Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
United Arab Emirates -3.6 -15.0 3.4 -2.6 12.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.1 -9.2 -1.4 -6.3 6.2
Nigeria 8.3 -8.8 -10.8 7.5 6.5
Georgia 4.9 -8.2 1.3 5.6 -7.2
Congo, Rep. -1.2 -6.9 0.2 1.8 2.6
Syrian Arab Republic 6.1 -4.9 1.9 13.3 -9.0
Chad 21.8 -4.1 -2.4 15.5 4.9
Mexico 2.6 -3.8 1.9 1.2 4.2
Suriname -1.9 -3.5 -14.2 8.8 11.0
Trinidad and Tobago -4.1 -3.3 -4.6 -3.9 -0.8
Brunei Darussalam -1.5 -2.7 2.0 1.1 -1.1
Bolivia -1.7 -2.6 2.5 2.9 3.8
Equatorial Guinea 12.9 -2.3 4.4 2.7 -1.2
Mozambique 1.0 -2.3 14.7 8.2 6.5
Liberia -0.8 -1.7 -1.0 -2.0 -26.7
Tunisia 5.6 -1.4 6.7 0.1 1.7
Myanmar 2.9 -1.1 -4.0 -11.4 3.7
Nicaragua -4.1 -1.0 -0.7 -12.4 -1.7
New Caledonia 4.5 -1.0 5.7 34.6 11.0
Guyana 2.4 -0.9 0.9 -3.7 -4.9
Gabon -2.3 -0.8 -17.1 12.8 8.5
Guinea-Bissau 4.2 -0.8 2.9 4.6 6.1
Ireland 3.1 -0.4 4.7 5.2 5.8
Malawi 4.6 -0.2 1.6 3.2 1.3
Seychelles 11.1 -0.2 4.4 5.4 11.2
Vanuatu 1.0 -0.1 -2.9 -1.7 1.5
South Africa -1.2 0.0 2.1 4.2 2.4
Cuba 1.6 0.1 -2.4 3.7 0.7
Guatemala -0.6 0.1 3.5 3.9 3.9
El Salvador 0.6 0.2 2.5 1.9 1.0
Uganda -3.3 0.4 4.0 8.3 6.4
Algeria 3.7 0.4 -0.7 -1.0 4.4
Greece 2.5 0.5 -2.3 4.3 3.8
Honduras 4.2 0.7 6.0 4.6 4.3
Zambia 1.6 0.7 2.7 6.3 -1.0
Malaysia -1.1 1.2 5.4 9.9 9.1
Bahrain -4.8 1.2 10.4 7.0 0.4
Sierra Leone -5.3 1.2 7.2 -7.1 0.7
Singapore -0.7 1.3 10.8 11.1 10.2
Kiribati -4.6 1.6 -3.1 18.2 -8.6
Togo 5.6 1.6 0.5 6.6 4.1
Bahamas, The 4.8 1.8 3.0 2.3 6.7
Belgium 1.7 1.8 2.3 4.7 3.5
Switzerland 3.7 1.9 1.6 3.3 4.3
Comoros 2.3 1.9 1.6 2.7 -3.2
Jamaica -2.9 1.9 7.9 4.0 7.2
Madagascar 1.2 2.0 1.2 3.4 4.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.) -2.4 2.0 7.4 1.6 7.1
Oman 14.0 2.0 -3.4 6.0 11.8
Zimbabwe 6.9 2.1 1.2 7.6 5.2
Tonga 6.6 2.1 3.0 -1.9 0.4
Benin 7.5 2.2 -1.5 3.4 -2.9
Canada 4.7 2.2 4.0 4.7 2.4
Germany 2.3 2.3 1.4 3.7 3.9
Austria 2.5 2.3 1.4 3.3 3.9
France 1.6 2.4 2.6 4.7 4.4
Romania -0.1 2.4 0.8 -0.5 -5.8
Monaco 1.7 2.5 2.5 4.6 4.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.6 2.6 2.5 5.3 5.0
Sweden 2.2 2.7 3.4 2.6 2.7
New Zealand 1.6 2.7 1.0 -0.4 0.2
Finland 3.5 2.7 3.6 5.2 5.1
Netherlands 2.6 2.8 1.9 3.4 4.4
Vietnam 3.8 2.8 3.6 5.1 7.4
Angola 2.8 7.9 5.6 0.4
Japan 6.3 2.8 4.1 7.1 5.4
San Marino 2.8 2.9 3.2 4.2 3.4
Italy 2.8 2.9 3.2 4.2 3.4
Cabo Verde 8.6 2.9 4.3 6.0 5.7
Senegal 3.3 3.1 6.1 -0.6 4.0
United Kingdom 3.5 3.2 5.5 5.9 2.5
Burundi 11.8 3.3 5.5 5.0 1.3
Andorra 2.3 3.3 5.5 5.1 4.8
Spain 2.3 3.3 5.5 5.1 4.8
Cote d'Ivoire 4.5 3.3 -0.3 1.1 2.9
Somalia 8.2 3.4 5.1 -0.6 -0.2
Philippines -7.3 3.4 4.3 6.8 6.2
Ecuador 3.9 3.5 -0.3 5.9 1.0
Tajikistan 3.5 -1.2 13.9 -6.5
United States 4.2 3.5 3.5 4.2 3.7
Dominican Republic -2.1 3.5 10.1 2.2 4.4
Panama 4.9 3.6 -1.8 -13.4 1.6
Central African Republic 3.9 3.6 -4.9 1.7 2.0
Cyprus 4.9 3.7 7.1 8.6 7.9
Malta 2.6 3.9 4.1 8.4 8.2
Liechtenstein 7.0 4.0 9.2 5.6 4.5
Norway 5.6 4.0 1.8 -0.3 1.0
Australia 5.2 4.1 2.6 5.8 3.9
Gambia, The -0.8 4.1 2.5 4.5 5.9
Portugal 2.8 4.1 6.4 7.5 6.4
Bangladesh 3.3 4.2 3.8 2.4 2.8
Bulgaria 2.7 4.2 6.1 10.9 -3.3
Sri Lanka 5.0 4.4 1.7 2.5 2.3
