Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Tajikistan -12.4 -16.7 1.7 5.3 3.7
Ukraine -12.2 -10.0 -3.0 -1.9 -0.2
Azerbaijan -11.8 1.3 5.8 10.0 7.4
Belarus -10.4 2.8 11.4 8.4 3.4
Kazakhstan -8.2 0.5 1.7 -1.9 2.7
Sierra Leone -8.0 1.8 -5.9 1.8 -2.0
Burundi -7.9 -8.0 -1.6 4.7 -1.0
Turkmenistan -7.2 6.7 -11.4 7.1 16.5
Morocco -6.3 13.5 -2.0 8.0 0.5
Mexico -5.8 5.9 7.0 4.7 2.7
Kyrgyz Republic -5.4 7.1 9.9 2.1 3.7
Tuvalu -5.0 -6.0 10.0 15.5 -1.6
Liberia -4.3 12.1 106.3 29.7 22.9
Antigua and Barbuda -4.2 6.7 4.9 4.4 4.1
Russian Federation -4.1 -3.6 1.4 -5.3 6.4
Djibouti -3.5 -4.1 -0.7 0.1 2.2
Papua New Guinea -3.3 7.7 -3.9 -3.8 1.9
Argentina -2.8 5.5 8.1 3.9 -3.4
Uruguay -1.4 5.6 8.5 4.5 -1.9
Moldova -1.4 -5.2 1.6 -6.5 -3.4
Macedonia, FYR -1.1 1.2 1.4 3.4 4.3
Kiribati -1.0 6.1 5.6 11.0 0.1
Uzbekistan -0.9 1.7 5.2 4.3 4.3
Seychelles -0.8 4.9 12.0 8.4 1.9
Nigeria -0.3 5.0 2.8 2.7 0.5
Iceland 0.1 4.8 4.9 6.4 4.2
Zimbabwe 0.2 10.4 2.7 2.9 -0.8
Saudi Arabia 0.2 3.4 2.6 2.8 -0.7
Switzerland 0.5 0.6 2.3 2.9 1.6
French Polynesia 0.5 0.3 1.9 6.2 4.0
Belize 0.6 1.4 3.5 3.7 8.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.7 -1.0 -5.6 -1.6 -4.3
Gambia, The 0.9 2.2 4.9 3.5 6.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.0 1.3 13.3 5.2 4.4
Vanuatu 1.0 2.3 4.9 4.3 0.3
Suriname 1.1 1.3 5.7 1.6 -0.9
Chad 1.2 2.2 5.7 7.0 -0.7
Aruba 1.2 7.8 6.7 1.2 4.5
Luxembourg 1.4 1.5 5.9 6.5 8.4
Hungary 1.5 0.0 3.4 4.2 3.2
Barbados 1.5 1.8 6.4 4.1 2.6
Germany 1.7 0.8 1.8 2.0 2.0
Madagascar 1.7 2.1 3.7 3.9 4.7
Panama 1.8 2.8 6.5 7.3 3.9
Japan 1.9 2.6 1.6 -2.0 -0.2
Dominica 2.0 2.6 1.5 5.0 0.7
Lesotho 2.0 5.2 4.1 1.7 0.4
France 2.1 1.4 2.3 3.6 3.4
Greece 2.1 3.0 4.5 4.1 3.1
Monaco 2.1 1.1 2.2 3.5 3.3
Iraq 2.1 11.0 21.2 34.9 17.6
Ecuador 2.3 1.7 4.3 3.3 -4.7
Jamaica 2.3 -0.1 -1.1 -2.3 1.0
Tunisia 2.4 7.1 5.4 4.8 6.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.4 4.3 5.1 -5.9 2.5
Belgium 2.4 1.6 3.7 2.0 3.7
Cuba 2.5 7.8 2.8 0.2 6.2
Fiji 2.5 4.8 -2.2 1.3 8.8
Grenada 2.5 4.1 4.6 6.5 10.1
United Kingdom 2.5 2.7 2.6 3.5 3.2
Georgia 2.6 11.2 10.5 3.1 2.9
Niger 2.6 3.4 2.8 10.4 -0.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.7 7.1 3.4 2.7 1.9
Austria 2.7 2.4 2.2 3.6 3.6
Mozambique 2.7 7.4 10.2 10.8 8.1
