Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014
Liberia -81.4 -49.4 -32.4 -50.5
Timor-Leste -49.0 -57.8 -49.1
Lesotho -32.7 -32.0 -27.7
Tajikistan -28.8 -27.9 -30.1
Afghanistan -21.5 -16.8 -26.2 -21.4
Comoros -20.5 -23.9 -22.9 -16.9
West Bank and Gaza -19.7 -18.2 -16.2 -24.3
Moldova -16.7 -16.8 -12.6 -10.4
Zimbabwe -14.3 -16.7 -16.9 -12.2
Haiti -13.7 -6.7 -4.6 -3.3
Guyana -10.4 -9.1 -10.3 -10.4
Grenada -5.7 -7.3 -4.9 -0.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina -5.4 -4.8 -2.8 -4.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -4.5 -6.4 -8.1 -9.1
El Salvador -4.3 -4.3 -4.2 -4.2
Montenegro -2.6 -3.8 -0.5 0.4
Jamaica -1.7 -1.8 -0.9 0.2
Kyrgyz Republic -1.6 -15.9 -15.6 -16.4
Lebanon -1.2 2.4 0.7 0.6
Jordan -0.8 -1.1 -1.4 2.0
Burundi -0.7 -0.1 1.9 2.0
Guinea -0.3 -16.8 -11.2 -11.3
Central African Republic 1.2 3.6 -1.7 -14.6
Eritrea 1.2
Swaziland 1.3
Guinea-Bissau 1.3 -2.6 0.2 -0.1
Togo 1.4 3.4 2.9 -29.1
Barbados 1.4 2.3 0.6 1.2
Dominica 1.8 -3.2 0.2 1.4
Madagascar 2.0 2.4 2.6 3.8
Armenia 3.7 4.5 2.4 2.6
Tonga 4.3 -2.6
Kenya 4.5 5.9 4.6 3.9
Guatemala 4.5 3.7 2.9 3.4
Serbia 4.7 4.3 6.9 5.6
Malawi 5.0 2.2 3.0 5.0
Honduras 6.3 5.2 1.3 3.2
Mozambique 7.1 7.1 4.5 8.1
Georgia 7.6 9.3 11.8 12.3
Macedonia, FYR 8.0 7.5 10.4 13.3
Greece 8.3 8.4 8.7 9.7
Rwanda 8.3 8.1 11.5 10.7
Albania 8.7 9.7 10.3 5.8
Senegal 9.0 11.5 7.0 7.1
Nicaragua 9.1 8.3 7.6 9.7
Pakistan 9.1 7.1 8.2 8.5
St. Lucia 9.3 15.2 13.0 13.2
Namibia 10.4 10.0 8.7 8.0
Gambia, The 10.8 10.0 10.2
Benin 11.3 11.7 14.1 16.0
Niger 11.5 18.7 19.9 21.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.5 14.6 22.2 21.2
Cambodia 11.7 13.7 14.5 17.6
Antigua and Barbuda 11.7 9.2 9.1 11.5
Cuba 11.7 13.7 12.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.9 14.5 13.7 15.2
Aruba 12.3
Faroe Islands 12.4 14.0 18.4
Uganda 12.4 14.2 17.9 17.4
Cameroon 12.5 11.6 11.3 11.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.0 8.2 7.9 5.3
Mauritius 13.0 12.7 11.8 11.6
Bahamas, The 13.8 13.1 15.3 11.8
Nepal 14.0 11.0 10.1 7.2
Belize 14.0 15.5 12.7
Ghana 14.0 19.3 14.5 17.7
Portugal 14.3 15.2 15.6 15.5
United Kingdom 14.5 14.2 14.9 15.6
United States 14.8 15.8 16.4 16.8
Turkey 14.9 15.0 14.1 15.8
Dominican Republic 15.0 14.4 16.1 16.7
Cyprus 15.6 14.4 14.6 14.7
Ukraine 15.8 13.1 8.7 10.0
Tunisia 16.4 15.1 13.1 11.2
Malta 16.7
Philippines 16.8 14.9 15.8 17.2
Costa Rica 16.9 17.3 17.0 17.1
Ethiopia 17.2 19.2 17.6 20.5
Tanzania 18.0 16.7 16.9 20.6
Cabo Verde 18.7
Italy 18.9 18.8 19.4 19.4
Japan 19.3 18.9 18.3 18.7
Paraguay 19.3 16.3 20.1 20.0
Lithuania 19.4 20.1 20.4 20.3
Seychelles 19.4 20.7 30.5 22.2
Burkina Faso 19.8 20.8 21.8 24.3
Bangladesh 19.8 20.5 21.2 22.0
South Africa 20.0 18.8 17.8 18.5
Latvia 20.2 21.7 20.9 21.2
Croatia 20.2 19.7 19.6 20.2
Uruguay 20.4 19.6 20.0 19.2
Poland 20.5 20.5 20.9 21.6
Lao PDR 20.5 21.8 20.3 20.9
France 20.6 20.5 20.4 20.3
Israel 20.9 22.3 22.0 21.6
Brazil 21.0 20.1 19.4 18.1
Mexico 21.0 22.0 20.8 20.5
