Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Tajikistan -12.4 -16.7 1.7 5.3 3.7
Ukraine -12.2 -10.0 -3.0 -1.9 -0.2
Azerbaijan -11.8 1.3 5.8 10.0 7.4
Belarus -10.4 2.8 11.4 8.4 3.4
Kazakhstan -8.2 0.5 1.7 -1.9 2.7
Sierra Leone -8.0 1.8 -5.9 1.8 -2.0
Burundi -7.9 -8.0 -1.6 4.8 -1.0
Turkmenistan -7.2 6.7 -11.4 7.1 16.5
Morocco -6.3 13.5 -2.0 8.0 0.5
Mexico -5.8 5.9 7.0 4.7 2.7
Kyrgyz Republic -5.4 7.1 9.9 2.1 3.7
Tuvalu -5.0 -6.0 10.0 15.5 -1.6
Liberia -4.3 12.1 106.3 29.7 22.9
Antigua and Barbuda -4.2 6.7 4.9 4.4 4.1
Russian Federation -4.1 -3.6 1.4 -5.3 6.4
Djibouti -3.5 -4.1 -0.7 0.1 2.2
Papua New Guinea -3.3 7.7 -3.9 -3.8 1.9
Argentina -2.8 5.5 8.1 3.9 -3.4
Uruguay -1.4 5.6 8.5 4.5 -1.9
Moldova -1.4 -5.2 1.6 -6.5 -3.4
Macedonia, FYR -1.1 1.2 1.4 3.4 4.3
Kiribati -1.0 6.1 5.6 11.0 0.1
Latvia -0.9 3.8 8.3 4.7 4.7
Uzbekistan -0.9 1.7 5.2 4.3 4.3
Seychelles -0.8 4.9 12.0 8.4 1.9
Nigeria -0.3 5.0 2.8 2.7 0.5
Iceland 0.1 4.8 4.9 6.4 4.2
Zimbabwe 0.2 10.4 2.7 2.9 -0.8
Saudi Arabia 0.2 3.4 2.6 2.8 -0.7
Switzerland 0.5 0.6 2.3 2.9 1.6
French Polynesia 0.5 0.3 1.9 6.2 4.0
Belize 0.6 1.4 3.5 3.7 8.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.7 -1.0 -5.6 -1.6 -4.3
Gambia, The 0.9 2.2 4.9 3.5 6.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.0 1.3 13.3 5.2 4.4
Vanuatu 1.0 2.3 4.9 4.3 0.3
Suriname 1.1 1.3 5.7 1.6 -0.9
Chad 1.2 2.2 5.7 7.0 -0.7
Aruba 1.2 7.8 6.7 1.2 4.5
Luxembourg 1.4 1.5 5.9 6.5 8.4
Hungary 1.5 0.0 3.4 4.2 3.2
Barbados 1.5 1.8 6.4 4.1 2.6
Germany 1.7 0.8 1.8 2.0 2.0
Madagascar 1.7 2.1 3.7 3.9 4.7
Panama 1.8 2.8 6.5 7.3 3.9
Japan 1.9 2.6 1.6 -2.0 -0.2
Dominica 2.0 2.6 1.5 5.0 0.7
Lesotho 2.0 5.2 4.1 1.7 0.4
France 2.1 1.4 2.3 3.6 3.4
Greece 2.1 3.0 4.5 4.1 3.1
Monaco 2.1 1.1 2.2 3.5 3.3
Iraq 2.1 11.0 21.2 34.9 17.6
Ecuador 2.3 1.7 4.3 3.3 -4.7
Jamaica 2.3 -0.1 -1.1 -2.3 1.0
Tunisia 2.4 7.1 5.4 4.8 6.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.4 4.3 5.1 -5.9 2.5
Belgium 2.4 1.6 3.7 2.0 3.7
Qatar 2.4 4.4 30.0 11.2 4.3
Cuba 2.5 7.8 2.8 0.2 6.2
Fiji 2.5 4.8 -2.2 1.3 8.8
Grenada 2.5 4.1 4.6 6.5 10.1
United Kingdom 2.5 2.7 2.6 3.5 3.2
Georgia 2.6 11.2 10.5 3.1 2.9
Niger 2.6 3.4 2.8 10.4 -0.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.7 7.1 3.4 2.7 1.9