United States 2.7 3.8 4.5 4.4 4.7
Canada 2.7 1.7 4.3 4.1 5.0
Andorra 2.8 4.6 9.1 3.2 4.1
Spain 2.8 2.7 3.7 4.3 4.5
Eritrea 2.9 9.3 7.9 1.8 0.0
Bulgaria 2.9 1.6 -1.1 3.5 -5.6
Italy 2.9 1.3 1.8 1.6 1.6
Zambia 2.9 6.2 3.8 -0.4 4.7
Denmark 3.1 2.9 3.3 2.2 2.9
South Africa 3.1 4.3 2.6 0.5 2.4
Netherlands 3.1 3.1 4.0 4.4 4.5
St. Lucia 3.3 5.4 0.4 6.4 2.4
Macao SAR, China 3.3 -0.4 -0.3 -4.6 -2.4
Nepal 3.5 5.3 5.0 3.0 4.4
Tanzania 3.6 4.5 3.5 3.7 4.8
Comoros 3.6 -1.3 4.0 1.3 1.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.7 6.5 6.8 1.1 5.2
Tonga 3.7 0.0 -0.1 2.7 3.9
Greenland 3.7 1.5 1.5 7.8 1.4
Algeria 3.8 4.1 1.1 5.1 3.2
Australia 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.4 5.0
Namibia 3.9 3.2 4.2 3.3 3.4
Costa Rica 3.9 0.9 5.6 8.4 8.2
Bahrain 3.9 4.1 3.1 4.8 4.3
Venezuela, RB 4.0 -0.2 6.4 0.3 -6.0
Trinidad and Tobago 4.0 3.9 2.7 7.8 4.4
Congo, Rep. 4.0 4.3 -0.6 3.7 -2.6
Sweden 4.0 1.5 2.9 4.2 4.5
Honduras 4.1 3.6 5.0 2.9 -1.9
Puerto Rico 4.1 2.9 3.2 6.7 2.1
Ghana 4.1 4.6 4.2 4.7 4.4
Cameroon 4.1 4.9 5.3 4.9 4.1
Norway 4.2 5.0 5.3 2.6 2.0
Finland 4.2 3.7 6.3 5.4 4.4
Isle of Man 4.3 7.7 8.6 13.5 13.7
Portugal 4.3 3.5 4.4 4.8 3.9
Mauritius 4.3 5.6 5.7 6.1 2.6
Bahamas, The 4.4 4.2 2.1 4.7 7.1
Bermuda 4.4 2.6 4.6 3.9 3.4
Guinea-Bissau 4.4 11.6 6.5 -28.1 1.0
Kenya 4.4 4.1 0.5 3.3 2.3
Brazil 4.4 2.2 3.4 0.4 0.5
Brunei Darussalam 4.5 2.9 -1.5 -0.6 3.1
New Zealand 4.6 3.6 2.0 0.6 5.5
Guinea 4.6 4.5 5.2 3.6 3.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.6 5.0 5.5 4.0 6.1
Bolivia 4.7 4.4 5.0 5.0 0.4
Philippines 4.7 5.8 5.2 -0.6 3.1
Swaziland 4.8 3.8 3.1 2.6 3.0
Kuwait 4.9 0.6 2.5 3.7 -1.8
Guatemala 4.9 3.0 4.4 5.0 3.8
Pakistan 5.0 4.8 1.0 2.6 3.7
Gabon 5.0 3.6 5.7 3.5 -8.9
Guyana 5.0 7.9 6.2 -1.7 3.0
Oman 5.0 3.0 6.0 2.6 -0.1
Bangladesh 5.1 4.5 4.5 5.2 4.7
Colombia 5.2 2.1 3.4 0.6 -4.2
Senegal 5.4 2.0 3.1 5.9 6.4
Dominican Republic 5.5 7.1 8.0 7.0 6.7
Sri Lanka 5.5 3.8 6.4 4.7 4.3
Yemen, Rep. 5.7 4.6 5.2 6.0 3.8
Burkina Faso 5.7 11.0 6.3 7.3 7.4
Syrian Arab Republic 5.8 4.4 1.8 6.3 -3.6
Slovak Republic 5.8 6.8 6.1 4.0 -0.2
Liechtenstein 5.9 6.9 7.2 7.8 10.4
Nicaragua 5.9 6.3 4.0 3.7 7.0
New Caledonia 5.9 0.4 2.0 -3.2 0.9
Sudan 6.0 5.9 10.6 4.3 3.1
Benin 6.0 4.3 5.7 4.0 5.3
Cyprus 6.1 1.6 2.4 5.1 4.7