Nepal 6.1 4.6 1.7 7.7 4.3
Belize 1.1 4.6 11.2 9.2 13.1
Iraq 1.5 4.6 9.3 -0.0 -3.1
Papua New Guinea 4.0 4.7 2.8 2.9 -1.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.5 4.7 2.7 0.5 -1.3
Namibia 0.5 4.8 3.6 0.8 1.9
India 5.3 4.8 4.0 9.6 5.9
Israel 3.4 4.8 7.2 2.0 0.9
Saudi Arabia -5.5 4.8 -3.8 8.2 0.1
Lao PDR 5.1 4.9 -1.4 -2.0 14.2
Denmark 4.0 4.9 0.3 -0.1 0.6
Paraguay 4.5 5.0 7.6 5.9 6.9
Puerto Rico 3.1 5.0 5.8 5.9 4.3
Ghana 5.1 5.2 4.8 5.6 5.1
Sudan -6.3 5.4 14.2 -0.3 8.9
Rwanda 4.4 5.5 -0.0 4.5 -0.0
Pakistan 7.6 5.5 6.5 7.6 5.0
Lesotho 2.6 5.5 0.0 8.6 5.5
Samoa 3.9 5.5 0.5 -1.4 3.7
Thailand 4.6 5.5 9.5 13.3 12.2
Chile 7.1 5.6 6.6 7.3 10.6
Albania 1.8 5.6 -0.8 -1.4 9.8
Mauritania 3.0 5.7 1.9 1.7 4.8
Costa Rica 1.0 5.8 6.9 3.8 5.1
Colombia 3.1 5.8 5.4 4.1 3.4
Indonesia 3.5 6.0 5.3 6.4 9.1
Iceland 3.3 6.3 8.5 -0.1 0.3
Niger 7.7 6.4 0.1 6.9 0.9
Venezuela, RB 0.2 6.5 3.6 5.8 -8.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6.1 6.7 4.5 14.6 2.5
Bermuda -2.0 6.7 3.7 4.1 0.4
Macao SAR, China 0.7 6.7 14.3 7.8 5.0
Cameroon 8.1 6.8 -2.1 -7.8 -1.8
Turkey 4.2 7.0 9.5 2.3 0.3
Jordan 3.5 7.0 2.9 -1.9 -13.5
Dominica 1.3 7.1 7.5 8.6 -0.2
Greenland 3.7 7.1 5.5 5.6 6.7
Kenya 4.3 7.2 5.9 6.2 4.7
Fiji -4.6 7.7 -6.6 1.0 7.4
Argentina -7.6 7.9 2.9 -2.6 -7.5
Moldova -5.3 7.9 1.2 1.7 5.0
Burkina Faso 8.5 8.0 -0.2 5.8 2.2
Brazil 7.9 8.0 3.6 -0.1 3.3
Botswana 7.1 8.2 11.9 19.4 13.1
Grenada 8.1 8.2 11.1 3.4 6.1
French Polynesia 5.4 8.4 7.1 2.4 3.0
Mali -11.4 8.4 -0.5 1.5 11.8
Kuwait -4.3 8.6 8.1 -10.0 25.9
Uruguay 1.5 8.8 8.0 1.5 1.1
China 13.6 8.9 11.7 11.3 4.2
Mongolia 5.7 9.4 3.5 5.1 4.2
Peru 2.1 9.4 9.7 -9.4 -12.3
Barbados 0.5 9.4 1.0 6.3 5.0
Morocco 5.4 9.6 -1.3 12.2 2.8
Ethiopia -11.1 9.7 13.9 0.5 -0.4
Mauritius 7.0 9.7 8.9 6.8 4.5
Luxembourg 2.8 10.0 4.0 8.5 9.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.8 11.1 13.4 8.5 2.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.4 11.7 8.7 9.1 7.6
Bhutan 4.2 11.7 28.7 5.0 7.4
Korea, Rep. 7.5 12.2 12.3 11.7 6.8
Swaziland 3.8 12.3 14.6 6.6 12.9
Antigua and Barbuda 8.0 12.7 8.3 5.4 5.8
St. Lucia -5.8 14.9 1.9 12.2 9.1
Isle of Man 0.4 19.1 9.9 11.8 6.8
Marshall Islands -6.3 24.5 9.4 7.8 -1.7
Guinea 3.3 6.3 4.0
Maldives
Sao Tome and Principe
Ukraine 2.6 3.9
Macedonia, FYR
Tanzania 3.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 1.2 2.5 3.5
Turkmenistan 11.0 -4.3
Cayman Islands
Croatia
Serbia
Lithuania
Armenia
Libya
Timor-Leste
Azerbaijan
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Slovak Republic
Estonia
Slovenia
Curacao
Solomon Islands
Middle East (developing only)
Aruba
Kyrgyz Republic 3.3 13.2 2.8
Hungary
South Sudan
Poland
Qatar
Haiti
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
Faeroe Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
Belarus
Cambodia
American Samoa
Kazakhstan
Eritrea
Czech Republic
Uzbekistan 9.1 3.1
Russian Federation
Djibouti
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Afghanistan
St. Martin (French part)
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon -42.5

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