Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Iraq 57.8 -64.0 32.6 30.3 3.9
Turkmenistan 35.4 -4.6 -15.0 1.5 -17.3
Lebanon 26.5 38.2 4.5 7.0 8.0
St. Lucia 23.5 2.7 7.0 2.6 1.4
Swaziland 21.0 1.8 3.2 3.1 2.4
United Arab Emirates 18.3 0.9 3.3 1.3 6.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 13.7 12.6 4.3 -1.6 -0.4
Nigeria 12.8 -0.6 0.4 2.1 0.9
Vanuatu 11.7 3.1 2.6 0.8 9.1
Thailand 11.2 8.6 8.1 8.3 9.0
Bhutan 10.9 -0.4 4.6 2.0 5.0
Belize 10.6 10.5 12.0 6.3 0.2
Singapore 10.0 6.7 7.1 11.5 10.9
Korea, Rep. 9.3 9.7 5.8 6.3 8.8
Turkey 9.3 0.7 5.0 7.7 -4.7
Malaysia 9.0 9.5 8.9 9.9 9.2
Indonesia 9.0 8.9 7.2 7.3 7.5
Benin 9.0 4.2 3.0 5.8 2.0
Ireland 8.5 1.9 3.3 2.7 5.8
Saudi Arabia 8.3 9.1 4.6 0.0 0.7
Panama 8.1 9.4 8.2 5.5 2.9
Macao SAR, China 8.0 3.7 13.3 5.2 4.3
Tunisia 7.9 3.9 7.8 2.2 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 7.6 7.9 13.5 5.2 7.7
Cyprus 7.4 0.7 9.4 0.7 5.9
Mauritius 7.2 4.4 6.5 5.1 4.1
Tanzania 7.0 2.1 0.6 1.2 1.6
Seychelles 7.0 2.8 7.2 6.2 -0.8
Zimbabwe 7.0 5.5 -9.0 1.1 9.2
Israel 6.8 7.7 5.6 5.6 6.9
Botswana 6.8 7.5 2.9 1.9 3.6
Lao PDR 6.7 4.3 5.6 5.9 8.2
Uganda 6.5 5.6 3.4 8.3 6.4
Venezuela, RB 6.5 9.7 6.1 0.3 -2.3
Sri Lanka 6.4 4.6 4.4 6.9 5.6
Malta 6.3 6.3 4.7 4.5 5.7
Guinea-Bissau 6.1 5.1 1.1 2.1 3.2
Colombia 6.0 2.3 5.0 2.4 5.8
Fiji 5.8 -2.7 6.1 2.1 5.1
Kyrgyz Republic 5.7 -7.9 -13.9 -15.5 -20.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.7 1.1 4.4 2.9 4.0
Malawi 5.7 8.7 -7.3 9.7 -10.2
Lesotho 5.6 3.9 7.3 3.3 5.3
Bangladesh 5.6 3.5 5.4 4.7 3.9
Japan 5.6 3.3 0.8 0.2 0.9
India 5.5 1.1 5.5 4.8 6.7
Luxembourg 5.3 8.6 1.8 4.2 3.8
Germany 5.3 5.1 1.9 -1.0 2.5
Dominica 5.3 0.6 2.0 1.7 1.4
Grenada 5.2 2.3 -0.3 -2.6 2.8
Gabon 5.2 6.1 -3.1 3.9 3.7
Vietnam 5.1 6.0 8.6 8.1 8.8
Comoros 5.1 -5.4 8.5 3.0 -5.3
Mexico 5.1 4.2 3.6 4.1 4.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 5.0 0.6 7.5 0.2 -3.0
El Salvador 4.8 3.6 7.5 7.4 6.1
Bolivia 4.6 5.3 1.6 4.3 4.7
Nepal 4.6 6.4 4.1 3.8 8.2
Pakistan 4.5 5.1 7.7 1.8 3.7
Bahrain 4.4 11.2 6.7 12.9 -0.3
Austria 4.3 3.4 2.1 0.5 2.4
Guinea 4.3 2.6 3.3 5.0 4.0
Jamaica 4.2 4.8 2.0 9.4 1.4
Kenya 4.2 1.4 -0.8 0.4 2.6
Isle of Man 4.2 1.6 0.8 2.6 4.0
Netherlands 4.2 2.4 1.7 1.3 3.0
Paraguay 4.1 3.5 1.7 4.9 5.3