Austria 2.7 2.4 2.2 3.6 3.6
Mozambique 2.7 7.4 10.2 10.8 8.1
United States 2.7 3.8 4.5 4.5 4.8
Canada 2.7 1.7 4.3 4.1 5.0
Andorra 2.8 4.6 9.1 3.2 4.1
Spain 2.8 2.7 3.7 4.3 4.5
Eritrea 2.9 9.3 7.9 1.8 0.0
Bulgaria 2.9 1.6 -1.1 3.5 -5.6
Italy 2.9 1.3 1.8 1.6 1.6
Zambia 2.9 6.2 3.8 -0.4 4.7
Denmark 3.1 2.9 3.3 2.2 2.9
South Africa 3.1 4.3 2.6 0.5 2.4
Netherlands 3.1 3.1 4.0 4.4 4.5
St. Lucia 3.3 5.4 0.4 6.4 2.4
Lithuania 3.3 5.2 7.5 7.6 -1.1
Macao SAR, China 3.3 -0.4 -0.3 -4.6 -2.4
Nepal 3.5 5.3 5.0 3.0 4.4
Tanzania 3.6 4.5 3.5 3.7 4.8
Comoros 3.6 -1.3 4.0 1.3 1.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.7 6.5 6.8 1.1 5.2
Tonga 3.7 0.0 -0.1 2.7 3.9
Greenland 3.7 1.5 1.5 7.8 1.4
Algeria 3.8 4.1 1.1 5.1 3.2
Australia 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.4 5.0
Namibia 3.9 3.2 4.2 3.3 3.4
Costa Rica 3.9 0.9 5.6 8.4 8.2
Bahrain 3.9 4.1 3.1 4.8 4.3
Venezuela, RB 4.0 -0.2 6.4 0.3 -6.0
Trinidad and Tobago 4.0 3.9 2.7 7.8 4.4
Congo, Rep. 4.0 4.3 -0.6 3.7 -2.6
Sweden 4.0 1.5 2.9 4.2 4.5
Honduras 4.1 3.6 5.0 2.9 -1.9
Puerto Rico 4.1 2.9 3.2 6.7 2.1
Ghana 4.1 4.6 4.2 4.7 4.4
Cameroon 4.1 4.9 5.3 4.9 4.1
Norway 4.2 5.1 5.4 2.7 2.0
Finland 4.2 3.7 6.3 5.4 4.4
Isle of Man 4.3 7.7 8.6 13.5 13.7
Portugal 4.3 3.5 4.4 4.8 3.9
Mauritius 4.3 5.6 5.7 6.1 2.6
Bahamas, The 4.4 4.2 2.1 4.7 7.1
Bermuda 4.4 2.6 4.6 3.9 3.4
Guinea-Bissau 4.4 11.6 6.5 -28.1 1.0
Kenya 4.4 4.1 0.5 3.3 2.3
New Zealand 4.4 3.5 3.3 1.2 5.3
Brazil 4.4 2.1 3.4 0.0 0.3
Brunei Darussalam 4.5 2.9 -1.5 -0.6 3.1
Guinea 4.6 4.5 5.2 3.6 3.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.6 5.0 5.5 4.0 6.1
Bolivia 4.7 4.4 5.0 5.0 0.4
Philippines 4.7 5.8 5.2 -0.6 3.1
Swaziland 4.8 3.8 3.1 2.6 3.0
Kuwait 4.9 0.6 2.5 3.7 -1.8
Bangladesh 4.9 4.6 5.4 5.2 4.9
Guatemala 4.9 3.0 4.4 5.0 3.8
Pakistan 5.0 4.8 1.0 2.6 3.7
Gabon 5.0 3.6 5.7 3.5 -8.9
Guyana 5.0 7.9 6.2 -1.7 3.0
Oman 5.0 3.0 6.0 2.6 -0.1
Colombia 5.2 2.1 3.4 0.6 -4.2
Senegal 5.4 2.0 3.1 5.9 6.4
Dominican Republic 5.5 7.1 8.0 7.0 6.7
Sri Lanka 5.5 3.8 6.4 4.7 4.3
Yemen, Rep. 5.7 4.6 5.2 6.0 3.8
Burkina Faso 5.7 11.0 6.3 7.3 7.4
Syrian Arab Republic 5.8 4.4 1.8 6.3 -3.6
Slovak Republic 5.8 6.8 6.1 4.0 -0.2
Liechtenstein 5.9 6.9 7.2 7.8 10.4
Nicaragua 5.9 6.3 4.0 3.7 7.0
New Caledonia 5.9 0.4 2.0 -3.2 0.9
