhutan 5.0 7.1 5.6 5.4 5.9
Tonga 5.0 3.7 0.0 -0.1 2.7
United Kingdom 5.0 3.5 3.5 4.4 3.6
Jordan 5.0 6.2 2.1 3.3 3.0
Norway 5.1 4.2 5.1 5.4 2.7
Fiji 5.1 2.5 4.8 -2.2 1.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.1 3.7 6.5 6.8 1.1
Equatorial Guinea 5.1 14.3 29.1 71.2 21.9
Poland 5.3 7.0 6.2 7.1 5.0
Cayman Islands 5.3
Paraguay 5.3 6.8 1.6 4.2 0.1
Slovenia 5.3 3.6 3.6 5.0 3.5
Brazil 5.3 4.4 2.1 3.4 0.0
Lesotho 5.3 2.0 5.2 4.1 1.7
Armenia 5.4 6.9 5.9 3.3 7.3
Denmark 5.5 3.1 2.8 3.2 2.2
Sri Lanka 5.6 5.5 3.8 6.4 4.7
Malta 5.7 6.3 3.8 5.3 5.1
Chile 5.7 10.6 7.4 6.6 3.2
Ireland 5.8 9.6 9.7 11.3 8.9
Colombia 5.8 5.2 2.1 3.4 0.6
Argentina 5.8 -2.8 5.5 8.1 3.9
Marshall Islands 5.9 8.2 -10.3 -6.4 -2.8
Cyprus 5.9 6.1 1.8 2.3 5.0
Greenland 5.9 3.7 1.5 1.5 7.8
Papua New Guinea 5.9 -3.3 7.7 -3.9 -3.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.0 2.4 4.3 5.1 -5.9
El Salvador 6.1 6.4 1.7 4.2 3.7
Slovak Republic 6.2 5.8 6.9 4.4 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 6.3 -4.2 6.7 4.9 4.4
Uganda 6.4 11.5 9.1 5.1 4.9
India 6.7 7.6 7.5 4.0 6.2
Yemen, Rep. 6.7 5.7 4.6 5.2 6.0
Mozambique 6.8 2.7 7.4 10.2 10.8
Liechtenstein 6.9 5.9 6.9 7.2 7.8
United Arab Emirates 6.9 6.7 5.8 8.2 0.3
Israel 6.9 6.5 5.5 3.4 4.1
San Marino 7.0 9.3 4.9 2.4 7.5
Uruguay 7.3 -1.4 5.6 8.5 4.5
Palau 7.3 10.9 10.4 2.3 2.0
Namibia 7.3 4.1 3.2 4.2 3.3
Myanmar 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.7 5.9
Indonesia 7.5 8.4 7.6 4.7 -13.1
Syrian Arab Republic 7.7 5.8 4.4 1.8 6.3
Lebanon 8.0 6.5 5.1 -2.3 3.6
Lao PDR 8.2 7.0 6.9 6.9 4.0
Nepal 8.2 3.5 5.3 5.0 3.0
Albania 8.3 13.3 9.1 -10.2 12.7
Kuwait 8.4 4.9 0.6 2.5 3.7
Guyana 8.5 5.0 7.9 6.2 -1.7
Korea, Rep. 8.5 9.2 7.0 4.7 -6.9
Vietnam 8.8 9.5 9.3 8.2 5.8
Thailand 9.0 9.2 5.9 -1.4 -10.5
Vanuatu 9.1 1.0 2.3 4.9 4.3
Cambodia 9.1 6.4 5.4 5.6 5.0
Solomon Islands 9.2 8.2 1.6 -1.4 1.8
Malaysia 9.2 9.8 10.0 7.3 -7.4
Zimbabwe 9.2 0.2 10.4 2.7 2.9
Chad 10.1 1.2 2.2 5.7 7.0
Tuvalu 10.3 -5.0 -6.0 10.0 15.5
Morocco 10.4 -6.6 12.2 -2.2 7.7
Singapore 10.6 7.3 7.6 8.5 -2.2
Peru 12.8 8.6 2.5 6.9 -0.7
China 13.1 10.9 10.0 9.3 7.8
Togo 15.0 7.8 8.8 14.4 -2.3
Cabo Verde 19.2 14.2 11.3 11.1 12.5
Eritrea 21.2 2.9 9.3 7.9 1.8
Maldives
Libya
Sao Tome and Principe
Northern Mariana Islands
Timor-Leste
Croatia 5.9 6.5 2.0
West Bank and Gaza 6.0 2.9 12.7 12.1
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Somalia
Iraq
Afghanistan
Curacao
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
Montenegro 4.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.8 89.0 34.4 15.6
Kosovo
Aruba 1.2 7.8 6.7 1.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Haiti
American Samoa
South Sudan
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