Portugal 4.0 4.4 1.1 -2.0 1.0
China 3.9 9.3 14.3 13.9 13.1
Costa Rica 3.9 2.6 9.2 7.4 4.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.8 5.7 6.2 6.2 6.0
Spain 3.8 2.5 0.9 -1.0 2.4
Andorra 3.8 2.5 0.9 -1.0 2.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.7 7.4 4.0 8.1 -0.5
Chile 3.7 8.0 12.3 7.0 5.7
Ecuador 3.7 4.3 2.1 2.0 4.3
Switzerland 3.7 -0.9 -0.0 -0.1 1.3
New Caledonia 3.6 4.9 0.5 0.5 2.6
Gambia, The 3.6 3.1 3.4 3.0 0.2
Australia 3.5 -0.4 0.4 4.0 4.0
Burundi 3.5 5.0 1.0 -6.2 -3.8
Sierra Leone 3.3 2.4 -19.0 1.4 -1.9
Ghana 3.3 5.3 3.9 4.9 3.3
Belgium 3.1 1.8 1.5 -1.0 3.2
Madagascar 3.1 -6.3 1.2 2.1 -0.1
Guatemala 3.1 3.7 4.8 3.9 4.0
Philippines 3.0 -0.6 0.3 2.1 4.4
France 2.9 1.0 1.6 -0.6 2.3
Myanmar 2.8 -0.7 9.7 6.0 7.5
Morocco 2.8 7.5 -2.9 -1.0 11.5
Ethiopia 2.7 -7.1 -8.7 13.1 3.2
Marshall Islands 2.7 0.1 7.1 6.0 5.9
Monaco 2.6 1.0 1.4 -0.9 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.5 2.0 0.8 5.4 6.3
Puerto Rico 2.5 0.9 4.1 3.9 4.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.3 0.4 3.3 6.7 5.1
Liechtenstein 2.3 1.8 3.6 4.3 6.9
French Polynesia 2.2 4.9 0.9 0.1 0.8
Kiribati 2.1 -4.3 3.2 3.5 4.9
San Marino 2.1 1.5 0.8 8.8 7.0
Namibia 2.0 8.2 7.2 -1.6 1.7
Italy 2.0 1.5 0.8 -0.9 2.2
Norway 1.9 3.1 3.6 2.8 5.1
United States 1.9 -0.1 3.6 2.7 4.0
Denmark 1.6 1.3 2.0 -0.1 5.5
Uzbekistan 1.6 -0.5 -11.2 -2.3 -5.2
Trinidad and Tobago 1.5 2.7 -1.6 -1.4 3.6
Iceland 1.2 -0.2 -3.4 1.3 3.6
Brunei Darussalam 1.1 3.1 4.8 0.3 3.1
Congo, Rep. 1.0 2.4 2.6 -1.0 -5.5
Mozambique 1.0 4.9 -5.1 8.7 6.8
Jordan 1.0 1.8 18.7 4.6 5.0
Algeria 0.8 -1.2 1.8 -2.1 -0.9
Sweden 0.8 -1.1 -1.2 -2.1 4.1
Cabo Verde 0.7 1.4 10.9 8.7 19.2
Finland 0.7 -5.9 -3.3 -0.7 3.9
United Kingdom 0.5 -1.2 0.4 2.6 4.0
Uruguay 0.3 3.5 7.9 2.7 7.3
New Zealand 0.1 -1.1 1.1 6.4 5.1
Canada 0.1 -2.1 0.9 2.6 4.6
Honduras 0.1 3.3 5.6 6.2 -1.3
Bermuda 0.0 -3.5 -0.1 3.0 0.6
Greece 0.0 3.1 0.7 -1.6 2.0
Nicaragua -0.1 -0.2 0.4 -0.4 3.3
Oman -0.1 6.1 8.4 6.0 3.9
Togo -0.2 -0.7 -4.0 -15.1 15.0
Angola -0.3 -1.2 -6.9 -24.7 3.5
South Africa -0.3 -1.0 -2.1 1.2 3.2
Zambia -0.5 -0.0 -1.7 6.8 -8.6
Suriname -0.5 2.8 -0.2 -7.3 3.2
Tajikistan -0.6 -7.1 -29.0 -16.4 -21.3
Burkina Faso -0.6 9.1 0.2 3.5 1.3
