Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Iraq 57.8 -64.0 32.6 30.3 3.9
Turkmenistan 35.4 -4.6 -15.0 1.5 -17.3
Lebanon 26.5 38.2 4.5 7.0 8.0
St. Lucia 23.5 2.7 7.0 2.6 1.4
Swaziland 21.0 1.8 3.2 3.1 2.4
United Arab Emirates 18.3 0.9 3.3 1.3 6.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 13.7 12.6 4.3 -1.6 -0.4
Nigeria 12.8 -0.6 0.4 2.1 0.9
Vanuatu 11.7 3.1 2.6 0.8 9.1
Thailand 11.2 8.6 8.1 8.3 9.0
Bhutan 10.9 -0.4 4.6 2.0 5.0
Belize 10.6 10.5 12.0 6.3 0.2
Singapore 10.0 6.7 7.1 11.5 10.9
Korea, Rep. 9.3 9.7 5.8 6.3 8.8
Turkey 9.3 0.7 5.0 7.7 -4.7
Malaysia 9.0 9.5 8.9 9.9 9.2
Indonesia 9.0 8.9 7.2 7.3 7.5
Benin 9.0 4.2 3.0 5.8 2.0
Ireland 8.5 1.9 3.3 2.7 5.8
Saudi Arabia 8.3 9.1 4.6 0.0 0.7
Panama 8.1 9.4 8.2 5.5 2.9
Macao SAR, China 8.0 3.7 13.3 5.2 4.3
Tunisia 7.9 3.9 7.8 2.2 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 7.6 7.9 13.5 5.2 7.7
Cyprus 7.4 0.7 9.4 0.7 5.9
Mauritius 7.2 4.4 6.5 5.1 4.1
Tanzania 7.0 2.1 0.6 1.2 1.6
Seychelles 7.0 2.8 7.2 6.2 -0.8
Zimbabwe 7.0 5.5 -9.0 1.1 9.2
Israel 6.8 7.7 5.6 5.6 6.9
Botswana 6.8 7.5 2.9 1.9 3.6
Lao PDR 6.7 4.3 5.6 5.9 8.2
Uganda 6.5 5.6 3.4 8.3 6.4
Venezuela, RB 6.5 9.7 6.1 0.3 -2.3
Sri Lanka 6.4 4.6 4.4 6.9 5.6
Malta 6.3 6.3 4.7 4.5 5.7
Guinea-Bissau 6.1 5.1 1.1 2.1 3.2
Colombia 6.0 2.3 5.0 2.4 5.8
Fiji 5.8 -2.7 6.1 2.1 5.1
Kyrgyz Republic 5.7 -7.9 -13.9 -15.5 -20.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.7 1.1 4.4 2.9 4.0
Malawi 5.7 8.7 -7.3 9.7 -10.2
Lesotho 5.6 3.9 7.3 3.3 5.3
Bangladesh 5.6 3.5 5.4 4.7 3.9
Japan 5.6 3.3 0.8 0.2 0.9
India 5.5 1.1 5.5 4.8 6.7
Luxembourg 5.3 8.6 1.8 4.2 3.8
Germany 5.3 5.1 1.9 -1.0 2.5
Dominica 5.3 0.6 2.0 1.7 1.4
Grenada 5.2 2.3 -0.3 -2.6 2.8
Gabon 5.2 6.1 -3.1 3.9 3.7
Vietnam 5.1 6.0 8.6 8.1 8.8
Comoros 5.1 -5.4 8.5 3.0 -5.3
Mexico 5.1 4.2 3.6 4.1 4.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 5.0 0.6 7.5 0.2 -3.0
El Salvador 4.8 3.6 7.5 7.4 6.1
Bolivia 4.6 5.3 1.6 4.3 4.7
Nepal 4.6 6.4 4.1 3.8 8.2
Pakistan 4.5 5.1 7.7 1.8 3.7
Bahrain 4.4 11.2 6.7 12.9 -0.3
Austria 4.3 3.4 2.1 0.5 2.4
Guinea 4.3 2.6 3.3 5.0 4.0
Jamaica 4.2 4.8 2.0 9.4 1.4
Kenya 4.2 1.4 -0.8 0.4 2.6
Isle of Man 4.2 1.6 0.8 2.6 4.0
Netherlands 4.2 2.4 1.7 1.3 3.0
Paraguay 4.1 3.5 1.7 4.9 5.3