Sudan 6.0 5.9 10.6 4.3 3.1
Benin 6.0 4.3 5.7 4.0 5.3
Cyprus 6.1 1.8 2.3 5.0 4.8
Ethiopia 6.1 12.4 3.1 -3.5 5.2
Jordan 6.2 2.1 3.3 3.0 3.4
Mali 6.2 3.2 6.8 6.0 6.7
Czech Republic 6.2 4.3 -0.7 -0.3 1.4
Malta 6.3 3.8 5.3 5.1 4.7
Mongolia 6.4 2.2 3.9 3.3 3.1
El Salvador 6.4 1.7 4.2 3.7 3.4
Cambodia 6.4 5.4 5.6 5.0 11.9
Lebanon 6.5 5.1 -2.3 3.6 -0.5
Samoa 6.7 7.2 0.6 2.2 2.2
United Arab Emirates 6.7 5.8 8.2 0.3 2.9
Paraguay 6.8 1.6 4.2 0.1 -1.4
Armenia 6.9 5.9 3.3 7.3 3.3
Myanmar 6.9 6.4 5.7 5.9 10.9
Poland 7.0 6.2 7.1 5.0 4.5
Singapore 7.0 7.5 8.3 -2.2 6.1
Botswana 7.0 5.8 8.0 0.7 9.7
Lao PDR 7.0 6.9 6.9 4.0 7.3
Bhutan 7.1 5.6 5.4 5.9 8.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.1 -3.1 -6.1 3.0 1.4
West Bank and Gaza 7.1 7.3 24.0 25.9 18.0
Cote d'Ivoire 7.1 7.7 5.7 4.8 1.6
Romania 7.2 4.0 -6.1 -4.8 -1.2
Central African Republic 7.2 -4.0 5.3 4.7 3.6
Peru 7.4 2.8 6.5 -0.4 1.5
India 7.6 7.5 4.0 6.2 8.8
Togo 7.8 8.8 14.4 -2.3 2.5
Turkey 7.9 7.4 7.6 2.3 -3.4
Marshall Islands 8.2 -10.3 -6.4 -2.8 -2.4
Solomon Islands 8.2 1.6 -1.4 1.8 -0.5
Indonesia 8.4 7.6 4.7 -13.1 0.8
Korea, Rep. 8.9 7.2 5.8 -5.7 10.7
Thailand 9.2 5.9 -1.4 -10.5 4.4
San Marino 9.3 4.9 2.4 7.5 9.1
Vietnam 9.5 9.3 8.2 5.8 4.8
Ireland 9.6 9.1 10.8 8.5 10.2
Mauritania 9.8 5.8 -4.0 2.8 6.7
Malaysia 9.8 10.0 7.3 -7.4 6.1
Angola 10.4 11.2 7.9 6.8 3.2
Chile 10.6 7.4 6.6 3.2 -0.8
Palau 10.9 10.4 2.3 2.0 -5.4
China 10.9 10.0 9.3 7.8 7.6
Uganda 11.5 9.1 5.1 4.9 8.1
Albania 13.3 9.1 -10.2 12.7 10.1
Cabo Verde 14.2 11.3 11.1 12.5 11.2
Malawi 16.7 7.3 3.8 3.9 3.0
Equatorial Guinea 17.5 66.6 150.0 23.8 25.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.8 89.0 34.4 15.6 9.6
Israel 21.8 5.8 3.9 4.3 3.7
Rwanda 35.2 12.7 13.8 8.9 7.6
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
Serbia 2.4 7.2 2.4 -12.1
Timor-Leste
Estonia 5.9 11.7 6.8 -0.3
Guam
Libya
Curacao
Sao Tome and Principe
Croatia 5.9 6.6 1.9 -0.9
American Samoa
Haiti 2.7
Somalia
St. Martin (French part)
Slovenia 3.5 5.1 3.3 5.3
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Maldives
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
South Sudan
Montenegro 4.9 -9.4
Afghanistan
Northern Mariana Islands

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