Cote d'Ivoire 21.2 19.3 21.8 21.0
Mali 21.2 20.0 16.9 20.0
Argentina 21.3 18.8 18.5 19.8
Spain 21.7 21.7 22.4 22.3
Morocco 21.8 19.8 20.3 19.8
Vanuatu 21.9 21.3 22.4 25.0
New Zealand 22.3 22.2 24.5 25.4
Romania 22.3 22.0 23.8 23.1
Bulgaria 22.6 19.3 20.8 20.6
Finland 22.7 21.0 20.5 20.2
Colombia 22.7 22.1 21.6 20.6
Canada 22.9 23.0 22.9 23.1
Iceland 23.5 22.1 23.1 23.1
Slovenia 23.6 23.0 25.2 27.6
Sudan 23.6 14.0 13.5 11.4
Slovak Republic 24.1 24.6 25.2 24.6
Belgium 24.5 23.8 23.4 23.9
Denmark 25.0 24.3 24.5 24.8
Bolivia 25.5 27.1 26.0 22.4
Chad 25.5 27.5 23.7 25.5
Vietnam 25.6 30.7 28.8 30.1
Panama 25.8 32.3
Ecuador 25.9 26.4 26.4 27.1
Germany 26.0 25.3 25.4 26.0
Nigeria 26.1 33.4 20.0 21.7
Hungary 26.7 26.2 27.9 29.5
Austria 26.7 26.6 26.3 26.5
Uzbekistan 26.8 17.0 18.2 21.3
Chile 26.9 25.3 23.6 22.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 28.0 26.4 24.6 24.0
Australia 28.2 28.2 27.2 26.7
Thailand 28.5 28.9 30.1 30.7
Sweden 28.5 27.5 27.0 27.4
Netherlands 29.1 28.8 29.0 29.5
Peru 29.8 28.2 27.2 24.7
Estonia 30.8 29.0 29.8 31.4
Botswana 31.0 22.1 32.4 37.3
Czech Republic 31.0 31.2 30.6 32.0
Bermuda 31.4 29.4 29.8
Puerto Rico 31.5 29.3 30.6
India 31.7 29.9 29.3 29.3
Iraq 32.1 28.9 37.8 37.0
Venezuela, RB 33.3 28.5 22.5
Russian Federation 33.5 32.1 28.7 27.5
Korea, Rep. 34.5 33.8 34.1 34.5
Mauritania 35.2 27.4 25.0 20.9
Switzerland 35.3 34.7 34.7 34.8
Indonesia 35.5 34.7 33.3 33.9
Ireland 35.6 36.5 37.4 38.7
Mongolia 36.3 33.5 32.2 29.6
Belarus 36.5 40.0 36.0 32.7
Trinidad and Tobago 38.1 30.8 29.1 26.8
Bhutan 38.4 43.6 24.1 36.7
Norway 38.7 39.5 38.5 37.2
Malaysia 38.8 36.5 34.5 34.3
United Arab Emirates 40.7 48.5 47.7 44.4
Kazakhstan 42.8 39.4 35.9 37.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.2 39.8 39.8 38.7
Bahrain 47.5 46.6 44.3 43.3
Algeria 48.2 47.5 46.2 44.2
South Sudan 48.4 -24.0 -11.3 -3.5
China 49.2 50.1 50.4 49.9
Angola 49.7 50.0 38.2
Luxembourg 51.3 50.4 52.0 51.7
Azerbaijan 52.6 50.0 46.6 42.8
Saudi Arabia 53.4 51.4 47.4 41.7
Singapore 53.7 52.6 52.2 52.1
Oman 53.7 51.6 48.2 44.2
Congo, Rep. 54.7 49.4 41.4 44.0
Gabon 59.6 56.5 53.3 50.7
Kuwait 60.9 61.3 58.5 52.4
Brunei Darussalam 64.2 63.8 59.0 62.6
Macao SAR, China 72.3 73.0 74.6 73.5
Qatar 74.6 74.4 72.7 71.0
Equatorial Guinea 79.2 79.6 76.1 76.3
Turkmenistan 83.1 76.1
Sierra Leone
Sri Lanka
Monaco
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Sao Tome and Principe
American Samoa
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Djibouti
St. Martin (French part)
New Caledonia
Andorra
Myanmar
French Polynesia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kiribati
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Cayman Islands
Papua New Guinea
Tuvalu
Syrian Arab Republic
Palau
Liechtenstein
Greenland
Suriname
Guam
Libya
Maldives
Isle of Man
Yemen, Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Fiji
Samoa
Zambia
San Marino

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