Senegal -0.7 2.6 1.2 1.3 -0.0
Cote d'Ivoire -1.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.8
Niger -1.3 2.5 -6.5 1.4 4.0
Somalia -1.5
Bahamas, The -1.6 -4.2 -3.8 0.3 3.1
Equatorial Guinea -1.8 -1.0 34.7 11.0 16.7
Mauritania -1.8 1.8 1.9 5.9 -3.1
Mali -1.9 1.6 8.3 -2.1 0.9
Tonga -2.0 6.4 0.3 3.7 5.0
Central African Republic -2.1 -0.6 -6.4 0.3 4.9
Argentina -2.4 12.7 11.9 5.9 5.8
Rwanda -2.4 -2.5 5.9 -8.1 -50.2
Moldova -2.4 -16.0 -29.1 -1.2 -30.9
Cuba -2.9 -10.7 -11.6 -14.9 0.7
Russian Federation -3.0 -5.0 -14.5 -8.7 -12.6
Papua New Guinea -3.0 9.5 13.8 18.2 5.9
Guyana -3.0 6.0 7.8 8.2 8.5
Brazil -3.1 1.5 -0.5 4.7 5.3
Mongolia -3.2 -8.7 -9.3 -3.2 2.1
Chad -4.2 8.5 8.0 -15.7 10.1
Samoa -4.4 -2.3 -0.2 4.1 -2.5
Barbados -4.8 -2.9 -5.0 1.0 4.0
Peru -5.0 2.2 -0.5 5.2 12.3
Dominican Republic -5.5 0.9 10.5 7.2 2.3
Sudan -5.5 7.5 6.6 4.6 1.0
Romania -5.6 -12.9 -8.8 1.5 4.0
Cameroon -6.1 -3.8 -3.1 -7.9 2.1
Ukraine -6.3 -8.4 -9.7 -14.2 -22.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. -6.6 -8.4 -10.5 -13.5 -3.9
Bulgaria -9.1 -8.4 -7.3 -1.5 1.8
Albania -9.6 -29.6 -7.2 9.6 8.3
Greenland -11.7 -0.1 -5.1 -5.0 5.9
Georgia -14.8 -21.1 -44.9 -29.3 -10.4
Liberia -51.0 -14.2 -35.1 -33.0 -21.8
Cayman Islands 5.3
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Lithuania
Slovak Republic 1.9 6.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Slovenia
Belarus -1.2 -9.6 -7.6 -11.7
Middle East (developing only)
Timor-Leste
Solomon Islands 6.0 12.7 4.0 9.2
Montenegro
Armenia -11.7 -41.8 -8.8 5.4
Serbia
Latvia
Azerbaijan -0.7 -22.6 -23.1 -19.7
Cambodia 9.1
South Sudan
Curacao
Qatar
Macedonia, FYR -6.2 -6.6 -7.5 -1.8
Djibouti -4.3 -0.0 -6.6 -0.9
Croatia
Haiti
Libya
Bosnia and Herzegovina
St. Martin (French part)
Aruba
Czech Republic -11.6 -0.5 0.1 2.9
Afghanistan
Palau -6.4 -12.3 7.3
Tuvalu 3.6 2.8 4.1 10.3
Eritrea 13.5 21.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Maldives
Kuwait 34.0 8.4
Sao Tome and Principe
Korea, Dem. Rep.
West Bank and Gaza
Kazakhstan -11.0 -5.3 -9.2 -12.6
Hungary -3.1 -0.6 2.9
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Poland -7.0 2.5 3.7 5.3
Yemen, Rep. 6.3 8.2 4.0 6.7
Estonia
American Samoa

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