Portugal 4.0 4.4 1.1 -2.0 1.0
China 3.9 9.3 14.3 13.9 13.1
Costa Rica 3.9 2.6 9.2 7.4 4.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.8 5.7 6.2 6.2 6.0
Spain 3.8 2.5 0.9 -1.0 2.4
Andorra 3.8 2.5 0.9 -1.0 2.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.7 7.4 4.0 8.1 -0.5
Chile 3.7 8.0 12.3 7.0 5.7
Ecuador 3.7 4.3 2.1 2.0 4.3
Switzerland 3.7 -0.9 -0.0 -0.1 1.3
New Caledonia 3.6 4.9 0.5 0.5 2.6
Gambia, The 3.6 3.1 3.4 3.0 0.2
Australia 3.5 -0.4 0.4 4.0 4.0
Burundi 3.5 5.0 1.0 -6.2 -3.8
Sierra Leone 3.3 2.4 -19.0 1.4 -1.9
Ghana 3.3 5.3 3.9 4.9 3.3
Belgium 3.1 1.8 1.5 -1.0 3.2
Madagascar 3.1 -6.3 1.2 2.1 -0.1
Guatemala 3.1 3.7 4.8 3.9 4.0
Philippines 3.0 -0.6 0.3 2.1 4.4
France 2.9 1.0 1.6 -0.6 2.3
Myanmar 2.8 -0.7 9.7 6.0 7.5
Morocco 2.8 7.5 -2.9 -1.0 11.5
Ethiopia 2.7 -7.1 -8.7 13.1 3.2
Marshall Islands 2.7 0.1 7.1 6.0 5.9
Monaco 2.6 1.0 1.4 -0.9 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.5 2.0 0.8 5.4 6.3
Puerto Rico 2.5 0.9 4.1 3.9 4.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.3 0.4 3.3 6.7 5.1
Liechtenstein 2.3 1.8 3.6 4.3 6.9
French Polynesia 2.2 4.9 0.9 0.1 0.8
Kiribati 2.1 -4.3 3.2 3.5 4.9
San Marino 2.1 1.5 0.8 8.8 7.0
Namibia 2.0 8.2 7.2 -1.6 1.7
Italy 2.0 1.5 0.8 -0.9 2.2
Norway 1.9 3.1 3.6 2.8 5.1
United States 1.9 -0.1 3.6 2.7 4.0
Denmark 1.6 1.3 2.0 -0.1 5.5
Uzbekistan 1.6 -0.5 -11.2 -2.3 -5.2
Trinidad and Tobago 1.5 2.7 -1.6 -1.4 3.6
Iceland 1.2 -0.2 -3.4 1.3 3.6
Brunei Darussalam 1.1 3.1 4.8 0.3 3.1
Congo, Rep. 1.0 2.4 2.6 -1.0 -5.5
Mozambique 1.0 4.9 -5.1 8.7 6.8
Jordan 1.0 1.8 18.7 4.6 5.0
Algeria 0.8 -1.2 1.8 -2.1 -0.9
Sweden 0.8 -1.1 -1.2 -2.1 4.1
Cabo Verde 0.7 1.4 10.9 8.7 19.2
Finland 0.7 -5.9 -3.3 -0.7 3.9
United Kingdom 0.5 -1.2 0.4 2.6 4.0
Uruguay 0.3 3.5 7.9 2.7 7.3
New Zealand 0.1 -1.1 1.1 6.4 5.1
Canada 0.1 -2.1 0.9 2.6 4.6
Honduras 0.1 3.3 5.6 6.2 -1.3
Bermuda 0.0 -3.5 -0.1 3.0 0.6
Greece 0.0 3.1 0.7 -1.6 2.0
Nicaragua -0.1 -0.2 0.4 -0.4 3.3
Oman -0.1 6.1 8.4 6.0 3.9
Togo -0.2 -0.7 -4.0 -15.1 15.0
Angola -0.3 -1.2 -6.9 -24.7 3.5
South Africa -0.3 -1.0 -2.1 1.2 3.2
Zambia -0.5 -0.0 -1.7 6.8 -8.6
Suriname -0.5 2.8 -0.2 -7.3 3.2
Tajikistan -0.6 -7.1 -29.0 -16.4 -21.3
Burkina Faso -0.6 9.1 0.2 3.5 1.3
Senegal -0.7 2.6 1.2 1.3 -0.0