Ethiopia 6.1 12.4 3.1 -3.5 5.2
Jordan 6.2 2.1 3.3 3.0 3.4
Mali 6.2 3.2 6.8 6.0 6.7
Czech Republic 6.2 4.3 -0.7 -0.3 1.4
Malta 6.3 3.8 5.3 5.1 4.7
Mongolia 6.4 2.2 3.9 3.3 3.1
El Salvador 6.4 1.7 4.2 3.7 3.4
Cambodia 6.4 5.4 5.6 5.0 11.9
Lebanon 6.5 5.1 -2.3 3.6 -0.5
Samoa 6.7 7.2 0.6 2.2 2.2
United Arab Emirates 6.7 5.8 8.2 0.3 2.9
Paraguay 6.8 1.6 4.2 0.1 -1.4
Armenia 6.9 5.9 3.3 7.3 3.3
Myanmar 6.9 6.4 5.7 5.9 10.9
Poland 7.0 6.2 7.1 5.0 4.5
Singapore 7.0 7.5 8.3 -2.2 6.1
Botswana 7.0 5.8 8.0 0.7 9.7
Lao PDR 7.0 6.9 6.9 4.0 7.3
Bhutan 7.1 5.6 5.4 5.9 8.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.1 -3.1 -6.1 3.0 1.4
West Bank and Gaza 7.1 7.3 24.0 25.9 18.0
Cote d'Ivoire 7.1 7.7 3.7 4.9 1.6
Romania 7.2 4.0 -6.1 -4.8 -1.2
Central African Republic 7.2 -4.0 5.3 4.7 3.6
Peru 7.4 2.8 6.5 -0.4 1.5
India 7.6 7.5 4.0 6.2 8.8
Togo 7.8 8.8 14.4 -2.3 2.5
Turkey 7.9 7.4 7.6 2.3 -3.4
Marshall Islands 8.2 -10.3 -6.4 -2.8 -2.4
Solomon Islands 8.2 1.6 -1.4 1.8 -0.5
Indonesia 8.4 7.6 4.7 -13.1 0.8
Korea, Rep. 8.9 7.2 5.8 -5.7 10.7
Thailand 9.2 5.9 -1.4 -10.5 4.4
San Marino 9.3 4.9 2.4 7.5 9.1
Vietnam 9.5 9.3 8.2 5.8 4.8
Ireland 9.6 9.1 10.8 8.5 10.2
Mauritania 9.8 5.8 -4.0 2.8 7.7
Malaysia 9.8 10.0 7.3 -7.4 6.1
Angola 10.4 11.2 7.9 6.8 3.2
Chile 10.6 7.4 6.6 3.2 -0.8
Palau 10.9 10.4 2.3 2.0 -5.4
China 11.0 9.9 9.2 7.9 7.6
Uganda 11.5 9.1 5.1 4.9 8.1
Albania 13.3 9.1 -10.2 12.7 10.1
Cabo Verde 14.2 11.3 11.1 12.5 11.2
Malawi 16.7 7.3 3.8 3.9 3.0
Equatorial Guinea 17.5 66.6 150.0 23.8 25.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.8 89.0 34.4 15.6 9.6
Israel 21.8 5.8 3.9 4.3 3.7
Rwanda 35.2 12.7 13.8 8.9 7.6
Faeroe Islands
Estonia 5.9 11.7 6.8 -0.3
Libya
Guam
Qatar
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Haiti 2.7
Serbia 2.4 7.2 2.4 -12.1
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro 4.9 -9.4
Croatia 5.9 6.6 1.9 -0.9
Middle East (developing only)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Lithuania
Latvia 2.5 8.8 6.3 2.2
Sao Tome and Principe
Somalia
Maldives
Turks and Caicos Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Slovenia 3.5 5.1 3.3 5.3
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
Afghanistan

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