Cote d'Ivoire -1.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.8
Niger -1.3 2.5 -6.5 1.4 4.0
Somalia -1.5
Bahamas, The -1.6 -4.2 -3.8 0.3 3.1
Equatorial Guinea -1.8 -1.0 34.7 11.0 16.7
Mauritania -1.8 1.8 1.9 5.9 -3.1
Mali -1.9 1.6 8.3 -2.1 0.9
Tonga -2.0 6.4 0.3 3.7 5.0
Central African Republic -2.1 -0.6 -6.4 0.3 4.9
Argentina -2.4 12.7 11.9 5.9 5.8
Rwanda -2.4 -2.5 5.9 -8.1 -50.2
Moldova -2.4 -16.0 -29.1 -1.2 -30.9
Cuba -2.9 -10.7 -11.6 -14.9 0.7
Russian Federation -3.0 -5.0 -14.5 -8.7 -12.6
Papua New Guinea -3.0 9.5 13.8 18.2 5.9
Guyana -3.0 6.0 7.8 8.2 8.5
Brazil -3.1 1.5 -0.5 4.7 5.3
Mongolia -3.2 -8.7 -9.3 -3.2 2.1
Chad -4.2 8.5 8.0 -15.7 10.1
Samoa -4.4 -2.3 -0.2 4.1 -2.5
Barbados -4.8 -2.9 -5.0 1.0 4.0
Peru -5.0 2.2 -0.5 5.2 12.3
Dominican Republic -5.5 0.9 10.5 7.2 2.3
Sudan -5.5 7.5 6.6 4.6 1.0
Romania -5.6 -12.9 -8.8 1.5 4.0
Cameroon -6.1 -3.8 -3.1 -7.9 2.1
Ukraine -6.3 -8.4 -9.7 -14.2 -22.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. -6.6 -8.4 -10.5 -13.5 -3.9
Bulgaria -9.1 -8.4 -7.3 -1.5 1.8
Albania -9.6 -29.6 -7.2 9.6 8.3
Greenland -11.7 -0.1 -5.1 -5.0 5.9
Georgia -14.8 -21.1 -44.9 -29.3 -10.4
Liberia -51.0 -14.2 -35.1 -33.0 -21.8
Faeroe Islands
Aruba
Slovak Republic 1.9 6.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovenia
Guam
Solomon Islands 6.0 12.7 4.0 9.2
Qatar
Serbia
Cayman Islands 5.3
Lithuania
Hungary -3.1 -0.6 2.9
South Sudan
Macedonia, FYR -6.2 -6.6 -7.5 -1.8
Libya
Estonia
Palau -6.4 -12.3 7.3
Czech Republic -11.6 -0.5 0.1 2.9
Afghanistan
Taiwan, China
Latvia
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Martin (French part)
Timor-Leste
Maldives
Haiti
Turks and Caicos Islands
Armenia -11.7 -41.8 -8.8 5.4
Kuwait 34.0 8.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Yemen, Rep. 6.3 8.2 4.0 6.7
Tuvalu 3.6 2.8 4.1 10.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro
Northern Mariana Islands
Eritrea 13.5 21.2
Kazakhstan -11.0 -5.3 -9.2 -12.6
Djibouti -4.3 -0.0 -6.6 -0.9
Belarus -1.2 -9.6 -7.6 -11.7
American Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
Cambodia 9.1
West Bank and Gaza
Poland -7.0 2.5 3.7 5.3
Croatia
Azerbaijan -0.7 -22.6 -23.1 -19.7

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